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Science Ouverte à Paris 13 - L'université d'été des lycéens - Association Science Ouverte

La 4ème édition de « Science Ouverte à Paris 13 », l'Université d'été des lycéens revient du 17 au 28 juin 2013 !
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Science ouverte - Open science
Cinq thèmes sont suivis dans ce scoop.it : le libre accès (Open Access), la science citoyenne (citizen science), la science en ligne (Open Science), la science 2.0 et les cours en ligne gratuits (MOOCs).
Curated by Florence Piron
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Deciding who should pay to publish peer-reviewed scientific research

Deciding who should pay to publish peer-reviewed scientific research | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
John Abraham: How open-access journals are changing the field of peer-reviewed science
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Nicholas Rowe's curator insight, September 18, 10:26 PM

Very good article that de-bunks the myth that those who 'pay to publish' are producing inferior work.  It also talks about the differences of impact factor between specialities, showing that 'all pigs are not equal'.  Read it  :-)

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IHEST - Rapport d’étonnement - Les cours en ligne ouverts et massifs

"... Les MOOC : vers une troisième révolution de l’enseignement supérieur ? (...) Les MOOC, avec leur dimension « Massive », sont issus d’une version élargie et interactive du e-learning déjà connu...
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The Transnational and the Text-Searchable: Digitized Sources and the Shadows They Cast

Abstract

This working paper explores the consequences for historians' research practice of the twinned transnational and digital turns. The accelerating digitization of historians' sources (scholarly, periodical, and archival) and the radical shift in the granularity of access to information within them has radically changes historians' research practice. Yet this has incited remarkably little reflection regarding the consequences for individual projects or collective knowledge generation. What are the implications for international research in particular? This essay heralds the new kinds of historical knowledge-generation made possible by web access to digitized, text-searchable sources. It also attempts an accounting of all that we formerly, unwittingly, gained from the frictions inherent to international research in an analog world. What are the intellectual and political consequences of that which has been lost?

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Open and Shut?: Guest Post: Charles Oppenheim on who owns the rights to scholarly articles

Open and Shut?: Guest Post: Charles Oppenheim on who owns the rights to scholarly articles | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

The approaches authors should be taking, in order of preference, are:

1.      Offer the article only to an OA journal or some other OA vehicle
2.      Offer the article to a subscription-based journal which is happy that you give the publisher a sole licence to publish, leaving you free to put F on a repository, possibly after an embargo period
3.      Offer the article to a subscription-based journal, which nominally requires assignment, but will back off and let you insist on a licence if you stick to your guns. (Elsevier is a good example)
4.      Agree to assign copyright to the publisher, and then use the Harnad-Oppenheim solution.
5.      Agree to assign copyright and don’t do anything more.
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Open and Shut?: The Open Access Interviews: Paul Royster, Coordinator of Scholarly Communications, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Open and Shut?: The Open Access Interviews: Paul Royster, Coordinator of Scholarly Communications, University of Nebraska-Lincoln | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
How could this strange state of affairs have arisen? And why has it only really become an issue now, over a decade after the BOAI definition was penned? To answer these questions one needs to re-examine the history of the OA movement.
That is what I try to do in the first part of the attached PDF file, where I also attempt to explain why CC BY has become what Royster calls “the shibboleth for the OA in-group”. The second part of the PDF consists of a Q&A with Royster in which he explains in greater detail why he no longer describes himself as an advocate for open access. 
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Bibliodiversité et accès ouvert | Blogo-numericus

Bibliodiversité et accès ouvert | Blogo-numericus | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Si les investissements publics dans ce domaine sont nécessaires, c’est une condition de base, mais non suffisante : il faut dès à présent se mettre au travail pour améliorer la lisibilité, la compréhension et la perception de l’apport des sciences humaines et sociales. Dans ce domaine, les pistes sont nombreuses[27]. On compte parmi elles des orientations diverses, liées à des objets, des publics ou des temporalités spécifiques. Le systèmes d’information géographiques et la cartographie constituent des atouts permettant de produire de nouveaux savoirs synthétiques et lisibles facilement. De même, les Digital humanities dans leur ensemble expérimentent depuis quelques années des outils de visualisation et d’écriture plus accessibles. Les géographes ont montré la voie en développant une expertise dans le domaine du langage cartographique. D’une façon plus générale, c’est l’éditorialisation qui sera au coeur de chacune de ces stratégies, pour que la médiation scientifique réussisse à dépasser les seuls spécialistes d’un champ, c’est-à-dire pour que, dans le domaine des sciences humaines et sociale, le couple science et société ressemble plus à un mariage qu’à un divorce[28].
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Les MOOC incontournables de la rentrée

Les MOOC incontournables de la rentrée | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

Parmi les innombrables formations en ligne ouvertes à tous (MOOC) qui font leur apparition à la rentrée, Le Monde en a sélectionné une dizaine susceptible de plaire aux étudiants.

  • Découvrir la science politique

« De nombreux paradoxes brouillent la vision que nous avons de la politique », estiment les professeurs de l'Université catholique de Louvain-La-Neuve (Belgique) qui animent le MOOC « Découvrir la science politique », à partir du 25 septembre. Ce cours en ligne permet de comprendre les enjeux politiques actuels, de distinguer le rôle de l'Etat et des organisations internationales et de mieux cerner l'impact des décisions publiques sur notre quotidien.

Découvrir la science politique. Formation : 25 septembre - 13 novembre. Effort estimé : 4 à 5 heures hebdomadaires. Cours en français.

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Crowd-Sourced Peer Review: Substitute or supplement for the current outdated system?

Crowd-Sourced Peer Review: Substitute or supplement for the current outdated system? | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
The problem with peer review today is that there is so much research being produced that there are not enough experts with enough time to peer-review it all. As we look to address this problem, iss...
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Open science case studies | Research Information Network

Open science case studies | Research Information Network | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

The RIN and the National Endowment for Science, Technology and the Arts (NESTA) have published the results of a new collaborative research project which examined the benefits and barriers to using ‘open science’ methods. The project aimed to identify what motivates researchers to work (or want to work) in an open manner with regard to their data, results and protocols, and whether advantages are delivered by working in this way.

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The rise and rise of Creative Commons: Over 1.2M CC Licensed Scholarly Articles - PLOS Opens

The rise and rise of Creative Commons: Over 1.2M CC Licensed Scholarly Articles - PLOS Opens | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
In our call to the STM Association to withdraw their model licenses we drew attention to the fact that Creative Commons licenses are a de facto global standard. But sometimes it is claimed that (as the STM Association did in …
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The World Academy of Sciences funds Open Access in developing countries | Open Science

The World Academy of Sciences funds Open Access in developing countries | Open Science | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Funding remains one of the main problems associated with Open Access. If readers do not have to pay for access to scientific knowledge, someone else has to cover costs of publishing. There is a growing number of so-called author-pays journals that offer high quality editorial services and global dissemination of research, but their charges are sometimes too high for researchers from low-income countries. Fortunately, although the majority of funders that support Open Access are based in Western Europe, some offer funding for researchers working in the developing world. One of them is The World Academy of Sciences, established by Abdus Salam, the Pakistani physicist and Nobel laureate. The World Academy of Sciences is based in Triest (Italy), but offers grants mostly to scientists from low-income countries. TWAS grants may cover Article Processing Charges (APC) in Open Access journals. Thanks to them, academics from the developing world may reach a broad audience by publishing in international, Open Access publications. Application calls are open at the moment and August 31 is the deadline for all calls, so there is not much time left. TWAS offers four research grant programs. Three of them are included in the 'TWAS Research program in basic sciences' (for individuals, groups and institutions), where grants can be spent on research in Biology, Chemistry, Mathematics or Physics, conducted in one of 81 science-and-technology-lagging countries in Asia, Africa and Americas (full list is here). To apply for a grant in basic sciences individually you have to hold a PhD and be under the age of 45. The fourth, 'TWAS-COMSTECH Joint Research Grants', is a program intended for scientists under the age of 40, holding PhD and based in countries belonging to the Organization of Islamic Cooperation. Grants may cover research in earth sciences, engineering sciences, information technology and computer sciences, and materials science including nanotechnology, pharmaceutical sciences and renewable energy. All grants from TWAS may be used to purchase scientific equipment, consumables and specialized textbooks and proceedings. They do not cover salaries or travel expenses. The purchase of laptops and laboratory animals is not supported. See more about grant opportunities on the TWAS web page. If you are a researcher based in a middle or low-income country, have a look also at my post on Wellcome Trust funding opportunities. Visit also a 'Funding Open Access' tag on our blog for more information. | Your guide to Open Access publishing and Open Science
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‘To tweet or not to tweet?’ A comparison of academics’ and students’ usage of Twitter in academic contexts

‘To tweet or not to tweet?’ A comparison of academics’ and students’ usage of Twitter in academic contexts | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Abstract
The emergence of social media as a new channel for communication and collaboration has led educators to hope that they may enhance the student experience and provide a pedagogical tool within Higher Education (HE). This paper explores academics’ and undergraduates’ usage of Twitter within a post-92 university. It argues that the observed disparity of usage between academics and undergraduates can be attributed to a number of factors. Namely, academics’ perceived use of the platform for enhancing reputation is an implied acknowledgement of the importance of research within HE and the increasingly public engagement agenda. Additionally, academics’ limited usage of Twitter to support practical-based issues may be explained by issues relating to accountability of information through non-official channels. Moreover, students made greater use of Twitter for the passive reception of information rather than participation in learning activities. The implications of these issues will be discussed in reference to the study findings.
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Article vs Journal Impact – Perspective from PLOS ONE Editorial Director Damian Pattinson

Article vs Journal Impact – Perspective from PLOS ONE Editorial Director Damian Pattinson | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

Earlier this summer, I skyped with Damian Pattinson, the Editorial Director of PLOS ONE, about the Impact Factor , its widespread misuse and how, thankfully, Altmetrics now offer a better way forward.

Q. The PLOS ONE Impact Factor has decreased for a few years in a row. Is this to be expected given its ranking as the world’s largest journal and remit to publish all good science regardless of impact?

A. I don’t think the Impact Factor is a very good measure of anything, but clearly it is particularly meaningless for a journal that deliberately eschews evaluation of impact in its publications decisions. Our founding principle was that impact should be evaluated post-publication. In terms of the average number of citations per article, my sense is that this is changing due to the expanding breadth of fields covered by PLOS ONE, not to mention its sheer size (we recently published our 100,000th article). When you grow as quickly as we have, your annual average citation rate will always be suppressed by the fact that you are publishing far more papers at the end of the year than at the beginning.

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Putting open science into practice: A social dilemma?

Putting open science into practice: A social dilemma? | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

Digital technologies carry the promise of transforming science and opening up the research process. We interviewed researchers from a variety of backgrounds about their attitudes towards and experiences with openness in their research practices. We observe a considerable discrepancy between the concept of open science and scholarly reality. While many researchers support open science in theory, the individual researcher is confronted with various difficulties when putting open science into practice. We analyse the major obstacles to open science and group them into two main categories: individual obstacles and systemic obstacles. We argue that the phenomenon of open science can be seen through the prism of a social dilemma: what is in the collective best interest of the scientific community is not necessarily in the best interest of the individual scientist. We discuss the possibilities of transferring theoretical solutions for social dilemma problems to the realm of open science.

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School of Open : to train everyone in Open science

School of Open : to train everyone in Open science | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Welcome to the School of Open!

 

We are a global community of volunteers providing free online courses, face-to-face workshops, and innovative training programs on the meaning, application, and impact of “openness” in the digital age. Learn how to add a Creative Commons license to your work, find free resources for classroom use, open up your research, remix a music video, and more!
 
Start by navigating the projects below. You can also start your own.

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New Statesman | Scientists criticise new “open access” journal which limits research-sharing with copyright

New Statesman | Scientists criticise new “open access” journal which limits research-sharing with copyright | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Restrictive copyright licenses and expensive submission fees have led to a significant number of scientists to criticise Science Advances, a new journal due to launch next year, for failing to live up to its open access principles.
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What Is the Future of Scholarly Journals in an Open Access Environment?

What Is the Future of Scholarly Journals in an Open Access Environment? | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Article Citation: Michael P. O'Donnell (2014) What Is the Future of Scholarly Journals in an Open Access Environment?. American Journal of Health Promotion: September/October 2014, Vol. 29, No. 1, pp. v-vi. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4278/ajhp.29.1.v
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How academic libraries may change when Open Access becomes the norm

How academic libraries may change when Open Access becomes the norm | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

Assuming open access is inevitable, I feel it is only  a slight exaggeration that the upcoming disruption to academic libraries will potentially be bigger than the shift from print to digital for librarians. For good or ill, in the last 20-30 years or so providing access to journal articles behind paywalls was the major purpose of academic libraries as seen by faculty and students and open access will change that.

In a way, I suppose none of the consequences in this blog post is particularly earthshaking assuming open access occurs, but is there sufficient reason to believe that open access is inevitable? I know many librarians who disagree and think it's not so simple.

Even if it does occur, how fast will the transition occur? Will it be gradual allowing academic libraries to slowly transition operations and competencies or will be it a dramatic shift catching us off-guard?

What would be some signals are signs that open access is gaining ground and it might be time to scale back on traditional activities? Downloads per FTE for subscribed journals start to trend downloads? Decreasing library homepage hits? At what percentage of annual output that is open access, do you start scaling back?

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The case against privatising knowledge

The case against privatising knowledge | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

"If universities get their knowledge production function right in the contemporary context, they will be able to improve learning in their teaching and that will be their most important contribution in terms of service," said Dr Rajesh Tandon during his Vice-Chancellor's Open Lecture.

Speaking at UCT on 26 August, Tandon said, "For me, engaged scholarship is about co-construction of knowledge which is relevant to society's challenges of our time, like the four strategic initiatives that the Vice-Chancellor has presented to all of us at UCT.

"It is this pillar on which I would like to propose engaged scholarship rests."

Tandon's lecture, titled 'Knowledge Democracy: Reclaiming Voice for All', proposed that society should interrogate the idea of the knowledge economy in a way that allows for democratic and equitable production, dissemination, and use of knowledge.

In his introduction, Vice-Chancellor Dr Max Price had already alluded to the concept of knowledge democracy, saying: "We talk about knowledge economy, but is there something parallel to that that might be called knowledge democracy?"

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Open Access : Les bibliothèques académiques freinées par les budgets

Open Access : Les bibliothèques académiques freinées par les budgets | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Les coûts d'intégration et la gestion des publications Open Access inquiètent les bibliothécaires

Via MyScienceWork
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The Republic of Open Science - The institution’s Historical Origins and Prospects for Continued Vitality | SIEPR

The Republic of Open Science - The institution’s Historical Origins and Prospects for Continued Vitality | SIEPR | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

In most modern economies scientific and technological research activities are conducted in two distinct organizational modes: commercially oriented R&D based upon proprietary information, and noncommercial “open science.” When taken together and kept in proper balance, these form a complementary pair of institutionally differentiated sub-systems. Each can work to amplify and augment the productivity of the other, thereby spurring long-term economic growth and improvements of social welfare in knowledge driven societies. This paper considers the difference between historical origins of open science and its modern, critically important role in the allocation of research resources. The institutional structure of ‘The Republic of Open Science’ generally is less well understood and has less robust self-sustaining foundations than the familiar non-cooperative market mechanisms associated with proprietary R&D. Although they are better suited for the conduct of exploratory science, they also remain more vulnerable to damages from collateral effects of shifts in government policies, particularly those that impact their fiscal support and regulatory environments. After reviewing the several challenges that such policy actions during the 20th century’s closing decades had posed for continued effective collective explorations at the frontiers of scientific knowledge, the discussion examines the responses that those developments elicited from academic research communities. Those reactions to the threatened curtailment of timely access to data and technical information about new research methods and findings took the form of technical and organizational innovations designed to expand and enhance infrastructural protections for sustained open access in scientific and scholarly communications. They were practical, “bottom-up” initiatives to provide concrete, domain relevant tools and organizational routines whose adoption subsequently could be, and in the event were reinforced by “top-down” policy guidelines and regulatory steps by public funding agencies and international bodies. The non-politicized nature of that process, as well as its largely effective outcomes should be read (cautiously) as positive portents of the future vitality of the Republic of Open Science – and of those societies that recognize, protect and adequately support this remarkable social innovation.

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Open access is not enough on its own – data must be free too

Open access is not enough on its own – data must be free too | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

Academics have been encouraged to make their research freely available, but their data also needs to be open to scrutiny.

 

If your research has been funded by the taxpayer, there's a good chance you'll be encouraged to publish your results on an open access basis – free at point of publication and with reuse and redistribution rights. (...) - by Susanna-Assunta Sansone, The Guardian, 26 June 2014


Via Tree of Science, Collectif PAPERA
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Tree of Science's curator insight, August 12, 7:31 AM

Open access to the publication of the research is one on the step to the open research. To go further, this evolution in process must be linked to open data to really reach open science

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What lesson do rising retraction rates hold for peer review?

What lesson do rising retraction rates hold for peer review? | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
In January, Haruko Obokata and colleagues published two papers in the journal Nature suggesting that a simple acid bath can convert differentiated cells back to a stem-cell-like state. This finding, if…
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Open Access: Students help revive and digitize rare books for Malayalam Wiki Library

Open Access: Students help revive and digitize rare books for Malayalam Wiki Library | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
The New Indian Express reports that in a terrific effort, more than 1000 school students and 234 members of the public across the state of Kerala digitized, pro
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Interview with Ross Mounce University of Bath | Opensource.com

Interview with Ross Mounce University of Bath | Opensource.com | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Marcus Hanwell of Kitware interviews Ross Mounce, a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Bath studying the use of fossils in phylogeny and phyloinformatics. Ross was one of the first Panton Fellows and is an active member of the Open Knowledge Foundation, particularly the Open Science Working Group. He is an advocate for open science, and he is actively working on content mining academic publications to reuse scientific research in meta-analyses to gain higher level insights in evolutionary patterns.
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