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Scientists Discover Mechanism That Could Reduce Obesity – VCU News Center

Approximately 68 percent of U.S. adults are overweight or obese, according to the National Cancer Institute, which puts them at greater risk for developing cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes and a host of other chronic illnesses. But an international team of scientists led by Virginia Commonwealth University Massey Cancer Center researcher Andrew Larner, M.D., Ph.D., has successfully reversed obesity in mice by manipulating the production of an enzyme known as tyrosine-protein kinase-2 (Tyk2). In their experiments, the scientists discovered that Tyk2 helps regulate obesity in mice and humans through the differentiation of a type of fat tissue known as brown adipose tissue (BAT).

Published today in the online edition of the journal Cell Metabolism, the study is the first to provide evidence of the relationship between Tyk2 and BAT. Previous studies by Larner and his team discovered that Tyk2 helps suppress the growth and metastasis of breast cancer, and now the current study suggests this same enzyme could help protect against and even reverse obesity.

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Equipped with his five senses, man explores the universe around him and calls the adventure Science.  ~Edwin Powell Hubble
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Ocean-going spiders can use their legs to windsurf across water

Ocean-going spiders can use their legs to windsurf across water | Science&Nature | Scoop.it
Many common spider species orient their arms and bodies into sails and their silk into anchors, allowing them to catch a breeze and sail on water
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Science Fraud Getting You Down? Here's Who You Can Trust - Wired

Science Fraud Getting You Down? Here's Who You Can Trust - Wired | Science&Nature | Scoop.it
Medical and scientific research has a lot wrong with it---so who can you really trust? The truth is out there; here's where to start looking for it.
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Hot lava flows discovered on Venus

Hot lava flows discovered on Venus | Science&Nature | Scoop.it
ESA’s Venus Express has found the best evidence yet for active volcanism on Earth’s neighbour planet.
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A World of Languages - Blog About Infographics and Data Visualization - Cool Infographics

A World of Languages - Blog About Infographics and Data Visualization - Cool Infographics | Science&Nature | Scoop.it
A World of Languages - and How Many Speak Them is a new infographic by Alberto Lucas L&oac...
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Hubble Observes One-of-a-Kind Star Nicknamed ‘Nasty’

Hubble Observes One-of-a-Kind Star Nicknamed ‘Nasty’ | Science&Nature | Scoop.it
Astronomers using NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope have uncovered surprising new clues about a hefty, rapidly aging star whose behavior has never been seen before in our Milky Way galaxy. In fact, the star is so weird that astronomers have nicknamed it “Nasty 1,” a play on its catalog name of NaSt1. The star may represent a brief transitory stage in the evolution of extremely massive stars. First discovered several decades ago, Nasty 1 was identified as a Wolf-Rayet star, a rapidly evolving star t
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Should I Wash My Dishes Before Putting Them In The Dishwasher?

Should I Wash My Dishes Before Putting Them In The Dishwasher? | Science&Nature | Scoop.it
As an anthropologist, I find the interface between technology and the larger culture in which it is embedded fascinating. You all know the old story of the family cook who habitually cuts the ends off the roast before slipping it in the oven. One day her child, hoping some day to be the family cook,…
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Geochemical process on Saturn's moon linked to life's origin

Geochemical process on Saturn's moon linked to life's origin | Science&Nature | Scoop.it
New work has revealed the pH of water spewing from a geyser-like plume on Saturn's moon Enceladus. Their findings are an important step toward determining whether life could exist, or could have previously existed, on the sixth planet's sixth-largest moon.
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Anaerobic co-digestion of farm-based manure & food waste, are there benefits vs. landfilling?

Anaerobic co-digestion of farm-based manure & food waste, are there benefits vs. landfilling? | Science&Nature | Scoop.it
Based on a comprehensive life cycle analysis comparing the environmental impacts and economic outcomes for managing manure and food waste produced on a dairy farm, researchers found that anaerobic co-digestion of the waste products had substantial cost, energy, and environmental benefits compared to digestion of manure but disposal of food waste in a landfill. A detailed discussion of the potential for bioenergy production, increased profitability, and reductions in global warming and smog is pr
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The Bird Family Tree Gets a Makeover

The Bird Family Tree Gets a Makeover | Science&Nature | Scoop.it
In the most thorough genomic investigation to date, some birds perch on new branches
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Ferns Get It On After 60 Million Years Apart | The Artful Amoeba, Scientific American Blog Network

Ferns Get It On After 60 Million Years Apart | The Artful Amoeba, Scientific American Blog Network | Science&Nature | Scoop.it
An unassuming little fern has left scientists scratching their heads at the feat of reproductive hijinks it apparently represents.

The fern, xCystocarpium roskamianum (the prefix 'x' indicates ...
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The science of why stepping on Legos makes you want to die - Quartz

The science of why stepping on Legos makes you want to die - Quartz | Science&Nature | Scoop.it
And why it's more painful for you than for your kid.
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Famous Paintings Can Reveal Visual Disorders

Famous Paintings Can Reveal Visual Disorders | Science&Nature | Scoop.it
Neural pathologies have shaped great art throughout history -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
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Aphrodisiacs Can Spark Sexual Imagination, But Probably Not Libido

Aphrodisiacs Can Spark Sexual Imagination, But Probably Not Libido | Science&Nature | Scoop.it
Going on a picnic with someone special? Make sure to pack watermelon, a food that lore says is an aphrodisiac. No food is actually scientifically linked to desire, but here's how some got that rep.
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CRISPR: Science can't solve it

CRISPR: Science can't solve it | Science&Nature | Scoop.it
Democratically weighing up the benefits and risks of gene editing and artificial intelligence is a political endeavour, not an academic one, says Daniel Sarewitz.
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No Pause in Global Warming

No Pause in Global Warming | Science&Nature | Scoop.it
A new study suggests that global warming continues to steadily increase
-- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
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Where are the World’s Hungriest People? Take a Look

Where are the World’s Hungriest People? Take a Look | Science&Nature | Scoop.it
New Map Charts Progress of 129 Nations as World Hunger Falls to 25-Year Low
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Multitude of Microscopic Wonders Discovered in the World's Oceans [Slide Show]

Multitude of Microscopic Wonders Discovered in the World's Oceans [Slide Show] | Science&Nature | Scoop.it
The four-year study took thousands of samples at hundreds of sites
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Sea Level Rise Speeds Up

Sea Level Rise Speeds Up | Science&Nature | Scoop.it
Total sea level rise is lower than previous estimates but the rates are accelerating -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
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Proba-V maps world air traffic from space

Proba-V maps world air traffic from space | Science&Nature | Scoop.it
As ESA’s Proba-V works quietly on its main task of monitoring vegetation growth across Earth, the minisatellite is also picking up something from a little higher: signals from thousands of aircraft.
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Did neurons evolve more than once on Earth? - life - 10 April 2015 - New Scientist

Did neurons evolve more than once on Earth? - life - 10 April 2015 - New Scientist | Science&Nature | Scoop.it
Simple, translucent comb jellies have unique neuronal chemistry – and the discovery has scientists arguing over whether or not neurons evolved twice
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X-ray vision: how did extinct marine creatures live? - RUBIN Science Magazine - Ruhr-Universität-Bochum

X-ray vision: how did extinct marine creatures live? - RUBIN Science Magazine - Ruhr-Universität-Bochum | Science&Nature | Scoop.it
Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Menschlich - Weltoffen - Leistungsstark
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The Science Of Why You Should Spend Your Money On Experiences, Not Things

The Science Of Why You Should Spend Your Money On Experiences, Not Things | Science&Nature | Scoop.it
You don't have infinite money. Spend it on stuff that research says makes you happy.
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For The Love Of Pork: Antibiotic Use On Farms Skyrockets Worldwide

For The Love Of Pork: Antibiotic Use On Farms Skyrockets Worldwide | Science&Nature | Scoop.it
For the first time, scientists have estimated how much antibiotics pigs, chickens and cows consume globally — and how fast consumption is growing. Which country uses the most drugs on farms?
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