Savant syndrome is a condition in which a person with serious mental disabilities, including autistic disorder, demonstrates profound and prodigious capacities and/or abilities far in excess of what would be considered normal. People with savant syndrome may have neurodevelopmental disorders, notably autism spectrum disorders and/or brain injuries. Although the most dramatic examples are seen in individuals who score very low on IQ tests, they also demonstrate exceptional skills or brilliance in specific areas, such as rapid calculation, art, memory, or musical ability. In spite of the name "syndrome", it is not recognized as a mental disorder nor as part of mental disorder in medical manuals such as the ICD-10 or the DSM-IV.
According to psychiatrist Darold Treffert, almost all savants have prodigious memory which he describes as "very deep, but exceedingly narrow". It is narrow in the sense that savants may exhibit exceptional memory but have difficulty putting it to use. Some individuals with savant syndrome also have keen sense of priority, which can involve a broad understanding of politics, law and a conceivably heightened vocabulary. Savant skills are usually found in one or more of five major areas: art, musical abilities, calendar calculation, mathematics and spatial skills. 50% of savants have autism; the other 50% often have psychological disorders or mental illnesses.
Savant syndrome is poorly understood. No widely accepted cognitive theory explains savants' combination of talent and deficit. It has been suggested that individuals with autism are biased towards detail-focused processing and that this cognitive style predisposes individuals either with or without autism to savant talents. Another hypothesis is that savants hyper-systemize, thereby giving an impression of talent. Hyper-systemizing is an extreme state in the empathizing–systemizing theory that classifies people based on their skills in empathizing with others versus systemizing facts about the external world. Also, the attention to detail shown by many savants is a consequence of enhanced perception or sensory hypersensitivity in these unique individuals. It has also been confirmed that some savants operate by directly accessing low-level, less-processed information that exists in all human brains but is normally unavailable to conscious awareness.
-Savant syndrome is a condition in which a person otherwise limited in mental ability has an exceptional specific skill, such as art, music, calendar computing, math computing, or spatial skills.
-50% of savants have autism and the other 50% have a psychologyical disability/ mental illness.
-It's not labled as a mental disorder, yet if a person who was just like a savant but with no mental/ psychological disorder, they would be labled as a prodigy. To me, savants are prodigies with a mental/ psychological disability.
-Some say that it's a useles gift that savants have because they have this AMAZING skill but they don't know how to use it...
-Nobody really understands savant syndrome. Everyone has opinions and thoughts about it, but eachone has faults or only apply to some savants.
One in 10 autistic people have some degree of savantism
-An example of this amazing ability is Kim Peek who can simultaneously it read the left page of a book with his left side and the right page of a book with his right eye. An MRI shows the absence of this corpus callosum along with central nervous system damage.
-Why that a rare triad of musical genius, blindness, and mental handicap should occur so consistently in the already rare condition of savant syndrome?
-There are fewer females than males that have a savant
Sometimes the most amazing abilities of the human brain are revealed exactly when things go wrong with it.
Gabie Goral's insight:
-I LOVE THIS: "Sometime the most amazing abilities of the human brain are revealed exactly when things go wrong with it. Take, for example, savants- people who have mental abilities that could be characterized as superhuman (like having photographic memory, playing music perfectly after hearing it only once, or doing complex mathematical calculations in one's head) but otherwise severely disabled in everyday cognitive functions and social interactions."
-Dr. Allen Snyder hypotesised that if you temorarily block, or "turn off", the left fronto- temporal lobe in healthy subjects by low- frequency magnetic pulses could result in savant- like mental abilities.
-Most are born with their savant; but is some rare situations, severe brain damage to the left side of the brain can cause savant- like symptoms to surface. For example, Orlando Serrell. He was a "normal" 10 year old until one day at baseball he was hit hard with a ball on the left side of him head. He fell and eventually got back up and went back playing. He had headaches for a while and when they went away he was able to do complex calendar calclations and he was able to remember the weather everyday from the accident. The coolest thing about Orlando is that he can help "unlock the genius in all of us."
-Another example is Leslie Lemke. When he was born, doctors removed both eyes, his birth mom gave him up for adoption and on top of all of that, he couldn't talk, walk, or swallow. Luckly he was adopted by an AWESOME mom who force fed him to teach him how to swallow. At the age of 15 he learned to stand. Then one night when everyone else was asleep at the age of 16, he got up and started playing a Tchaikovsky suite perfectly after hearing it just once earlier that day. This is how he can communicate with his parents. He can't talk, but he can sing and play perfectly.
Howard Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences helps educators think differently about IQ, and about being smart. Included: ideas for addressing multiple intelligences in the classroom.
Gabie Goral's insight:
Teachers are now implicating gardeners theory Into their classroom norms by changing lesson designs see you all person until their lessons along with this they ask the kids their opinions about how to teach certain topics schools have introduce more student projects this your student to manage complex projects
-Each kid learns differently and Howard Gardner's theory of eight intelligences help teachers Accommodate to each kid's learning ability
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