Science ouverte - Open science
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Science ouverte - Open science
Cinq thèmes sont suivis dans ce scoop.it : le libre accès (Open Access), la science citoyenne (citizen science), la science en ligne (Open Science), la science 2.0 et les cours en ligne gratuits (MOOCs).
Curated by Florence Piron
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Définition de l’open access par la commission européenne | Agricultural Information Management Standards (AIMS)

Définition de l’open access par la commission européenne | Agricultural Information Management Standards (AIMS) | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

La Commission Européenne récidive avec un document de 5 pages très pédagogique, qui définit l’open access

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What is open about Open Science? Definitions and debate

Open Science: a few working definitions

Michael Nielsen – a prominent scientist and author on Open Science whose name pops up invariently when discussing the topic – provides this very comprehensive definition in a post to the Open Science mailing list:

“Open science is the idea that scientific knowledge of all kinds should be openly shared as early as is practical in the discovery process.”

In the same vein, Peter Murray-Rust, a professor in molecular chemistry and Open Access advocate, provides another definition (also through the OKFN’s open science mailing list):

“In a full open science process the major part of the research would have been posted openly and would potentially have been available to people outside the research group both for reading and comment.”

(Also see this interview if you want a more detailed exposition).

Finally, Jean Claude Bradley, also a professor in chemistry, provides a definition of what he calles Open Notebook Science, a very similar approach:

“[In Open Notebook Science] there is a URL to a laboratory notebook that is freely available and indexed on common search engines. It does not necessarily have to look like a paper notebook but it is essential that all of the information available to the researchers to make their conclusions is equally available to the rest of the world.”

(Here’s a presentation summarizing his approach, Open Notebook Science. A similar view is articulated by M. Fabiana Kubke and Daniel Mietchen in this video, though they prefer the term Open Research.)

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Semaine de l'accès libre à la science 22-28 octobre : de quoi s'agit-il?

Partout dans le monde, comme depuis les cinq dernières années, les universités, les regroupements, les éditeurs et les chercheurs qui ont fait le choix de l'accès libre (ou de la "science ouverte") se préparent à une semaine passionnante d'activités et de débats, notamment sur Internet.
Open Access Week, a global event now entering its sixth year, is an opportunity for the academic and research community to continue to learn about the potential benefits of Open Access, to share what they’ve learned with colleagues, and to help inspire wider participation in helping to make Open Access a new norm in scholarship and research.


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L’accès libre de la science : entretien avec Jean-Claude Guédon | Le carnet de recherche de VertigO

L’accès libre de la science : entretien avec Jean-Claude Guédon | Le carnet de recherche de VertigO | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Jean-Claude Guédon, professeur à l'Université de Montréal et défenseur de longue date du mouvement pour l'acc&...
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Brussels Declaration on Open Access - 22 octobre 2012

‘Open Access to Excellence in Research” Representatives of Ministers Magnette (Federal Science Policy), Minister Nollet (FWB) and Minister Lieten (EWI), have endorsed the “Brussel...
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Open Access Overview (definition, introduction)

This is an introduction to open access (OA) for those who are new to the concept. I hope it's short enough to read, long enough to be useful, and organized to let you skip around and dive into detail only where you want detail. It doesn't cover every nuance or answer every objection. But for those who read it, it should cover enough territory to prevent the misunderstandings that delayed progress in our early days.

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