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Open Data Portal for Latin America | Open Knowledge Foundation Blog

Open Data Portal for Latin America | Open Knowledge Foundation Blog | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

Sharing governmental information in open, accessible and structured formats could substantially increase transparency and accountability in public policy design and implementation. Furthermore, it enables broad social engagement in the process. Hence, opening data and acknowledging the demands of the population that arise from this is key to promoting social equality and effective public administration.

 

Based on this premise, the project Open Data for Development in Latin America and the Caribbean has been implemented in partnership with W3C Brazil, the European Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), within the scope of the Observatory for the Information Society in Latin America and the Caribbean (OSILAC) and the International Development and Research Center of Canada (IDRC).

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Science ouverte - Open science
Cinq thèmes sont suivis dans ce scoop.it : le libre accès (Open Access), la science citoyenne (citizen science), la science en ligne (Open Science), la science 2.0 et les cours en ligne gratuits (MOOCs).
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Citizen Science is in America’s DNA

Citizen Science is in America’s DNA | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

Citizen science is part of America’s DNA.  For centuries, citizens not trained in science have helped shaped our understanding of Earth.

Thomas Jefferson turned Lewis and Clark into citizen scientists when he asked them to explore the landscape, wildlife and weather during their journeys of the West.They investigated plants, animals and geography, and came back with maps, sketches and journals.  These new data were some of the first pieces of environmental intelligence defining our young nation.  President Jefferson instilled citizen science in my own agency’s DNA by creating the Survey of the Coast, a NOAA legacy agency focused on charting  and protecting the entire coast of our Nation.

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Stanford scientists team with indigenous people to produce detailed carbon calculations of Amazon rainforest

Stanford scientists team with indigenous people to produce detailed carbon calculations of Amazon rainforest | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
By teaching basic ecology field work techniques to indigenous groups in the Amazon, Stanford researchers find that satellite measurements of rainforests underestimate the region's carbon storage potential.
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Crowd science provides major boost for certain research projects

Crowd science provides major boost for certain research projects | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

Crowd science is making possible research projects that might otherwise be out of reach, tapping thousands of volunteers to help with such tasks as classifying animal photos, studying astronomical images, counting sea stars and examining cancer cell images. Also known as “citizen science,” these efforts to involve ordinary people in research projects have attracted interest from policy makers, scientific agencies and others.

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World Digital Library. Une bibliothèque numérique mondiale

World Digital Library. Une bibliothèque numérique mondiale | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
La World Digital Library est un cadeau pour tous les amoureux de la culture et de la connaissance. Une bibliothèque numérique mondiale présentant des milliers de documents historiques inestimables ...
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Guide (gratuit) de conception et d'utilisation du manuel numérique universitaire

Afin de suivre l’évolution et l’engouement pour les livres numériques, de répondre aux attentes des étudiants1 de plus en plus utilisateurs d’environnements numériques et compte tenu de la demande croissante d’enseignants universitaires2 du réseau de l’Université du Québec pour une édition numérique de leur ouvrage didactique, le Comité de pilotage du projet FODAR (Fonds de développement académique du réseau de l’Université du Québec) pour le développement de livres numériques didactiques a cru en la nécessité de concevoir un guide d’accompagnement. Le Guide de conception et d’utilisation du manuel numérique universitaire, destiné aux enseignants universitaires qui s’initient a livre numérique didactique, vise à faciliter et à optimiser le développement de ce type d’ouvrages, du premier brouillon jusqu’à sa production finale et son utilisation dans un contexte d’enseignement, d’apprentissage et d’évaluation.

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Most participants in “citizen science” projects give up almost immediately

Most participants in “citizen science” projects give up almost immediately | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Still, participants have saved project organizers $1.5 million.
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Crowdfunding, sciences et technologies : les succès grenoblois | ECHOSCIENCES - Grenoble

Crowdfunding, sciences et technologies : les succès grenoblois | ECHOSCIENCES - Grenoble | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

En deux ans, des porteurs de projets grenoblois ont récolté près de 1 600 000 euros via le crowdfunding. Retour sur des réussites entre arts, culture, sciences et technologies !

[Pour découvrir les projets dont la collecte est en cours - et leur donner un coup de pouce, c’est par ici]

Depuis 2012, des dizaines de projets liés aux sciences, aux technologies ou à la culture scientifique et technique ont vu le jour à Grenoble grâce au financement participatif. Les exemples les plus emblématiques sont iSketchnote, HEXO+, et MOD Duo. A eux trois, ils ont récolté plus de 1 700 000 dollars (environ 1 420 000 euros) sur la plateforme américaine Kickstarter. Parmi ces géants, le drôle d’oiseau PiouPiou a également fait fort sur KissKissBankBank, avec plus de 38 000 euros !

En parallèle, on retrouve une multitude de projet plus modestes mais tout aussi intéressants : des initiatives “arts et sciences” (On i Danse, Interface, Projet Vénus III), des magazines (Patatras, Place Grenet avec qui nous échangeons régulièrement), des documentaires (L’eau ne tombe pas du ciel, Rendez-vous in Tornado Alley), des beaux livres (L'inaccessible Mont Aiguille, A la découverte de l’Isère intime), d’autres projets “techno” (Hydrao, Biobot), design (Catalogue "20 objets à réaliser en design libre"), scolaires (Robot IronMind, 24 lycéens plus haut que le Mont-Blanc), culturels (Semaine des Arts à Science Po Grenoble) ou sociaux (DesClics PAYSAN, L’Arche aux innovateurs, Sereale), un jeu vidéo (Post Human W.A.R.) et beaucoup de projets humanitaires, notamment sur Ulule (parmi eux, la construction d’éoliennes au Sénégal)


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One Million Preprints and Counting | Interview with the ArXiv founder Paul Ginsparg

One Million Preprints and Counting | Interview with the ArXiv founder Paul Ginsparg | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

Since 1991, scientists from a variety of fields have published their research to the preprint server ArXiv, to quickly share data and to stake intellectual claim on new discoveries.

Today (December 29), the preprint server clocked its one-millionth upload. In anticipation of this milestone, The Scientist spoke with ArXiv founder Paul Ginsparg of Cornell University about sharing data, peer review, and what’s next for the resource.

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Opening Up Science: Towards an Agenda of Open Science in Industry and Academia

Opening Up Science: Towards an Agenda of Open Science in Industry and Academia | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

The shift towards open innovation has substantially changed the scientific and practical perception of corporate innovation. While scientific studies on open innovation are burgeoning, present research underlies a business-centric view that has focused on the back-end of the innovation process. The impact and implications of open innovation on academic and industrial science at the very front-end of the innovation process have so far been neglected. Our paper presents a conceptualization of open science and research as a peculiarity under the roof of open innovation. We propose four perspectives, outline current trends, and present directions for future developments.

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Massive Open Education Opportunities at the National Open University of Nigeria | United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

Massive Open Education Opportunities at the National Open University of Nigeria | United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
UNESCO organized an intensive high-level Workshop on Open Educational Resources (OERs) and Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) at the National Open University of Nigeria (NOUN) to significantly enhance the quality and access to higher education for thousands of Nigerian and African students. The Workshop was held in Lagos, Nigeria, from 10 to 11 September 2014 and attended by 30 senior faculty members of NOUN.
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UNESCO launches Open Access Curricula for Researchers and Librarians | United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

UNESCO launches Open Access Curricula for Researchers and Librarians | United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Within the overall framework of UNESCO Strategy on Open Access to scientific information and research and to take forward UNESCO’s leadership role in diffusing knowledge amongst its Member States, UNESCO has developed a set of manuals to facilitate capacity building of library and information professionals and researchers.

The development of the modules has been undertaken very carefully and the development process covered diverse opinion in the subject area, and in consultation with more than 50 experts to include diversity and expertise from the developing south.

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Open Access Policy Announced by Two Departments within India’s Ministry of Science and Technology

Open Access Policy Announced by Two Departments within India’s Ministry of Science and Technology | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

Two departments within India’s Ministry of Science and Technology, the Department of Biotechnology (DBT) and the Department of Science and Technology (DST) have released a new Open Access Policy. Under the new policy, researchers who receive funding or use resources from from these departments can still publish in any journals they wish, but they will need to deposit copies of the final papers and supporting data in institutional repositories where the information can be accessed by the public:

 “The final accepted manuscript (after refereeing, revision, etc.) resulting from research projects, which are fully or partially funded by DBT or DST, or were performed using infrastructure built with the support of these organizations, should be deposited. This also includes review articles, both invited and author initiated, for those who received funding from DBT or DST during that period. The full-text of the paper, metadata and supplementary materials should be deposited. At the end of the full-text the acknowledgement should carry the grant number.”

Researchers must deposit their works in the repositories within two weeks of acceptance by a journal, but if the journal requires an embargo, the repository will not make the paper available until the embargo ends.  The Open Access Policy makes clear, however, that “the essence of the policy is to enhance public exposure of the research… expeditiously.” It recommends a maximum embargo of six months for science, technology and medicine papers, and twelve months for arts, humanities, and social science papers.

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Analysis of Economic Issues Related to Open Access to Scientific Publications

Analysis of Economic Issues Related to Open Access to Scientific Publications | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
FOSTER aims to facilitate open science by training researchers about open access and open data.
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Les communs de la connaissance

Les communs de la connaissance | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
La question des communs prend une importance à l’heure actuelle : elle procure des lunettes nouvelles pour observer la situation du monde et offrir des perspectives à la hauteur des enjeux. En effet, la complexité et l’interconnexion des défis auxquels nous sommes confrontés rendent indispensables des solutions qui ne soient ni centralisées, ni universelles. Impossible d’attendre un changement global à l’échelle de la planète pour mettre en place des structures et des mouvements d’émancipation.
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Corporate interest is a problem for research into open-access publishing

Corporate interest is a problem for research into open-access publishing | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
The open-access movement, which aims to provide researchers and the public with free access to academic work, has been growing. But most academic research remains behind expensive paywalls, which decreases its reach for the public who often fund the work. The charges to access this information can also ...
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Green Neuroscience Laboratory Principles, Practices & Aims |

Green Neuroscience Laboratory Principles, Practices & Aims | | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Open & Cooperative Science

Practice and support open, transparent and accessible research, including open science methodologies, open source technologies, tools, data, findings and communications. Report negative results. No patents. Nurture local and international collaborations across research groups, institutions, and disciplines. Although it is important at times to work in solitude, sharing, discussion and collaboration between individuals is often crucial for investigating the most complex scientific questions.

Interdisciplinary

Welcome and help integrate multiple scientific methods, perspectives and practices including atomic and molecular neuroscience, anatomy, genetics, physiology, psychology, environmental studies and philosophy of mind. Explore traditional approaches to brain health and living. Bridge science, the humanities and the arts. Invite rich narratives and artful feedback.

Community Engagement

Build community. Breakdown expert vs. lay conceits. Nurture citizen science and bi-directional flow of knowledge between researchers and the public(s).

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Citizen science

Citizen science | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

In June 2014 the Oxford English Dictionary added a new word to its dictionary, testifying to an increased interest in ‘citizen science’. The OED defines citizen science as follows: “citizen science n. scientific work undertaken by members of the general public, often in collaboration with or under the direction of professional scientists and scientific institutions. 1989   Technol. Rev. Jan. 12/4   Audubon involves 225 society members from all 50 states in a ‘citizen science’ program… Volunteers collect rain samples, test their acidity levels, and report the results to Audubon headquarters. 2002   M. B. Mulder & P. Coppolillo Conservation xi. 295/1   Citizen science has the potential to strengthen conservation practice in the developing world. 2012   M. Nielsen Reinventing Discov. vii. 151   Citizen science can be a powerful way both to collect and also to analyze enormous data sets.” (highlighting slightly changed)

As one can see in the examples provided by the OED, citizen science projects can range from counting birds or collecting rain samples (those were still the days of acid rain) to, increasingly, being involved in ‘big data’ projects, either collecting big data or analysing them. In this way citizen science links up with crowd-sourcing.

Crowd-sourcing is another concept that needs looking at in the future, especially since both citizen science and crowd-sourcing were the only anchor points for a very short discussion about ‘openness’ in science in the recent Science and Innovation Strategy – in fact, openness and public engagement in science were reduced to these activities. (While drafting this post on 2 January, Richard Gray published this article on crowd-funding in the Guardian; a commenter mentioned an academic article with the interesting title: “Crowdfunding in Academia: An Emerging Funding Mechanism for Science Research” – and of course one would have to reflect on the political and semantic differences between crowd, citizen and public, as well as between crowd science, citizen science and public science).

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Indigenous science series - les savoirs traditionnels des aborigènes d'Australie

Indigenous science series - les savoirs traditionnels des aborigènes d'Australie | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Browse Indigenous science series news, research and analysis from The Conversation
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Scientific social networks are the future of science | Open Access Working Group

Scientific social networks are the future of science | Open Access Working Group | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
In my view, the future of science will ultimately depend on the formation of many such interconnected scientific communities covering all possible areas. Making optimal use of the internet and social media, scientists and citizens within and between these communities will collaborate to produce more useful knowledge than ever before and to store, maintain and provide information for those who seek it. Especially for medical scientists in the developing world, these communities will provide vehicles for innovation, health improvement and development in their respective countries. Following this line of thought, the only hope of winning the battle against malaria, aids, neglected diseases and other tropical infections will lie in free access to and sharing of information, and in joining forces by way of social media and open science communities. It is for these reasons that a research community like MalariaWorld will be our best hope to win the ongoing battle against malaria.  - See more at: http://access.okfn.org/2012/03/20/scientific-social-networks-are-the-future-of-science/#sthash.fGnvnZkv.dpuf
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Working for a phase transition to an open commons-based knowledge society: Interview with Michel Bauwens

Working for a phase transition to an open commons-based knowledge society: Interview with Michel Bauwens | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Today a summit starts in Quito, Ecuador that will discuss ways in which the country can transform itself into an open commons-based knowledge society. The team that put together the proposals is led by Michel Bauwens from the Foundation for Peer-to-Peer Alternatives. What is the background to this plan, and how likely is it that it will bear fruit?  With the hope of finding out I spoke recently to Bauwens.
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Guidelines for open educational resources (OER) in higher education | United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

Guidelines for open educational resources (OER) in higher education | United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

Open educational resources (OER) are materials used to support education that may be freely accessed, reused, modified, and shared. These Guidelines outline key issues and make suggestions for integrating OER into higher education.

Their purpose is to encourage decision makers in governments and institutions to invest in the systematic production, adaptation and use of OER and to bring them into the mainstream of higher education in order to improve the quality of curricula and teaching and to reduce costs.

Given the potential of OER to improve higher education systems, UNESCO and the Commonwealth of Learning (COL) have developed these Guidelines, after broad consultations with stakeholders in all regions of the world, to support governments, higher education institutions/providers, academic staff, student bodies and quality assurance/accreditation and recognition bodies.

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Five Asian Open Universities adopt open licensing and MOOCs | United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

Five Asian Open Universities adopt open licensing and MOOCs | United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Within the framework of the OpenupEd Project which aims to empower key national universities to release courses with open licenses in MOOC format, UNESCO organized a High-Level Workshop within the 2014 Conference of the Asian Association of Open Universities in Hong Kong. The exclusive pre-Conference Workshop held on Monday 27 October, 2014 was targeted at Heads of Open Universities to provide an informal setting for free-flowing discussion. Opened by Professor Yuk-Shan Wong, President of the OUHK and AAOU, the Workshop attracted representation from 30 institutions with 14 Rectors, Vice Chancellors, and Presidents in full attendance.
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8 nature-focused projects for citizen scientists

8 nature-focused projects for citizen scientists | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Volunteers can lend a hand, from categorizing whale songs to planting sunflowers.
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Free Access to Science Research Doesn't Benefit Everyone

Free Access to Science Research Doesn't Benefit Everyone | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

Open is better than closed. That rule applies for a lot of things: presents, beer, restaurants. And, many argue, science.

The open-science movement has a lot of interlocking parts. Open-access publishing advocates want papers to be available to anybody, open-data supporters want data to be downloadable, and those arguing for open source want the software scientists use to be shared with everyone. The idea is simple: The more people who have access to papers, data, and software, the better it is for the world.

And the drumbeat of openness is getting louder. Last month, CERN opened up its vast datasets to the public and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation announced that any research it funded would have to be published only in journals that offer open access. “We believe that published research resulting from our funding should be promptly and broadly disseminated,” they wrote in their policy statement.

There is a lot of promise in open access. But there are a lot of problems too.

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