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Open Data Day, Course Sprints, and Hackathons!

Open Data Day, Course Sprints, and Hackathons! | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

On February 23rd, Creative Commons is hosting an Open Education event, a single-day “sprint” on Open Data Day where people will work collaboratively to build a course as an introduction to Open Science and Data.  Using all openly-licensed content, and bringing together members of the Open Science Community to assist with the content construction, the course is meant to serve as a starting point for those interested in exploring Open Science, Research, and Data.

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Science ouverte - Open science
Cinq thèmes sont suivis dans ce scoop.it : le libre accès (Open Access), la science citoyenne (citizen science), la science en ligne (Open Science), la science 2.0 et les cours en ligne gratuits (MOOCs).
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Elsevier clashes with researchers over open access publishing for academic texts

Elsevier clashes with researchers over open access publishing for academic texts | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Academic publishing is a multi-million dollar business dominated by just a few major publishing houses. Many academics and open access advocates believe that’s unfair—publishers simply take researchers’ work and sell it back to them, they say. Stan Correy takes a look at the state of play.
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Bernard Rentier's curator insight, May 29, 2:07 AM

Richard Poynder: "Elsevier’s Director of Access & Policy, Alicia Wise states that they “have received neutral-to-positive responses from research institutions and the wider research community.” Yet, since the “Statement against Elsevier’s sharing policy <https://www.coar-repositories.org/activities/advocacy-leadership/petition-against-elseviers-sharing-policy/>” was published on Wednesday May 20, 2015), it has been signed by close to 700 organizations and individuals, demonstrating that there is significant opposition to the policy."

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Canada : University of Windsor Senate Passes Open Access Policy

Canada : University of Windsor Senate Passes Open Access Policy | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

Momentum for open access has been growing as numerous funding agencies and institutions worldwide implement open access policies.  In Canada, the recent release of the Tri-Agency Open Access Policy on Publications requires grant recipients, as of May 2015, to take steps to ensure that peer-reviewed journal publications arising from supported research are made freely accessible within 12 months of publication. As a means of supporting open access initiatives, in 2012 the Leddy Library launched a digital institutional repository Scholarship at UWindsorwhich is available to assist Windsor researchers in meeting the requirements of the Tri-Council (CIHR, NSERC, SSHRC) and other funding agencies.  

In recognition of the importance of providing open access to Windsor research and building on the momentum of the Tri-Council Policy, on Friday May 8th, University Senate passed the University of Windsor's own open access policy. All authors across campus are strongly encouraged to post a copy of their peer-reviewed journal articles in Scholarship at UWindsor. Author’s whose articles must be made available open access as a result of the Tri-Council OA policy are also required to place a copy of those articles in Scholarship at UWindsor.

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Canada : Libre accès pour le bien public à partir du 1er mai 2015

Canada : Libre accès pour le bien public  à partir du 1er mai 2015 | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Les trois fonds subventionnaires ont maintenant une politique commune du libre accès, applicable à toute recherche financée à partir du 1er mai 2015.
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Pint of Science France - la science paie sa tournée dans 8 pays

Pint of Science France - la science paie sa tournée dans 8 pays | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

Le but de Pint of Science? Démystifier la recherche scientifique et la faire découvrir au grand public dans un cadre détendu.

Parce que non, dans un labo, ca ne se passe pas toujours comme dans les experts.

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Crowdreviewing: The Sharing Economy at its Finest

Crowdreviewing: The Sharing Economy at its Finest | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

The current review process of scientific articles is outdated. Only a few reviewers assess the quality of papers before publication. Many more experts read them after publication, have a strong opinion about their contents, but are hardly able to share it to a wide audience. Academics would greatly benefit from crowdreviewing, a post-publication peer review (PPPR) process in which anyone who has read a scientific article is asked to review it according to a standardized set of questions. Today’s consumers themselves decide whether the consumed good meets their quality standards, and this is quickly and easily shared with the rest of the world. Others can then let their demand for the reviewed good depend on the reviews. Interested people observe the articles’ quality (and the reasons why) at a glance. Visibility of the reviews, including comments and remarks, will even have an upward effect on the quality of future research. The sharing economy at its finest, applied to academia.

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Students become ‘citizen scientists,’ track D.C.’s wildlife with cameras

Students become ‘citizen scientists,’ track D.C.’s wildlife with cameras | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Their surprising discoveries — including a flock of wild turkeys — will be used by Smithsonian researchers.
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Social Networks for Academics Proliferate, Despite Some Scholars' Doubts

Social Networks for Academics Proliferate, Despite Some Scholars' Doubts | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
"It's basically Facebook for nerds," says one participant, who likes the access to research papers. But some scholars, feeling communication overload, can't be bothered.
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The Digital Public Domain: Foundations for an Open Culture - Open Book Publishers

The Digital Public Domain: Foundations for an Open Culture - Open Book Publishers | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Digital technology has made culture more accessible than ever before. Texts, audio, pictures and video can easily be produced, disseminated, used and remixed using devices that are increasingly user-friendly and affordable. However, along with this technological democratization comes a paradoxical flipside: the norms regulating culture's use—copyright and related rights—have become increasingly restrictive.

This book brings together essays by academics, librarians, entrepreneurs, activists and policy makers, who were all part of the EU-funded Communia project. Together the authors argue that the Public Domain—that is, the informational works owned by all of us, be that literature, music, the output of scientific research, educational material or public sector information—is fundamental to a healthy society.

The essays range from more theoretical papers on the history of copyright and the Public Domain, to practical examples and case studies of recent projects that have engaged with the principles of Open Access and Creative Commons licensing. The book is essential reading for anyone interested in the current debate about copyright and the Internet. It opens up discussion and offers practical solutions to the difficult question of the regulation of culture at the digital age.
The free PDF edition of this title was made possible by generous funding received from the European Union (eContentplus framework project ECP-2006-PSI-610001).
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Quel “open access” pour les publications scientifiques ?

Quel “open access” pour les publications scientifiques ? | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

Au-delà des modèles économiques, l’open access pose des questions politiques et sociales. Le rôle des éditeurs doit-il être préservé au motif qu’ils représentent une activité économique à défendre ? À quelles conditions d’autres systèmes d’évaluation, directement gérés par les chercheurs et les institutions scientifiques (sur le modèle des presses universitaires ou des sociétés savantes), peuvent-ils garantir un niveau d’exigence satisfaisant ? Ici, c’est également le sens de l’évaluation scientifique qu’il s’agit d’interroger, les limites de la bibliométrie étant soulignées par de nombreux chercheurs, en particulier en sciences humaines et sociales, mais également en mathématiques, les biologistes étant les plus favorables (peut-être parce que les plus adaptés) à ces procédés [9]. Enfin, ne doit-on pas considérer les résultats scientifiques comme des « biens communs [10] » et redéfinir leur statut ?

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Who is served by for-profit gold open access publishing? A case study of Hindawi and Egypt

Who is served by for-profit gold open access publishing? A case study of Hindawi and Egypt | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
by: Jihane Salhab and Heather Morrison Abstract The highly successful Egypt-based open access publisher Hindawi is presented as a model of quality publishing and commercial success. However, this s...
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'Open Humans' Wants To Be The Facebook Of Clinical Research

'Open Humans' Wants To Be The Facebook Of Clinical Research | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
The online platform connects researchers with test subjects, and makes it easy to share data
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Bernard Rentier's curator insight, April 1, 2:45 AM

The future of all science and research will be, whether one likes it or not, on such open communication and exchange platforms.

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Can the UN ensure open access to plant genomes? | Science Codex

Can the UN ensure open access to plant genomes? | Science Codex | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

A plant scientist from The Australian National University (ANU) has called for the United Nations to guarantee free and open access to plant DNA sequences to enable scientists to continue work to sustainably intensify world food production. 

Dr Norman Warthmann, a plant geneticist at the ANU Research School of Biology, has lodged a submission with the UN, which is currently considering issues to include in its 2015 Global Sustainable Development Report.

Food security depends on an acceleration in plant breeding, which could be threatened by private companies restricting access to genomic information, Dr Warthmann said.

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Révision des abonnements aux périodiques au Service des Bibliothèques de l'UQAM

Révision des abonnements aux périodiques au Service des Bibliothèques de l'UQAM | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Le Service des bibliothèques procède à une révision de ses abonnements à des revues savantes.

Cette année, 89 % du budget des acquisitions au Service des bibliothèques a été consacré au paiement des ressources récurrentes – abonnements aux grands ensembles de revues savantes, aux bases de données pluridisciplinaires et spécialisées, aux quotidiens et revues imprimées, aux vidéos en streaming, à certaines collections de livres électroniques, etc. «À ce rythme, dans deux ans, la totalité de notre budget sera consacrée à nos abonnements et nous n’aurons plus un sou pour acheter des livres», affirme Marie-Jeanne Préfontaine, directrice du Service de l’acquisition et du développement des collections.

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Rapport sur le libre accès de l'UQAR (Université du Québec à Rimouski)

Ce rapport du groupe de travail sur le libre accès définit le concept du libre accès, son origine, ainsi que son déploiement ici et ailleurs.  Il présente les avantages pour le réseau de l’Université du Québec de soutenir et d’envisager le développement du libre accès.  Finalement, il présente des conditions et des pistes d’actions à mettre en place pour favoriser le déploiement du libre accès.

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The Porous University: Impact is not some added extra of academic life, but lies at the core of what we do.

The Porous University: Impact is not some added extra of academic life, but lies at the core of what we do. | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
The current university set up has led to a deep malaise. The culture of retreat and lack of an inclusive commitment has fed public perceptions that universities are unapproachable. Michael Stewart argues that thinking more creatively about impact and problem-based learning could help overcome these failures. The management terminology is brittle and ugly, but all impact means is that we are engaged with the world, trying to make it a better place to live in.
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Citizen science amplifies knowledge of natural world

Citizen science amplifies knowledge of natural world | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Many citizen science programs are based on the simple notion that more eyes lead to better findings and is making a great contribution to scientific knowledge.
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Principles of the Self Journal of Science : bringing ethics and freedom to scientific publishing

Michaël Bon1

I present the core principles of the “Self-Journal of Science” (SJS), an open repository as well as a new paradigm of scientific publication. Rooted in Science ethics, a full and consistent solution is proposed to address the many flaws in current systems. SJS implements an optimal peer review, which itself becomes a measurable process, and builds an objective and unfalsifiable evaluation system. In addition, it can operate at very low costs. One of the essential features of SJS is to allow every scientist to play his full role as a member of the scientific community and to be credited for all contributions – whether as author, referee, or editor. The output is the responsibility of each scientist, and no subgroup can dictate scientific policy to all. By fully opening up the process of publication, peer pressure becomes the force that drives output towards the highest quality in a virtuous self-regulating circle. SJS also provides a self-organizing and scalable solution to handle an ever-increasing number of articles.

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Cambridge: New gold standard established for open and reproducible research

Cambridge:  New gold standard established for open and reproducible research | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Cambridge computer scientists have established a new gold standard for open research, in order to make scientific results more robust and reliable.
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A Reputation Economy: Results from an Empirical Survey on Academic Data Sharing 

Pour ce document de travail, RatSWD a interrogé 2 661 chercheurs universitaires de toutes les disciplines et de divers pays sur le rapport qu'ils entretiennent avec les données, sur leurs pratiques en matière de publication et sur leurs motivations à partager, ou à retenir, leurs données de recherche.

Des 1 564 réponses valides, les résultats montrent que les chercheurs de toutes les disciplines reconnaissent les avantages que représente l'obtention des données de recherche pour leur propre travail (62 %) et pour le progrès scientifique dans son ensemble (83 %). Toutefois, ils partagent leurs données avec modération (35 %). Le principal facteur était la crainte que les autres chercheurs ne publient avant eux (80 %).

Pour expliquer cette constatation, les auteurs avancent que le système universitaire n'est pas motivé par des incitations financières, ni par le désir de progresser sur le plan scientifique, mais plutôt par la réputation des personnes, laquelle est exprimée en nombre de publications dans les revues prestigieuses.

Le qualificatif donné par les auteurs à ce système est économie de réputation. Cette économie explique les résultats qui montrent que les chercheurs considèrent qu'ils reçoivent une reconnaissance officielle adéquate en ce qui concerne le partage des données par les pairs, avec citation à l'appui, plutôt qu'avec une demande de statut de coauteur laquelle, dans certaines disciplines, pourrait être perçue comme s'opposant à l'éthique.

Le partage de données ne sera largement adopté par les chercheurs que s'il est payant en matière de réputation.

Ainsi, les mesures politiques qui entendent favoriser la collaboration des chercheurs doivent faire l'objet d'une compréhension de la part du milieu universitaire qui doit considérer cette collaboration comme une économie de réputation. Des mesures efficaces doivent valoriser plus fortement les données secondaires de recherche. Pour ce faire, elles doivent tout d'abord pouvoir être citées et retracées.

Pour en savoir plus : consulter le rapport de RatSWD.

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Citizen science : 1.5 million volunteers have discovered penguins have to poo in order to breed

Citizen science : 1.5 million volunteers have discovered penguins have to poo in order to breed | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
A citizen science project has found that penguins use their faeces to melt rocky breeding sites in order to lay their eggs.
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Citizen science in Australia: Discovering Supernovae

Citizen science in Australia: Discovering Supernovae | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Citizen scientists discover new supernovae at Zooniverse.org.
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When Open Access is the norm, how do scientists work together online? | PLOS SciComm

When Open Access is the norm, how do scientists work together online? | PLOS SciComm | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

The Web was invented to enable scientists to collaborate.

Summary

In 2000, the year that the first installment of this report was published, the founders of PLOS circulated an open letter that began like so:

“We support the establishment of an online public library that would provide the full contents of the published record of research and scholarly discourse in medicine and the life sciences in a freely accessible, fully searchable, interlinked form.”

Today, in 2015, open access to scientific literature, while not yet universal, is firmly established. Such access is a necessary but not sufficient basis for the open scientific collaboration that the Internet can and must enable. Progress has been encouraging on a number of fronts, but cultural and technical barriers remain. Here’s hoping that the 2030 installment of this report will describe a fuller realization of the Internet’s potential to accelerate and sustain science.

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L’Université d’Etat d’Haïti en route vers la science ouverte

L’Université d’Etat d’Haïti en route vers la science ouverte | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
La Coordination du Programme de Maîtrise en Histoire, Mémoire et Patrimoine de l’Université d’Etat d’Haïti a invité professeurs, étudiants gradués, administrateurs universitaires, responsables de bibliothèques, éditeurs et journalistes à un mini-colloque sur : « Science ouverte et libre…
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Hébergement des MOOC : diversification en vue

Hébergement des MOOC : diversification en vue | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

Les MOOC se banalisent. Suivre un MOOC va rapidement devenir aussi commun que suivre un module d’eLearning autoporté sur étagère (et plus efficace, espérons-le). Produire un MOOC représente beaucoup d’efforts et demande des compétences particulières, mais des organisations toujours plus nombreuses se lancent dans l’aventure. Il y a cette semaine plus de 80 MOOC francophones en cours de distribution, si l’on en croit l’annuaire de référence mooc-francophone.com. Le mois de mars va en voir ouvrir une bonne dizaine de plus. Encore ne parle t-on ici que des MOOC publics, ceux qui s’adressent à tous et ont donc besoin d’une forte exposition sur le web. Les SPOC et COOC réservés aux collaborateurs d’une organisation, ne figurent évidemment pas dans cette liste.


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Dossier > Open data : l'open science ou la science ouverte

Dossier > Open data : l'open science ou la science ouverte | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

L’open science est une expression « valise » qui regroupe plusieurs initiatives, conduites à la fois par des chercheurs et des non-chercheurs, sur l’idée d’une recherche plus ouverte, plus transparente et plus collaborative. Cette logique vise également la multiplication des interactions entre le monde de la recherche et les sphères de la société civile, de l’entreprise ou même des arts.

L’open science présente différents aspects : libre accès aux publications scientifiques (open access), open data, logiciels open source, recherche participative et contributive. Par exemple, l’accessibilité des logiciels dont le coût de développement est parfois exorbitant permet aux non-chercheurs de s’impliquer également, par exemple Python ou R [langages de programmation utilisés par les scientifiques de données, NDLR]. Les récentes interactions entre chercheurs et autres parties prenantes (institutions, citoyens, etc.) font d’ailleurs l’objet d’une terminologie nouvelle en français (collaboration, interopérabilité, norme ouverte, etc.).

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