Anesthesia In The Lives of Young Children
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Animal study spurs fears over kids' anesthesia

Animal study spurs fears over kids' anesthesia | Anesthesia In The Lives of Young Children | Scoop.it
Anesthesia can be harmful to the developing brain, studies on animals suggest, raising concerns about potential risks in putting young children under for surgery.
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Before there was a huge furry about the worries of anesthesia use on children, studies were conducted and exposed the effects of sedatives given to lab rats and other animals. Since anesthesia is used for several different procedures and surgeries, knowing its effects was important.  At that point, the Food and Drug Administration had no connection between the effects of anesthesia on animals and children, but it did raise the concern of the usage of sedatives received by young kids and infants. In an article published by the Associated Press, it was suggested that the brains of young animals were more vulnerable to anesthesia during the swift development of this organ. The major news organization also explained that the sedatives that put kids to sleep during medical procedures, usually killed the brain cells of the lab animals. They could also lead to long term brain abnormalities and behavioral changes of the animals. There had not been a study to prove that anesthesia would lead to brain damage in humans, but this was the beginning of the Food and Drug Administration’s research into the effects and the revamping of anesthesia to make it safer for children.

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Anesthesia in young kids may carry developmental risks

Anesthesia in young kids may carry developmental risks | Anesthesia In The Lives of Young Children | Scoop.it
While surgery carries risks for anyone, “going under” can have some particular risks for the very young.

A study coming out in the September issue of Pediatrics finds that children who have anesthesia before the age of 3, are at a higher risk for developmental delay issues later in life.
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This CNN health article explains how anesthesia may have developmental risks for children. Posted by Nadia Kounag, a CNN medical producer, with medical advice from a panel of expert doctors, the article has come to the conclusion that there is some sort of connection between anesthetics given at a young age and developmental issues. Many of the issues came with problems of understanding and listening skills. Studies had already shown an increase in learning disabilities and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder for kids who had been exposed to anesthesia. Then, a study done on 2,600 kids from Australia showed that adolescences who were exposed to anesthesia were more likely to have the developmental issues. There was also a difference shown in children who had received multiple dosages versus a child being exposed to anesthesia for the first time. Besides the studies, other medical professionals such as, Doctor David Warner, know that surgical procedures and anesthesia have hazardous aspects that could have long term effects on children. Research has to continually be done to have a better comprehension of these risks and effects of anesthesia.

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Conscious Sedation Procedures Using Intravenous Midazolam for Dental Care in Patients with Different Cognitive Profiles: A Prospective Study of Effectiveness and Safety

Conscious Sedation Procedures Using Intravenous Midazolam for Dental Care in Patients with Different Cognitive Profiles: A Prospective Study of Effectiveness and Safety | Anesthesia In The Lives of Young Children | Scoop.it
PLOS ONE: an inclusive, peer-reviewed, open-access resource from the PUBLIC LIBRARY OF SCIENCE. Reports of well-performed scientific studies from all disciplines freely available to the whole world.
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This is the other source for the paragraph about alternatives to anesthesia.

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SmartTots to Help Make Anesthetics and Sedatives Safer for Children - YouTube

Dr. Janet Woodcock, director of the Center for Drug Evaluation and Research at the Food and Drug Administration, and Dr. Michael Roizen, of the International...
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The path to researching the effects of anesthesia usage on kids is critical. One organization who has accomplished this amazing goal is Smart Tots. Created by a partnership between the International Anesthesia Research Society and the Food and Drug Administration, Smart tots was developed to make anesthesia safer for infants and children under four who have to undergo surgical procedures. The organization is ran by Dr. Michael Roizen and Dr. Janet Woodcock. They currently research the effects that anesthesia has on the developmental aspects of children’s lives. Also, different types of drugs used and the quantity given to children are being observed. Hopefully, the examination of this subject will inform doctors on any dangerous anesthetics and help create safer drug systems. Information is continuously being provided so guardians and parents will be educated on this research before deciding how to deal with their children’s future. With support and fund donation from the public, Smart Tots will progress in finding new leads that will continue to insure the safety of children and infants that receive anesthesia for surgical procedures.

 

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Anesthesia Basics

Anesthesia Basics | Anesthesia In The Lives of Young Children | Scoop.it
Knowing the basics of anesthesia may help answer your questions and ease some concerns — both yours and your child's.
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If at any time it is necessary for an infant or young child to obtain anesthesia for a surgery, there are basic guidelines given by doctor. An article is reviewed by Doctor Judith A. Jones, a pediatric anesthesiologist. In the article, on a highly visited website for information on children’s health there are guidelines that advise guardians to follow through with certain pre-operational tips that can help the kids have a smooth surgery. Every guardian should be prepared on how to deal with this situation. The anesthesiologist should know the patient’s medical background and previous health issues. Another crucial point is telling the specialized doctor if any allergies have occurred from a past usage of anesthesia. There may be certain eating or drinking guidelines before going into surgery and afterwards as well.  It is important to be comfortable and trust in the doctor administering the anesthesia, while knowing exactly what will happen before the procedure. The child may need to be calmed and reassured that the doctor will do their best to make sure they get in and out of surgery safe. The parents are also informed about the side effects that may occur from the type of anesthesia given. Many times following a doctor’s orders are precautions to keep the child in the best condition as possible.

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Kids Have Alternative to Dental Anesthesia

Sedation method avoids risk, and children feel no pain
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 The only alternative found thus far has been for dental procedures that was noted by a website based on providing helpful information and maintaining healthy lives. This health website posted an article explaining that a British study found an alternative that featured a sedative gas called midazolam. After medical trials were completed using the alternative, this method was ninety three percent successful. The down side to this article was the current status of the alternative. More information was found in another study by PLOS One, an online publication for research, which validated the article. A major difference in this study was that a gas was not specifically used, and midazolam could be received through an IV and liquids. It was also presented that this alternative still had a great success rate.

 

 

 

 Unfortunately for most surgical operations at this time, there are no alternatives for anesthesia. Because some procedures are so extensive and serious, it is impossible to use any medicines other than anesthesia. The best way to prevent the slightest risk from occurring is to think about the surgery a child needs. Some surgeries may not be needed at the moment and if there is a chance to wait until the adolescence gets older and grows before going into the surgery, it would highly benefit them. Before any other alternatives surface, more research is needed. This information could be used to help ensure anesthesia safety for children all around the world.

 

 

 

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