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Effectiveness Review: Ethiopia Drought Response 2011/12 | Oxfam GB

Effectiveness Review: Ethiopia Drought Response 2011/12 | Oxfam GB | Food & Nutrition Security in East Africa | Scoop.it

This report presents the findings of an effectiveness review carried out on Oxfam's response to the 2010/11 drought-related food crisis in Ethiopia that was undertake through the application of Oxfam's Humanitarian Indicator Tool. Overall the drought response partially met seven of the 12 standards. The report describes how all projects struggled to articulate Oxfam’s internal and external standards and to integrate practices that would benefit the affected communities beyond the immediate relief period. However, specific contextual challenges are identified and the report highlights the speed at which the programme responded to the needs of Somali refugees.

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Issues Affecting Food Security in East and Central Africa
Curated by Robin Landis
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Chinese food security may be motivating investments in Africa

Chinese food security may be motivating investments in Africa | Food & Nutrition Security in East Africa | Scoop.it

China's long-term motivation for investing in African farming could be to export food back to its home markets, a research paper from Standard Chartered bank has warned. The world's largest country is more or less self-sufficient in grains, but within 20-30 years it is expected to need to import an extra 100m tonnes of food a year to meet the growing appetites of its middle classes.

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Over 11 Million East Africans Homeless and Hungry, Says UN

Over 11 Million East Africans Homeless and Hungry, Says UN | Food & Nutrition Security in East Africa | Scoop.it

The number of displaced people in the East African region stood at 11.4 million by end of September, a new situation analysis report shows.

According to the report, released by the UN Office of Humanitarian Affairs (Ocha), at least 2.47 million people of the total displaced population are refugees, while another over 8.97 milion are Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) and others severely affected by conflict.

This represents an increase of 1.4 million people...


...The report says at least 12.8 million people in some 10 countries in the region , including Sudan, South Sudan, Somalia, Kenya, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Uganda, Rwanda and Burundi, are actually facing severe food insecurity...



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ETHIOPIA | Finding the right partner to make African smallholder farmers more resilient

Innovative partnerships have been instrumental in helping smallscale farmers and pastoralists in East Africa become more resilient.

But finding the right scheme is a challenge, Ayman Omer, country director of Oxfam Ethiopia tells Devex’s Kate Warren in this video interview on the sidelines of Devex’s Careers and Partnerships forum in Addis Ababa.

“It’s not always easy to find the right partnerships,” he said. “But this is something that we believe in and we really try to get the right partners.”

Watch the above clip to learn more insights from Omer about how Oxfam helps build agricultural resilience in the region, which organizations they are partnering with, and areas they are focusing on.

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Unicef Calls 2014 One of Worst Years on Record for World's Children

Unicef Calls 2014 One of Worst Years on Record for World's Children | Food & Nutrition Security in East Africa | Scoop.it
Up to 15 million children are directly entangled in violent conflicts, mostly in the Middle East and Africa, a report by the group said.


...In South Sudan, the world’s youngest country, which gained independence in 2011, a calamitous civil conflict that erupted a year ago has brought severe hunger, homelessness and death. More than 750,000 children have been displaced in the country, 320,000 others are refugees in neighboring countries and 235,000 under age 5 are suffering “severe acute malnutrition,” the report said.

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10 ways donors can support African governments on rural land rights

10 ways donors can support African governments on rural land rights | Food & Nutrition Security in East Africa | Scoop.it

News of soaring demand for land in Africa and the strain this places on rural men and women is not new. Nor is it news that some of the land governance systems on the continent have not sufficiently protected rural communities in the face of heightened demand for land.

But at the conclusion of the first African Land Policy Conference on Nov. 14, the momentum behind land policy reform on the continent is strong and clear.

Just last week, the Land Policy Initiative — a joint initiative of the African Union, the U.N. Economic Commission for Africa and the African Development Bank — launched its Principles for Large-Scale Land-Based Investments, which is certain to spark new policy and laws among African countries at a time when several of them are in the process of historic reforms to their land tenure laws and policies.

Rwanda, for example, has documented land rights for its rural women and men for the first time. Kenya adopted a new constitution in 2010 which protects women’s rights to land and family resources. Uganda adopted in 2013 a new land policy which envisions an overhaul of the current land rights laws, and further establishes land rights for women.

Each of these efforts was supported by far thinking donors who understand that if countries don’t get land rights right, their efforts on a host of other priorities — from women’s empowerment to food security — will be frustrated. Donor resources are limited: Every dollar counts and the money won’t last. The question for donors is thus how to best support Africa in securing access to land for rural people at this critical juncture.

Here are 10 ways:

1. Work with governments, the private sector and communities to support healthy and sustainable land sector investments.

2. Increase support to Africa’s small and medium-size farms.

3. Support government efforts to recognize and protect community land rights.

4. Seek ways to support women’s access and rights to land — as enshrined in the constitutions, laws and policies of many African countries — and support work to ensure that those rights are realized and implemented.

5. Support government efforts to decentralize land governance at the local level.

6. Base programs on a thorough understanding of local needs, priorities, and capacity.

7. Coordinate more effectively with other donors.

8. Commit to long-term horizon for land policy reform.

9. Invest in robust research and monitoring efforts.
10. Dedicate resources to capacity building in-country wherever and whenever possible.

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Academics Have a Crucial Role to Play in Agric Transformation

A new Millennium Development Goal (MDG) report indicates that countries in the region have in recent years given more attention to the services sector at the expense of agriculture yet the latter employs more than 80 per cent of the poor people.


The report, released by the African Development Bank (AfDB) and United Nations Economic Conference on Africa (Uneca), shows that recent rapid economic transformation had failed to improve the living conditions for most East Africans largely because agriculture, which is key to poverty reduction, had been ignored.


The report came hot on the heels of a meeting of more than 100 agronomists, policy makers, business leaders, farmers and development partners from across the continent, in Kigali, that sought to explore ways of accelerating agriculture transformation in Africa.

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Hungry Planet: Can Big Data Help Feed 9 Billion Humans?

Hungry Planet: Can Big Data Help Feed 9 Billion Humans? | Food & Nutrition Security in East Africa | Scoop.it

With a population set to hit 9 billion human beings by 2050, the world needs to grow more food —without cutting down forests and jungles, which are the climate's huge lungs.

The solution, according to one soil management scientist, is Big Data.

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Malabo Declaration: Strengthening Commitments to Food and Nutrition Security in Africa

Last June, African Heads of State and Government renewed and strengthened their commitment to achieve food and nutrition security on the continent. They adopted a remarkably ambitious set of concrete goals to be reached by 2025, in their ‘Malabo Declaration on Accelerated Agricultural Growth and Transformation for Shared Prosperity and Improved Livelihoods’.

This video presents briefly the perspectives of some key CAADP stakeholders about the Malabo Declaration.

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WFP Forced To Reduce Food Rations To Refugees In Kenya | WFP

Around half a million refugees, mainly from Somalia and South Sudan, living in the Dadaab and Kakuma camps in remote areas in northern Kenya, will receive reduced rations from the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) as a result of insufficient funding.


The ration cut of 50 percent, starting tomorrow, comes as WFP struggles to raise US$38 million to cover its refugee operation for the next six months. This includes US$15.5 million urgently required to address food needs through January 2015.


"WFP has done everything it can to avoid reducing rations, using all means at our disposal to cover critical funding gaps," said Paul Turnbull, WFP Deputy Country Director for Kenya. "Cutting rations is the last resort and we're doing it to eke out the limited food we currently have available over the next ten weeks, as we continue to appeal to the international community to assist."...

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ICN2 | Second International Conference on Nutrition | 19-21 November, Rome

ICN2 | Second International Conference on Nutrition | 19-21 November, Rome | Food & Nutrition Security in East Africa | Scoop.it

The Second International Conference on Nutrition (ICN2) is an inclusive inter-governmental meeting on nutrition jointly organized by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO). The two main outcome documents of the conference are the Rome Declaration on Nutrition: a political commitment document, and the Framework for Action: a technical guide for implementation.

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Cultivating Nutritious Food Systems: Stories from East Africa

Watch as we profile several organizations and individuals working in East Africa to bring nutritious local foods to their communities. These stories are snapshots from GAIN's first of a series of Snapshot Reports, Cultivating Nutritious Food Systems.

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Gates foundation spends bulk of agriculture grants in rich countries

Gates foundation spends bulk of agriculture grants in rich countries | Food & Nutrition Security in East Africa | Scoop.it

Most of the $3bn (£1.8bn) that the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation has given to benefit hungry people in the world’s poorest countries has been spent in the US, Britain and other rich countries, with only around 10% spent in Africa, new research suggests.


Analysis of grants made by the foundation shows that nearly half the money awarded over the past decade went to global agriculture research networks, as well as organisations including the World Bank and UN agencies, and groups that work in Africa to promote hi-tech farming.

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No more rotten crops: six smart inventions to prevent harvest loss

No more rotten crops: six smart inventions to prevent harvest loss | Food & Nutrition Security in East Africa | Scoop.it


Post-harvest losses are estimated to remove as much as 50% of crops from the food supply in developing countries. Moisture, infestation and rotting are major problems for farmers and processors, leading to reduced income and aggravating hunger.


Research and private sector organisations are coming up with solutions to combat post-harvest losses.

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KENYA | A New Milk Can For The Developing World, Funded By Bill Gates

KENYA | A New Milk Can For The Developing World, Funded By Bill Gates | Food & Nutrition Security in East Africa | Scoop.it
In Kenya, milk often goes bad or is contaminated before it even reaches the market. A few simple design innovations could fix that.
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SOMALIA | Number of Somalis in crisis surges 20 percent

SOMALIA | Number of Somalis in crisis surges 20 percent | Food & Nutrition Security in East Africa | Scoop.it

More than three million people in war-torn Somalia -- 20 percent more than last year -- need urgent help because of malnutrition, war and other crises, the UN said Monday.


The warning came three years after more than 250,000 people died of hunger in the troubled east African country.


The people of Somalia continue to face a severe humanitarian crisis. Over one million Somalis are unable to meet their basic food requirements, an increase of 20 percent since February 2014, the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UN OCHA) said in a statement.

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Ebola Hits West Africa Food Security | WFP

West Africa's Ebola outbreak, which has been disrupting agricultural and market activities, threatens to erode food security and negatively affect the livelihoods of millions of already vulnerable people in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone unless more is done to meet their immediate food and nutritional needs, say aid agencies.


...The World Food Programme (WFP) found that more than 80 percent of people surveyed via mobile phone in the eastern part of Sierra Leone say they have been eating less expensive food since the outbreak began. Three-quarters of respondents have begun to reduce the number of daily meals and portion sizes...

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Aquaculture Can Grow Faster, Raising Micronutrient Supply From Fish

Aquaculture Can Grow Faster, Raising Micronutrient Supply From Fish | Food & Nutrition Security in East Africa | Scoop.it

Technological advances can offset resource constraints, FAO experts say in new study


Fish farming will likely grow more than expected in the coming decade, offering a chance for improved nutrition for millions of people, especially in Asia and Africa, according to a new report.


Increased investment in the aquaculture sector - particularly in productivity-enhancing technologies including in the areas of water use, breeding, hatchery practices and feedstuff innovation - should boost farmed-fish production by as much as 4.14 percent per year through 2022, notably faster than the 2.54 percent growth forecast made earlier this year in a joint report by FAO and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.

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Ethiopia: The Chefe Donsa seed bank's goal for food Security

Ethiopia: The Chefe Donsa seed bank's goal for food Security | Food & Nutrition Security in East Africa | Scoop.it

The Chefe Donsa seed bank is just one of 13 established in different climatic areas of the country. The nation’s central seed bank, which the Ethiopian Institute of Biodiversity set up in Addis Ababa, helps researchers and farmers retain agricultural biodiversity. By preserving this, researchers hope to strengthen food security in the country and mitigate the risk of famine, which is increasing due to climate change-related droughts.

This film was made with the support of the Innovation in Development Reporting Grant Programme, which is run by the European Journalism Centre and financed by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

- See more at: http://www.geeskaafrika.com/ethiopia-the-chefe-donsa-seed-banks-goal-for-food-security/5937/?__scoop_post=7fe4e9f0-5756-11e4-d4df-842b2b775358&__scoop_topic=800860#__scoop_post=7fe4e9f0-5756-11e4-d4df-842b2b775358&__scoop_topic=800860
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African Development Bank to Contribute to Food Security in 11 Countries

The African Development Bank (AfDB) and the Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA) Kenya have signed on November 14, 2014, in Nairobi, a grant agreement to support the growth and formalization of 54 African seed companies in eleven countries.


The Fund for African Private Sector Assistance (FAPA) managed by the Bank has provided US $1 million to fund a technical assistance project in the form of Business Development Services for the 54 seed companies. This technical assistance project will help the seed companies increase their production of quality seeds for rural farmers ultimately contributing to ensuring food security and the reduction of poverty in rural areas. Gabriel Negatu, Regional Director, East Africa Regional Resource Centre, and Agnès Kalibata, President, AGRA, signed on behalf of the Bank and AGRA, respectively.


The 54 seed companies are located in Burkina Faso, Ghana, Mali, Rwanda, Mozambique, Tanzania, Sierra Leone, Senegal, Niger, Liberia and Uganda.

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UGANDA | Biofortification is here to give hope to African Malnourished

UGANDA | Biofortification is here to give hope to African Malnourished | Food & Nutrition Security in East Africa | Scoop.it

...Biofortification can mitigate the effects of vitamin A deficiency (VAD) in people, reports HarvestPlus, a research centre committed to fighting global hunger. Microsoft co-founder and philanthropist Bill Gates provides financial support to HarvestPlus. The organization further notes that VAD is a serious health problem in more than 90 countries but more acutely in Africa and Asia. The deficiency causes preventable blindness in children and increases the risk of disease and death from severe infections. It also causes night blindness in women and increases the risk of maternal mortality...

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The Right to Food: An Interview With Hilal Elver

Hilal Elver is the United Nations' Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food. She grew up in Turkey, where she earned her Ph.D. from the University of Ankara Law School and began her teaching career. Her expertise was soon pressed into government service when the Turkish government appointed her as the founding legal advisor to the Ministry of the Environment. Later, they asked her to serve as the General Director of Women's Status.

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ETHIOPIA | The Great Ethiopian Famine of 1984 Remembered

ETHIOPIA | The Great Ethiopian Famine of 1984 Remembered | Food & Nutrition Security in East Africa | Scoop.it

ANALYSIS By Alemayehu G. Mariam


There is famine in Ethiopia in 2014, but it is known by other fancy names

With the connivance of the 'international community' and a phalanx of aid people, successive Ethiopian regimes have succeeded to hide the reality of famine facing millions of its people every year. The regimes have also prevented critical interrogation of the political dimensions of these recurrent food crises.


Famine in Ethiopia is a topic that horrifies me. Over the years, I have written long commentaries on the subject often challenging with incontrovertible facts the fabricated and false claims of the Tigrean Peoples Liberation Front and its late leader Meles Zenawi that there has been no famine in Ethiopia since they took power in 1991. Of course, there has been famine in Ethiopia every year since 1991. They just don't call famine, famine. They have fancy names for it like "extreme malnutrition", "severe under-nutrition", "extreme food shortage", "catastrophic food shortages" and other clever misnomers. However, famine in Ethiopia sugarcoated with fancy words and phrases is still famine!....

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KENYA | Unilever partners with WFP to tackle hunger | WFP

Unilever’s partnership with WFP will also support smallholder farmers in Kenya with expertise to improve crop quality and yields.


WFP Country Representative in Kenya Ronald Sibanda said the partnership with Unilever will have an immediate impact on the lives of children and on communities in Kenya.


An educated workforce is critical for development of any country and a regular nutritious meal at school acts as a magnet to get children into the classroom, and helps keep them in school, “ Sibanda said.


The UN food agency has been responding to food insecurity in Kenya through three separate initiatives—school meals, food assistance to refugees, and food or cash for people working on resilience projects that prevent soil erosion and rehabilitate farmland.


WFP, which has been working with the private sector and governments, said it is building the capacity in developing countries to produce home-grown solutions to hunger, such as the highly nutritious supplementary food products for children.

The UN agency said it’s rapidly increasing the number of children and new mothers who receive new nutritionally enhanced food products.


Statistics show that around one in nine people in the world—many of them children—do not receive enough food and nutrition to lead a healthy life and build strong futures. Along with providing the right nutrition, WFP school meals act as a powerful incentive to children who don’t attend lessons into school.


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