Herbert, Bob. "School To Prison Pipeline." New York Times Late Edition
(2007): 15. MTC Database. Web. 29 Mar 2014.
The newspaper article titled, “School To Prison Pipeline” appears in The New York Times and it is written by Bob Herbert. In his article, Herbert mentions children that have been victims of the school to prison pipeline issue. For example, Herbert discusses the case of a six year old who was arrested after throwing a tantrum in her kindergarten class. Herbert also mentions a 2006 report that shows disciplinary practices in Florida schools. The report shows that a student who was in middle school was arrested and charged with a felony for throwing rocks at a soda can. Herbert also mentions that some students who act out in school are emotionally disturbed. This shows that schools are getting out of control and students are being affected by the school to prison pipeline severely. Those students that are affected by the issue tend to not graduate from high school and/or become criminals. Herbert claims that behavior that was considered to be normal and a part of growing up, now leads to arrests and incarceration for the behavior. As a result, Herbert believes that the pipeline to jail is a brutal form of abuse, which has consequences for the students and society that can last a lifetime.
"What Is The School-to-Prison Pipeline?." American Civil Liberties
Union. N.p. Web. 29 Mar 2014.
The article titled, “What Is The School-to-Prison Pipeline?” appears on the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) website. ACLU is an organization that is dedicated to fighting racism and social injustice. The article explains to the readers what school to prison pipeline is. According to the article, the school to prison pipeline is when schools fail to help students stay in school and students end up going to jail when they drop out or get expelled. Some of the examples on how this happens include lack of resources in public schools, overcrowded classrooms and low quality teachers. In addition, the article discusses tests scores and how these lead to schools encouraging students to drop out in order to comply with the No Child Left Behind Act. Although the No Child Left Behind Act is supposed to be a good thing for students, it has the opposite effect than was intended. Many schools that are under resourced have started to become pipelines to prison by losing reliance on teachers to discipline students and solely relying on police officers. Due to this, school based arrests have increased and students committing non-violent offenses are taken from the classroom to jail. The article shows how schools are getting out of control by turning schools into pipelines to jail.
The Education and Justice Departments released new guidelines on school discipline, urging schools to ensure that punishments comply with civil rights laws. Hari Sreenivasan gets debate on the recommendations from Sherrilyn Ifill of the NAACP Legal Defense Fund and Chester Finn of the Thomas B. Fordham Institute. Continue reading →
Erwin Castro's insight:
"Are some U.S. school discipline policies too punitive?." PBS NEWSHOUR. PBS, 8 Jan 2014. web. 29 Mar 2014.
A national organization, Advancement Project is a next generation, multi-racial civil rights organization that works “on the ground” helping organized communities of color dismantle and reform unjust policies that undermine the promise of democracy.
Erwin Castro's insight:
"TEST, PUNISH, AND PUSH OUT: How "Zero Tolorence" and High-Stakes Testing Funnel Youth Into the School-To-Prison Pipeline." . Advancement Project, n.d. Web. 29 Mar 2014.
The School To Prison Pipeline: Five Facts To Face. YouTube.com,
2012. Web. 29 Mar 2014.
The video titled, “The School To Prison Pipeline: Five Facts To Face” appears on the website YouTube. The video is sponsored by the website naturalindependent.com and their mission is to inform its viewers of problems in the nation. The purpose of the video is to inform viewers on facts regarding the school to prison pipeline. Some of the facts include “Disciplinary Policies in Schools Are Often the First Step”, which discusses schools and the police departments labeling students as criminals for minor offenses. These minor offenses include simple things like throwing an eraser across the classroom and breaking a pencil. Another fact mentioned is titled, “Schools Have Become Increasingly Overzealous in their Arrest Making”, which is about schools calling the police to arrest students for such events as a food fight in the cafeteria. Additionally, the video discusses the problem titled, “Standardized Testing Has Become A Breeding Ground For Unfair Practices”, which is about schools being pressured by the state to improve their test scores. With the pressure coming from the states the schools decide to push out the low testing students from school. These students end up in jail since once they are out of school. The video also discusses rehabilitation for these youth as well as how the pipeline especially affects children with learning disabilities.
Kyle Thompson likes playing football, playing video games, and hanging out with his friends. The Michigan student has also been under house arrest since last March and barred from school for six months. Why? His teacher wanted to see a note he had written, His teacher wanted to see a not...
Erwin Castro's insight:
Scholl, Diana. "Why Is Kyle Thompson Under House-Arrest?" Web log post. Blog of Rights.
ACLU, 24 Sept. 2013. Web. 24 Mar. 2014.
The article titled, “Why is Kyle Thompson Under House Arrest?” appears in a blog written by Diana Scholl and is about Kyle Thompson, a youth that was banned from his school for six months. Kyle describes himself as being a kid that likes to play video games, play football and hangout with his friends. While at school, Kyle had a list titled “Hit List”, which was in his notebook. Kyle’s friend saw the piece of paper in Kyle’s notebook and took it out, which prompted Kyle to react and take the paper away from his friend. The teacher saw this and took the paper from Kyle, the teacher and Kyle tugged the paper back and forth since Kyle thought the teacher was playing around. While this was happening the teacher was laughing and fellow students that witnessed the incident wrote statements saying that they thought they were playing around. Once Kyle saw that the teacher got serious he gave up the paper but it was too late because he was escorted to the principal’s office and then taken to the police station. Despite the fact that Kyle claimed that the list was a list of people he was going to physically hit on the football field, this incident led to Kyle’s house arrest and school ban for six months. The blog also has a video titled “Gone Too Far: Our Kids in Handcuffs”, about Kyle’s story. The video contains clips of Kyle’s football coach and his mom describing what a good kid Kyle is and that they could not believe this happened to him. The coach described Kyle as a sensitive kid, a good kid, fun to be around and fun to coach during football. The blog’s purpose is to show Kyle’s story as an example of the nation’s school to prison pipeline issue.
WASHINGTON - President Obama plans to launch an initiative aimed at improving the lives of young black and Latino men by bringing businesses and foundations together with government agencies to change what an administration official called the "school-to-prison pipeline."
My latest piece for the Huffington Post: “School is just a waiting room to prison.” ~ African-American teenager, Washington, D.C. If you sit in juvenile delinquency court long enough, you notice a few things. Most of the kids are black … Continue reading →
Erwin Castro's insight:
Birckhead, Tamar. "Shutting Down the School to Prison Pipeline."
Juvenile Justice Blog. N.p., 26 Oct 2012. Web. 29 Mar. 2014.
The article titled, “Shutting Down the School to Prison Pipeline” appears in a blog written by Tamar Birckhead. Birckhead is an advocate for juveniles in the court system of North Carolina. Through her experience, Birckhead notes that most juveniles that go to the court system have learning difficulties, mental health needs and/or behavioral issues. Birckhead also discusses the school to prison pipeline and how it affects families who are poor and minorities. Birckhead discusses that the Civil Rights Division of the U.S. Department of Justice filed a lawsuit against the state of Mississippi over courts purposely sending minors to jail for minor offenses, for things like dress code violations. Birckhead also uses the example of the police in Meridian, Mississippi, who arrest students without investigating the severity of the offense. This includes arresting students without a probable cause and without custody orders. Students who are arrested are then punished like adults but are not given the same rights or information that adults are given. In fact, students are often not told they have the right to an attorney. Birckhead notes that the things that happen in Mississippi are not unique to that state and that they happen everywhere in the nation.
The factsheet from PBS discusses the number of youth in prisons and points out that the majority of those in prison are Hispanic and African-American. The factsheet argues that the pipeline to prison happens from schools and the foster care system and shows statistics of things that lead to youth being sent to prison. Some of the statistics for schools include 40% of students expelled from school each year are African-American, African-American students are over three times more likely to suspended than white students, and that African-American and Hispanic students are two times more likely than white students not to graduate. The factsheet also discusses foster care statistics, like the fact that half of children in foster care are either African-American or Hispanic and that a quarter of children who leave the foster care system will end up in prison within a few years after turning 18. The factsheet makes the point that 68% of males in prison do not have a high school diploma. As for those in foster care, 70% of those in prison are people who have been in foster care. There are also other statistics, which include the likelihood that certain groups will end up prison. For example, the factsheet argues that one out of six Hispanic males will be incarcerated in their lifetime. Additionally, one out of three African-American males will be incarcerated in their lifetime. The factsheet claims that schools and foster care are the starting points for the path to prison.
The School-to-Prison Pipeline is a disturbing national trend wherein children are funneled out of public schools and into the juvenile and criminal justice systems. Members of the Philadelphia Student Union created the Campaign for Nonviolent Schools (CNS) to work towards improving school climates and ending the School-to-Prison Pipeline.
On Blast youth radio producer, Julian Roessler, explains a youth perspective on the School-to-Prison Pipeline. Julian interviews Josh Glenn, an organizer with YASP (Youth Art & Self-Empowerment Project) and Decarcerate PA. Josh is also a member of CNS. Together, they explore the deeper roots of the School-to-Prison Pipeline.
Erwin Castro's insight:
"A Student Analysis of the School to Prison Pipeline."On Blast. Podomatic.com, 12 Mar 2013. web. 29 Mar 2014.
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