Conation changes the implications of research supporting grit, self-efficacy, resilience, and learning styles (to name a few). The article explains: Kolbe (1990) suggests that human beings have a conative style or a preferred method of putting thought into action or interacting with the environment. This might be compared to differences of temperament or personality type (e.g., Huitt, 1988; Keirsey, 1998; Myers, 1980) that purports to identify general approaches to thinking, feeling, and behavior or to learning style (e.g., McFarland, 1997) that identifies general approaches to encoding and processing information. Kolbe identifies four action or conative modes:
Fact Finder (instincts to probe, refine and simplify);
Follow Thru (instincts to organize, reform and adapt);
Quick Start (instincts to improvise, revise and stabilize); and
Implementor (instincts to construct, renovate and envision).
How should educators apply these research findings in terms of how we explore grit or self-efficacy? Resilience? differentiation? learning activities? curriculum development?