Robots in Higher Education
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Robotics eMagazine - CES Gets Robots All Wrong | RoboticsTomorrow

Robotics eMagazine - CES Gets Robots All Wrong | RoboticsTomorrow | Robots in Higher Education | Scoop.it
We may have reached a tipping point where having a robot zone does everyone a disservice. Outside of a couple of very well known and popular robots, like Paro and Pleo, the robot zone was primarily filled with component company booths.
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Robots in Higher Education
collection of robot stories
Curated by Scott Turner
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Soft robotics: Technologies and systems pushing the boundaries of robot abilities

Soft robotics: Technologies and systems pushing the boundaries of robot abilities | Robots in Higher Education | Scoop.it
The proliferation of soft robotics research worldwide has brought substantial achievements in terms of principles, models, technologies, techniques, and prototypes of soft robots. Such achievements are reviewed here in terms of the abilities that they provide robots that were not possible before. An analysis of the evolution of this field shows how, after a few pioneering works in the years 2009 to 2012, breakthrough results were obtained by taking seminal technological and scientific challenges related to soft robotics from actuation and sensing to modeling and control. Further progress in soft robotics research has produced achievements that are important in terms of robot abilities—that is, from the viewpoint of what robots can do today thanks to the soft robotics approach. Abilities such as squeezing, stretching, climbing, growing, and morphing would not be possible with an approach based only on rigid links. The challenge ahead for soft robotics is to further develop the abilities for robots to grow, evolve, self-heal, develop, and biodegrade, which are the ways that robots can adapt their morphology to the environment.
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Robot 'learns' how to function in human environments

Robot 'learns' how to function in human environments | Robots in Higher Education | Scoop.it
Think your office is too cluttered for a robot to deal with? New research from KTH Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm shows how robots can autonomously 'learn' their way around a dynamic human environment.
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World’s largest hedge fund to replace managers with artificial intelligence

World’s largest hedge fund to replace managers with artificial intelligence | Robots in Higher Education | Scoop.it
Bridgewater Associates has a team of engineers working on a project to automate decision-making to save time and eliminate human emotional volatility
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Festo's Fantastical Flying Robots

Festo's chief pilot gives Spectrum a private demo of a few of its incredible robotic animals: eMotionButterfly, AirJelly, and AirPenguin Read more
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Hybrid EEG/EOG-based brain/neural hand exoskeleton restores fully independent daily living activities after quadriplegia

Hybrid EEG/EOG-based brain/neural hand exoskeleton restores fully independent daily living activities after quadriplegia | Robots in Higher Education | Scoop.it
Direct brain control of advanced robotic systems promises substantial improvements in health care, for example, to restore intuitive control of hand movements required for activities of daily living in quadriplegics, like holding a cup and drinking, eating with cutlery, or manipulating different objects. However, such integrated, brain- or neural-controlled robotic systems have yet to enter broader clinical use or daily life environments. We demonstrate full restoration of independent daily living activities, such as eating and drinking, in an everyday life scenario across six paraplegic individuals (five males, 30 ± 14 years) who used a noninvasive, hybrid brain/neural hand exoskeleton (B/NHE) to open and close their paralyzed hand. The results broadly suggest that brain/neural-assistive technology can restore autonomy and independence in quadriplegic individuals’ everyday life.
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Mimicking biological movements with soft robots

Mimicking biological movements with soft robots | Robots in Higher Education | Scoop.it
Designing a soft robot to move organically—to bend like a finger or twist like a wrist—has always been a process of trial and error. Now, researchers from the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applie
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Robotic vertical jumping agility via series-elastic power modulation

Robotic vertical jumping agility via series-elastic power modulation | Robots in Higher Education | Scoop.it
Several arboreal mammals have the ability to rapidly and repeatedly jump vertical distances of 2 m, starting from rest. We characterize this performance by a metric we call vertical jumping agility. Through basic kinetic relations, we show that this agility metric is fundamentally constrained by available actuator power. Although rapid high jumping is an important performance characteristic, the ability to control forces during stance also appears critical for sophisticated behaviors. The animal with the highest vertical jumping agility, the galago ( Galago senegalensis ), is known to use a power-modulating strategy to obtain higher peak power than that of muscle alone. Few previous robots have used series-elastic power modulation (achieved by combining series-elastic actuation with variable mechanical advantage), and because of motor power limits, the best current robot has a vertical jumping agility of only 55% of a galago. Through use of a specialized leg mechanism designed to enhance power modulation, we constructed a jumping robot that achieved 78% of the vertical jumping agility of a galago. Agile robots can explore venues of locomotion that were not previously attainable. We demonstrate this with a wall jump, where the robot leaps from the floor to a wall and then springs off the wall to reach a net height that is greater than that accessible by a single jump. Our results show that series-elastic power modulation is an actuation strategy that enables a clade of vertically agile robots.
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Soft robotics: Technologies and systems pushing the boundaries of robot abilities

Soft robotics: Technologies and systems pushing the boundaries of robot abilities | Robots in Higher Education | Scoop.it
The proliferation of soft robotics research worldwide has brought substantial achievements in terms of principles, models, technologies, techniques, and prototypes of soft robots. Such achievements are reviewed here in terms of the abilities that they provide robots that were not possible before. An analysis of the evolution of this field shows how, after a few pioneering works in the years 2009 to 2012, breakthrough results were obtained by taking seminal technological and scientific challenges related to soft robotics from actuation and sensing to modeling and control. Further progress in soft robotics research has produced achievements that are important in terms of robot abilities—that is, from the viewpoint of what robots can do today thanks to the soft robotics approach. Abilities such as squeezing, stretching, climbing, growing, and morphing would not be possible with an approach based only on rigid links. The challenge ahead for soft robotics is to further develop the abilities for robots to grow, evolve, self-heal, develop, and biodegrade, which are the ways that robots can adapt their morphology to the environment.
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Watch this robot struggle to walk over uneven ground like a real person

Watch this robot struggle to walk over uneven ground like a real person | Robots in Higher Education | Scoop.it
Boston Dynamics, the famed manufacturer of the robots that will one day ascend past human intelligence and install themselves as our metallic overlords, released the latest version of it
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The real costs of making friends with robots

The real costs of making friends with robots | Robots in Higher Education | Scoop.it
Robots are teaching kids, keeping adults company, and getting ever so cute. But you might want to think twice before bonding with one.
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Robot surgeon can slice eyes finely enough to remove cataracts

Robot surgeon can slice eyes finely enough to remove cataracts | Robots in Higher Education | Scoop.it
The Axsis robot can manage the fine movements needed for cataract surgery. Its makers hope it will cut complications, and find uses in other parts of the body
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Pizza, the unsung agent of the robot revolution

Pizza, the unsung agent of the robot revolution | Robots in Higher Education | Scoop.it
An inside look at the robots taking over Amazon, DHL, Ocado, Mercedes... and Domino's?
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Honda’s Safe Swarm concept has cars mimicking fish for safer driving

Honda is looking to nature to improve the safety of driving, using bio-mimicry of the behavior of a school of fish to inform a new technical concept it's..
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A Super Light 20 Meter Robot Arm Built Using Helium-Filled Inflatable Segments

A Super Light 20 Meter Robot Arm Built Using Helium-Filled Inflatable Segments | Robots in Higher Education | Scoop.it
The Giacometti Arm with Balloon Body is a super light 1.2kg 20 meter robot arm built from helium-filled inflatable segments connected by artificial muscles. The arm has a camera mounted at its end,…
Scott Turner's insight:

Really cool 

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Motor learning affects car-to-driver handover in automated vehicles

Motor learning affects car-to-driver handover in automated vehicles | Robots in Higher Education | Scoop.it
Vehicles in the foreseeable future will be required to transition between autonomous driving (without human involvement) and full human control. During this transition period, the human, who has not been actively engaged in the driving process, must resume the motor control necessary to steer the car. The in-car study presented here demonstrates that when human drivers are presented with a steering behavior that is different from the last time they were in control, specifically the ratio of hand wheel angle to road wheel angle (emulating a change in vehicle speed), they undergo a significant period of adaptation before they return to their previous steering behavior. However, drivers do not require an adaptation period to return to previous driving behavior after changes in steering torque. These findings have implications for the design of vehicles that transition from automated to manual driving and for understanding of human motor control in real-world tasks.
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Science for robotics and robotics for science

Science for robotics and robotics for science | Robots in Higher Education | Scoop.it
Science Robotics has been launched to cover the most important advances in the development and application of robots, with interest in hardware and software as well as social interactions and implications.
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Sketch, an Artistic Robot from Stanford's Experimental Robotics Class - YouTube

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Hybrid EEG/EOG-based brain/neural hand exoskeleton restores fully independent daily living activities after quadriplegia

Hybrid EEG/EOG-based brain/neural hand exoskeleton restores fully independent daily living activities after quadriplegia | Robots in Higher Education | Scoop.it
Direct brain control of advanced robotic systems promises substantial improvements in health care, for example, to restore intuitive control of hand movements required for activities of daily living in quadriplegics, like holding a cup and drinking, eating with cutlery, or manipulating different objects. However, such integrated, brain- or neural-controlled robotic systems have yet to enter broader clinical use or daily life environments. We demonstrate full restoration of independent daily living activities, such as eating and drinking, in an everyday life scenario across six paraplegic individuals (five males, 30 ± 14 years) who used a noninvasive, hybrid brain/neural hand exoskeleton (B/NHE) to open and close their paralyzed hand. The results broadly suggest that brain/neural-assistive technology can restore autonomy and independence in quadriplegic individuals’ everyday life.
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This Robot has the Grace of a Gliding Manta Ray| Interesting Engineering

This Robot has the Grace of a Gliding Manta Ray| Interesting Engineering | Robots in Higher Education | Scoop.it
A collegiate robotics team recently won the Soft Robotics Design Competition. Its manta ray-inspired wings show great steps in soft robotics.
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Zero-Shot Translation with Google’s Multilingual Neural Machine Translation System

Zero-Shot Translation with Google’s Multilingual Neural Machine Translation System | Robots in Higher Education | Scoop.it
Posted by Mike Schuster (Google Brain Team), Melvin Johnson (Google Translate) and Nikhil Thorat (Google Brain Team) In the last 1
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A new standard in robotics

A new standard in robotics | Robots in Higher Education | Scoop.it
On the wall of Aaron Dollar's office is a poster for R.U.R. (Rossum's Universal Robots), the 1920 Czech play that gave us the word "robot." The story ends with the nominal robots seizing control of the factory of their origi
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PIBOT Can Fly Your Plane from Takeoff to Landing

KAIST's PIBOT can convert an aircraft from manned to unmanned just by sitting in the pilot's seat. Get all the details
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Harvard’s New Robot Teaches Kids To Code

Harvard’s New Robot Teaches Kids To Code | Robots in Higher Education | Scoop.it
Root is the latest educational robot to hit the scene. Invented by an experienced team from Harvard robotics area, Root can climb up whiteboards and draw on paper. For kids, Root makes learning to code interactive, and lots of fun.
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