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Biomedical journal and publisher hope to bring preprints to life

Biomedical journal and publisher hope to bring preprints to life | Science 2.0 news | Scoop.it

Harold Varmus is still waiting for the revolution. In a 1999 proposal he later described as a “manifesto,” the then director of the US National Institutes of Health (NIH) suggested creating an electronic repository to host freely accessible research papers, including manuscripts prior to their formal publication. The next year, a version of Varmus's proposal spawned PubMed Central, a digital archive where all papers stemming from NIH-funded research must be submitted within 12 months of publication. However, the agency never created one key aspect of Varmus' ultimate vision: a preprint portal. (...) - by Ewen Callaway, Nature Medicine 19, 512 (2013)

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How PeerJ Is Changing Everything In Academic Publishing | Techdirt

How PeerJ Is Changing Everything In Academic Publishing | Techdirt | Science 2.0 news | Scoop.it

Has there ever been a business more ripe for disruption than academic publishing? For anyone who's not been following along, the business model of academic publishers, built on solving 18th century distribution problems, incarnates the Shirky Principle: that "Institutions will try to preserve the problem to which they are the solution." Far from making research public, as the name "publisher" suggests, their business now works by accepting researchers' donations of manuscripts, refining them by other researchers' donations of editorial services and peer review, assuming copyright, and locking up the results -- work that they neither wrote, edited, reviewed or paid for -- behind paywalls. By artificially causing a scarcity problem, they're able to sell solutions to that problem: subscriptions. (...) - techdirt, by Mike Taylor, Feb 12th 2013

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