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Scientists Seek to Update Evolution | Quanta Magazine

Scientists Seek to Update Evolution |  Quanta Magazine | Research & Technology | Scoop.it
evin Laland looked out across the meeting room at a couple hundred people gathered for a conference on the future of evolutionary biology. A colleague sidled up next to him and asked how he thought things were going.

“I think it’s going quite well,” Laland said. “It hasn’t gone to fisticuffs yet.”

Laland is an evolutionary biologist who works at the University of St. Andrews in Scotland. On a chilly gray November day, he came down to London to co-host a meeting at the Royal Society called “New Trends in Evolutionary Biology.” A motley crew of biologists, anthropologists, doctors, computer scientists, and self-appointed visionaries packed the room. The Royal Society is housed in a stately building overlooking St. James’s Park. Today the only thing for Laland to see out of the tall meeting-room windows was scaffolding and gauzy tarps set up for renovation work. Inside, Laland hoped, another kind of renovation would be taking place.

In the mid-1900s, biologists updated Darwin’s theory of evolution with new insights from genetics and other fields. The result is often called the Modern Synthesis, and it has guided evolutionary biology for over 50 years. But in that time, scientists have learned a tremendous amount about how life works. They can sequence entire genomes. They can watch genes turn on and off in developing embryos. They can observe how animals and plants respond to changes in the environment.

As a result, Laland and a like-minded group of biologists argue that the Modern Synthesis needs an overhaul. It has to be recast as a new vision of evolution, which they’ve dubbed the Extended Evolutionary Synthesis. Other biologists have pushed back hard, saying there is little evidence that such a paradigm shift is warranted.

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The AI Singularity is Not Nigh

The AI Singularity is Not Nigh | Research & Technology | Scoop.it
It has become common to hear now that the ‘AI Singularity’ is soon upon us. Soon Artificial Intelligence will reach such an advanced state that it will update itself, leading to an exponential…
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Map of Britain On Film – archive movies and films from across the UK

Search the BFI Britain On Film map to find and watch movies from your local area of the UK
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Data is complex, but how we communicate it doesn’t have to be

Data is complex, but how we communicate it doesn’t have to be | Research & Technology | Scoop.it
Recently I spoke at CrunchConf in Budapest. It was a great experience. The conference is fantastic for people interested in data (e.g. data…
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Google AI invents its own cryptographic algorithm; no one knows how it works

Google AI invents its own cryptographic algorithm; no one knows how it works | Research & Technology | Scoop.it
Neural networks seem good at devising crypto methods; less good at codebreaking.
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My strategy for increased privacy

My strategy for increased privacy | Research & Technology | Scoop.it
Google makes awesome services. Facebook is great in many ways. The problem is that we pay for these services with our data. Free is not…
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Animate maps with mapmate: R package for map- and globe-based still image sequences

Animate maps with mapmate: R package for map- and globe-based still image sequences | Research & Technology | Scoop.it
Introduction to mapmate mapmate (map animate) is an R package for map animation. It is used to generate and save a sequence of plots to disk as a still image sequence intended for later use in data animation production. The mapmate package is used for map- and globe-based data animation pre-production. Specifically, mapmate functions are…

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Toward a Constructive Technology Criticism

Toward a Constructive Technology Criticism | Research & Technology | Scoop.it
“This is a work of criticism. If it were literary criticism, everyone would immediately understand the underlying purpose is positive. A critic of literature examines a work, analyzing its features, evaluating its qualities, seeking a deeper appreciatio
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This is freakishly long for a casual read but just on a quick glance through I think will be well worth the time.
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The Neural Network Zoo - The Asimov Institute

The Neural Network Zoo - The Asimov Institute | Research & Technology | Scoop.it
With new neural network architectures popping up every now and then, it’s hard to keep track of them all. Knowing all the abbreviations being thrown around (DCIGN, BiLSTM, DCGAN, anyone?) can be a bit overwhelming at first. So I decided to compose a cheat sheet containing many of those architectures. Most of these are neural networks, some are completely …

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Henri Laude's curator insight, September 27, 2:29 AM
Non seulement, c'est joli ... mais surtout cela vous suggère des topologies de réseaux neuronaux que vous n'utilisez peut-être pas de façon naturelle !
things's curator insight, October 2, 7:57 AM
A mostly complete chart of Neural Networks
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Macchiarini scandal: overstepping the research ethics mark - EuroScientist journal

Macchiarini scandal: overstepping the research ethics mark - EuroScientist journal | Research & Technology | Scoop.it
A star scientist overstating the outcome of his pioneering transplant experiments may be worrying. But when these experiments are performed in humans, used a guinea pigs, before laboratory research proves the validity of the approach, we have a recipe for disaster. The recent Macchiarini scandal has led to one of the most shocking case of scientific misconduct in recent years. It reveals a lot about the vanity culture pervading some fields of research. Our outlook on what constitutes success in research may need to be revised.
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Navigating Social Science/Humanities research integrity straits: between Scylla and Charybdis

Navigating Social Science/Humanities research integrity straits: between Scylla and Charybdis | Research & Technology | Scoop.it
Is social sciences and humanity research the domain of blatant misconduct?
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Research Aims to Make Fish Farming More Energy Efficient - Campus News

More sustainable aquaculture in Canada and abroad is the goal of a novel research project at the University of Guelph that brings together experts in fish nutrition and engineering. The researchers aim to make fish farming more energy efficient, saving money for producers in Canada’s nearly $1 billion aquaculture industry and producing more healthy fish …
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Putting data on maps using R: easier than ever

Putting data on maps using R: easier than ever | Research & Technology | Scoop.it
Using R to add data to maps has been pretty straightforward for a few years now. That said, it seems easier than ever to do things like use map APIs (e.g. Google, Open Street Map), overlay quite complex data visualisations (e.g. "heatmap-style" densities) and even generate animations. A couple of key R packages in this…

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Machines are becoming smarter marketers

Machines are becoming smarter marketers | Research & Technology | Scoop.it
Marketing is only helpful when it’s meeting a need. It sounds simple, but those needs can be really tough to parse. Like any consumer, my needs evolve every day, if not every minute. I won’t stand for poorly targeted ads or messages that are irrelevant to me.
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Open-source plastic recycling machine plans allow anyone to convert waste into new products

Open-source plastic recycling machine plans allow anyone to convert waste into new products | Research & Technology | Scoop.it
Take one of the world's most accessible waste products, plastic, and turn it into a resource with a Precious Plastic V2.0 setup.
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What Last Week’s Internet Shut Down Really Means

What Last Week’s Internet Shut Down Really Means | Research & Technology | Scoop.it
The Internet of Things era is already here. It could take down our cities if we let it.
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Home | openNASA

Home | openNASA | Research & Technology | Scoop.it
Introducing open.NASA 2.0! Discover NASA resources, be inspired by the work of your citizens, learn how you can Explore With Us, or tell us what you've created using NASA data.
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No fracking, drilling or digging: it’s the only way to save life on Earth | George Monbiot

No fracking, drilling or digging: it’s the only way to save life on Earth | George Monbiot | Research & Technology | Scoop.it
The Paris climate change agreement is worthless. Politicians can’t possibly honour it unless we stop developing all new fossil fuel reserves
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Time Might Only Exist In Your Head. And Everyone Else's

Time Might Only Exist In Your Head. And Everyone Else's | Research & Technology | Scoop.it
Past. Present. Future.

In physics, they are all the same thing. But to you, me, and everyone else, time moves in one direction: from expectation, through experience, and into memory. This linearity is called the arrow of time, and some physicists believe it only progresses that way because humans, and other beings with similar neurological wiring, exist to observe its passing.

The question of time’s arrow is an old one. And to be clear, it’s not whether time exists, but what direction it moves. Many physicists believe it emerges when enough tiny particles—individually governed by the weird rules of quantum mechanics— interact, and start displaying behavior that can be explained using classical physics. But two scientists argue, in a paper published today in Annalen der physik—the same journal that published Einstein’s seminal articles on special and general relativity—that gravity isn’t strong enough to force every object in the universe to follow the same past»present»future direction. Instead, time’s arrow emerges from observers.

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Sheila Jasanoff: framing research with citizens' perspectives - EuroScientist journal

Sheila Jasanoff: framing research with citizens' perspectives - EuroScientist journal | Research & Technology | Scoop.it
In this interview, Sheila Jasanoff, warns that regulatory bodies alone cannot take decisions on thorny contemporary scientific issues
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Shaping tomorrow's research integrity - EuroScientist journal

Shaping tomorrow's research integrity - EuroScientist journal | Research & Technology | Scoop.it
The ultimate responsibility for good research practice lies with individual researchers. But such practice can only flourish in a favourable environment.
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