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UNESCO to make its publications available free of charge as part of a new Open Access policy

UNESCO to make its publications available free of charge as part of a new Open Access policy | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
UNESCO will make its digital publications available to millions of people around the world free-of-charge with an open license. Following a decision by the Organization’s Executive Board in April, UNESCO has become the first member of the United Nations to adopt such an Open Access policy for its publications. The new policy means that anyone will be able to download, translate, adapt, distribute and re-share UNESCO publications and data without paying.
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Science ouverte - Open science
Cinq thèmes sont suivis dans ce scoop.it : le libre accès (Open Access), la science citoyenne (citizen science), la science en ligne (Open Science), la science 2.0 et les cours en ligne gratuits (MOOCs).
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Article vs Journal Impact – Perspective from PLOS ONE Editorial Director Damian Pattinson

Article vs Journal Impact – Perspective from PLOS ONE Editorial Director Damian Pattinson | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

Earlier this summer, I skyped with Damian Pattinson, the Editorial Director of PLOS ONE, about the Impact Factor , its widespread misuse and how, thankfully, Altmetrics now offer a better way forward.

Q. The PLOS ONE Impact Factor has decreased for a few years in a row. Is this to be expected given its ranking as the world’s largest journal and remit to publish all good science regardless of impact?

A. I don’t think the Impact Factor is a very good measure of anything, but clearly it is particularly meaningless for a journal that deliberately eschews evaluation of impact in its publications decisions. Our founding principle was that impact should be evaluated post-publication. In terms of the average number of citations per article, my sense is that this is changing due to the expanding breadth of fields covered by PLOS ONE, not to mention its sheer size (we recently published our 100,000th article). When you grow as quickly as we have, your annual average citation rate will always be suppressed by the fact that you are publishing far more papers at the end of the year than at the beginning.

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Academic Freedom and the Corporate University

Academic Freedom and the Corporate University | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
In a recent blog, David Browne, Senior Associate on the Employment Team for SGH Martineau, Legal firm with clients in Higher Education argued that universities face the problem that ‘high performin...

What is at issue is precisely what is permitted by virtue of academic position and how that is being been re-interpreted in the new managerial regimes now governing universities.

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The Taint of Eugenics In NIMH-Funded Research Today - Robert Whitaker

The Taint of Eugenics In NIMH-Funded Research Today - Robert Whitaker | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Recently, Thomas Insel, director of the National Institute of Mental Health, identified the “NIMH’s Top 10 Research Advances of 2011.” He wrote: “This has been a year of exciting discoveries and scientific progress . . . Here are 10 breakthroughs and events of 2011 that are changing the landscape of mental health research.”
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Open access: effective measures to put UK research online under threat?

Open access: effective measures to put UK research online under threat? | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
The universities of the UK should not squander the opportunity to put in place an effective mechanism for making their published research freely available
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Zeste de Savoir - la connaissance pour tous et sans pépins

Zeste de Savoir - la connaissance pour tous et sans pépins | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Zeste de Savoir est un site de partage de connaissances sur lequel vous trouverez des tutoriels de tous niveaux, des articles et des forums d'entraide animés par
et pour la communauté.
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Altmetrics : an Indication of Quality Research or Just HOT Topics?

With the widespread use of social media tools in the discovery, dissemination and discussion of research output, altmetric measurements are fast gaining popularity and they supplement the traditional research metrics by tracking the number of social mentions of research articles. In recent years, there a few such tools and they adopt different models and have different coverage. Publishers such as Scopus and PLoS have already incorporated altmetrics in their websites. This paper seeks to make sense of these available tools and evaluate their effectiveness. Do they identify quality research or just HOT topics? This paper also analyses most cited papers from 18 different subject categories in Web of Science (WOS) and compares the results with an altmetrics database to find out the correlation between these 2 sets of data. This paper ends by highlighting how users could leverage altmetrics effectively to disseminate their works to a wider audience.
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Open Access and the ASPP | Federation for the Humanities and Social Sciences

In October 2013, the Federation for the Humanities and Social Sciences embarked on a multi-year project to develop an Open Access policy for the Awards to Scholarly Publications Program (ASPP). The initial phase focused on research and information gathering, including a scan of international and Canadian policy and practice, and informal discussions with several groups from Canada and around the world. Out of this process, the Federation developed a draft policy position for consultation, based on the following principles:   

The Federation supports Open Access; and  A dynamic Canadian scholarly publishing sector continues to be of utmost importance to the dissemination of Canadian research.

The Federation’s draft policy for the ASPP is:

The ASPP will actively support Open Access publishing of ASPP-funded books.

 

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Markets versus Dialogue: The debate over open access ignores competing philosophies of openness.

Markets versus Dialogue: The debate over open access ignores competing philosophies of openness. | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

Open access arguments operate within a privatised university sector, where the market serves to maximise the production and distribution of knowledge. John Holmwood looks at how the debate over open access celebrates its contribution to dialogue while ignoring the underlying processes by which the possibility of genuine dialogue over our future is being undermined by the commercialisation of research.

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Consultation on ‘Science 2.0’: Science in Transition - European Commission

‘Science 2.0’ describes the on-going evolution in the modus operandi of doing research and organising science. These changes in the dynamics of science and research are enabled by digital technologies and driven by the globalisation of the scientific community, as well as the need to address the Grand Challenges of our times. They have an impact on the entire research cycle, from the inception of research to its publication, as well as on the way in which this cycle is organised.
The goal of the consultation is to better understand the full societal potential of 'Science 2.0' as well as the desirability of any possible policy action.
The three main objectives of the consultation are: (1) to assess the degree of awareness amongst the stakeholders of the changing modus operandi; (2) to assess the perception of the opportunities and challenges and (3) to identify possible policy implications and actions to strengthen the competitiveness of the European science and research system by enabling it to take full advantage of the opportunities offered by Science 2.0.

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Le droit d’auteur à l'épreuve du numérique : quels défis pour les chercheurs et les créateurs ?

Le droit d’auteur à l'épreuve du numérique : quels défis pour les chercheurs et les créateurs ? | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

Les Journées d'Étude du Droit d'Auteur

À l'heure où les individus sont en mesure de diffuser leur production scientifique ou artistique de manière autonome, et loin des seuls aspects technologiques, le numérique bouleverse systèmes de pensée, modèles économiques, usages, et oblige à reconsidérer les enjeux du droit d'auteur.

Dans ce contexte, la BUA et la Faculté de droit, d'économie et de gestion de l'Université d'Angers organisent en partenariat avec la mission AnCRE de la Ville d'Angers les Journées d'Étude du Droit d'Auteur.

La première journée sera orientée vers le monde universitaire et abordera les questions spécifiques à la publication scientifique, dans un environnement en pleine évolution, celui de l'Open access et des archives ouvertes. La matinée, consacrée à la législation du droit d'auteur et aux licences libres, intéressera tout public.

La deuxième journée, ouverte aux créateurs comme au grand public, sera consacrée au droit d'auteur dans le contexte de la création artistique et de sa diffusion numérique.

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Your university is definitely paying too much for journals

Your university is definitely paying too much for journals | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

What we should instead discuss is the following:

Why are we paying to block public access to research, when we could save billions by allowing access?

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Data opening the door to innovation

Data opening the door to innovation | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

One of the most powerful fuels to run the world’s innovation engine is data. The spark of insight, the serendipitous discovery, the “aha” moment that leads to new products, stronger businesses, and economic growth is all borne of information. Recognizing that the innovation engine propels our economy forward, it is paramount that we keep the fuel flowing. This can be done, in part, with Open Data.

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Jean-Claude Bradley: Hero of Open Notebook Science; it must become the central way of doing science « petermr's blog

Jean-Claude Bradley: Hero of Open Notebook Science; it must become the central way of doing science « petermr's blog | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
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Les Creative Commons seront implémentées dans l'archive ouverte HAL version 3 !

Les Creative Commons seront implémentées dans l'archive ouverte HAL version 3 ! | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Mise à jour du 25/06/2014. Suite à la publication de cet article,  le CCSD apporte en commentaire le rectificatif suivant : "la recherche dans le texte intégral de tous les pdf déposés dans HAL ser...
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Michel Serres : « Plus que jamais, la science peut se raconter » | La Recherche

Michel Serres : « Plus que jamais, la science peut se raconter » | La Recherche | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

Le livre de science a-t-il encore sa place à l'heure du tout numérique ? Pour le philosophe Michel Serres*, le support importe peu. Ce qui compte, c'est que la science permet d'écrire l'histoire du monde comme un grand récit. Car elle sait depuis peu dater la plupart de ses objets d'études.

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Why Full Open Access Matters (Carroll 2011)

Why Full Open Access Matters (Carroll 2011) | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

Scientific authors who pay to publish their articles in an open-access publication should be congratulated for doing so. They also should be aware that they may not be getting full open access from some publications that charge for publication under the “open access” label. Two features define an open-access publication: (1) the published contents are freely accessible through the Internet, and (2) readers are given copyright permission (see Box 1) to republish or reuse the content as they like so long as the author and publisher receive proper attribution [1]. Recently, some publications have begun offering an open-access option that charges for Internet publication without granting readers full reuse rights, such as Springer's Open Choice or Nature's Scientific Reports. These publishers have adopted a business model through which authors pay for immediate publication on the Internet but the publisher nonetheless keeps commercial reuse rights for itself. This is not full open access (see Box 2).


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Cartographier l’écosytème de l’Open Science pour mieux comprendre ses enjeux

Cartographier l’écosytème de l’Open Science pour mieux comprendre ses enjeux | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

Dans le cadre d’Open experience, une première étape a été de mieux comprendre ce que l’Open Science représente dans le système de la recherche actuelle pour ainsi définir les différents acteurs et les services/actions/produits liés. Pour cela, nous avons mis au point une première cartographie de l’écosystème. Cette cartographie a été présentée lors d’Open Experience # 4 sur l’open Science et a nourri un débat fructueux sur la remise en cause de modèles économiques dominants et des premières tentatives de nouveaux modèles avec l’Open Science.

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Scholarly access to all

Scholarly access to all | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Harvard digital repository draws millions of readers, ranging from the academic community to the global public

Digital Access to Scholarship at Harvard, a free and open portal for the University’s peer-reviewed literature, is drawing more worldwide downloads than ever.

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Reactionary Rhetoric Against Open Access Publishing

Reactionary Rhetoric Against Open Access Publishing | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

Wayne Bivens-Tatum

Princeton University, Princeton NJ, USA, rbivens@princeton.edu, http://blogs.princeton.edu/librarian

Abstract: In 2013, Jeffrey Beall published an attack on the open-access scholarship movement in tripleC: “The Open-Access Movement Is Not Really About Open Access”. This article examines the claims and arguments of that contribution. Beall’s article makes broad generalizations about open-access advocates with very little supporting evidence, but his rhetoric provides good examples of what Albert O. Hirschman called the “rhetoric of reaction”. Specifically, it provides examples of the perversity thesis, the futility thesis, and the jeopardy thesis in action. While the main argument is both unsound and invalid, it does show a rare example of reactionary rhetoric from a librarian.

Florence Piron's insight:

Excellent!

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Commercial enclosure: Whatever happened to open access? | Radical Philosophy

Commercial enclosure: Whatever happened to open access? | Radical Philosophy | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
John Holmwood asks: what happened to open access?
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PhRMA claims transparency risks damaging public health

PhRMA claims transparency risks damaging public health | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

Publishing information from clinical trials “risks damaging public health and patient welfare” says the US pharmaceutical industry. The industry body Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America (PhRMA) made the statement in a letter to Douglas Bell, the chief US trade negotiator for the free trade agreement between the European Union and the USA, the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) deal. (TTIP is designed to increase trade between the EU and US by reducing barriers and harmonising laws covering everything from intellectual property to postal services. Most of the negotiations have been held behind closed doors.)

In the letter, PhRMA says, “Disclosure of companies’ non-public data submitted in clinical and pre-clinical dossiers and patient-level data risks damaging public health and patient welfare.”

We wrote to Mr Bell to tell him that the claims made by PhRMA are not true.

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2nd Open Access Colloquium : présent et futur des publications scientifiques

Florence Piron's insight:

La seconde édition du colloquium aura lieu les mercredi 2 et jeudi 3 juillet 2014. Elle se tiendra à l’École normale supérieure de la rue d’Ulm (Paris), en salle Dussane. Aucune inscription n’est nécessaire pour venir assister aux conférences.

Ce colloque fait suite au premier Open Access Colloquium qui a eu lieu à l’Université McMaster (Canada) en avril dernier. Il sera l’occasion de faire se rencontrer et discuter ensemble les différents acteurs académiques concernés par la mutation actuelle du système de publication. Il réunira des chercheurs (en particulier ceux qui sont membres des comités éditoriaux des revues), des bibliothécaires (en particulier ceux qui négocient les contrats d’abonnement aux revues) et des juristes spécialistes du droit d’auteur (en particulier ceux des « Creative Commons » qui permettent aux auteurs de préserver leur droit d’auteur tout en autorisant les revues à publier leurs articles).

La finalité de ce colloque est de faire l’état des lieux de la publication académique, en croisant les témoignages des différents acteurs, et d’envisager plusieurs solutions susceptibles d’améliorer la qualité des articles évalués par les pairs et de maximiser leur diffusion.

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Web Archives as scholarly Sources: Issues, Practices and Perspectives | RESAW

Web Archives as scholarly Sources: Issues, Practices and Perspectives | RESAW | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

In March 2014, the web celebrated its twenty-fifth birthday. This vast information resource is of enormous importance to scholars, both as a primary source and as a means of networking and communication. It is, however, strikingly ephemeral, and much important data has already been lost. The archiving of this vast range of material, so that it is accessible to both contemporary and future researchers, increasingly occupies national memory institutions, and researchers are also beginning to realise and explore its value. This conference seeks to explore the potential of web archives for scholarly use, to highlight innovative research, to investigate the challenges and opportunities of working with the archived web, to identify opportunities for incorporating web archives in learning and teaching, and to discuss and inform archival provision. This multi-disciplinary conference is aimed at scholars, web archiving institutions, web archivists, curators, IT-developers, companies and public institutions interested in web archiving and research using web archives. In conjunction with the overall topic of web archives, general areas of interest include, but are not limited to:

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Open exchange of scientific knowledge and European copyright: The case of biodiversity information - Pensoft

Open exchange of scientific knowledge and European copyright: The case of biodiversity information - Pensoft | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

The 7th Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development is helping the European to prepare for an integrative system for intelligent management of biodiversity knowledge. The infrastructure that is envisaged and that will be further developed within the Programme “Horizon 2020” aims to provide open and free access to taxonomic information to anyone with a requirement for biodiversity data, without the need for individual consent of other persons or institutions. Open and free access to information will foster the re-use and improve the quality of data, will accelerate research, and will promote new types of research. Progress towards the goal of free and open access to content is hampered by numerous technical, economic, sociological, legal, and other factors. The present article addresses barriers to the open exchange of biodiversity knowledge that arise from European laws, in particular European legislation on copyright and database protection rights.

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Science in the Open - Remembering Jean-Claude Bradley

Science in the Open - Remembering Jean-Claude Bradley | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

In his constant quest to get more of the research process online as fast as possible Jean-Claude would grab whatever tools were to hand. Wiki platforms, YouTube, Blogger, SecondLife, Preprint servers, GoogleDocs and innumerable other tools were grasped and forced into service, linked together to create a web, a network of information and resources. Sometimes these worked and sometimes they didn’t. Often Jean-Claude was ahead of his time, pushing tools in their infancy to the limits and seeing the potential that in many cases is only beginning to be delivered now.

Ironically by appropriating whatever technology was to hand he spread the trace of his work across a wide range of services, many of them proprietary, simply because they were the best tools available at the time. If the best way to remember his work is through preserving that web of resources then we now face a serious challenge. How far does that trace spread? Do we have the rights to copy and preserve it? If so what parts? How much of the history do we lose by merely taking a copy? Jean-Claude understood this risk and engaged early on with the library at Drexel to archive core elements of his program – once again pushing the infrastructure of institutional repositories beyond what they had been intended to do. But his network spread far further than what has currently been preserved.

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