Cinq thèmes sont suivis dans ce scoop.it : le libre accès (Open Access), la science citoyenne (citizen science), la science en ligne (Open Science), la science 2.0 et les cours en ligne gratuits (MOOCs).
The following is an announcement from Professor Brian Kolner to members of the UC Davis Academic Senate and Academic Federation. Please contact him with any questions:
The University of California is considering adopting an Open Access publishing policy that will make the results of our published scholarly work accessible through the California Digital Library. The University Committee on the Library and Scholarly Communication (UCOLASC) and the Academic Council wish to get a sense of the campuses toward adoption of this policy. Please join us for a Town Hall Meeting on the following date and location
Friday, November 30, 2012 MU II 3-5 PM
for a presentation and discussion. Following the Town Hall Meeting, we will launch a web forum on the Academic Senate web site (details to follow) for further comment. The Open Access draft policy, frequently asked questions, a slide presentation and other materials can be downloaded in advance at the following site:
Mr. Shirky also offered some advice to people interested in experimenting with openness: “Do not put together an interdisciplinary team from 12 departments and give them a budget of a quarter of a million dollars, and a year and a half deadline. Find five people and ask them what can you do in a month—for free. I think the results will surprise you.”
Three years after MIT faculty chose to make their scholarly articles openly accessible through the MIT Faculty Open Access Policy, individuals around the world have benefited from free access to MIT's research. Comments submitted to the Open Access Articles Collection in DSpace@MIT reveal that faculty articles have helped a wide range of people — students trying to complete professional and undergraduate degrees; professors at universities with limited access to scholarly journals; independent researchers; those in need of medical information; and those working to stay current and advance their careers.
What Authors Want From Open Access Publishing Hoboken, N.J.
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., today announced the results of an author survey on open access, with over ten thousand respondents from across Wiley's journal portfolio. The research explored the factors that authors assess when deciding where to publish, and whether to publish open access. Among the top factors considered by authors were the relevance and scope of the journal, the journal's impact factor and the international reach of the journal.
Over 30% of respondents had published at least one open access paper, and 79% stated that open access was more prevalent in their discipline than three years ago. In the survey, an open access article was defined as "free for all to read, download and share online and the author, their institution or funding body pays a fee to ensure that the article is made open access."
Among authors yet to publish open access, the list of reasons given included a lack of high profile open access journals (48%), lack of funding (44%) and concerns about quality (34%). Authors said they would publish in an open access journal if it had a high impact factor, if it were well regarded and if it had a rigorous peer review process.
"Our goal was to better understand the opinions and behavior of our authors towards open access publishing. It's clear from the survey results that authors are increasingly embracing this publishing model, and we have seen evidence of that too in the growth of our Wiley open access publishing program," said Rachel Burley, Vice President and Director, Open Access, Wiley. "The survey results also highlight the need for open access journals to continue to build a strong foundation of rigorous peer review, wide international reach and a sharp focus on quality to respond to the needs that authors expressed in this research."
The survey, conducted in May 2012, was sent to 104,000 authors who published research in Wiley journals in health, life, physical, and social sciences, and the humanities, during 2011. The total number of authors who participated in the survey was 10,673, representing a 10.3% response rate.
The responding authors represented a range of international opinions on open access. While 30% of authors were located in the United States and 10% were based in the UK, other represented nations included Germany (4%), China (4%), and India (3%).
One in three authors (32%) had already published in an open access journal. The highest proportion of open access authors came from a medical background (28%), closely followed by biological sciences (24%), and 71% were based in an academic setting. In contrast, authors who had not published open access papers predominantly came from social science disciplines.
This is a guide to good practices for university open-access (OA) policies. It's based on the type of policy adopted at Harvard, Stanford, MIT, U of Kansas, U of Oregon, Trinity, Oberlin, Rollins, Wake Forest, Duke, U of Puerto Rico, Hawaii - Manoa, Columbia, Strathmore U, Emory, Princeton, Jomo Kenyatta, Utah State, Bifröst, Miami, California - San Francisco, and the U Massachusetts Medical School (listing some but not all, and in chronological order). However, it includes recommendations that should be useful to institutions with other sorts of OA policy as well.
Ce projet est très intéressant et le site fort bien fait, même si seulement certains sujets sont abordés. Par contre, le pouvoir de cette revue sur la science "qui compte" est impressionnant et un peu inquiétant.
Every year, the federal government funds tens of billions of dollars in basic and applied research. Most of this funding is concentrated within 11 departments/agencies (e.g., National Institutes of Health (NIH), National Science Foundation (NSF), Department of Energy). The research results typically are reported in articles published in a wide variety of academic journals. From NIH funding alone, it is estimated that about 65,000 papers are published each year. The Federal Research Public Access Act proposes to make manuscripts reporting on federally funded research publicly available within six months of publication in a journal
Les données ont pris une importance fondamentale de nos jours et chaque nouvelle tendance dans le domaine des TIC nous le rappelle. Elles représentent par exemple l'un des enjeux du Cloud Computing, ou encore l'une des bases du Big Data. Et la National Science Foundation (NSF)  l'a bien compris puisque cette agence gouvernementale américaine a choisi de subventionner a hauteur de 2,5 millions de dollars l'implication d'acteurs américains dans une nouvelle alliance mondiale, la Research Data Alliance (RDA) . Cette subvention a été attribuée au Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute , une université de l'état de New-York spécialisée dans les domaines scientifiques et technologiques. Cette université est par ailleurs très impliquée dans le projet "Open Government Initiative" , projet phare de l'administration Obama. Elle aura donc en charge la direction de la participation américaine à la RDA.
Washington, D.C., October 29, 212 – Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, has incorporated 300,000 full-text technical reports from the Office of Scientific Technical Information (OSTI) at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) into its free scientific search tools, SciVerse Hub and Scirus.
This addition will enable the global research community to search full-text documents from laboratories affiliated with the DOE on Elsevier’s widely-used platforms. The OSTI collects, preserves, and disseminates DOE-sponsored research results from R&D projects or other funded activities at DOE labs nationwide, and from grantees at universities and other institutions.
“We at OSTI are committed to ensuring the Department of Energy’s R&D results are made broadly accessible so that scientific discovery is advanced,” said Dr. Walter Warnick, OSTI Director. “This collaboration with Elsevier certainly helps meet our goal.”
Full-text documents provided through OSTI cover topics related to DOE's mission, including physics, chemistry, materials, biology, environmental sciences, energy technologies, engineering, computer and information science, renewable energy, and more.
“This collaboration will provide both Elsevier and OSTI users with more comprehensive results and improved discoverability of information,” said Olivier Dumon, Managing Director for Elsevier’s Academic & Government Research Markets. ”We believe the quality content from each source will greatly enhance our offerings.”
As such, Elsevier is also including over 100,000 documents from the DOE in Elsevier Biofuel, a research discovery solution tailored to bio-energy and bio-based products. These papers, mostly technical and program reports, contain research, practical information and facts about technology, projects and production around the world.
The Digital Public Library of America (DPLA) is an ambitious project to build a national digital library platform for the United States that will make the cultural and scientific record available, free to all Americans.
Jonathan Gray from the Open Knowledge Foundation looks at what the European Commission's recent announcement on access to scientific data could mean for science and for public engagement with science...
Started in August 1991, arXiv.org (formerly xxx.lanl.gov) is a highly-automated electronic archive and distribution server for research articles. Covered areas include physics, mathematics, computer science, nonlinear sciences, quantitative biology and statistics. arXiv is maintained and operated by the Cornell University Library with guidance from the arXiv Scientific Advisory Board and the arXiv Sustainability Advisory Group, and with the help of numerous subject moderators.
The Coalition of Open Access Policy Institutions (COAPI) brings together representatives from North American universities with established faculty open access policies and those in the process of developing such policies. It was formed to share information and experiences and to illuminate opportunities for moving faculty-led open access forward at member institutions and advocating for open access nationally and internationally. COAPI will offer a collection of best and evolving practices to act as a roadmap for inspiring, promoting and implementing open access polices at institutions without existing or effective open access policies.
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