An electronic patch can analyse complex brainwaves and listen in on a fetus's heart MIND reading can be as simple as slapping a sticker on your forehead.
An "electronic tattoo" containing flexible electronic circuits can now record some complex brain activity as accurately as an EEG. The tattoo could also provide a cheap way to monitor a developing fetus. The first electronic tattoo appeared in 2011, when Todd Coleman at the University of California, San Diego, and colleagues designed a transparent patch containing electronic circuits as thin as a human hairMovie Camera.
Applied to skin like a temporary tattoo, these could be used to monitor electrophysiological signals associated with the heart and muscles, as well as rudimentary brain activity. To improve its usefulness, Coleman's group has now optimised the placement of the electrodes to pick up more complex brainwaves.
They have demonstrated this by monitoring so-called P300 signals in the forebrain. These appear when you pay attention to a stimulus. The team showed volunteers a series of images and asked them to keep track of how many times a certain object appeared. Whenever volunteers noticed the object, the tattoo registered a blip in the P300 signal. The tattoo was as good as conventional EEG at telling whether a person was looking at the target image or another stimulus, the team told a recent Cognitive Neuroscience Society meeting in San Francisco.
The team is now modifying the tattoo to transmit data wirelessly to a smartphone, Coleman says. Eventually, he hopes the device could identify other complex patterns of brain activity, such as those that might be used to control a prosthetic limb.
Nearly three-quarters of physicians in the United States are using their smartphones at work,according to a March 2013 survey conducted by ad agency WPP’s Kantar Media. The survey of more than 3,000 physicians representing 21 specialties found that 74 percent said they were using their smartphones for professional purposes. The 2012 study found that about 68 percent of physicians were using their smartphones at work and 64 percent were in 2011.
1. The integration must take into account each user’s day-to-day life and workflow, including patients, providers, IT staff, and additional caregivers. Some users will need access to a greater depth of information, while for others design and usability will be paramount.
2. The design should be interoperable and support the integration of multiple MITs into a single EHR. In particular, developers should make sure to eliminate redundancies between the systems, where app users and EHR users might enter the same data into different fields.
3. Multiple environments have to be secure, but their security can’t keep them from interacting with each other. Stakeholders WellDoc interviewed reported problems with competing firewalls in implementing the integration.
4. Both halves of the integration, but especially the patient-facing app, should work natively on as many mobile devices as possible. Patients are most likely to use a system that allows them to continue using their device.
5. The mobile health offering is subject to a limitation already standard for EHR apps: it must be able to run even when network connectivity is sparse or intermittent, as is sometimes the case in large hospital complexes.
6. It’s crucial to have a support team in place familiar with the technology to help acquaint users with it.
7. Make sure the two systems adhere to common standards. Not only data interchange standards like HL7, but also making sure that measurements in both systems use the same units. If lab-collected blood glucose data in the EHR and patient-collected blood glucose data have the same unit, but one is potentially more accurate, the integrated system should easily identify and distinguish the two.
8. The team working on an integration should be ready for a more complex process than anticipated. A clear vision, good communication, and a steering committee are important for anyone attempting to integrate a mobile heath offering and an EHR.
While many medical professionals use social media without encountering any difficulties, media interest and research into examples of unprofessional behaviour online have raised concerns that some doctors and medical students may be unknowingly exposing themselves to risk in the way they are using these ‘web 2.0’ applications and uploading personal material onto the internet.
Is there are doctor in the car? It’s highly unlikely, but with the advent of digital health applications and monitoring systems, the day of the diagnostic dashboard doctor may not be too far off.
Ford’s SYNC voice-activated technology embodied in its latest Fiesta is in the vanguard of these developments. SYNC allows drivers to access their smartphone applications on the move using voice control – the apps are displayed on a dashboard screen.
A growing number of those apps are to do with health. Last year, medical and healthcare was the third fastest-growing application category, with more than 17,000 available and, according to a Frost and Sullivan report, the market is expected to be worth $392 million (£243.4 million) by 2015, with more than 500 million users.
The first commercial SYNC health application went live early last year, via the Apple Store, with an air-pollution, asthma-alert and pollen-alert apps.
El uso de aplicaciones móviles representa una carga cognitiva para sus usuarios. Este asunto se puede ver con mayor complejidad al momento de utilizar esta tecnología en personas con enfermedades mentales.
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