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OA in the UK : where the loophole is

OA in the UK : where the loophole is | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
From 1 April 2013, all academics funded by Research Councils UK (RCUK) need to be compliant with a new open access policy.

Via Bernard Rentier
Florence Piron's insight:
Bernard Rentier's insight: This is exactly and very clearly where the loophole is. Go down the left lane all the way to "are APC funds available from research funder?". Yes or no. • If no, go Green. Fine. • If yes, go Immediate Gold. What does it mean? Publishers interested in supporting Gold OA for profit are ready to use research money (funders money is research money) to ask for escalating prices in the "pay to say" process. This little loophole (that can easily go unnoticed) is what will of course ensure immediate open access quite efficiently but, at the same time, it will impose restricted publication capacity. Restricting publication capacity is fine if it is based on quality (there are way too many publications because of the "publish or perish" system) but certainly not if it is based on cost. OA has two goals: (1) broaden diffusion and (2) reduce costs. An "author (or funder) pays" mandate when Gold is available is dangerous without a strict price control.
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Bernard Rentier's curator insight, March 22, 2013 8:52 AM

This is exactly and very clearly where the loophole is.

Go down the left lane all the way to "are APC funds available from research funder?". Yes or no.

• If no, go Green. Fine.

• If yes, go Immediate Gold.

What does it mean? Publishers interested in supporting Gold OA for profit are ready to use research money (funders money is research money) to ask for escalating prices in the "pay to say" process.

This little loophole (that can easily go unnoticed) is what will of course ensure immediate open access quite efficiently but, at the same time, it will impose restricted publication capacity.

Restricting publication capacity is fine if it is based on quality (there are way too many publications because of the "publish or perish" system) but certainly not if it is based on cost.

OA has two goals: (1) broaden diffusion and (2) reduce costs. An "author (or funder) pays" mandate when Gold is available is dangerous without a strict price control.

 

Rachel H's curator insight, March 26, 2013 10:46 AM

Useful commentary from Bernard Rentier

Science ouverte - Open science
Cinq thèmes sont suivis dans ce scoop.it : le libre accès (Open Access), la science citoyenne (citizen science), la science en ligne (Open Science), la science 2.0 et les cours en ligne gratuits (MOOCs).
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Medical researchers seek public's help - citizen science

Medical researchers seek public's help - citizen science | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Scripps Research team recruiting "citizen scientists" to study mountain of biomedical information.
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Science citoyenne ou exploitation de bénévolat?

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Open education: A study in disruption, by van Mourik Broekman, Hall et al.

We use the generic ‘Open Education’ as our central term of ref- erence. This designates an activity and practice, and can on that basis be distinguished from other existing monikers, like ‘Open Educational Resources’ (OER), which we will only use to describe educational materials made available on an open basis. Since, in practice, ‘OER’ tends to be reflective of a distinct history of tech- nical, legal, and/or funding frameworks (some of the most sig- nificant of which will reappear later in this book: for example, the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation), it is more geographically and politically determined than we would like our central term to be. Our perspective remains a British one, even if North American frameworks and initiatives dominate debate in the Open Educa- tion field and so inevitably provide our initial guide.


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The new scientific revolution: Reproducibility at last

The new scientific revolution: Reproducibility at last | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Scientific-community leaders are pushing for the sharing of data and greater experimental transparency.
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Ireland: The Transition to Open Access | Open Access Working Group

Ireland: The Transition to Open Access | Open Access Working Group | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Open Knowledge are a partner in the PASTEU4OA project, reinforcing open access strategies and policies at a national level and facilitating their coordination among EU Member States. As part of the project activities a series of country case studies are being published. Open Knowledge have delivered a case study looking at Ireland’s transition to Open Access. It includes a brief description of Ireland’s higher education and research infrastructure, and an overview of the scholarly communication systems including publisher output. This is followed by a short history of the development of Open Access policies in the country, including all aspects of implementation and supported infrastructures. The case study concludes with a look at challenges and on-going issues such as measuring the socio-economic impact of Open Access across Irish society and the economy, and capacity building. The case study is available as a PDF and was written by Stuart Dempster at Dempster Associates with support from Open Knowledge. - See more at: http://access.okfn.org/2015/01/27/ireland-the-transition-to-open-access/#sthash.ytBXnwQk.dpuf
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Les communs de la connaissance

Les communs de la connaissance | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
La question des communs prend une importance à l’heure actuelle : elle procure des lunettes nouvelles pour observer la situation du monde et offrir des perspectives à la hauteur des enjeux. En effet, la complexité et l’interconnexion des défis auxquels nous sommes confrontés rendent indispensables des solutions qui ne soient ni centralisées, ni universelles. Impossible d’attendre un changement global à l’échelle de la planète pour mettre en place des structures et des mouvements d’émancipation.
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Corporate interest is a problem for research into open-access publishing

Corporate interest is a problem for research into open-access publishing | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
The open-access movement, which aims to provide researchers and the public with free access to academic work, has been growing. But most academic research remains behind expensive paywalls, which decreases its reach for the public who often fund the work. The charges to access this information can also ...
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Green Neuroscience Laboratory Principles, Practices & Aims |

Green Neuroscience Laboratory Principles, Practices & Aims | | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Open & Cooperative Science

Practice and support open, transparent and accessible research, including open science methodologies, open source technologies, tools, data, findings and communications. Report negative results. No patents. Nurture local and international collaborations across research groups, institutions, and disciplines. Although it is important at times to work in solitude, sharing, discussion and collaboration between individuals is often crucial for investigating the most complex scientific questions.

Interdisciplinary

Welcome and help integrate multiple scientific methods, perspectives and practices including atomic and molecular neuroscience, anatomy, genetics, physiology, psychology, environmental studies and philosophy of mind. Explore traditional approaches to brain health and living. Bridge science, the humanities and the arts. Invite rich narratives and artful feedback.

Community Engagement

Build community. Breakdown expert vs. lay conceits. Nurture citizen science and bi-directional flow of knowledge between researchers and the public(s).

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Citizen science

Citizen science | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

In June 2014 the Oxford English Dictionary added a new word to its dictionary, testifying to an increased interest in ‘citizen science’. The OED defines citizen science as follows: “citizen science n. scientific work undertaken by members of the general public, often in collaboration with or under the direction of professional scientists and scientific institutions. 1989   Technol. Rev. Jan. 12/4   Audubon involves 225 society members from all 50 states in a ‘citizen science’ program… Volunteers collect rain samples, test their acidity levels, and report the results to Audubon headquarters. 2002   M. B. Mulder & P. Coppolillo Conservation xi. 295/1   Citizen science has the potential to strengthen conservation practice in the developing world. 2012   M. Nielsen Reinventing Discov. vii. 151   Citizen science can be a powerful way both to collect and also to analyze enormous data sets.” (highlighting slightly changed)

As one can see in the examples provided by the OED, citizen science projects can range from counting birds or collecting rain samples (those were still the days of acid rain) to, increasingly, being involved in ‘big data’ projects, either collecting big data or analysing them. In this way citizen science links up with crowd-sourcing.

Crowd-sourcing is another concept that needs looking at in the future, especially since both citizen science and crowd-sourcing were the only anchor points for a very short discussion about ‘openness’ in science in the recent Science and Innovation Strategy – in fact, openness and public engagement in science were reduced to these activities. (While drafting this post on 2 January, Richard Gray published this article on crowd-funding in the Guardian; a commenter mentioned an academic article with the interesting title: “Crowdfunding in Academia: An Emerging Funding Mechanism for Science Research” – and of course one would have to reflect on the political and semantic differences between crowd, citizen and public, as well as between crowd science, citizen science and public science).

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Indigenous science series - les savoirs traditionnels des aborigènes d'Australie

Indigenous science series - les savoirs traditionnels des aborigènes d'Australie | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Browse Indigenous science series news, research and analysis from The Conversation
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Scientific social networks are the future of science | Open Access Working Group

Scientific social networks are the future of science | Open Access Working Group | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
In my view, the future of science will ultimately depend on the formation of many such interconnected scientific communities covering all possible areas. Making optimal use of the internet and social media, scientists and citizens within and between these communities will collaborate to produce more useful knowledge than ever before and to store, maintain and provide information for those who seek it. Especially for medical scientists in the developing world, these communities will provide vehicles for innovation, health improvement and development in their respective countries. Following this line of thought, the only hope of winning the battle against malaria, aids, neglected diseases and other tropical infections will lie in free access to and sharing of information, and in joining forces by way of social media and open science communities. It is for these reasons that a research community like MalariaWorld will be our best hope to win the ongoing battle against malaria.  - See more at: http://access.okfn.org/2012/03/20/scientific-social-networks-are-the-future-of-science/#sthash.fGnvnZkv.dpuf
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Working for a phase transition to an open commons-based knowledge society: Interview with Michel Bauwens

Working for a phase transition to an open commons-based knowledge society: Interview with Michel Bauwens | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Today a summit starts in Quito, Ecuador that will discuss ways in which the country can transform itself into an open commons-based knowledge society. The team that put together the proposals is led by Michel Bauwens from the Foundation for Peer-to-Peer Alternatives. What is the background to this plan, and how likely is it that it will bear fruit?  With the hope of finding out I spoke recently to Bauwens.
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Guidelines for open educational resources (OER) in higher education | United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

Guidelines for open educational resources (OER) in higher education | United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

Open educational resources (OER) are materials used to support education that may be freely accessed, reused, modified, and shared. These Guidelines outline key issues and make suggestions for integrating OER into higher education.

Their purpose is to encourage decision makers in governments and institutions to invest in the systematic production, adaptation and use of OER and to bring them into the mainstream of higher education in order to improve the quality of curricula and teaching and to reduce costs.

Given the potential of OER to improve higher education systems, UNESCO and the Commonwealth of Learning (COL) have developed these Guidelines, after broad consultations with stakeholders in all regions of the world, to support governments, higher education institutions/providers, academic staff, student bodies and quality assurance/accreditation and recognition bodies.

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La cartographie des open models

La cartographie des open models | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Cartographie des différents modèles ouverts, à retrouver dans le livre de référence Open Models.
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Pour un régime positif du domaine public comme "commun", par Séverine Dusollier

Pour un régime positif du domaine public comme "commun", par Séverine Dusollier | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Conclusion

D’un domaine public qui était la règle en droit d’auteur, espace vierge et foisonnant dont les droits intellectuels venaient coloniser certaines parties, on est passé à un domaine public en forme d’exception et de terrains en friche, prêts à être réappropriés. Mais ces friches ont été redécouvertes et sont revendiquées pour leurs promesses collectives. Qualifier le domaine public de commons ou de choses communes n’est pas qu’une description vide, c’est une promesse. Une promesse qu’il faut remplir d’une certaine normativité qui ne réinstalle pas des prérogatives juridiques contradictoires avec l’essence du domaine public mais qui permette d’en garantir l’essence non exclusive, inclusive et collective. C’est juste une question d’imagination juridique.


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Can Open Access Journals transform Market Research?

Can Open Access Journals transform Market Research? | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

In the past, debate around Open Access mostly revolved around academic research. However, the high visibility of research brought about by open access and the improved practical applications of academic research is something that any market research practitioner might not want to miss in the future. A key factor in the long-term success of open access, is the identification of both financial and non-financial benefits to funding bodies and organizations. In the next blog, we will try and explore different business models that can make the Open Access approach sustainable.

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Citizen Science is in America’s DNA

Citizen Science is in America’s DNA | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

Citizen science is part of America’s DNA.  For centuries, citizens not trained in science have helped shaped our understanding of Earth.

Thomas Jefferson turned Lewis and Clark into citizen scientists when he asked them to explore the landscape, wildlife and weather during their journeys of the West.They investigated plants, animals and geography, and came back with maps, sketches and journals.  These new data were some of the first pieces of environmental intelligence defining our young nation.  President Jefferson instilled citizen science in my own agency’s DNA by creating the Survey of the Coast, a NOAA legacy agency focused on charting  and protecting the entire coast of our Nation.

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Stanford scientists team with indigenous people to produce detailed carbon calculations of Amazon rainforest

Stanford scientists team with indigenous people to produce detailed carbon calculations of Amazon rainforest | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
By teaching basic ecology field work techniques to indigenous groups in the Amazon, Stanford researchers find that satellite measurements of rainforests underestimate the region's carbon storage potential.
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Crowd science provides major boost for certain research projects

Crowd science provides major boost for certain research projects | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

Crowd science is making possible research projects that might otherwise be out of reach, tapping thousands of volunteers to help with such tasks as classifying animal photos, studying astronomical images, counting sea stars and examining cancer cell images. Also known as “citizen science,” these efforts to involve ordinary people in research projects have attracted interest from policy makers, scientific agencies and others.

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World Digital Library. Une bibliothèque numérique mondiale

World Digital Library. Une bibliothèque numérique mondiale | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
La World Digital Library est un cadeau pour tous les amoureux de la culture et de la connaissance. Une bibliothèque numérique mondiale présentant des milliers de documents historiques inestimables ...
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Guide (gratuit) de conception et d'utilisation du manuel numérique universitaire

Afin de suivre l’évolution et l’engouement pour les livres numériques, de répondre aux attentes des étudiants1 de plus en plus utilisateurs d’environnements numériques et compte tenu de la demande croissante d’enseignants universitaires2 du réseau de l’Université du Québec pour une édition numérique de leur ouvrage didactique, le Comité de pilotage du projet FODAR (Fonds de développement académique du réseau de l’Université du Québec) pour le développement de livres numériques didactiques a cru en la nécessité de concevoir un guide d’accompagnement. Le Guide de conception et d’utilisation du manuel numérique universitaire, destiné aux enseignants universitaires qui s’initient a livre numérique didactique, vise à faciliter et à optimiser le développement de ce type d’ouvrages, du premier brouillon jusqu’à sa production finale et son utilisation dans un contexte d’enseignement, d’apprentissage et d’évaluation.

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Most participants in “citizen science” projects give up almost immediately

Most participants in “citizen science” projects give up almost immediately | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Still, participants have saved project organizers $1.5 million.
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Crowdfunding, sciences et technologies : les succès grenoblois | ECHOSCIENCES - Grenoble

Crowdfunding, sciences et technologies : les succès grenoblois | ECHOSCIENCES - Grenoble | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

En deux ans, des porteurs de projets grenoblois ont récolté près de 1 600 000 euros via le crowdfunding. Retour sur des réussites entre arts, culture, sciences et technologies !

[Pour découvrir les projets dont la collecte est en cours - et leur donner un coup de pouce, c’est par ici]

Depuis 2012, des dizaines de projets liés aux sciences, aux technologies ou à la culture scientifique et technique ont vu le jour à Grenoble grâce au financement participatif. Les exemples les plus emblématiques sont iSketchnote, HEXO+, et MOD Duo. A eux trois, ils ont récolté plus de 1 700 000 dollars (environ 1 420 000 euros) sur la plateforme américaine Kickstarter. Parmi ces géants, le drôle d’oiseau PiouPiou a également fait fort sur KissKissBankBank, avec plus de 38 000 euros !

En parallèle, on retrouve une multitude de projet plus modestes mais tout aussi intéressants : des initiatives “arts et sciences” (On i Danse, Interface, Projet Vénus III), des magazines (Patatras, Place Grenet avec qui nous échangeons régulièrement), des documentaires (L’eau ne tombe pas du ciel, Rendez-vous in Tornado Alley), des beaux livres (L'inaccessible Mont Aiguille, A la découverte de l’Isère intime), d’autres projets “techno” (Hydrao, Biobot), design (Catalogue "20 objets à réaliser en design libre"), scolaires (Robot IronMind, 24 lycéens plus haut que le Mont-Blanc), culturels (Semaine des Arts à Science Po Grenoble) ou sociaux (DesClics PAYSAN, L’Arche aux innovateurs, Sereale), un jeu vidéo (Post Human W.A.R.) et beaucoup de projets humanitaires, notamment sur Ulule (parmi eux, la construction d’éoliennes au Sénégal)


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One Million Preprints and Counting | Interview with the ArXiv founder Paul Ginsparg

One Million Preprints and Counting | Interview with the ArXiv founder Paul Ginsparg | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

Since 1991, scientists from a variety of fields have published their research to the preprint server ArXiv, to quickly share data and to stake intellectual claim on new discoveries.

Today (December 29), the preprint server clocked its one-millionth upload. In anticipation of this milestone, The Scientist spoke with ArXiv founder Paul Ginsparg of Cornell University about sharing data, peer review, and what’s next for the resource.

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Opening Up Science: Towards an Agenda of Open Science in Industry and Academia

Opening Up Science: Towards an Agenda of Open Science in Industry and Academia | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

The shift towards open innovation has substantially changed the scientific and practical perception of corporate innovation. While scientific studies on open innovation are burgeoning, present research underlies a business-centric view that has focused on the back-end of the innovation process. The impact and implications of open innovation on academic and industrial science at the very front-end of the innovation process have so far been neglected. Our paper presents a conceptualization of open science and research as a peculiarity under the roof of open innovation. We propose four perspectives, outline current trends, and present directions for future developments.

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