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DOAJ: Directory of Open Access Journals

Copenhagen, Denmark - It is now 10 years since a new initiative was set in motion: The Directory of Open Access Journals is the result of a unique venture between Lund University Libraries, supported by the Information Program of the Open Society Institute, along with SPARC (The Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition.

Back in February 2003, the then Program Manager of the Open Access Program at the Open Society Foundations, Melissa Hagemann said, somewhat prophetically, "Open access journals can compete with traditional subscription-based journals if librarians and users are made aware of these titles, and the Directory of Open Access Journals is the way to publicise their existence." Happily, she was right and today, DOAJ sits at the very heart of open access scholarly content on the web.

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Science ouverte - Open science
Cinq thèmes sont suivis dans ce scoop.it : le libre accès (Open Access), la science citoyenne (citizen science), la science en ligne (Open Science), la science 2.0 et les cours en ligne gratuits (MOOCs).
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Altmetrics : an Indication of Quality Research or Just HOT Topics?

With the widespread use of social media tools in the discovery, dissemination and discussion of research output, altmetric measurements are fast gaining popularity and they supplement the traditional research metrics by tracking the number of social mentions of research articles. In recent years, there a few such tools and they adopt different models and have different coverage. Publishers such as Scopus and PLoS have already incorporated altmetrics in their websites. This paper seeks to make sense of these available tools and evaluate their effectiveness. Do they identify quality research or just HOT topics? This paper also analyses most cited papers from 18 different subject categories in Web of Science (WOS) and compares the results with an altmetrics database to find out the correlation between these 2 sets of data. This paper ends by highlighting how users could leverage altmetrics effectively to disseminate their works to a wider audience.
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Open Access and the ASPP | Federation for the Humanities and Social Sciences

In October 2013, the Federation for the Humanities and Social Sciences embarked on a multi-year project to develop an Open Access policy for the Awards to Scholarly Publications Program (ASPP). The initial phase focused on research and information gathering, including a scan of international and Canadian policy and practice, and informal discussions with several groups from Canada and around the world. Out of this process, the Federation developed a draft policy position for consultation, based on the following principles:   

The Federation supports Open Access; and  A dynamic Canadian scholarly publishing sector continues to be of utmost importance to the dissemination of Canadian research.

The Federation’s draft policy for the ASPP is:

The ASPP will actively support Open Access publishing of ASPP-funded books.

 

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Markets versus Dialogue: The debate over open access ignores competing philosophies of openness.

Markets versus Dialogue: The debate over open access ignores competing philosophies of openness. | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

Open access arguments operate within a privatised university sector, where the market serves to maximise the production and distribution of knowledge. John Holmwood looks at how the debate over open access celebrates its contribution to dialogue while ignoring the underlying processes by which the possibility of genuine dialogue over our future is being undermined by the commercialisation of research.

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Consultation on ‘Science 2.0’: Science in Transition - European Commission

‘Science 2.0’ describes the on-going evolution in the modus operandi of doing research and organising science. These changes in the dynamics of science and research are enabled by digital technologies and driven by the globalisation of the scientific community, as well as the need to address the Grand Challenges of our times. They have an impact on the entire research cycle, from the inception of research to its publication, as well as on the way in which this cycle is organised.
The goal of the consultation is to better understand the full societal potential of 'Science 2.0' as well as the desirability of any possible policy action.
The three main objectives of the consultation are: (1) to assess the degree of awareness amongst the stakeholders of the changing modus operandi; (2) to assess the perception of the opportunities and challenges and (3) to identify possible policy implications and actions to strengthen the competitiveness of the European science and research system by enabling it to take full advantage of the opportunities offered by Science 2.0.

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Le droit d’auteur à l'épreuve du numérique : quels défis pour les chercheurs et les créateurs ?

Le droit d’auteur à l'épreuve du numérique : quels défis pour les chercheurs et les créateurs ? | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

Les Journées d'Étude du Droit d'Auteur

À l'heure où les individus sont en mesure de diffuser leur production scientifique ou artistique de manière autonome, et loin des seuls aspects technologiques, le numérique bouleverse systèmes de pensée, modèles économiques, usages, et oblige à reconsidérer les enjeux du droit d'auteur.

Dans ce contexte, la BUA et la Faculté de droit, d'économie et de gestion de l'Université d'Angers organisent en partenariat avec la mission AnCRE de la Ville d'Angers les Journées d'Étude du Droit d'Auteur.

La première journée sera orientée vers le monde universitaire et abordera les questions spécifiques à la publication scientifique, dans un environnement en pleine évolution, celui de l'Open access et des archives ouvertes. La matinée, consacrée à la législation du droit d'auteur et aux licences libres, intéressera tout public.

La deuxième journée, ouverte aux créateurs comme au grand public, sera consacrée au droit d'auteur dans le contexte de la création artistique et de sa diffusion numérique.

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Your university is definitely paying too much for journals

Your university is definitely paying too much for journals | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

What we should instead discuss is the following:

Why are we paying to block public access to research, when we could save billions by allowing access?

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Data opening the door to innovation

Data opening the door to innovation | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

One of the most powerful fuels to run the world’s innovation engine is data. The spark of insight, the serendipitous discovery, the “aha” moment that leads to new products, stronger businesses, and economic growth is all borne of information. Recognizing that the innovation engine propels our economy forward, it is paramount that we keep the fuel flowing. This can be done, in part, with Open Data.

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Jean-Claude Bradley: Hero of Open Notebook Science; it must become the central way of doing science « petermr's blog

Jean-Claude Bradley: Hero of Open Notebook Science; it must become the central way of doing science « petermr's blog | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
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Inspired by Pinterest: Teaching Visual Digital Literacy with a Creative Postcard Assignment

Inspired by Pinterest: Teaching Visual Digital Literacy with a Creative Postcard Assignment | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

This article summarizes the benefits of incorporating a digital postcard assignment in a large communications course, to increase students’ visual literacy, digital creative skills, and class engagement.

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Faire du data mining avec Google : comment tromper big brother ? | Sciences communes

Faire du data mining avec Google : comment tromper big brother ? | Sciences communes | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

Après Elsevier et Gallica, voici un nouvel épisode de ma série sur le data mining. Cette fois-ci je m’attaque à L’industrie majeure du web, celle qui fait figure de métaphore de l’internet tout entier : Google. Ou, plus exactement, son service d’indexation bibliométrique des articles scientifiques, Google Scholar (même si les problématiques abordées ici sont largement applicables à l’ensemble de l’écosystème Google).

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Frédéric Darbellay (dir), La circulation des savoirs.

Frédéric Darbellay (dir), La circulation des savoirs. | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
La nomadisation des concepts, des savoirs, des méthodes est constitutive de l’histoire des sciences. Les savoirs ont une dynamique qui relève à la fois de questions cognitives, épistémologiques mais aussi politiques. Les savoirs circulent. Ce n’est pas nouveau mais dans une société de la communication, la production et la diffusion des savoirs connaissent une accélération liée à la fois à la mondialisation du champ scientifique, et au développement des nouvelles technologies de l’information ...
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Les « Communs » comme alternative à la marchandisation de la connaissance

Troisième matinale de l’IFRIS

Depuis plusieurs décennies, le renforcement et l’extension des droits de propriété intellectuelle à des domaines nouveaux (logiciels, gènes, …) a alimenté la formation de véritables marchés de la connaissance. Le brevet occupe désormais le centre de ces marchés multiples. Dans nombre de cas, l’attribution de brevets, en multipliant les situations de monopoles, crée des difficultés et des obstacles nouveaux -et pour partie inédits- au développement de la connaissance et de l’innovation.

Pour tenter d’y faire face, de multiples initiatives d’acteurs issus de la communauté des chercheurs (souvent relayés par des initiatives citoyennes et associatives), se sont développées afin de limiter l’extension irraisonnée des brevets et prévenir les abus dans leurs usages.
Parmi les initiatives les plus remarquables figurent celles qui ont consisté à favoriser l’essor des « Communs ». Ceux-ci supposent la mise en place de règles d’accès et de bénéfices partagés aux informations et aux connaissances sur lesquels travaillent des collectifs d’acteurs. Ces entités nouvelles, qui travaillent à l’inclusion plutôt qu’à l’exclusion, fractionnent les différents attributs de la propriété intellectuelle et les partagent afin de les distribuer entre différentes parties-prenantes. L’objectif des Communs est ainsi de rendre possible un accès conjoint à l’information technique et scientifique et aux résultats obtenus par son traitement.

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Major repository infrastructure initiatives agree to align their networks

Major repository infrastructure initiatives agree to align their networks | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

In a meeting in Rome on March 20-21, 2014 representatives from several major regional repository networks sat down to develop a strategy to better align their activities. The meeting brought together delegates from Australia, Canada, China, Europe, Latin America and the United States

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Reactionary Rhetoric Against Open Access Publishing

Reactionary Rhetoric Against Open Access Publishing | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

Wayne Bivens-Tatum

Princeton University, Princeton NJ, USA, rbivens@princeton.edu, http://blogs.princeton.edu/librarian

Abstract: In 2013, Jeffrey Beall published an attack on the open-access scholarship movement in tripleC: “The Open-Access Movement Is Not Really About Open Access”. This article examines the claims and arguments of that contribution. Beall’s article makes broad generalizations about open-access advocates with very little supporting evidence, but his rhetoric provides good examples of what Albert O. Hirschman called the “rhetoric of reaction”. Specifically, it provides examples of the perversity thesis, the futility thesis, and the jeopardy thesis in action. While the main argument is both unsound and invalid, it does show a rare example of reactionary rhetoric from a librarian.

Florence Piron's insight:

Excellent!

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Commercial enclosure: Whatever happened to open access? | Radical Philosophy

Commercial enclosure: Whatever happened to open access? | Radical Philosophy | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
John Holmwood asks: what happened to open access?
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PhRMA claims transparency risks damaging public health

PhRMA claims transparency risks damaging public health | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

Publishing information from clinical trials “risks damaging public health and patient welfare” says the US pharmaceutical industry. The industry body Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America (PhRMA) made the statement in a letter to Douglas Bell, the chief US trade negotiator for the free trade agreement between the European Union and the USA, the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) deal. (TTIP is designed to increase trade between the EU and US by reducing barriers and harmonising laws covering everything from intellectual property to postal services. Most of the negotiations have been held behind closed doors.)

In the letter, PhRMA says, “Disclosure of companies’ non-public data submitted in clinical and pre-clinical dossiers and patient-level data risks damaging public health and patient welfare.”

We wrote to Mr Bell to tell him that the claims made by PhRMA are not true.

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2nd Open Access Colloquium : présent et futur des publications scientifiques

Florence Piron's insight:

La seconde édition du colloquium aura lieu les mercredi 2 et jeudi 3 juillet 2014. Elle se tiendra à l’École normale supérieure de la rue d’Ulm (Paris), en salle Dussane. Aucune inscription n’est nécessaire pour venir assister aux conférences.

Ce colloque fait suite au premier Open Access Colloquium qui a eu lieu à l’Université McMaster (Canada) en avril dernier. Il sera l’occasion de faire se rencontrer et discuter ensemble les différents acteurs académiques concernés par la mutation actuelle du système de publication. Il réunira des chercheurs (en particulier ceux qui sont membres des comités éditoriaux des revues), des bibliothécaires (en particulier ceux qui négocient les contrats d’abonnement aux revues) et des juristes spécialistes du droit d’auteur (en particulier ceux des « Creative Commons » qui permettent aux auteurs de préserver leur droit d’auteur tout en autorisant les revues à publier leurs articles).

La finalité de ce colloque est de faire l’état des lieux de la publication académique, en croisant les témoignages des différents acteurs, et d’envisager plusieurs solutions susceptibles d’améliorer la qualité des articles évalués par les pairs et de maximiser leur diffusion.

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Web Archives as scholarly Sources: Issues, Practices and Perspectives | RESAW

Web Archives as scholarly Sources: Issues, Practices and Perspectives | RESAW | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

In March 2014, the web celebrated its twenty-fifth birthday. This vast information resource is of enormous importance to scholars, both as a primary source and as a means of networking and communication. It is, however, strikingly ephemeral, and much important data has already been lost. The archiving of this vast range of material, so that it is accessible to both contemporary and future researchers, increasingly occupies national memory institutions, and researchers are also beginning to realise and explore its value. This conference seeks to explore the potential of web archives for scholarly use, to highlight innovative research, to investigate the challenges and opportunities of working with the archived web, to identify opportunities for incorporating web archives in learning and teaching, and to discuss and inform archival provision. This multi-disciplinary conference is aimed at scholars, web archiving institutions, web archivists, curators, IT-developers, companies and public institutions interested in web archiving and research using web archives. In conjunction with the overall topic of web archives, general areas of interest include, but are not limited to:

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Open exchange of scientific knowledge and European copyright: The case of biodiversity information - Pensoft

Open exchange of scientific knowledge and European copyright: The case of biodiversity information - Pensoft | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

The 7th Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development is helping the European to prepare for an integrative system for intelligent management of biodiversity knowledge. The infrastructure that is envisaged and that will be further developed within the Programme “Horizon 2020” aims to provide open and free access to taxonomic information to anyone with a requirement for biodiversity data, without the need for individual consent of other persons or institutions. Open and free access to information will foster the re-use and improve the quality of data, will accelerate research, and will promote new types of research. Progress towards the goal of free and open access to content is hampered by numerous technical, economic, sociological, legal, and other factors. The present article addresses barriers to the open exchange of biodiversity knowledge that arise from European laws, in particular European legislation on copyright and database protection rights.

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Science in the Open - Remembering Jean-Claude Bradley

Science in the Open - Remembering Jean-Claude Bradley | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

In his constant quest to get more of the research process online as fast as possible Jean-Claude would grab whatever tools were to hand. Wiki platforms, YouTube, Blogger, SecondLife, Preprint servers, GoogleDocs and innumerable other tools were grasped and forced into service, linked together to create a web, a network of information and resources. Sometimes these worked and sometimes they didn’t. Often Jean-Claude was ahead of his time, pushing tools in their infancy to the limits and seeing the potential that in many cases is only beginning to be delivered now.

Ironically by appropriating whatever technology was to hand he spread the trace of his work across a wide range of services, many of them proprietary, simply because they were the best tools available at the time. If the best way to remember his work is through preserving that web of resources then we now face a serious challenge. How far does that trace spread? Do we have the rights to copy and preserve it? If so what parts? How much of the history do we lose by merely taking a copy? Jean-Claude understood this risk and engaged early on with the library at Drexel to archive core elements of his program – once again pushing the infrastructure of institutional repositories beyond what they had been intended to do. But his network spread far further than what has currently been preserved.

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Mourning Open Notebook Science Pioneer, Dr. Jean-Claude Bradley | Terra Sigillata

Mourning Open Notebook Science Pioneer, Dr. Jean-Claude Bradley | Terra Sigillata | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

In June of 2013, Jean-Claude was invited to the White House for an “Open Science Poster Session,” at which he discussed ONS’ role in allowing he and his collaborators to confidently determine the melting points of over 27,000 substances, including many that were never before agreed upon. Currently, his research lab had been working to create anti-malarial compounds to aid in the synthesis of drugs to fight malaria. His lab’s work on this project was made available to the public on a wiki called UsefulChem, which Jean-Claude started in 2005.

Jean-Claude’s philosophy of free, accessible science translated to an open approach in the classroom as well. Content from his undergraduate chemistry courses was made freely available to the public, and real data from the laboratory was used in assignments to practice concepts learned in the classroom.

In an article in Chemistry World last April, Bradley said: “It is only a matter of time before the internet is saturated with free knowledge for all…People will remember those who were first.”

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The Role of Open Access in Reducing Waste in Medical Research

The Role of Open Access in Reducing Waste in Medical Research | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

“As the system encourages poor research,” wrote Altman in 1994 [1], “it is the system that should be changed. We need less research, better research, and research done for the right reasons.” To that must be added a need for research that is communicated effectively to those who need it. If over a 100 billion dollars of medical research money were being wasted by corruption, the public and political outcry would be overwhelming. That resources of this magnitude are being wasted through incompetence and inattention should be seen as a similar scandal. Badly designed and poorly thought through systems of research and dissemination subtract massively from global human health: they demand attention—and action.

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Les nouvelles technologies ont-elles un pouvoir infini?

Les nouvelles technologies ont-elles un pouvoir infini? | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

Avec l’arrivée du numérique, le rôle du professeur et du chercheur subit une radicale transformation. « L’enseignement ne peut se faire de la même manière quand on a toutes ces technologies, insiste Michael E. Sinatra. Comment enseigne-t-on la géographie et la littérature à l’heure de Google Maps ? Quand on donne à lire un roman de Charles Dickens, on peut amener les étudiants dans le Londres que Dickens a connu. Depuis quelques mois, Google permet de faire des voyages dans le temps car non seulement ils possèdent les cartes actuelles mais ils numérisent aussi d’anciennes cartes, ce qui vous permet de visiter des villes à travers le temps. Ce sont des outils qui changent un peu la manière de parler de ces paysages. »

 

Ce passionné du numérique ne manque jamais d’exemples pour illustrer le pouvoir infini des nouvelles technologies, secouant pratiques et habitudes. Il en veut pour preuve le parcours d’un collègue d’une université américaine et sa manière peu orthodoxe d’obtenir une promotion. « Il avait beaucoup contribué à l’encyclopédie en ligne Wikipédia avec plus de 17,000 articles au cours des 5 dernières années, parfois en faisant des corrections, parfois en écrivant de nouveaux articles. » On a déjà vu forme plus traditionnelle de production scientifique.

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A "negative result" on the stem cell debate - currently under open peer review

A "negative result" on the stem cell debate - currently under open peer review | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

The paper currently in open peer review at F1000 research reports the failure to reproduce the STAP findings earlier this year – and may set an example for the importance for publishing ‘negative results’.

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Non au menottage numérique, oui à la légalisation du partage | FACIL

Non au menottage numérique, oui à la légalisation du partage | FACIL | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

En ce mardi 6 mai 2014, Journée internationale contre les DRM, FACIL se joint à de nombreux citoyens et organismes à travers le monde pour protester contre les technologies de menottage numérique imposées au public par les gros joueurs des industries culturelles et technologiques.

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