Llamado de la OPS a los gobiernos para redoblar esfuerzos para reducir la presencia de este vector y a que se mantengan vigilantes en la atención de los pacientes afectados pr los virus de Dengue y Chikungunya.
Regular reporting of health inequalities is essential to monitoring progress of efforts to reduce health inequalities. While reporting of population health became increasingly common, reporting of a subpopulation group breakdown of each indicator of the health of the population is rarely a standard practice. This study reports education-, sex-, and race-related inequalities in four health outcomes in each of the selected 93 counties in the United States in a systematic and comparable manner.
Many people are unaware that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's mandated nutrition labels are based on a 2,000-calorie-a-day diet, but a simple weekly text message reminder can greatly improve that awareness, according to a new study from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.
While not an outright recommendation, the 2,000-calorie benchmark is what the FDA considers a reasonable daily calorie intake for many adults. More importantly, nutrition labels on food products sold in the U.S. are based on it.
The key to translating nutrition labels and using them to make healthy food choices, researchers say, may be an understanding of this basic fact.
The study, published online in Health Promotion Practice, surveyed 246 participants dining in the Johns Hopkins Hospital cafeteria to assess their initial knowledge of the 2,000-calorie value. The cafeteria included calorie labels for food choices but no information on the daily context.
Participants were then randomly assigned to receive either a weekly text message reminder, a weekly email reminder, or no weekly reminder about the 2,000-calorie value. Participants received the reminder messages each Monday for four weeks; after the four weeks, their knowledge of the 2,000-calorie value was assessed with a follow-up survey.
Prior to receiving the weekly reminders, 58 percent of participants could not correctly identify the 2,000-calorie value, even those with college or graduate degrees. After the study period, those receiving the weekly text messages were twice as likely to correctly identify the 2,000-calorie value as compared to those who received no weekly reminder.
"While daily energy needs vary, the 2,000-calorie value provides a general frame of reference that can make menu and product nutrition labels more meaningful," says study leader Lawrence J. Cheskin, MD, director of the Johns Hopkins Weight Management Center at the Bloomberg School of Public Health. "When people know their calorie 'budget' for the day, they have context for making healthier meal and snack choices."
The FDA has proposed new menu-labeling regulations, which will soon require chain restaurants with 20 or more outlets to list calories on menus, menu boards, and drive-through displays. Cheskin says that those calorie counts are not helpful tools for making good food choices if people don't understand roughly how many calories they should consume each day.
"Given the low level of calorie literacy, simply posting calorie counts on menu boards is not sufficient," Cheskin says.
The weekly text and email reminders were based on The Monday Campaigns' model for health communications, which leverages the idea that Monday provides a weekly opportunity to start fresh and commit to new healthy habits, such as exercise regimens, healthy eating plans or smoking cessation. The Monday Campaigns is a nonprofit organization that started in 2003 with research support from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.
"There are many simple ways to convey calorie information to consumers, including point of sale communication, text messages, emails and even smart phone apps," Cheskin notes. "Ideally, these could work together, with calories posted on menus, restaurant signage and food labels along with personal reminders delivered through the latest technology. Our data indicate that weekly text messages are one element in this mix that can be effective."
The above story is based on materials provided by Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.
Follow A Ma. del Rosario Torrealba y Ana Ligia Duarte. De acuerdo a una investigación publicada este mes de septiembre en Nutrition & Diabetes, podríamos ser capaces de convencer a nuestro cerebro que los alimentos saludables como los productos integrales y las ensaladas, pueden gustarnos más que alimentos no tan saludables como las ricas papas fritas. …
The market for wearable sensors is increasing dramatically. Devices are being designed to help people manage chronic conditions, recover more quickly from injuries, analyze physical and environmental abnormalities that may lead to more serious health issues and detect unhealthy habits before they cause problems, according to Pathfinder Software. A new infographic from Pathfinder Software takes a look at the types of wearables available, how they are used, their wireless capability and other details on this technology. Thank you to Pathfinder Software for an educational Infographic. Also, thank you to the Healthcare Intelligence Network for having this Infographic on their site.
Recent data from the CDC has indicated that 50% of Americans are taking one prescription drug, and 10% are on 4 or more prescribed medications as well. Taking into consideration the aging population and the movement towards primary prevention with medications, it is likely a larger shift will occur in the next decade.
Coupled with this is the increasingly large role of social media in the daily lives of the social schema of many Americans — and we may have a new form of Drug Surveillance. It comes as no surprise that many patients report their daily status of health online, and include their experiences with their medications as well. But recent data has come out from researchers at Boston Children’s Hospital that Twitter alone could be a treasure trove of data.
El ser humano lleva cientos de años bebiendo destilados y bebidas fermentadas, pero la forma y la cantidad en que se bebe alcohol cambia de cultura a cultura. Este es el estado actual del consumo de alcohol en el mundo.
Ante el repunte de la denominada Fiebre Chikungunya o Artritis Epidémica Chikungunya, las autoridades de la Facultad de Medicina de la UCV, sugieren mantenerse alertas. Tal como informó el Decano de Medicina, Emigdio Balda, hace varios meses atrás, la Chikungunya “es una fiebre viral causada por un Alphavirus, transmitido por la picadura de mosquistos infectados del género Aedes, principalmente aegypti y albopictus, y que es considerada una enfermedad re-emergente”. Con relación a los síntomas, Bagda explicó que la fiebre se acompaña de erupción en la piel, dolor articular que puede ser incapacitante, fatiga y vómitos. “Los primeros síntomas pueden simular crisis de paludismo o dengue. Durante la fase crónica, puede incluir depresión, además dolores musculares, de cabeza y náuseas”. Indicó el galeno, que la recuperación en la mayoría de los casos es total, pero en algunas personas, la afectación de las articulaciones puede persistir [...]