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DOAJ: Directory of Open Access Journals

Copenhagen, Denmark - It is now 10 years since a new initiative was set in motion: The Directory of Open Access Journals is the result of a unique venture between Lund University Libraries, supported by the Information Program of the Open Society Institute, along with SPARC (The Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition.

Back in February 2003, the then Program Manager of the Open Access Program at the Open Society Foundations, Melissa Hagemann said, somewhat prophetically, "Open access journals can compete with traditional subscription-based journals if librarians and users are made aware of these titles, and the Directory of Open Access Journals is the way to publicise their existence." Happily, she was right and today, DOAJ sits at the very heart of open access scholarly content on the web.

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Science ouverte - Open science
Cinq thèmes sont suivis dans ce scoop.it : le libre accès (Open Access), la science citoyenne (citizen science), la science en ligne (Open Science), la science 2.0 et les cours en ligne gratuits (MOOCs).
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Citizen science : 1.5 million volunteers have discovered penguins have to poo in order to breed

Citizen science : 1.5 million volunteers have discovered penguins have to poo in order to breed | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
A citizen science project has found that penguins use their faeces to melt rocky breeding sites in order to lay their eggs.
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Citizen science in Australia: Discovering Supernovae

Citizen science in Australia: Discovering Supernovae | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Citizen scientists discover new supernovae at Zooniverse.org.
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When Open Access is the norm, how do scientists work together online? | PLOS SciComm

When Open Access is the norm, how do scientists work together online? | PLOS SciComm | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

The Web was invented to enable scientists to collaborate.

Summary

In 2000, the year that the first installment of this report was published, the founders of PLOS circulated an open letter that began like so:

“We support the establishment of an online public library that would provide the full contents of the published record of research and scholarly discourse in medicine and the life sciences in a freely accessible, fully searchable, interlinked form.”

Today, in 2015, open access to scientific literature, while not yet universal, is firmly established. Such access is a necessary but not sufficient basis for the open scientific collaboration that the Internet can and must enable. Progress has been encouraging on a number of fronts, but cultural and technical barriers remain. Here’s hoping that the 2030 installment of this report will describe a fuller realization of the Internet’s potential to accelerate and sustain science.

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L’Université d’Etat d’Haïti en route vers la science ouverte

L’Université d’Etat d’Haïti en route vers la science ouverte | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
La Coordination du Programme de Maîtrise en Histoire, Mémoire et Patrimoine de l’Université d’Etat d’Haïti a invité professeurs, étudiants gradués, administrateurs universitaires, responsables de bibliothèques, éditeurs et journalistes à un mini-colloque sur : « Science ouverte et libre…
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Hébergement des MOOC : diversification en vue

Hébergement des MOOC : diversification en vue | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

Les MOOC se banalisent. Suivre un MOOC va rapidement devenir aussi commun que suivre un module d’eLearning autoporté sur étagère (et plus efficace, espérons-le). Produire un MOOC représente beaucoup d’efforts et demande des compétences particulières, mais des organisations toujours plus nombreuses se lancent dans l’aventure. Il y a cette semaine plus de 80 MOOC francophones en cours de distribution, si l’on en croit l’annuaire de référence mooc-francophone.com. Le mois de mars va en voir ouvrir une bonne dizaine de plus. Encore ne parle t-on ici que des MOOC publics, ceux qui s’adressent à tous et ont donc besoin d’une forte exposition sur le web. Les SPOC et COOC réservés aux collaborateurs d’une organisation, ne figurent évidemment pas dans cette liste.


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Dossier > Open data : l'open science ou la science ouverte

Dossier > Open data : l'open science ou la science ouverte | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

L’open science est une expression « valise » qui regroupe plusieurs initiatives, conduites à la fois par des chercheurs et des non-chercheurs, sur l’idée d’une recherche plus ouverte, plus transparente et plus collaborative. Cette logique vise également la multiplication des interactions entre le monde de la recherche et les sphères de la société civile, de l’entreprise ou même des arts.

L’open science présente différents aspects : libre accès aux publications scientifiques (open access), open data, logiciels open source, recherche participative et contributive. Par exemple, l’accessibilité des logiciels dont le coût de développement est parfois exorbitant permet aux non-chercheurs de s’impliquer également, par exemple Python ou R [langages de programmation utilisés par les scientifiques de données, NDLR]. Les récentes interactions entre chercheurs et autres parties prenantes (institutions, citoyens, etc.) font d’ailleurs l’objet d’une terminologie nouvelle en français (collaboration, interopérabilité, norme ouverte, etc.).

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UNESCO launches Open Access Curricula for Researchers and Librarians

UNESCO launches Open Access Curricula for Researchers and Librarians | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Within the overall framework of UNESCO Strategy on Open Access to scientific information and research and to take forward UNESCO’s leadership role in diffusing knowledge amongst its Member States, UNESCO has developed a set of manuals to facilitate capacity building of library and information professionals and researchers.

The development of the modules has been undertaken very carefully and the development process covered diverse opinion in the subject area, and in consultation with more than 50 experts to include diversity and expertise from the developing south.

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Global Library and Archives Community welcomes new United Nations report

Global Library and Archives Community welcomes new United Nations report | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

The international library and archive community welcomes the report that examines copyright from a critical but often neglected perspective: the human dimension. 

This report emphasises human knowledge as a global public good and recommends that States should guard against promoting the privatization of knowledge to an extent that deprives individuals of opportunities to take part in cultural life and enjoy the fruits of scientific progress.

In cooperation with key strategic partners, IFLA has crafted a statement of support for the report—now signed by 10+ organisations from the international library and archive community.

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Niger : Au delà du conflit avec Boko Haram, un beau projet de science citoyenne collaborative : Cartographions le Niger

Niger : Au delà du conflit avec Boko Haram, un beau projet de science citoyenne collaborative : Cartographions le Niger | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Le Niger est en guerre contre Boko Haram. Mais n'oublions pas que le Niger, c'est aussi un territoire avec de multiples projets, une beauté naturelle et énormément de poésie.
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US Gvt : Plans to make scientific research more public

US Gvt : Plans to make scientific research more public | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services has described the process where the National Institutes of Health and related agencies will make scientific research results public.
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Les sciences à l’âge du libre accès

Les sciences à l’âge du libre accès | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Peu à peu, la mise à disposition gratuite de la littérature scientifique bouleverse l’accès du public à la recherche. Marin Dacos, directeur du Centre pour l’édition électronique ouverte, revient sur les enjeux de cette discrète révolution.
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The effect of open access and downloads ('hits') on citation impact: a bibliography of studies

Despite significant growth in the number of research papers available through open access, principally through author self-archiving in institutional archives, it is estimated that only c. 20% of the number of papers published annually are open access. It is up to the authors of papers to change this. Why might open access be of benefit to authors? One universally important factor for all authors is impact, typically measured by the number of times a paper is cited (some older studies have estimated monetary returns to authors from article publication via the role citations play in determining salaries). Recent studies have begun to show that open access increases impact. More studies and more substantial investigations are needed to confirm the effect, although a simple example demonstrates the effect. This chronological bibliography is intended to describe progress in reporting these studies; it also lists the Web tools available to measure impact. It is a focused bibliography, on the relationship between impact and access. It does not attempt to cover citation impact, or other related topics such as open access, more generally, although some key papers in these areas are listed as jump-off points for wider study.

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What Drives Academic Data Sharing?

What Drives Academic Data Sharing? | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Despite widespread support from policy makers, funding agencies, and scientific journals, academic researchers rarely make their research data available to others. At the same time, data sharing in research is attributed a vast potential for scientific progress. It allows the reproducibility of study results and the reuse of old data for new research questions. Based on a systematic review of 98 scholarly papers and an empirical survey among 603 secondary data users, we develop a conceptual
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The Digital Public Domain: Foundations for an Open Culture - Open Book Publishers

The Digital Public Domain: Foundations for an Open Culture - Open Book Publishers | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Digital technology has made culture more accessible than ever before. Texts, audio, pictures and video can easily be produced, disseminated, used and remixed using devices that are increasingly user-friendly and affordable. However, along with this technological democratization comes a paradoxical flipside: the norms regulating culture's use—copyright and related rights—have become increasingly restrictive.

This book brings together essays by academics, librarians, entrepreneurs, activists and policy makers, who were all part of the EU-funded Communia project. Together the authors argue that the Public Domain—that is, the informational works owned by all of us, be that literature, music, the output of scientific research, educational material or public sector information—is fundamental to a healthy society.

The essays range from more theoretical papers on the history of copyright and the Public Domain, to practical examples and case studies of recent projects that have engaged with the principles of Open Access and Creative Commons licensing. The book is essential reading for anyone interested in the current debate about copyright and the Internet. It opens up discussion and offers practical solutions to the difficult question of the regulation of culture at the digital age.
The free PDF edition of this title was made possible by generous funding received from the European Union (eContentplus framework project ECP-2006-PSI-610001).
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Quel “open access” pour les publications scientifiques ?

Quel “open access” pour les publications scientifiques ? | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

Au-delà des modèles économiques, l’open access pose des questions politiques et sociales. Le rôle des éditeurs doit-il être préservé au motif qu’ils représentent une activité économique à défendre ? À quelles conditions d’autres systèmes d’évaluation, directement gérés par les chercheurs et les institutions scientifiques (sur le modèle des presses universitaires ou des sociétés savantes), peuvent-ils garantir un niveau d’exigence satisfaisant ? Ici, c’est également le sens de l’évaluation scientifique qu’il s’agit d’interroger, les limites de la bibliométrie étant soulignées par de nombreux chercheurs, en particulier en sciences humaines et sociales, mais également en mathématiques, les biologistes étant les plus favorables (peut-être parce que les plus adaptés) à ces procédés [9]. Enfin, ne doit-on pas considérer les résultats scientifiques comme des « biens communs [10] » et redéfinir leur statut ?

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Who is served by for-profit gold open access publishing? A case study of Hindawi and Egypt

Who is served by for-profit gold open access publishing? A case study of Hindawi and Egypt | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
by: Jihane Salhab and Heather Morrison Abstract The highly successful Egypt-based open access publisher Hindawi is presented as a model of quality publishing and commercial success. However, this s...
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'Open Humans' Wants To Be The Facebook Of Clinical Research

'Open Humans' Wants To Be The Facebook Of Clinical Research | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
The online platform connects researchers with test subjects, and makes it easy to share data
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Bernard Rentier's curator insight, April 1, 2:45 AM

The future of all science and research will be, whether one likes it or not, on such open communication and exchange platforms.

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Can the UN ensure open access to plant genomes? | Science Codex

Can the UN ensure open access to plant genomes? | Science Codex | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

A plant scientist from The Australian National University (ANU) has called for the United Nations to guarantee free and open access to plant DNA sequences to enable scientists to continue work to sustainably intensify world food production. 

Dr Norman Warthmann, a plant geneticist at the ANU Research School of Biology, has lodged a submission with the UN, which is currently considering issues to include in its 2015 Global Sustainable Development Report.

Food security depends on an acceleration in plant breeding, which could be threatened by private companies restricting access to genomic information, Dr Warthmann said.

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Révision des abonnements aux périodiques au Service des Bibliothèques de l'UQAM

Révision des abonnements aux périodiques au Service des Bibliothèques de l'UQAM | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Le Service des bibliothèques procède à une révision de ses abonnements à des revues savantes.

Cette année, 89 % du budget des acquisitions au Service des bibliothèques a été consacré au paiement des ressources récurrentes – abonnements aux grands ensembles de revues savantes, aux bases de données pluridisciplinaires et spécialisées, aux quotidiens et revues imprimées, aux vidéos en streaming, à certaines collections de livres électroniques, etc. «À ce rythme, dans deux ans, la totalité de notre budget sera consacrée à nos abonnements et nous n’aurons plus un sou pour acheter des livres», affirme Marie-Jeanne Préfontaine, directrice du Service de l’acquisition et du développement des collections.

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Hub of all Things : un nouvel Internet

Hub of all Things : un nouvel Internet | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
The next generation of the Internet is here.

It is one that is empowering, privacy-preserving and human-centric.

It is one that views data as a service to us as individuals and as members of a collaborative society, as well as a service to firms to offer individuals innovative products and services.

The HAT is the first-ever personal data platform (HATPDP) created to hold individuals’ own data for their personal use. Individuals can acquire their own data from internet-connected objects or services, and this acquired data is then transformed by the HATPDP to enable individuals to contextualise their own data, making it meaningful and useful for decision-making. With that data, individuals can buy apps that allow them to analyse, view, trade or make important decisions based on their own data for a smarter and more effective life.
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Open Access Bookmarks - 52 sites de référence sur le libre accès

Photos de marie lebert, 25 févr. 2015 - 52 main web sites and pages related to open access. First posted on 15 November 2014. Last updated on 25 February 2015.
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Live-tweeting at academic conferences: 10 rules of thumb

Live-tweeting at academic conferences: 10 rules of thumb | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
After 'Twittergate', Ernesto Priego explores the ethics of live-tweeting academic events and provides 10 points to bear in mind when navigating this emerging social media minefield
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Scientific Data, une revue pour décrire et mettre en lumière des bases de données scientifiques réutilisables.

Scientific Data, une revue pour décrire et mettre en lumière des bases de données scientifiques réutilisables. | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Scientific Data is a new open-access, online-only publication for descriptions of scientifically valuable datasets.
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Vers une compréhension des enjeux et des perspectives dans l'usage des MOOC par des apprenants

Maîtrise universitaire en sciences de l'éducation - Formation des adultes, par Alain Titone
Soutenance Maîtrise : Univ. Genève, 2014 - 2014
Résumé

Accessibles à tous et en général gratuits, les Massive Open Online Courses (MOOC) sont des cours en ligne à durée prédéterminée proposés par des organisations de tout genre. L’objectif de cette recherche est de comprendre comment l’expérience des MOOC est vécue par les participants, en particulier en termes de motivation et d’autonomie. Il est notamment question de formation professionnelle continue, de l’importance de la gratuité, d’autonomie méthodologique et de reconnaissance, au sens large du terme. Facilités et obstacles sont mis en lumière par le moyen d’entretiens, lesquels sont analysés à la faveur d’une sélection théorique affiliée à l’approche de l’autodétermination. Tout comme l’ensemble de la recherche, la synthèse des données proposée s’inscrit dans le cadre d’une approche compréhensive. Pour finir, il est esquissé des pistes de réflexion et d’intervention pédagogiques.

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