" A new report paints a rather gloomy picture of post-Gaddafi Libya: fighting between tribes, ethnic groups and rival militia has accounted for instability at a local level; and flare-ups continue to occur in the country's hubs of Benghazi and Tripoli. This has made travel more dangerous and the risk of assets being damaged or looted greater.
Reports gathered by the UK-based risk analyst Maplecroft, point to "a noted increase in violent incidents" in recent weeks in both Tripoli and Benghazi. Also, serious clashes have in the meantime broken out in recent months in the west of the country around the Nafusa mountain areas and in the south-eastern Kufra basin.
The proliferation of heavy and light weapons continues to undermine stability and the prevalence of unexploded ordinance (UXO) poses a risk to business operations when travelling in the country.
A report published in August 2012 by Harvard University’s International Human Rights Clinic, described the country as being "awash in weapons, ranging from bullets and mortars to torpedoes and surface-to-air missiles". It also describes how much of the ordinance left over from the uprising is "often unsecured and unstable."
Given that there remains insufficient capacity to tackle the problem and government coordination still remains weak, the risk to the security of Libyans is described as "significant". Moreover, oil and gas companies in particular are said to be facing the potential security risk of UXO in and around their operations and may have to embark on costly de-mining programmes,
Moreover, many militias and individual Libyans are unwilling to part with their arms. As such, disputes can rapidly turn violent with the use of heavy weaponry. Such escalation poses a particularly high human security risk in more densely populated urban areas. ... "
" Congratulations to William Hague, Hillary Clinton and the sickening little wannabe Napoleons who rule France these days, desperately trying to claw back some international prestige after the French language has dived down the plughole into the sewer. Let us compare Gaddafi's Libya with FUKUS Libya.
Gaddafi's Libya: if you wanted to study, the Government paid for it. If you wanted to study abroad, the Government financed it. What dictator educates his people, what dictator educates his people for free? If you needed healthcare, the Government provided it, for free.
Black Libyans lived together with white Libyans, around 700 different peoples and tribes and sub-tribes cohabited the area formerly called Tripolitania, Cyrenaica and Fezzan in peace, living in the people's communes reporting their needs through the people's councils to central Government which distributed wealth and provided for their requirements. This was called the Jamahiriya system.
The Government provided a house, the Government provided a job, the Government provided a car, the Government provided a wedding present of some 50,000 USD and the Government provided for basic needs, including food.
The Government also heavily subsidised transportation and staple items, provided farmers with land and seeds and tools. The Government even injected money directly into people's bank accounts. ... "
There do not appear to be links among the bombings in Tripoli, the assassinations in Benghazi or the attacks on Western targets in Benghazi and Misrata. To say that Libya is plagued by numerous groups operating outside the law – violent Islamists, regime diehards, and vigilantes – with numerous grievances isn’t to say much at all.
But violence in Libya is mutating. In contrast to the violence that Libya underwent during the revolution and immediately afterward with intermittent fighting between militias, what is taking place now is definitively terrorism. (...) "
"(... ) The Libya deal was grounded in realist, Westphalian principles that put an emphasis on a state’s external behavior, not its internal composition: In return for becoming a more constructive force in international affairs, including support for the U.S. campaign against al-Qaida, Gadhafi received assurances that he would not be the target of U.S. conventional military power. There was never any guarantee that Washington would intervene to prop up or support his regime, only that it would not be attacked as long as it carried out its international obligations. (...) "
"Since the end of World War II, the Anglo-American Empire has covertly supported the deployment of foreign and domestic "foot soldiers", including terrorists and paramilitary brigades to bring about regime change and further its agenda of World domination.
One of the earlier examples of such a modus operandi, still widely ignored, is Gladio, "NATO's European stay-behind army", active during the Cold War. Controlled by the CIA and Britain's MI6, Gladio members orchestrated terrorist attacks in Western Europe, which were blamed on Communist entities.
Gladio was falsely presented to key European state officials as a stand-by secret army ready to counter a possible communist take over. The ultimate goal of Gladio was to demonize the Communist and Socialist parties and encourage European citizens to endorse their governments' commitment to "National security".
American citizens were not exempt from such scheming. As Prof. James F. Tracy explains:
"The string of still unresolved US political assassinations throughout the 1960s suggest how such practices were not restricted to foreign countries. Nor were they solely the terrain of intelligence agencies. Along lines similar to Gladio, in the early 1960s the US Joint Chiefs of Staff proposed Operation Northwoods, where terrorist attacks would be initiated against US civilians in American cities and the violence blamed on Cuban combatants to justify war against the island nation. The Kennedy administration rejected the proposal. While Northwoods exhibited the capacity for government to conceive and propose such plans, Gladio was demonstrably carried out against Western civilian populations in multiple locations over many years." (Prof. James F. Tracy False Flag Terror and Conspiracies of Silence.)
The recruitment of paramilitary armies and death squads played a key role in the conduct of US foreign policy. These “secret soldiers” were turned into highly visible “freedom fighters”, waging the Empire’s war at the forefront and in plain sight: Afghan Mujahideen, Nicaraguan Contras, Kosovar and Haitian rebels, etc.
As recent history has proven, the Western powers are still using this virtuous terminology to describe their foot soldiers, their terrorists in the Middle-East: the “pro-democracy Libyan rebels” and the “Free Syrian Army”. But who’s “freedom” and “liberty” are they fighting for? If an armed gang such as the “Free Syrian Army” invaded any Western street, they would be labelled as terrorists and promptly crushed by the national Defense. ... "
"Chris Bertram (Bristol) points out to me that Durham (not philosophy) has recently hired the political theorist David Held from LSE. Held, like Nancy Cartwright (who is also moving to Durham, as noted), was involved in supervising Saif Gaddafi's PhD thesis (which is suspected to have been plagiarized), and both were implicated in the resulting scandal about the Libyan government's involvement with the LSE. (The full report ishere, and the key bits are at pp. 28 ff.) What role the unpleasantness of this affair played in the decion of these two scholars to leave I do not know, but several readers remarked on it."
1 more example of the worries of Philosophical comunity in 21st Century.
(...) = Libya rebels: Human Trafficing mafia in Benghazi
Benghazi is well-known as a hot-bed of religious extremism. The Cyrenaica region has a long Islamist tradition going back to the Senussi brotherhood. Religious fundamentalism is much more evident here than in the western part of the country. Women are completely veiled from head to foot. They cannot drive and their social life is reduced to a minimum. Bearded men predominate. They often have the black mark of piety on their foreheads [the “zebibah,” which is formed by repeated prostration during Muslim prayers]. It is a little-known fact that Benghazi has become over the last 15 years the epicenter of African migration to Europe. This traffic in human beings has been transformed into a veritable industry, generating billions of dollars. http://libyasos.blogspot.gr/2011/07/libya-rebels-human-trafficing-mafia-in.html
= TRIPOLI - #LYelec: Who is the man who standing behind Abdul Hakim Belhadj http://libyasos.blogspot.gr/2012/06/lyelec-who-is-man-who-standing-behind.html = KUFRA - Fighting again in #Kufra. 9 dead,65 injured,5 women had miscarriage 3 children injured #Libya [Arabic] = TRIPOLI - The Libyans[?] are destroying the remaining of their country with their own hands?! The main valve engine of 14 kilometre gas pipeline linking the regions of Al-Aziziyah branch with station for measurement . A huge explosion was heard at about 3.30 pm [26.06.2012.]
" After nine months of preparing a case, Libya still appears ill equipped to giveSaif al-Islam, the 40-year-old son and accomplice of slain dictator Muammar Gaddafi, a fair trial. Even the longest-serving Gaddafi-era political prisoner, Ahmed Al-Zubair al-Senussi, recommends that Saif be handed over to the International Criminal Court (ICC) at The Hague.
Libya’s new authorities, though, are pressing on, and say Saif will likely stand trial next month in the hardscrabble mountain town of Zintan, where he’s been held since his capture in the Sahara last November. Snubbing the ICC, Libya’s prosecutor-general’s office insists the country can hold a fair trial of Muammar Gaddafi’s onetime heir-apparent, and it has the support of key national leaders, including Mahmoud Jibril, leader of the moderate coalition that won the majority of party seats in last month’s historic elections. ..."
This propaganda went way beyond the Libyan government, of course, as Brian explains:
Any sign of support for Gaddafi gave lie to their propaganda presentation that it was ‘the people versus Gaddafi’. And it’s clear that Gaddafi had a lot of support from black Libyans who considered Gaddafi’s African-centric foreign policy to be positive. So the manifestations of support for Gaddafi, or the targeting of black people by the so-called revolutionaries because they supported Gaddafi, created a contradiction for US propaganda.
This is when “Susan Rice, US ambassador to the UN, started characterising Gaddafi’s supporters as alleged African mercenaries.” Despite the fact that Amnesty International could not confirm a single case of these ‘pro-Gaddafi mercenaries’, the narrative took hold. “This was an attempt by the administration to evade responsibility for what was basically a lynch mob atmosphere against black people in Libya.” Yet again, Brian points out, “it shows that there is an organic connection between racism and imperialism, between racism and counter-revolution. These are fundamental organic characteristics of the social beast.” (...) "
"Ever since its inception in the seventeenth century, liberalism has been a wholly hypocritical ideology, based not on the principle of the indivisibility of humanity, as its adherents claim, but on precisely the opposite - endlessly redefined categories of exclusion. The founder of modern Liberalism, John Locke, formulated the principles of England’s ‘Glorious Revolution’ of 1688, supposedly entrenching the ‘natural rights’ to “life, liberty and property” with which he believed all humans were born. All that is, except Catholics - whose support for the wrong side in the English civil war was to be the pretext for the denial of their basic rights for the next 150 years - and Africans, who, by a simple logical trick, were simply categorised by Locke as not human at all. ... "
" A fairly important side-issue in the upcoming report is the loss of Tripoli's clean water supply just as the rebel forces swept through in late August. As usual, I solicit further information that might help. Not that this is going to be a big section, but I can simmer lots of material down into a well-informed few paragraphs. First, the supporting case of what was done in later in the loyalist holdout city of Sirte.
Sirte, A Latter Precedent (source for the following: Situation in Sirte: Neither Good Nor Great.) As rebels solidified their hold on Tripoli and turned their eyes east, an Associated Press report of September 1 passed on this threat from a rebel spokesman in Benghazi: "'in the end, we will get Sirte, even if we have to cut water and electricity' and let NATO pound it with airstrikes." In the end, the city was pounded with more ferocity than anyone expected, killing uncounted thousands over in about six weeks. Food and medicine were effectively embargoed, electricity was cut, and water was shut off to the best of the rebels' ability. Reuters reported that "both sides accuse the other of cutting off water and electricity, the U.N. source said." Why the Gaddafi loyalists trying to hold out would turn the water off on themselves is not the slightest bit clear. ..."
"This was undoubtedly BIG. Everyone and his neighbor were there. The Emir of Qatar, President Morsi from Egypt, President Gul from Turkey, Palestinian Authority's Mahmud Abbas, Hamid Karzai The Afghan, Prime Minister Zardari from Pakistan, Marzouki the new Tunisian leader, King Abdullah from Jordan, Iranian President Mahmud Ahmadinejad himself. All 57 member-states of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) - representing no fewer than 1.5 billion Muslims worldwide.
Arab News couldn't resist waxing poetically. What about ...
"In Makkah, last night the Holy Kaaba and the Grand Mosque was bathed in bright lights. The giant Clock Tower glowed in green lights on a clear, moonless night. As the muezzin's heart-warming voice reverberated in the mountainous city at Isha, the world's leaders, sitting in the Al-Safa Palace next to the Grand Mosque, repeated Allah-o-Akbar after him."
Allah Akbar indeed - and then straight to the business in which ... "