Digital humanists are becoming increasingly aware of the potential for much wider impact through ‘crowdscribing’ and other innovative approaches to digital research. Emma Goodwin provides further information on a new initiative DHCrowdscribe that allows early career researchers to gain from resources and expertise to support technical project development. This approach will also foster wider collaboration between the humanities and other more scientific or technical disciplines. (...) - LSE Blog "Impact of Social Sciences", by Emma Goodwin, 7 April 2014
Generally considered as the first data visualization, the figurative map ofCharles Joseph Minard (1869) shows the path of Napoleon’s troops across the Russian Empire of Alexander I. Using amazingly simple and modern graphical codes, this map displays the progress of the troops in the form of a stream whose width indicates the size of the “Great Army”, which will dramatically decrease throughout the campaign. (...) - by Martin Grandjean, 26/05/2014
Seul le quart des quelque 2 millions d’articles scientifiques publiés annuellement sont en accès libre. Et ce chiffre stagne douloureusement depuis 10 ans. Quelque chose de sérieux ferait-il obstacle ? (...) - Acfas, par Etienne Harnad, 2014
The quantity and influence of generalisable data presents challenges and opportunities for public policy making. Helen Margetts discusses how social scientists can help policy-makers in this changed environment, ensuring that social science research remains relevant, and warns that social science concerns or questions may be increasingly ignored if ‘big data’ education and training is left completely in the hands of computer scientists. (...) - by Helen Margetts, Impact of Social Sciences, November 11th, 2013
We’re big fans of figshare at ImpactStory: it’s one of a growing number of great ways to get research data into the open, where others can build on it.
So we’re excited today to announce figshare account integration in ImpactStory! All you have to do is paste in a figshare account URL; then, in the background, we gather your figshare datasets and report their views, downloads, tweets, and more.
Pubmed is implementing a new function that enables researchers to share their thoughts about scientific publications. By allowing readers to comment and debate about specific papers publicly, PubMed Commons is trying to extend the peer-review of manuscripts after their publication. If successful, PubMed Commons will become a platform for scientific discussions that could foster constructive criticism and eventually improve published papers and science. (...) - Connected Researchers, November 4, 2013
Mendeley Desktop 1.10 has been released. Journal abbreviations, one of the most requested features has been implemented. Mendeley will now automatically abbreviate publication titles according to the rules of the style. Other great improvement is related research, it gives you instant recommendations based on specific articles and drill-down into recommendations.
Build with the collaboration of PhD associations, Life Sciences researchers, and Key Opinion Leaders, PubAdvanced is like Pubmed (open access, same results, same look, same search) with important advanced useful features to save time and link industry & academia: - Sort out publications from PubMed according to their influence and importance. - Search simultaneously patents from WIPO, USPTO, EPO databases. - Look if the publications are available for free over the Internet. - Follow the trends of publications and patents in your field. - Manage your bibliography, that is, export publications, patents and protocols to your EndNote.
Scientists are developing algorithms that can connect researchers across the world who have similar interests by scanning the content of academic papers.
Researchers at TEAM, an EU-funded project, are using algorithms to quantify the extent to which scientific papers cover similar ground, and are looking at ways to profile scientists by the documents they have searched for. They are also developing technology that can facilitate searches of research papers. (...) - by Peter O'Donnell, in Horizon, 05 August 2013
In order to use images in a scientific context, you need to make a few annotations very often: Marks and labels help to understand what´s important, be it in your notes or in your publications. In your good old paper notebook, you would just simply scribble by hand to get the message across and to highlight your findings on agarose gels, graphs, or any other data output. [...]
We have added the most frequently used editing tools to the image annotation section. (...) - labfolder blog, by Johanna Havemann, July 29th, 2013
Scientists willing to take a risk are setting up individual research operations in rented lab space.
Ethan Perlstein was frustrated. As a non-traditional postdoc, he had spent five years running an independent lab at Princeton University in New Jersey. He wanted to continue doing what he had trained for, but a tough academic job market meant that he had no guarantees. So he decided to move to a noted biotechnology hub, California's San Francisco Bay area, to try launching his own lab without the support of an academic institution. (...) par Virginia Gewin, Nature499,509-511(2013), 24 July 2013
Smulder’s point is that scientific manuscripts should be submitted for peer review with the results and discussion omitted. The reviewers would judge the submission on the strength of the methods and the introduction alone. If they recommended publication, the authors would then send them the full paper. (...) - Neuroskeptical Blog, July 13, 2013
This summer, scholars will use the break from teaching to submit manuscripts, review papers and develop new ideas. But even as the major functions of scholarly publishing march on, scholars, publishers and librarians start to ask, “What does the future of the scholarly journal look like?” (...) - by Bonnie Swoger, Blog ' Information Culture', Scientific American, June 18, 2014
Julien Hering, PhD's insight:
Science 2.0, open acces archives of pre-print articles, social media measurement of impact of these article... is there a future for traditional publication pathways ?
HEFCE and the other three UK funding bodies have published details of a new policy for open access relating to future research assessments after the current 2014 REF.
The policy describes new eligibility requirements for outputs submitted to the post-2014 REF. These requirements apply to all journal articles and conference proceedings accepted for publication after 1 April 2016. They do not apply to monographs, other long-form publications, creative or non-text outputs, or data. (...) - HEFCE (Higher Education Funding Council for England), 28 March 2014
Universities are drowning in digital information. It's time senior leaders made openness – and its consequences – their concern.
Universities are digital machines these days. But many of the decisions that have to be made as a result are not technical at all. They are about the nature of research and its public benefits, about how learning and teaching takes place, and how we confront difficult ethical issues. Strategic choices that are made now will have significant implications for the ways in which knowledge will be created and shared in the future. (...) - by Martin Hall, The Guardian, 18 February 2014
When discussing decision factors for choosing a journal to submit a scientific paper to, it is hard to be very original. All surveys, blog entries and informal talks support one hypothesis:
Let me be honest. Although a lot of scientists are great people – who are kind to others and who really believe in big ideas and follow them in their everyday work – they also have to think about themselves, and primarily they have to take care of their careers. Otherwise, they would not be able to continue their work, which is the most valuable thing they can do (with the exception of maybe pet adoption). That is why we should not be surprised by the fact that scientists support their career opportunities and why they are above all interested in fulfilling the norms of their community when valuable science is published. (...) - Open Science, May 19, 2014
Mélanie Dulong de Rosnay et Marc Lipinski plaident pour qu’une « instance pluridisciplinaire » encourage les initiatives permettant à des réseaux d’amateurs éclairés de s’investir dans la recherche.
Les activités en ligne prennent constamment de l'ampleur. Au-delà des jeux et des réseaux sociaux, des millions d'individus investissent bénévolement leur temps et leurs efforts pour des tâches laborieuses et répétitives. Des jours durant, des internautes du monde entier se sont ainsi branchés sur www.tomnod.com pour explorer des fragments d'images satellite à la recherche de traces de l'avion disparu de la Malaysia Airlines. Ce phénomène social, dit du « surplus cognitif », est à la base du développement des sciences participatives. (...) - par Mélanie Dulong de Rosnay et Marc Lipinski, Le Monde, 14/04/2014
Julien Hering, PhD's insight:
Les projets de sciences participatives se développent et pas que à l'étranger mais aussi France. Portés par des chercheurs, des associations, citoyens, ils apportent des données qui font avancer la recherche. Cette #openscience (ou encore #citizenscience) ne s'adresse pas qu'aux sciences naturelles ou à l'astronomie et peuvent intervenir sur des domaines très pointus à l'instar du projet Eyewire qui sous la forme d'un jeux, les personnes peuvent aider des chercheurs du MIT à Harvard (USA) à construire une carte des connections nerveuses de la rétine.
If you are looking for unrestricted scientific material, for example in the form of free editions of journals, the Internet is the place to look. Open Access enjoys the full benefits of the web, and I can venture to say that without the Internet there would be no open access. The Internet however is full of junk, and it is hard to navigate through it if you do not have the know-how. Thankfully, there are numerous specialized tools and repositories that allow you to quickly and easily locate any content.
One of these tools is JURN – an Internet search engine, designed to identify scientific journals. JURN focuses on the arts and humanities, so if you are looking for materials in these fields of research, it can be very useful. (...) - by Kamil Mizera, on OpenScience, October 8, 2013
Maps are everywhere these days. They have become as ubiquitous in our daily lives as they have in the science community. Citizen science projects that utilize maps are instantly familiar, easy to use, and enrich scientific data with a valuable spatial component.
Treezilla is a tree-mapping project based in Great Britain and hopes to enlist citizen scientists to map every single tree in the UK. Many of the trees in Britain’s forests have already been mapped (nearly 3.8 billion, in fact). However, the estimates of urban trees in cities, parks, and people’s yards have been poorly catalogued. These trees, although in much smaller number, still have a significant ecological value and are important to study. (...) - Scistarter blog, by Nick Forbes, September 12th, 2013
The importance and editorial requirements with regards to peer-review are commonly discussed by scientists, specifically so in the context of Open Access. The question I have been busy with recently (bothering as many journal editors as I could reach): “Does OA journal need editors and what is the role of them in whole process?” yielded a firm conclusion: Open Access journals and books need peer-review. Full stop. It doesn’t mean, however, there is a consensus on how the peer-review process should be like in the Open Access environment? Is the current process of peer-review for articles and books sustainable? A new project seems to be at odds with the status quo offering a truly innovative model of the peer-review. (...) - Open Science
Grâce au Libre accès, les chercheurs et étudiants du monde entier ont plus largement accès aux connaissances, les publications gagnent en visibilité et touchent un plus grand nombre de lecteurs, et l’impact potentiel de la recherche se trouve multiplié. (...) - par Alma Swan, UNESCO, 2013
Opening academic information for the benefit of humanity.
We are using the peer-reviewed Journal of Humanitarian Engineering (JHE) as a case study to pilot innovations in Open Access. 'Humanitarian engineering' describes the application of engineering and technology for the benefit of disadvantaged communities. The field is vast, including water, energy, infrastructure, disability access, and much more. The JHE aims to document this intersection of technology and community development. (...) - OJP
The Open Journal Project is a publishing initiative addressing barriers to research accessibility by looking to improve exchanges with practitioner communities. Danny Kingsley outlines the initial launch of the project, which has tackled issues ranging from multi-language access, developing country access, low-bandwidth websites, and disability-accessible content. The aim of the journal is not to be published or cited, but to provide outcomes in communities.
Android smartphone users will soon have a chance to participate in important scientific research every time they charge their phones. Using a new app created by researchers at UC Berkeley, users will be able to donate a phone’s idle computing power to crunch numbers for projects that could lead to breakthroughs ranging from novel medical therapies to the discovery of new stars. (...) - By Robert Sanders, News Berkeley, July 22, 2013
Scientific Data will be a forum for publications about datasets, but will not be a repository for primary datasets. Primary data associated with Data Descriptors will be stored in one or more external data repositories. Why this distinction?
This strategy helps us draw some clear lines around the goals of Scientific Data. By ensuring that the primary datasets are stored in external systems, we make it crystal clear that our goal is to help authors publish content that promotes the scientific value and reusability of their datasets, not to control access to data. We feel that this is a progressive strategy that will help promote collaboration and data consolidation, rather than fragmentation. (...) - by Adrew Hufton, Scientific Data blog, July 23, 2013