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News about Science 2.0: scientific networks, digital & web 2.0 tools for researchers, open science, open access
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A crowdsourcing partnership between scholars and the public brings a new audience to research

A crowdsourcing partnership between scholars and the public brings a new audience to research | Science 2.0 news | Scoop.it

The recent uptake of crowdsourcing has seen institutions and scholars engage the public in large-scale research ventures. By recruiting volunteers to transcribe the unpublished manuscripts of Jeremy Bentham, the award-winning Transcribe Bentham project engages students, researchers, scholars, and the general public alike with Bentham’s life and work. Tim Causer describes the project, and suggests that we should not underestimate the capabilities of volunteers.

Most people will know Jeremy Bentham as the proponent of the Panopticon prison, or for his being preserved and displayed as an auto-icon. But Bentham was a hugely influential thinker and prolific writer, who turned his attention to a wide range of subjects, ranging from economics, representative democracy, religion, social welfare, law, and sexual morality. (...) - LSE, Blog Impact of Social Sciences, by Tim Causer, November 7th, 2012

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Innovation et licence libre en biotechnologie

Innovation et licence libre en biotechnologie | Science 2.0 news | Scoop.it
On le constate de plus en plus souvent aidé qu’il est en cela par Internet : quand l’esprit du Libre accoste un nouveau domaine, il interroge voire interpelle son modèle d’organisation antérieur (sans même le demander toujours explicitement).

Est-ce que la fermeture (ici les brevets) est la meilleurs voie vers le progrès et l’innovation ? Doit-on payer plusieurs fois l’usage d’une technologie qui devrait être au bénéfice de tous ?

Il pose alors des questions faussement naïves dont les réponses dessinent les contours du monde de demain.


Oubliez les brevets : Pourquoi les licences libres sont facteurs d’innovation dans les biotechnologies
Forget Patents : Why Open Source Licensing Concepts May Lead To Biotech Innovation


En direct du département du partage…

L’une des idées directrices conduisant au libre accès dans le domaine de la recherche est que si le public a déjà payé par l’intermédiare des impôts (ou du mécénat), alors il n’est pas légitime de demander à nouveau aux citoyens de payer pour lire l’article publié. La force de cet argument est en partie à l’origine d’une plus grande reconnaissance du libre accès à travers le monde. (...) - Revue réseau TIC, 05/11/2012


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Science and Curation: the New Practice of Web 2.0

Science and Curation: the New Practice of Web 2.0 | Science 2.0 news | Scoop.it

The Internet now makes it possible to publish and share billions of data items every day, accessible to over 2 billion people worldwide. This mass of information makes it difficult, when searching, to extract the relevant and useful information from the background noise. It should be added that these searches are time-consuming and can take much longer than the time we actually have to spend on them. Today, Google and specialized search engines such as Google Scholar are based on established algorithms. But are these algorithms sufficiently in line with users’ needs? What if the web needed a human brain to select and put forward the relevant information and not just the information based on “popularity” and lexical and semantic operations? (...) - by Célya Gruson-Daniel, MyScienceWork blog, 29 October 2012


This article is a translation of “Science et curation : nouvelle pratique du Web 2.0

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Open Access Scientific and Technical Information: Research and Monitoring

Open Access Scientific and Technical Information: Research and Monitoring | Science 2.0 news | Scoop.it

Open access scientific and technical resources represent a significant complementary collection: about 20% of scientific articles are available for free. Access to these scientific resources is an important issue, but how to make the best use of them is, as well. Between the numerous open archives (institutional, thematic and central) and open access scientific journals, it is not always easy for researchers to find their way around. The aim of this article is to show a few “tools” that make information retrieval and monitoring of open access scientific resources easier. (...) - by Hans Dillaerts, MyScienceWork Blog, 22 October 2012

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« Mon expérience de Twitter » par Alexis Verger

« Mon expérience de Twitter » par Alexis Verger | Science 2.0 news | Scoop.it

Alexis Verger 1350 tweets – 685 abonnements – 348 abonnés. Qui est-ce que je follow sur Twitter ? Je suis chercheur en biologie fondamentale au CNRS. Je follow principalement les comptes officiels des journaux scientifiques, d’autres scientifiques et des universités/instituts.
Pour éviter d’avoir top d’abonnements et de rater des tweets dans ma TL, j’ai organisé des listes thématiques (journaux/scientifiques français/scientifiques anglophones,…..). un exemple ici avec ma liste de près de 200 journaux scientifiques présents sur twitter : https://twitter.com/Alexis_Verger/t-science-journals (...) - by Pegasus Data Project, 26/10/2012

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Open Access Explained!

What is open access? Nick Shockey and Jonathan Eisen take us through the world of open access publishing and explain just what it's all about. PhD comics (PhD TV)

CREDITS : Animation by Jorge ChamNarration by Nick Shockey and Jonathan EisenTranscription by Noel Dilworth

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Semaine de l'accès libre à la science 22-28 octobre : de quoi s'agit-il?

Partout dans le monde, comme depuis les cinq dernières années, les universités, les regroupements, les éditeurs et les chercheurs qui ont fait le choix de l'accès libre (ou de la "science ouverte") se préparent à une semaine passionnante d'activités et de débats, notamment sur Internet.
Open Access Week, a global event now entering its sixth year, is an opportunity for the academic and research community to continue to learn about the potential benefits of Open Access, to share what they’ve learned with colleagues, and to help inspire wider participation in helping to make Open Access a new norm in scholarship and research.



Via Florence Piron
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Harvard Open Access Project: Good practices for university open-access policies

  • This is a guide to good practices for university open-access (OA) policies. It's based on the type of policy adopted at Harvard, Stanford, MIT, U of Kansas, U of Oregon, Trinity, Oberlin, Rollins, Wake Forest, Duke, U of Puerto Rico, Hawaii - Manoa, Columbia, Strathmore U, Emory, Princeton, Jomo Kenyatta, Utah State, Bifröst, Miami, California - San Francisco, and the U Massachusetts Medical School (listing some but not all, and in chronological order). However, it includes recommendations that should be useful to institutions with other sorts of OA policy as well.
  • The guide is designed to evolve. No early version will cover every point on which good practices would be desirable or might be discernible. We plan to revise and enlarge it over time, building on our own experience and the experience of colleagues elsewhere. We welcome suggestions.
  • (...) 
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Une plateforme de ressources en sciences humaines et sociales

Une plateforme de ressources en sciences humaines et sociales | Science 2.0 news | Scoop.it

OpenEdition est un portail de ressources électroniques développé par le CLÉO (Centre pour l’édition électronique ouverte) regroupant trois plateformes de publication et d’information en sciences humaines et sociales, à savoir Revues.org, Calenda et Hypotheses.org. Pour reprendre les termes de la présentation officielle, OpenEdition constitue avec ces trois plateformes "un dispositif d’édition électronique complet au service de l’information scientifique". (...) - Thot Cursus

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LabRoots, Leading Community and Social Networking Site for Scientists, Launches New Website

LabRoots, Leading Community and Social Networking Site for Scientists, Launches New Website | Science 2.0 news | Scoop.it

LabRoots, the leading social networking site designed to connect all science verticals, launches a new website. Based in Orange County, California, LabRoots was founded in 2008 by Greg Cruikshank. LabRoot's vision was to connect the scientific world leveraging a myriad of unique features and tools, discovering meaningful collaborations across geographic boundaries and fields of expertise.


Scientists from around the world can go to LabRoots.com at no cost, to begin building relationships with other scientists and increasing their influence within the scientific community. Aside from giving scientists a place to share their expertise and learn from one another, LabRoots offers the latest advanced data mining tools to improve scientist-to-scientist communication. (...) - by Yorba Linda, CA (PRWEB) October 03, 2012

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Position du Conseil scientifique d’OpenEdition sur le libre accès

Position du Conseil scientifique d’OpenEdition sur le libre accès | Science 2.0 news | Scoop.it

Dans le cadre des Assises de l’enseignement supérieur et de la recherche, le conseil scientifique d’OpenEdition (Centre pour l’édition électronique ouverte) souhaite attirer l’attention du gouvernement français sur la situation du libre accès (Open Access) à la littérature scientifique.

Le libre accès est au bénéfice de tous
Nous affirmons que le libre accès aux résultats de la recherche scientifique est une avancée pour la société dans son ensemble. (...) 

 - Le Carnet d'OpenEdition, par Marin Dacos, 12 octobre 2012

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Geoghegan-Quinn: 'Open access is the default'

Geoghegan-Quinn: 'Open access is the default' | Science 2.0 news | Scoop.it

European Commissioner Máire Geoghegan-Quinn tells DW why Open Access to new scientific research is vital for the public, and why traditional publishers know it's time to change. (...) - by Zulfikar Abbany, DW, 09/10/2012

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Can ResearchGate really be the Facebook of science?

Can ResearchGate really be the Facebook of science? | Science 2.0 news | Scoop.it

With 2m members, science startup ResearchGate isn’t just talking big when it says it wants to start a revolution: it’s actually changing the way scientists work. Co-founder Ijad Madisch explains his vision — and how he’d like to change Germany’s clone-heavy culture along the way. (...) - By Bobbie Johnson, GIGAom, Oct 6, 2012

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Commission citoyenne de la recherche scientifique du Québec: Le gouvernement belge agit pour promouvoir le libre accès à la recherche produite par les chercheurs belges

Le gouvernement belge agit pour promouvoir le libre accès à la recherche produite par les chercheurs belges


Voici le communiqué de l'Université de Liège, pionnière du mouvement en faveur de l'accès libre à la recherche, qui annonce que le gouvernement belge est désormais résolu à promouvoir l'accès libre de la recherche belge à tous les internautes et que la conférence des recteurs belges veut aussi y travailler concrètement. (...) - par Florence PironCommission citoyenne de la recherche scientifique du Québec, 4/11/2012


Voir la position du groupe commercial Nature Publishing Group à ce sujet.

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Mendeley platform reveals global science reading trends

Mendeley platform reveals global science reading trends | Science 2.0 news | Scoop.it
A report finds "compelling evidence" that low R&D spend correlates with less access to academic papers, and time spent studying them.


A low spend on research and development (R&D) by a country may be limiting researchers' access to academic papers, and could be undermining their productivity and achievements, a report has found.


Limited access to scholarly content, which is a particular problem in developing nations, may have an indirect but negative impact on the number of papers published and Nobel prizes won, according to the 'Global Research Report',published by research collaboration platform Mendeley yesterday (1 November).


Such links between R&D spending, journal access and achievement highlight the potential benefits of open source academic publishing, particularly in low-income countries, the report says. (...) - by Jan Piotrowski, SciDev.net, 2 novembre 2012

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The worldwide impact of open access to MIT faculty research

The worldwide impact of open access to MIT faculty research | Science 2.0 news | Scoop.it

Three years after MIT faculty chose to make their scholarly articles openly accessible through the MIT Faculty Open Access Policy, individuals around the world have benefited from free access to MIT's research. Comments submitted to the Open Access Articles Collection in DSpace@MIT reveal that faculty articles have helped a wide range of people — students trying to complete professional and undergraduate degrees; professors at universities with limited access to scholarly journals; independent researchers; those in need of medical information; and those working to stay current and advance their careers. (...) - MIT News Office, October 22, 2012

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Interview with Richard Price, Academia.edu CEO | Information Culture, Scientific American Blog Network

Interview with Richard Price, Academia.edu CEO | Information Culture, Scientific American Blog Network | Science 2.0 news | Scoop.it

This post is a bit different from what Bonnie and I usually post in this blog – an interview with Dr. Richard Price, founder and CEO of Academia.edu, a social network for researchers. Academia.edu is a San Francisco-based start-up, which currently has 1.8 million registered users and 4.5 million unique visitors a month, with about 4,000 new users registering every day. In August 2012, the site added an analytical dashboard, which supplies researchers with various statistics such as the number of profile views, number of paper downloads, and so forth. (...) - by Hadas Shema, Blog Scientific American "Information Culture",  October 31, 2012

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A social scientific network that attemps to stimulate industry-academic laboratories collaborations

A social scientific network that attemps to stimulate industry-academic laboratories collaborations | Science 2.0 news | Scoop.it

Enlight Biosciences, a Boston-based company, is launching Knode: an internet platform dedicated to help industry scientists to interact and identify partners in academic laboratories interested in translation. Focused on the biomedical research field, the site enables networking between translational researchers by providing profiles of scientists, listing specialties, patents, grants and publications. Others services have been also aimed to galavanize interactions among those researchers, including BiomedExperts, ResearchGate, iamscientist. They have common themes, such as enabling researchers to share information, data, follow competitors, form collaborative groups and even engage donors to fund projects. Knode is also in that process of adding additionnals features, including the ability for scientists to list technologies or assets they have available for licencing. Knode has generated some high-profiles partners from the academic side, includng University of California, San Francisco (UCSF). 

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Interview de Stephen Curry : l’Open Access à l’anglaise éveille des opinions contrastées

Interview de Stephen Curry : l’Open Access à l’anglaise éveille des opinions contrastées | Science 2.0 news | Scoop.it

Le gouvernement du Royaume-Uni a annoncé le 16 juillet dernier qu’il suivrait les conseils du rapport Finch — recommandations du groupe de travail « Accroître l’accès aux publications contenant des résultats de la recherche » — et exigerait que toute la recherche financée par des fonds publics soit accessible à tous en ligne d’ici 2014. Selon Stephen Curry, biologiste structural à l’Imperial College London, la plupart des chercheurs sont d’accord sur le fait que la généralisation de la publication en Open Access est l’objectif final recherché. Néanmoins c’est la manière d’y parvenir qui fait débat, et de nombreuses voix doivent encore être entendues. (...) - par Abby Tabor, MyScienceWork Blog, 16 octobre 2012



Cet article est une traduction de « Stephen Curry on Open Access, post-Finch » disponible sur
http://blog.mysciencework.com/en/2012/08/20/stephen-curry-on-open-access-post-finch.html

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Le petit manuel de l’Open Data

Le petit manuel de l’Open Data | Science 2.0 news | Scoop.it

[Geoffrey Dorne] Bonjour :-)

Ce matin, je vous propose un guide très pratique, j’ai nommé « Le Manuel de l’opendata ». Ce manuel en ligne traite des aspects légaux, sociaux, et techniques des donnes publiques/ouvertes. Il peut etre utilise par n’importe qui, mais il est principalement concu pour ceux qui cherchent a rendre leurs données publiques/ouvertes. Il traite du pourquoi, quoi, et comment des donnees ouvertes/publiques – pourquoi rendre publique, quoi rendre publique, et comment rendre publique.

L’idée et que vous puissiez piocher dedans lorsque vous réalisez des projets contenant des données ouvertes et que vous puissiez vous y référer assez facilement. - par Geoffrey Dorne, Blog Graphisme & interactivité, 18/10/2012

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There’s something fishy about citations: We need a method of assessing the support of research if we want to change the ‘publish or perish’ culture

There’s something fishy about citations: We need a method of assessing the support of research if we want to change the ‘publish or perish’ culture | Science 2.0 news | Scoop.it

Current citation biases give us only the narrowest slice of scientific support. Bradley Voytek writes that while BrainSCANr may have flaws, it gives the reader a quick indication of how well-supported an academic argument is and could provide a new way of thinking about citations.

Science has a lot of problems. Or rather, scientometrics has a lot of problems. Scientific careers are built off the publish or perish foundation of citation counts. Journals are ranked by impact factors. There are serious problems with this system, and many ideas have been offered on how to change it but so far little has actually been affected. Many journals, including the PLoS and Frontiers series, are making efforts to bring about change, but they are mostly taking a social tactic: ranking and commenting on articles.I believe these methods are treating the symptom, not the problem. (...) - by Bradley Voytek, LSE blog "Impact of Social Sciences", Oct 17, 2012

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Open health data in practice: Increase your access to lab results

Open health data in practice: Increase your access to lab results | Science 2.0 news | Scoop.it

Voice your support for a proposed federal rule that expands patients' access to test results.

I’m convinced that there’s a wave of innovation coming in healthcare, driven by new kinds of data, new ways of extracting meaning from that data, and new business models that data can enable. That’s one of the reasons why we launched our StrataRx Conference, which focuses on the importance of data science to the future of health care.

Unfortunately, much of the data that will enable an entrepreneurial explosion is still locked up — in paper records, in proprietary data formats, and by well-intentioned but conflicting privacy regulations.

We’re making progress towards open data in healthcare, but there are still so many obstacles! Ann Waldo recently introduced me to one of these. (...) - by Tim O'Reilly, O'Reilly radar, October 16, 2012



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Vers une “data-sociologie” ? Tour d’horizon des techniques de collecte automatisée de données sur le web

Vers une “data-sociologie” ? Tour d’horizon des techniques de collecte automatisée de données sur le web | Science 2.0 news | Scoop.it

Ces vingt dernières années ont vu le développement de techniques et d’outils informatiques qui permettent d’automatiser la collecte et la mise en forme de données, en particulier celles provenant d’internet[1]. Plus puissantes et plus faciles d’accès, ils sont aussi de plus en plus utilisés dans de nombreuses professions. Leur diffusion intéresse donc les chercheurs en sciences sociales, à la fois parce qu’elles permettent de collecter rapidement des informations sur divers aspects du monde social, mais aussi parce qu’elle conteste un peu plus leur monopole dans la production de données quantitatives. On se propose ici de réaliser un rapide tour d’horizon sur cette question qui souligne le potentiel, et évoque certains enjeux, du recours croissant à ces méthodes pour nos disciplines. (...) - Par Alexandre Hobeika et Étienne Ollion via Pierre Merklé sur Quanti, 3 octobre 2012

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Calculating time from submission to publication / Degree of burden in submitting a paper

Les temps de publication d'un article scientifique sont souvent longs et un facteur très limitant pour les jeunes chercheurs : une aide pour faire une estimation (par figshare)


Calculating time from submission to publication / Degree of burden in submitting a paper...


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We can do much better than rely on the self-fulfilling impact factor: Academics must harness ideas of engagement to illustrate their impact

We can do much better than rely on the self-fulfilling impact factor: Academics must harness ideas of engagement to illustrate their impact | Science 2.0 news | Scoop.it

Impact Factors are a god-send for overworked and distracted individuals, and while Google Scholar goes some way to utilizing multiple measures to determine a researcher’s impact, Jonathan Becker argues that we can go one better. He writes that engagement is the next metric that academics must conquer.

Those of you in the professoriate are likely in the same position as me, where tenure and/or promotion are tied to scholarly output, which is largely judged by the impact factors of the journals in which we have published. That is, we largely judge each other’s scholarship based on impact factor. (...) - by Jonathan Becker, LSE: blog Impact of Social Sciences, Oct 9, 2012

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