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The Most Amazing Race: Reverse-Engineering the Brain

The Most Amazing Race: Reverse-Engineering the Brain | Robot & Cerveau | Scoop.it

If the race to map the human genome was the last great competition in science, the challenge to reverse-engineer the brain is the most amazing race today. But experts wildly disagree on how we'll get there.


Via Szabolcs Kósa
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Robot & Cerveau
Les machines pensent elles? ou pourront elles un jour le faire ? Et comment évolue ces techniques actuellement
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Rescooped by Lucile Debethune from Global Brain
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The Nature of Consciousness: How the Internet Could Learn to Feel

The Nature of Consciousness: How the Internet Could Learn to Feel | Robot & Cerveau | Scoop.it
"Romantic reductionist" neuroscientist Christof Koch discusses the scientific side of consciousness, including the notion that all matter is, to varying degrees, sentient.

Via Spaceweaver
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Rescooped by Lucile Debethune from The Incubator
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How Neuroscience Is Key to Successful Marketing Strategies

How Neuroscience Is Key to Successful Marketing Strategies | Robot & Cerveau | Scoop.it

Researching how the brain works can help to find which marketing strategies work best.


Via Roxana Rugina
Lucile Debethune's insight:

Ce n'est pas la première fois que je parle de neuromarketing (et comme beaucoup d'autres point qui flirtent avec l'éthique, dur d'avoir une position tranchée). cette fois-ci, un article plus orienté marketing.

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Rescooped by Lucile Debethune from UtopianDynamics
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Amputee Feels in Real-Time with Bionic Hand

Dennis Aabo Sørensen is the first amputee in the world to feel sensory rich information -- in real-time -- with a prosthetic hand wired to nerves in his uppe...

Via Paulo Furtado
Lucile Debethune's insight:

Les sensations dans les membres amputés (membres fantomes) viennent d'une région du cerveau particulière reliés à différents nerfs. Il est désormais possible de relier ces régions du cerveau à des prothèses plus ou moins évoluées pour "sentir" et donc, grâce au feedback, mieux manipuler) les objets.

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Perils and pleasures of mood-sensing technology - tech - 11 February 2014 - New Scientist

Perils and pleasures of mood-sensing technology - tech - 11 February 2014 - New Scientist | Robot & Cerveau | Scoop.it
What happens when we link films and music to devices that capture small changes in our emotions? Welcome to the world of reactive media, says Alexis Kirke
Lucile Debethune's insight:

Neuroscience et marketing sont liés (pour le meilleur et pour le pire) depuis longtemps, l’analyse des sentiments et le ciblage du public sont aussi des méthodes utilisées par le marketing (la publicité, par exemple Adword ou les Ad Facebbok) pour s’approcher de ce que veux le consommateur et créer des produits adaptés (que ce soit des biens de consommations ou des biens culturels, par exemple… lesl ivres, les films, etc…). Mais pour l’instant il s’agit plus de culture de masse créée pour répondre aux envies du plus grande nombre, ou alors de système de recommandation par similarité (longue traine, etc…) que d’un produit complètement lié à un individu particulier, ou à ses émotions (plus difficile à évaluer que son comportement conscient). C’est ce à quoi s’attaque les technologies de détection des émotions (mood sensing technologies)… progrès étonnant ou nouvelle erreur dérive de la technologie ? difficile de le dire, mais la frontière peut être mince

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Rescooped by Lucile Debethune from Tracking the Future
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Computer Chips in Your Brain

Computer Chips in Your Brain | Robot & Cerveau | Scoop.it

Imagine a world where information can be downloaded straight to your brain. It's not as unrealistic as you might think.


Via Szabolcs Kósa
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Marcin Piotr Świderski's curator insight, November 25, 2013 4:08 PM

It sounds pretty insane - but just think of it - how cool would it be...

Rescooped by Lucile Debethune from Tracking the Future
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Sentient code: An inside look at Stephen Wolfram's utterly new, insanely ambitious computational paradigm

Sentient code: An inside look at Stephen Wolfram's utterly new, insanely ambitious computational paradigm | Robot & Cerveau | Scoop.it

In 2002 Stephen Wolfram released A New Kind of Science and immediately unleashed a firestorm of wonder, controversy, and criticism as the British-born scientist, programmer, and entrepreneur overturned conventional ideas on how to pursue knowledge.

Earlier this month, he teased something with the capacity to create as much passion — and, likely, much more actual change — in the world of programming, computation, and applications.


Via Szabolcs Kósa
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Joe Stafura's curator insight, December 1, 2013 2:23 PM

Across my forty years in the IT area there have been some big changes, we all have seen the impact of exponential growth of computing power on our lives. A constant in the advancement of the technologies  has been the increase in the number of people who can use or design systems. At every step, as the glass rooms of my youth   became the Smart Phones in our pockets, and much more.

 

The Natural Language system for code creation is another one of those shifts, destined to be even more impactful than the most significant shift of the past IMHO,  when personal computers were designed for homes.

 

Wolfram is a hard guy to follow at times, speaking from my experience reading his "A New Kind of Science", but it is very likely his core ideas will emerge as an important part of the framework of future computerization as we all become part of the  "Internet of Things". 

Rescooped by Lucile Debethune from Knowmads, Infocology of the future
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Neuroscience: Idle minds

Neuroscience: Idle minds | Robot & Cerveau | Scoop.it
Neuroscientists are trying to work out why the brain does so much when it seems to be doing nothing at all.

Via Wildcat2030
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Rescooped by Lucile Debethune from Science News
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Cyborg tissue is half living cells, half electronics - tech - 28 August 2012 - New Scientist

Cyborg tissue is half living cells, half electronics - tech - 28 August 2012 - New Scientist | Robot & Cerveau | Scoop.it
Lab-grown heart cells, neurons and blood vessels snaked through with nanowires are blurring the boundary between electronics and biology...

Via Sakis Koukouvis
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Rescooped by Lucile Debethune from Global Brain
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Cognitive Machines Offer Many Benefits to Humanity

Cognitive Machines Offer Many Benefits to Humanity | Robot & Cerveau | Scoop.it
Building cognitive machines that process information the same way a brain does has been the dream of neuroscientists for more than 50 years.

Via Spaceweaver
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Rescooped by Lucile Debethune from Tracking the Future
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When Will Computers Do What the Brain Does?

When Will Computers Do What the Brain Does? | Robot & Cerveau | Scoop.it

Inventor and entrepreneur Ray Kurzweil is a pioneer in artificial intelligence—the principal developer of the first print-to-speech reading machine for the blind, and the first text-to-speech synthesizer, among other breakthroughs. He is also a writer who explores the future of information technology and how it is changing our word.

In a wide-ranging interview, Mr. Kurzweil and The Wall Street Journal's Alan Murray discussed advances in artificial intelligence, nanotechnology, and what it means to be human. Here are edited excerpts of their conversation.


Via Szabolcs Kósa
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Rescooped by Lucile Debethune from Tracking the Future
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Neuroevolution: an alternative route to Artificial Intelligence

If you were to ask a random person what the best example of Artificial Intelligence is out there, what do you think it would be?

Most likely, it would be IBM’s Watson.

In a stunning display of knowledge and accuracy, Watson blew away the world Jeopardy champions Ken Jennings and Brad Rutter without blowing a fuse, and ended with Jennings proclaiming, “I for one welcome our new computer overlords.”

IBM’s Watson represents the current popular approach to AI: that is, spending hundreds of hours hand-coding and fine-tuning a program to perform exceedingly well on a single task. Most people in the field of AI call machines like Watson an expert system because they are designed to be experts at a single task. This approach has been wildly successful lately, producing machines that drive cars and fly UAVs by themselves, beat world chess and Jeopardy champions, and even fool some people into thinking they’re human.

However, imagine how hard it would be to hand-code a system that could do everything the human brain is capable of. Do you think that sounds impossible? That’s the reason why the field of neuroevolution was born: scientists wanted to harness the creative power of evolution to design the programs that could achieve human-level intelligence.


Via Szabolcs Kósa
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Cienciaes.com: Cerebro y emociones. | Podcasts de Ciencia

Cienciaes.com: Cerebro y emociones. | Podcasts de Ciencia | Robot & Cerveau | Scoop.it

Somos criaturas favorecidas de una manera especial por la evolución. Mientras otros seres del planeta se han adaptado a los diferentes medios mejorando los sistemas de camuflaje, de defensa o de ataque, a nosotros la evolución nos ha premiado con un cerebro más desarrollado. Esa innovación ha resultado ser notablemente ventajosa, hasta el punto que, siendo criaturas físicamente mucho más débiles que otras, gracias a nuestro cerebro nos hemos convertido en depredadores implacables.

Lucile Debethune's insight:

Une fois n'est pas coutume, le lien d'aujourd'hui est en espagnol... et il ne s'agit pas d'un texte, mais d'un podcast très intéressant sur la science.

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La conscience et le cerveau, pas Stanislas Dehaene. Présentation par Jean-Paul Baquiast 31/03/2014

La conscience et le cerveau, pas Stanislas Dehaene. Présentation par Jean-Paul Baquiast 31/03/2014 | Robot & Cerveau | Scoop.it
Les automates intelligents: robotique, vie artificielle, réalité virtuelle - Revue mensuelle, par Jean-Paul Baquiast et Christophe Jacquemin
Lucile Debethune's insight:

Je suis fascinée par le cerveau, et par les récentes recherches autour de la mémoire, de la création du sens, des relation entre le conscient et l’inconscient, la façon dont passent les message entre les synapses, la résilience après un choc, etc

J’essaie donc de me tenir au courant, je ne pense pas être jamais capable de lire le livre de S. Dehaenne (bien sûr si je me lance, une fois le livre en français, j’essaierai de faire un résumé/une réaction ici) car il y a bien trop de concepts qui me sont inconnus, mais pour ceux  qui s’intéressent au sujet, quelques points qui me semblent intéressant :

L’utilisation de stimulus pour essayer de mapper les signatures de la conscience (ou les leviers qui entraine une réaction consciente)et donc aussi déterminer les facteurs qui font qu’information perçue reste inconsciente.

La description qu’il fait des échanges globaux au sein du cerveau et notamment de la partie consciente

 Mais bon, l’article ci-joint fais une meilleure recension du livre que moi ^^ 

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Rescooped by Lucile Debethune from Man and Machine
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"Printed" robot MARC to be showcased at national engineering event

"Printed" robot MARC to be showcased at national engineering event | Robot & Cerveau | Scoop.it
A 3D-printed robot will be one of the star attractions at an annual event aimed at inspiring the next generation of manufacturers and engineers.

Via Martin Talks
Lucile Debethune's insight:

Cette fois ci ce n'est pas autant l'intelligence artificielle que la manière de construire ce robot qui est mis en avant ... à vos imprimantes 3D ^^

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LE CERVEAU DANS LE VENTRE - France Culture Plus - France Culture

LE CERVEAU DANS LE VENTRE - France Culture Plus - France Culture | Robot & Cerveau | Scoop.it

L’être humain avait déjà un cerveau magnifique, il en a maintenant un deuxième, bien caché au creux de l’intestin. Vous pouvez l’appeler système nerveux entérique. Ses quelques 200 millions de neurones pourraient laisser penser que, dans le ventre, chacun de nous accueille l'équivalent du cerveau d'un petit chien...

Lucile Debethune's insight:

J’avoue, on s’éloigne de mon thème de prédilection qui tourne plutôt autour de la re-création du cerveau (ou de certains éléments du cerveau au niveau actuel)  par des systemes informatiques ou algorithmiques, par l’apprentissage technologique, l’étude des neuroscience, etc

Mais cette nouvelle est étonnante ( même si l’acupuncture, la culture Yogi, etc… parlaient de ce centre nerveux/conscient). En tout cas, j’espère que l’on en saura plus bientôt sur les informations échangées entre les deux cerveaux, et sur le rôle qu’ a put jouer ce « premier cerveau » (evolution-nairement parlant) dans la mise en place du deuxième cerveau "cranien". Mais aussi peut être sur l’état/l'existence de ce cerveau chez d’autres organismes vivant.

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Rescooped by Lucile Debethune from Tracking the Future
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Theodore Berger: Neuroengineering - The Future is Now

Dr. Theodore Berger's research is currently focused primarily on the hippocampus, a neural system essential for learning and memory functions.


Via Szabolcs Kósa
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Rescooped by Lucile Debethune from Tracking the Future
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The Most Amazing Race: Reverse-Engineering the Brain

The Most Amazing Race: Reverse-Engineering the Brain | Robot & Cerveau | Scoop.it

If the race to map the human genome was the last great competition in science, the challenge to reverse-engineer the brain is the most amazing race today. But experts wildly disagree on how we'll get there.


Via Szabolcs Kósa
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Rescooped by Lucile Debethune from Man and Machine
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How long before robots can think like us?

How long before robots can think like us? | Robot & Cerveau | Scoop.it

Will this summer be remembered as a turning point in the story of man versus machine? On June 23, with little fanfare, a computer program came within a hair’s breadth of passing the Turing test, a kind of parlour game for evaluating machine intelligence devised by mathematician Alan Turing more than 60 years ago.
This wasn’t as dramatic as Skynet becoming self-aware in the Terminator films, or HAL killing off his human crew mates in 2001, A Space Odyssey. But it was still a sign that machines are getting better at the art of talking – something that comes naturally to humans, but has always been a formidable challenge for computers.


Via Szabolcs Kósa, Martin Talks
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Rescooped by Lucile Debethune from Amazing Science
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Practical transhumanism: The first five living cyborgs (WIRED)

Practical transhumanism: The first five living cyborgs (WIRED) | Robot & Cerveau | Scoop.it

The term "cyborg" literally means "cybernetic organism" -- a being constructed of both mechanical and organic material. Although traditionally confined to the realms of science fiction, modern medicine and in particular prosthetics have made the term applicable to a number of human beings. Many people who could technically be labelled part-cybernetic, part-organic, have become so as the result of complex medical procedures, usually stemming from medical necessity. Some, however, chose to grant themselves cyborg status in the name of scientific advancement.


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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Artificial Intelligence, Robots & humans: A Cyberpsychological perspective

Artificial Intelligence, Robots & humans: A Cyberpsychological perspective | Robot & Cerveau | Scoop.it

The constant advancements in computing power, machine learning algorithms and breakthroughs in relevant technologies is setting the interaction between humans and computers on a road where sometime in the near future advanced Artificial Intelligences (A.I.) will engage with people in many meaningful ways.

The possibility of a machine with consciousness raises many philosophical, psychological and sociological questions about the nature of consciousness itself and what it really means to be intelligent. The computational modelling of human cognitive abilities can play a significant role in the advancement of cognitive psychology, giving a better understanding of people’s own intelligence. Going from natural to Artificial Intelligence, there are many challenges and risks to be met, but also great opportunities.


Via Szabolcs Kósa, Martin Talks
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Rescooped by Lucile Debethune from Tracking the Future
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Transhuman Week: exploring the frontiers of human enhancement

Transhuman Week: exploring the frontiers of human enhancement | Robot & Cerveau | Scoop.it

Wired.co.uk seeks to navigate the thorny ethical, medical and social issues associated with using technology to enhance the human body and mind through a series of features, galleries and guest posts...

from 3 September to 7 September

http://www.wired.co.uk/topics/transhuman-week


Via Szabolcs Kósa
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