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SAM, l’archive Open Access d'Arts et Métiers ParisTech

SAM, l’archive Open Access d'Arts et Métiers ParisTech | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
L’annonce avait été faite pour la première fois en début d’année lors des journées Couperin dédiées à l’Open Access. « SAM est la première archive institutionnelle d'un établissement d'enseignement supérieur français accompagnée d’un mandat.
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Science ouverte - Open science
Cinq thèmes sont suivis dans ce scoop.it : le libre accès (Open Access), la science citoyenne (citizen science), la science en ligne (Open Science), la science 2.0 et les cours en ligne gratuits (MOOCs).
Curated by Florence Piron
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Les sciences à l’âge du libre accès

Les sciences à l’âge du libre accès | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Peu à peu, la mise à disposition gratuite de la littérature scientifique bouleverse l’accès du public à la recherche. Marin Dacos, directeur du Centre pour l’édition électronique ouverte, revient sur les enjeux de cette discrète révolution.
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The effect of open access and downloads ('hits') on citation impact: a bibliography of studies

Despite significant growth in the number of research papers available through open access, principally through author self-archiving in institutional archives, it is estimated that only c. 20% of the number of papers published annually are open access. It is up to the authors of papers to change this. Why might open access be of benefit to authors? One universally important factor for all authors is impact, typically measured by the number of times a paper is cited (some older studies have estimated monetary returns to authors from article publication via the role citations play in determining salaries). Recent studies have begun to show that open access increases impact. More studies and more substantial investigations are needed to confirm the effect, although a simple example demonstrates the effect. This chronological bibliography is intended to describe progress in reporting these studies; it also lists the Web tools available to measure impact. It is a focused bibliography, on the relationship between impact and access. It does not attempt to cover citation impact, or other related topics such as open access, more generally, although some key papers in these areas are listed as jump-off points for wider study.

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What Drives Academic Data Sharing?

What Drives Academic Data Sharing? | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Despite widespread support from policy makers, funding agencies, and scientific journals, academic researchers rarely make their research data available to others. At the same time, data sharing in research is attributed a vast potential for scientific progress. It allows the reproducibility of study results and the reuse of old data for new research questions. Based on a systematic review of 98 scholarly papers and an empirical survey among 603 secondary data users, we develop a conceptual
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L’oligopole des grands éditeurs savants | Acfas | magazine Découvrir | février 2015

L’oligopole des grands éditeurs savants | Acfas | magazine Découvrir | février 2015 | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Depuis l’arrivée du monde numérique, les grandes maisons d'édition commerciales ont augmenté leur contrôle sur le système de la communication savante.
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Les éditeurs scientifiques « for profit » accélèrent leur conversion à l ’Open Access Gold : quelles visées stratégiques sous- jacentes ?

Les éditeurs scientifiques « for profit » accélèrent leur conversion à l ’Open Access Gold : quelles visées stratégiques sous- jacentes ? | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Un article analyse la stratégie des éditeurs concernant le Libre Accès.

Via Stéphane Cottin, Assane FALL™
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Most big data is social data - the analytics need serious interrogation

Most big data is social data - the analytics need serious interrogation | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
In the final interview in our Philosophy of Data Science series, Emma Uprichard, in conversation with Mark Carrigan, emphasises that big data has serious repercussions to the kinds of social future...
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Open access, open data, open science…what does “openness” mean in the first place? | Somatosphere

However, this case study also raises broader questions about the types of norms and values that are embedded within Open Science initiatives, and how these affect practicing researchers.  As Javier Lezaun and Catherine Montgomery have written in their excellent paper on Open Innovation in pharmaceutical research, notions of “sharing” and “openness” are predicated on the labor of researchers and institutions, who feel the imperative to put research materials into circulation.  Within Open Science, researchers are encouraged to make labor-intensive and value-laden outputs open.  And yet, it is precisely these outputs that often remain unacknowledged or under-valued, and which researchers resist making, or do not want to make, open.

Overall, it helps to remember that the materials and objects of research do not have value in and of themselves, and instead require work—through policies, norms, economies, and infrastructures—to have or be denied value.  Sabina and I, in a paper we are currently developing, argue that Open Science generates notions of value (which some argue is part of the neoliberal economy of higher education), which become embedded in the objects that researchers are encouraged to share and circulate.  While the more “traditional” outputs of scientific research—data, papers, intellectual property—are valued by the Open Science movement, they also contain less tangible aspects of value to researchers—skill, labor, knowhow, attribution, credit.  This presents a very real tension for researchers, like the PI whose story I recounted above, as they try to negotiate openness in practice.

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Socientize : Society as e-Infrastructure through technology, innovation and creativity

Socientize : Society as e-Infrastructure through technology, innovation and creativity | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Citizen science is an innovative concept to involve the general public in scientific processes. One of the best ways to help people understand science is by letting them participate in scientific research and experiments. This is what citizen science tries to achieve.
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Let’s not get too excited about the new University of California open access policy (2013)

Let’s not get too excited about the new University of California open access policy (2013) | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
In an effort to encourage more research be made openly available, higher education institutions have begun to enact their own open access policies aimed at increasing the momentum. Michael Eisen we...
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List of Initiatives to Provide Free Access to Scientific Publications

Agora, Bioline International, DOAJ, FreeForAll, HINARI, INASP, OARE, SCIELO, TEEAL : présentation et liens web.

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UC Press Launches New Open Access Publications

UC Press Launches New Open Access Publications | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

UC Berkeley’s publishing house, UC Press, has announced the launch of two new publications, Collabra and Luminos. Collabra will publish academic articles across many academic disciplines including the life, environmental, social and behavioral sciences. Luminos will publish monographs across all fields of study. As the UC Press website indicates, the publications will “not only [share] the research but also the value created by the academic community.”

With low up-front APCs [Article Processing Charges], a sponsorship fund for authors unable to pay, and sharing actual revenue with editors and reviewers, Collabra builds a fair and welcoming ecosystem. (Collabra Website)

Luminos is also based on an innovative publishing model:

[It] shares the cost burden of publishing in manageable amounts across the academic community. For each title, UC Press makes a significant contribution, augmented by membership funds from supporting libraries. Authors will then be asked to secure a title publication fee to cover the remaining costs. Additional revenue from supporting libraries and print sales will help to support an author waiver fund. (UCSD Library Blog)

The publication of the two initiatives coincides with a well needed push towards greater access and openness in academic publishing and will hopefully increase the benefits of the public goods provided by researchers and their affiliated academic institutions.

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Humanities professor writes top nature book as a citizen scientist

Humanities professor writes top nature book as a citizen scientist | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
SILVER CITY -- Ever heard the term citizen scientist? Professor Emeritus Sharman Apt Russell wrote a book on the subject, and it has landed on the list of Best Nature Books of 2014.
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La cartographie des open models

La cartographie des open models | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Cartographie des différents modèles ouverts, à retrouver dans le livre de référence Open Models.
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Laurent Deslattes's curator insight, February 2, 5:24 AM

Qu'entend-t-on aujourd'hui par open models, open innovation, innovation collaborative... un schéma simple pour y voir plus clair.

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Scientific Data, une revue pour décrire et mettre en lumière des bases de données scientifiques réutilisables.

Scientific Data, une revue pour décrire et mettre en lumière des bases de données scientifiques réutilisables. | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Scientific Data is a new open-access, online-only publication for descriptions of scientifically valuable datasets.
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Vers une compréhension des enjeux et des perspectives dans l'usage des MOOC par des apprenants

Maîtrise universitaire en sciences de l'éducation - Formation des adultes, par Alain Titone
Soutenance Maîtrise : Univ. Genève, 2014 - 2014
Résumé

Accessibles à tous et en général gratuits, les Massive Open Online Courses (MOOC) sont des cours en ligne à durée prédéterminée proposés par des organisations de tout genre. L’objectif de cette recherche est de comprendre comment l’expérience des MOOC est vécue par les participants, en particulier en termes de motivation et d’autonomie. Il est notamment question de formation professionnelle continue, de l’importance de la gratuité, d’autonomie méthodologique et de reconnaissance, au sens large du terme. Facilités et obstacles sont mis en lumière par le moyen d’entretiens, lesquels sont analysés à la faveur d’une sélection théorique affiliée à l’approche de l’autodétermination. Tout comme l’ensemble de la recherche, la synthèse des données proposée s’inscrit dans le cadre d’une approche compréhensive. Pour finir, il est esquissé des pistes de réflexion et d’intervention pédagogiques.

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La science ouverte : un domaine en expansion selon le Conseil des académies canadiennes

La science ouverte : un domaine en expansion selon le Conseil des académies canadiennes | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

l est clair que l’approche que propose la science ouverte présente de nombreux avantages. Sur le plan plus fondamental, elle promeut la transparence et l’intégrité en recherche, comme la tentation de commettre une fraude est réduite lorsque son propre travail est accessible à la communauté scientifique élargie. Les expériences scientifiques sont également plus faciles à reproduire lorsque les articles, données et codes sources sont accessibles à tous. Par conséquent, la science ouverte facilite la collaboration, et encourage le développement de normes communes qui rendent plus facile l’intégration de données à d’autres projets. Elle donne accès à ces informations à un plus grand public (et non pas uniquement à ceux qui peuvent payer pour obtenir cet accès). Il y a des détracteurs de la science ouverte, notamment en ce qui a trait à son application au sein du secteur privé; toutefois, ces discussions outrepassent la portée de cet article.

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Combining citizen science and public engagement: the Open AirLaboratories Programme

Combining citizen science and public engagement: the Open AirLaboratories Programme | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Citizen Science (or “Public Participation in Scientific Research”), has attracted attention as a new way of engaging the public with science through recruiting them to participate in scientific research. It is often seen as a win-win solution to promoting public engagement to scientists as well as empowering the public and in the process enhancing science literacy. This paper presents a qualitative study of interviews with scientists and communicators who participated in the “OPAL” project, identifying three potential flashpoints where conflicts can (though not necessarily do) arise for those working on citizen science professionally. We find that although participation in the CS project was generally valued, it does not seem to overcome continuing (and widely reported) concerns about public engagement. We suggest that enthusiasm for win-win situations should be replaced with more realistic expectations about what scientists can expect to get out of CS-style public engagement.
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Introduction to Open Science: Why data versioning and data care practices are key for science and social science.

Introduction to Open Science: Why data versioning and data care practices are key for science and social science. | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
A significant shift in how researchers approach their data is needed if transparent and reproducible research practices are to be broadly advanced. Carly Strasser has put together a useful guide to...

A significant shift in how researchers approach their data is needed if transparent and reproducible research practices are to be broadly advanced. Carly Strasser has put together a useful guide to embracing open science, pitched largely at graduate students. But the tips shared will be of interest far beyond the completion of a PhD. If time is spent up front thinking about file organization, sample naming schemes, backup plans, and quality control measures, many hours of heartache can be averted.

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Jean-Claude Bradley: la science par cahier de laboratoire ouvert, congrès de l'Acfas

Jean-Claude Bradley: la science par cahier de laboratoire ouvert, congrès de l'Acfas | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

On May 9, 2011 I presented remotely for the French-Canadian Association for the Advancement of Science (ACFAS). This was the first time I gave a talk about Open Notebook Science in French. In fact the last time I gave a scientific talk in French was probably in 1995, when I was doing a postdoc at the Collège de France in Paris. I remember being teased for my French Canadian accent back then so happily that wasn't an issue this time. Even though I was a bit rusty I think I managed to communicate the key points well enough. (At least I hope I did)

My presentation was a good fit for the theme of the conference: Une autre science est possible : science collaborative, science ouverte, science engagée, contre la marchandisation du savoir. (Another Science is possible: collaborative science, open science, against the commercialization of knowledge). I would like to thank the organizers (Mélissa Lieutenant-Gosselin and Florence Piron) for inviting me to participate.

I was able to record most of the talk (see below) but very near the end Skype decided to install an update and shut down so the recording ends somewhat abruptly. Given what people use Skype for, that default setting for updates really doesn't make much sense.

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Neither digital or open. Just researchers: Views on digital/open scholarship practices in an Italian university

Antonella Esposito, 7 january 2013

Abstract

How do university researchers consider attributes such as ‘digital’ and ‘open’ as regards to their research practices? This article reports a small–scale interview project carried out at the University of Milan, aiming to probe whether and to what extent actual digital research practices are affecting cultures of sharing in different subject areas and are prompting emergent approaches such as open publishing, open data, open education and open boundary between academia and society. Most of the 14 interviewed researchers seem not to see any clear benefit to move to further technological means or new open practices and call for institutional support and rules. However, a few profiles of ‘digital, networked and open’ researchers stand out and show both a self–legitimating approach to new modes of knowledge production and distribution and a particular sensitiveness towards values and perspectives driven by ‘openness’ in digital networks.
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Commons Lab releases 2 new reports on key aspects of Citizen Science | SpaceRef - Your Space Reference

Citizen Science is a rapidly growing set of techniques that harness the power of volunteers to assist and support a wide range of scientific research. But for citizen science to continue to grow - and be used in policymaking - practitioners need to consider key ethical, legal and social implications of these projects.

The Commons Lab at the Wilson Center is releasing two new reports today that address different challenges facing citizen science, one examining the policy implications of a range of successful citizen science projects in Europe and the other exploring potential legal issues surrounding intellectual property (IP).

The first report, Citizen Science and Policy: A European Perspective, written by Dr. Muki Haklay of University College London, examines European citizen science projects to understand how they support or influence public policy (and how policy can support or constrain citizen science). The report includes suggestions for how projects can be better structured to support decision making and meet policy goals--for example, through strategic partnerships and by developing guidelines to facilitate the use of citizen science data. The report can be downloaded here: http://wilsoncenter.org/publication/citizen-science-and-policy-european-perspective

The second report, Typology of Citizen Science Projects from an Intellectual Property Perspective: Invention and Authorship between Researchers and Participants, written by Dr. Teresa Scassa and doctoral candidate Haewon Chung of the University of Ottawa Faculty of Law, analyzes various types of citizen science activities to determine whether they raise legal questions about IP ownership. The report includes a typology comparing the IP implications of different types of citizen science projects, from transcribing or gathering data to assisting with problem solving. The report can be downloaded here: http://wilsoncenter.org/publication/typology-citizen-science-projects-and-intellectual-property-perspective

In addition to the citizen science and crowdsourcing communities, these reports may also be of use to government agencies looking to launch their own projects using these novel techniques. Hardcopies of the reports will be available at the inaugural conference of the Citizen Science Association, which begins Feb. 11, 2015 at the San Jose Convention Center in San Jose, CA.

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Copyright Policy And The Right To Science And Culture

Copyright Policy And The Right To Science And Culture | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

A report entitled 'Copyright policy and the right to science and culture' authored by the UN Special Rapporteur in the field of cultural rights, Farida Shaheed, has been realeased.

‘In the present report, the Special Rapporteur examines copyright law and policy from the perspective of the right to science and culture, emphasizing both the need for protection of authorship and expanding opportunities for participation in cultural life.

Recalling that protection of authorship differs from copyright protection, the Special Rapporteur proposes several tools to advance the human rights interests of authors. The Special Rapporteur also proposes to expand copyright exceptions and limitations to empower new creativity, enhance rewards to authors, increase educational opportunities, preserve space for non-commercial culture and promote inclusion and access to cultural works. An equally important recommendation is to promote cultural and scientific participation by encouraging the use of open licences, such as those offered by Creative Commons.’

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Why Big Foundations Ganging up for Open Access is Important #OA

Why Big Foundations Ganging up for Open Access is Important #OA | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

Ford just became the latest large foundation to announce it will require its grantees to allow open access to the work it funds. It’s a nice sentiment, and heavyweights making this decision builds real momentum toward breaking up closed models of exchanging information.

FordGates, Packard, Open Society, Hewlett. They’re some of the largest and most influential foundations in the country. But they have another thing in common—they now all require grantees to publish their work under a Creative Commons license, an alternative to copyright that explicitly allows some level of open access by others.  

A few of these funders have made this decision in just the past year or so, and are mandating the most open version of Creative Commons license (CC BY), which means grantees must allow use, reuse, and remixing, even for commercial purposes, asking nothing but attribution in exchange.

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Self-archived articles receive higher citation counts than non-OA articles from same political science journals.

Self-archived articles receive higher citation counts than non-OA articles from same political science journals. | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
The low level of research funding for the social sciences in the US is likely to have a direct and negative effect on researchers' ability to pay the article processing charges associated with the ...
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Medical researchers seek public's help - citizen science

Medical researchers seek public's help - citizen science | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Scripps Research team recruiting "citizen scientists" to study mountain of biomedical information.
Florence Piron's insight:

Science citoyenne ou exploitation de bénévolat?

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