The wood of Santalum album L. is precious which is used in various occasions almost of all religions, communities and races round the globe. The population is very much restricted in the tropical country like India due to specific environmental factors. An observation was noted for the growth and development of the sandal wood population grows in Burdwan and Bankura (South) forest divisions during 2011. The edaphic conditions of those areas were studied strictly. The aims and objects of this study were to achieve the agronomic no-how of the sandal wood population prevailing specific environments.