Science and Sanity
Follow
Find
569 views | +0 today
Science and Sanity
A nexus of cognitive hygiene, neuroethics, and social utility
Curated by Poor Richard
Your new post is loading...
Your new post is loading...
Scooped by Poor Richard
Scoop.it!

The Politics and Economics of Violence - Huffington Post UK (blog)

The Politics and Economics of Violence - Huffington Post UK (blog) | Science and Sanity | Scoop.it

The Politics and Economics of Violence Huffington Post UK (blog)

 

"In the US from 1900 to the present, the rates of both suicide and homicide have risen significantly, to epidemic levels, only after Republicans were elected to the presidency. And those epidemics have ended and been replaced by below-average violent death rates, only after Democrats gained the White House. There are no exceptions to those generalizations, the data for which are compiled and published each year under the presidents of both parties by the (non-partisan) National Center for Health Statistics, a branch of the US Public Health Service. They are as accurate and objective as any health data we have."

 

 

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Poor Richard
Scoop.it!

A conceptual and empirical framework for the social distribution of cognition: The case of memory

A conceptual and empirical framework for the social distribution of cognition: The case of memory | Science and Sanity | Scoop.it

"One motivation for adopting a perspective in which cognition is embedded, distributed, or extended begins with reflection on the fact that neural systems do not operate in causal isolation from their environments. Moreover, the nature and level of causal integration across the divide between individual and environment suggests that cognitive systems themselves often involve the coupling of neural, bodily, and external systems in complex webs of continuous reciprocal causation. Through evolution and ontogenetic development we have gained capacities skilfully to hook up with or incorporate external physical and cultural resources that over time have themselves become apt for incorporation into more encompassing, extended cognitive systems. In this way, we form temporarily integrated larger cognitive units that incorporate distinct but complementary inner and outer components, often making “the world smart so that we can be dumb in peace” (Clark, 1997, p. 180). Embodied human minds extend into a vast and uneven world of things—artefacts, technologies, and institutions—which they have collectively constructed and maintained through cultural and individual history."

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Poor Richard
Scoop.it!

Time for Behavioral Political Economy? An Analysis of Articles in Behavioral Economics by Niclas Berggren :: SSRN

Time for Behavioral Political Economy? An Analysis of Articles in Behavioral Economics by Niclas Berggren :: SSRN | Science and Sanity | Scoop.it

Abstract:     
This study analyzes leading research in behavioral economics to see whether it contains advocacy of paternalism and whether it addresses the potential cognitive limitations and biases of the policymakers who are going to implement paternalist policies. The findings reveal that 20.7% of the studied articles in behavioral economics propose paternalist policy action and that 95.5% of these do not contain any analysis of the cognitive ability of policymakers. This suggests that behavioral political economy, in which the analytical tools of behavioral economics are applied to political decision-makers as well, would offer a useful extension of the research program.  (@waldemaringdahl "Time for Behavioral Political Economy?)

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Poor Richard
Scoop.it!

Motion Quotient

Motion Quotient | Science and Sanity | Scoop.it

A brief visual task can predict IQ, according to a new study.

 

This surprisingly simple exercise measures the brain's unconscious ability to filter out visual movement. The study shows that individuals whose brains are better at automatically suppressing background motion perform better on standard measures of intelligence.

 

The test is the first purely sensory assessment to be strongly correlated with IQ and may provide a non-verbal and culturally unbiased tool for scientists seeking to understand neural processes associated with general intelligence.

Poor Richard's insight:

The dynamic balance between attention and inattention is a great subject. I think it plays a big role in autism spectrum disorders, too. I like the metaphor of a “graphic equalizer” when I think of the brain’s perceptual apparatus. I think the brain’s ability to adjust perceptual sensitivities up and down according to changing priorities is a key to many cognitive capabilities.

more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Poor Richard from Science News
Scoop.it!

How Your Social Status Influences the Way You're Judged

How Your Social Status Influences the Way You're Judged | Science and Sanity | Scoop.it

Via Sakis Koukouvis
more...
Sakis Koukouvis's curator insight, May 21, 2013 5:45 PM

Polman’s research is a good reminder that social status matters, but not always in the way you might think.

Rescooped by Poor Richard from Science News
Scoop.it!

Teens Find Deleting Facebook 'Liberating': Pew Study

Teens Find Deleting Facebook 'Liberating': Pew Study | Science and Sanity | Scoop.it
A new study from the Pew Research Center found that more and more teens are leaving Facebook in favor of social media platforms that are "less drama."

Via Sakis Koukouvis
more...
Romain Callier's curator insight, May 22, 2013 5:44 AM

The end of facebook ? ;)

Scooped by Poor Richard
Scoop.it!

MAPS: Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies

MAPS: Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies | Science and Sanity | Scoop.it

All-new clinical studies. Unprecedented media coverage. Subjects treated in legal experimental psychedelic research sessions. More opportunities to connect with the psychedelic and medical marijuana research community than ever before. The evidence is clear: we are transforming medicine.

 

 

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Poor Richard
Scoop.it!

BRAIN Intitiative

BRAIN Intitiative | Science and Sanity | Scoop.it
BRAIN Initiative Challenges Researchers to Unlock Mysteries of Human Mind | The White House This initiative may represent the smartest thing the human race has done so far, of far greater importanc...
Poor Richard's insight:

Let's hope this is Open Science

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Poor Richard
Scoop.it!

Treating PTSD with MDMA-Assisted Psychotherapy

Treating PTSD with MDMA-Assisted Psychotherapy | Science and Sanity | Scoop.it
Learn about MDMA assisted psychotherapy as a treatment option for PTSD...
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Poor Richard
Scoop.it!

Neuroplasticity: Begin to change a life with dyslexia, ADD/ADHD, autism today

Neuroplasticity: Begin to change a life with dyslexia, ADD/ADHD, autism today | Science and Sanity | Scoop.it

"Brains can change.Like a city can build new roads, the brains of adults and children have the ability to create new neuronal pathways; a process called neuroplasticity. 

 

"While Dr. Charney’s work focuses mainly on depression, anxiety, and human resilience to stress, his pioneered research has a major impact on children with learning disabilities, dyslexia, attention deficit disorder, or autism."

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Poor Richard
Scoop.it!

Are schizophrenia and autism close relations?

Are schizophrenia and autism close relations? | Science and Sanity | Scoop.it
(Medical Xpress)—Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), a category that includes autism, Asperger Syndrome, and Pervasive Developmental Disorder, are characterized by difficulty with social interaction and communication, or repetitive behaviors.

 

"Studying extensive databases in Israel and Sweden, the researchers discovered that the two illnesses had a genetic link, representing a heightened risk within families. They found that people who have a schizophrenic sibling are 12 times more likely to have autism than those with no schizophrenia in the family. The presence of bipolar disorder in a sibling showed a similar pattern of association, but to a lesser degree. A scientific leap forward, this study sheds new light on the genetics of these disorders."

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Poor Richard
Scoop.it!

Genetically Modified Humans? New Gene-Altering Drug Paves Way for Mass Modification

Genetically Modified Humans? New Gene-Altering Drug Paves Way for Mass Modification | Science and Sanity | Scoop.it
We’ve seen genetically modified mosquitoes, genetically modified plants, and genetically modified cows, but could we soon be dealing with our own genetic alterations – genetically modified humans?

 

"Glybera, the drug which was approved in Europe on November 1, was created to combat against a rare disorder leading to disrupted fat production. Those suffering this rare disease possess what scientists describe as a damaged gene; the drug is meant to repair the damaged gene.

 

"While the drug is only meant to be given to 1 or 2 out of every million people, it paves way for further experimentation into the field of biotechnology and human alteration. Soon, doctors may be giving out drugs to treat any ‘defects’ in genes, whether it be for the so-called ‘fat’ gene or another instance where a damaged gene is present. It could even apply to purported ‘criminal’ genes that are said to predict an individual’s future ‘life of crime’. It may sound crazy, but scientists are already making even more serious moves that will alter or ‘create’ humankind."

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Poor Richard
Scoop.it!

Empathy represses analytic thought, and vice versa

Empathy represses analytic thought, and vice versa | Science and Sanity | Scoop.it
New research shows a simple reason why even the most intelligent, complex brains can be taken by a swindler's story – one that upon a second look offers clues it was false.

 

"When the brain fires up the network of neurons that allows us to empathize, it suppresses the network used for analysis, a pivotal study led by a Case Western Reserve University researcher shows."

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Poor Richard
Scoop.it!

Evolution, Neuropsychology & HOAs

Evolution, Neuropsychology & HOAs | Science and Sanity | Scoop.it

Discussions on Creating Community ("Can we blame an inability to create community unity on limbic brain dominance that encourages selfishness?")

"Humans have only started to learn how to get along in community relatively recently in the history of our species. Only a few thousand years have passed (compared to our Homo sapien 200,000 year existence) since we first started moving in together, so to speak. We are still trying to figure it all out. We certainly don't do a very good job of creating community unity on a global scale...yet. So, learning how to create community unity in a more tightly controlled environment with much more narrow personal boundaries (as in a community association) is going to take much more time...and more influence by those skilled in the social sciences. In the scope of history, we are still at the stage of the infant, struggling just to figure out ourselves, how to best use our thinking brain for our own benefit. Figuring out how to use it for the benefit of all, not so much."

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Poor Richard
Scoop.it!

The Yale Law Journal Online - The Storrs Lectures: Behavioral Economics and Paternalism

"A growing body of evidence demonstrates that in some contexts and for identifiable reasons, people make choices that are not in their interest, even when the stakes are high. Policymakers in a number of nations, including the United States and the United Kingdom, have used this evidence to inform regulatory initiatives and choice architecture. Both the resulting actions and the relevant findings have raised the possibility that an understanding of human errors opens greater space for paternalism (and thus raises doubts about John Stuart Mill’s famous “harm principle”). Such errors can be thought of as behavioral market failures, and they are an important supplement to the standard account of market failures. Actions taken to correct behavioral market failures can sometimes be justified, even if the resulting actions are paternalistic"

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Poor Richard
Scoop.it!

Disconcerting Robot Detects Depression

Disconcerting Robot Detects Depression | Science and Sanity | Scoop.it

Augmenting psychiatric diagnosis with data--The latest "virtual therapist" -- charged with helping diagnose depression -- comes from psychologist Albert Rizzo and computer scientist Louis-Philippe Morency at the University of Southern California. Their system of cameras and microphones analyzes a person's gestures, facial expressions, body habitus, and vocalization -- taking in 30 data points per second -- then compares them to those of typical depressed and non-depressed people.


more...
Poor Richard's comment, May 25, 2013 3:33 PM
Funny thing, I was just talking to a shrink about this kind of tech--imagining he and I both wearing google glasses with this kind of app. But then he hypnotized me and erased the thought from my head...
Rescooped by Poor Richard from Science News
Scoop.it!

Even People Without Synesthesia Find Colors in Music

Even People Without Synesthesia Find Colors in Music | Science and Sanity | Scoop.it

Via Sakis Koukouvis
more...
Sakis Koukouvis's curator insight, May 21, 2013 5:37 PM

 Researchers say the colors we find in music are actually the colors of the emotions the music makes us feel.

Rescooped by Poor Richard from Science News
Scoop.it!

Aggressive behavior linked specifically to secondhand smoke exposure in childhood

Aggressive behavior linked specifically to secondhand smoke exposure in childhood | Science and Sanity | Scoop.it
Children who are exposed to secondhand smoke in early childhood are more likely to grow up to physically aggressive and antisocial, regardless of whether they were exposed during pregnancy or their parents have a history of being antisocial.

Via Sakis Koukouvis
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Poor Richard from Science News
Scoop.it!

CLARITY Clears the Path to a See-Through Brain

A new approach to brain imaging called CLARITY could revolutionize how scientists study the brain. Researchers replaced a mouse brain’s opaque fats with a clear gel that supports neural tissue, resulting in a transparent organ with all its internal structures still intact and visible for study. Unhindered observation of the entire brain’s neural circuitry will help “clarify” scientists’ understanding of how this still-mysterious organ functions.


Via Sakis Koukouvis
more...
Deborah Verran's comment, May 22, 2013 8:47 PM
Great video
Karen Moore's curator insight, May 24, 2013 2:25 PM

Interesting concept

Scooped by Poor Richard
Scoop.it!

DISFLUENCY | Edge.org

DISFLUENCY | Edge.org | Science and Sanity | Scoop.it

We've shown that disfluency leads you to think more deeply, as I mentioned earlier, that it forms a cognitive roadblock, and then you think more deeply, and you work through the information more comprehensively. But the other thing it does is it allows you to depart more from reality, from the reality you're at now.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Poor Richard
Scoop.it!

Mission

Mission | Science and Sanity | Scoop.it
Founded in 1986, the Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies (MAPS) is a 501(c)(3) non-profit research and educational organization that develops medical, legal, and cultural contexts for people to benefit from the careful uses of...

 

"MAPS envisions a world where psychedelics and marijuana are safely and legally available for beneficial uses, and where research is governed by rigorous scientific evaluation of their risks and benefits."

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Poor Richard
Scoop.it!

Several Short Sentences About Empathy « how to save the world

Several Short Sentences About Empathy « how to save the world | Science and Sanity | Scoop.it

"If we’re going to survive as a species when our civilization crumbles (and when that collapse brings about the end of the industrial economy, the end of abundant cheap energy and the end of stable climate), we are going to have to relearn how to live in community.That will entail relearning to get along with (and to love, not just tolerate) people in our physical communities who we don’t like much. In our modern, anonymous, isolating society we have not had to do this."

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Poor Richard
Scoop.it!

» 9 Surefire Strategies That Don’t Work for Kids with ADHD - World of Psychology

» 9 Surefire Strategies That Don’t Work for Kids with ADHD - World of Psychology | Science and Sanity | Scoop.it
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) impacts a person's ability to focus on work or a project in order to get things done.

 

"The other month we looked at unsuccessful strategies for adults with ADHD.

 

"This month experts reveal fruitless tactics for kids with ADHD. Some of these approaches aren’t just ineffective; they can exacerbate symptoms or impede progress. Whether you’re a parent, loved one or teacher of a child with ADHD, here’s what doesn’t work — and a few tips that do."

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Poor Richard
Scoop.it!

Sensory Overload (Interacting with Autism Project)

© 2012 Some people with autism have difficulty processing intense, multiple sensory experiences at once.

 

"This animation gives the viewer a glimpse into sensory overload, and how often our sensory experiences intertwine in everyday life."

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Poor Richard
Scoop.it!

Which Professions Have The Most Psychopaths?

Which Professions Have The Most Psychopaths? | Science and Sanity | Scoop.it
So which professions (other than axe murderer) do psychopaths disproportionately gravitate towards -- or away from?
more...
No comment yet.