In 2009, Nashville Mayor Karl Dean asked Nashville Public Library to take the lead in a new partnership between the public and school libraries, with NPL recommending specific steps to improve the school libraries, to foster resource sharing between the two institutions, and to improve student access to learning materials. NPL was charged with collection development and purchasing for school libraries to meet state standards for volumes and quality of materials.
A pilot project with 3 high schools and a 9th grade academy began 2009. City funding was expanded to carry the program forward to all 16 area high schools in the 2010-2011 school year. The 2011-2012 school year brought more expansion to the program as it now includes 35 middle schools and 3 exceptional education schools.