La cuarta revolución industrial es como algunos expertos están denominando al proceso en el que la Inteligencia Artificial (IA) y otras tecnologías van a afectar a todo tipo de profesiones e industrias; con implicaciones económicas y sociales que todavía no comprendemos.
Estoy convencido de que la Sanidad va a ser una de las áreas más afectadas por la introducción de la Inteligencia Artificial, como ya lo ha sido por otras tecnologías. Ya hemos visto ejemplos de cómo se está aplicando la IA en otra especialidades médicas como Dermatología o Radiología.
Por supuesto, la oncología puede beneficiarse de la IA, por el momento estas son dos lineas de investigación sobre oncología e inteligencia artificial a tener en cuenta
The ability of small intestine cells to absorb nutrients and act as a barrier to pathogens is "significantly decreased" after chronic exposure to nanoparticles of titanium dioxide, a common food additive found in everything from chewing gum to bread, according to research from Binghamton University, State University of New York.
If you take 10 communities and run a simulation, it’s easy to see why we need as many members of the ‘herd’ as possible to get vaccines – before it’s too late.
Measles are back in the US – and spreading. More than 100 cases across 14 states and Washington DC have been confirmed by US health officials since an outbreak began at Disneyland last December. With a majority of those infections in unvaccinated people, widespread blame – from Washington to the rest of the world – has fallen on parents who chose not to vaccinate their children.
Part of the problem, according to Dr Elizabeth Edwards, professor of pediatrics and director of the Vanderbilt Vaccine Research Program, is just that: vaccination is understood by many as an individual choice, when science makes clear that the choice – to vaccinate or not to vaccinate – can affect an entire community.
“When you immunize your child, you’re not only immunizing your child. That child’s immunization is contributing to the control of the disease in the population,” Edwards explained. That sheltering effect is called herd immunity: a population that is highly immunized makes for a virus that can’t spread easily, providing protection to the community – or the herd – as a whole.
California, where the bulk of current measles cases can still be found, is a prime example. It's one of 20 states that allow parents to skip vaccination based on their personal, philosophical beliefs – even though legislators introduced a bill that would ban such an opt-out provision.
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the most important cause of acute lower respiratory tract infection in very young children. Disease caused by RSV is very contagious and almost everyone is infected with RSV by the age of two years. Infections also reoccur throughout life. In the very young (from birth until the age of two years), the virus can cause severe respiratory tract disease characterized by bronchiolitis (inflammation of the bronchioles), pneumonia, and apnea (temporary cessation of breathing). One percent of RSV-infected children below the age of six months require hospitalization. In the USA, 100,000 children are hospitalized each year due to RSV, and 4500 children die from the infection. Worldwide, RSV causes 180,000 deaths each year. There is no vaccine and only one specific antiviral drug against RSV and supportive treatment is the only medical option for RSV-infected patients.
RSV annually causes nearly 34 million illnesses in children under 5 years of age and can result in serious illness in both very young children and elderly people leading to hospitalization in up to 2% of cases. Despite intensive research and the virus' status as a major pathogen, current methods of treatment rely almost exclusively on supportive care. With the goal of developing a new therapy to fight this disease, Prof. Xavier Saelens (VIB-UGent) and his team developed Nanobodies® that target the protein that the virus needs to enter lung cells. The researchers showed that these Nanobodies® neutralized the virus in laboratory assays as well as in animals.
The approach hinges on the use of single-domain antibodies, also known as Nanobodies®, which target and neutralize a vital protein in the virus, rendering it unable to enter lung cells. The research, published in the leading scientific journal Nature Communications, elucidates how these Nanobodies® interact with and neutralize the virus and demonstrates their ability to successfully protect mice from RSV infection and related inflammation.
Face-to-face social interactions enhance well-being. With the ubiquity of social media, important questions have arisen about the impact of online social interactions. In the present study, we assessed the associations of both online and offline
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