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Gifting of research funds by politicians undermines quality

Gifting of research funds by politicians undermines quality | research policy | Scoop.it
I have worked as a health researcher for over 30 years. During that time I have made numerous applications for funding. The majority of these have, to my frustration, been rejected.
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Nobel prizewinner John O'Keefe urges UK to nurture young scientists

Nobel prizewinner John O'Keefe urges UK to nurture young scientists | research policy | Scoop.it
Joint winner says move to UK was important to his success and fears impact of government migration controls and funding freeze
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Why do some forms of cancer receive more research funding than others? - The Independent

Why do some forms of cancer receive more research funding than others? - The Independent | research policy | Scoop.it
Breast cancer research receives more money than any other form of the disease in the UK, official data shows.
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Australian Government investment in science reaches 30-year low

Australian Government investment in science reaches 30-year low | research policy | Scoop.it
The Australian government's investment in research and development has dropped to its lowest level in 30 years, an analysis of government figures shows.
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Basic science finds corporate refuge

Basic science finds corporate refuge | research policy | Scoop.it
As many older companies move away from fundamental research, young technology firms are picking up the slack.
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Scientific Publishing Is Killing Science

Scientific Publishing Is Killing Science | research policy | Scoop.it
Here's how to fix it. (A publishing model to improve peer review & dissemination. Time for #LivingSystematicReview? http://t.co/QiHRBf3KiZ)
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Humanities Studies Under Strain Around the Globe - New York Times

Humanities Studies Under Strain Around the Globe - New York Times | research policy | Scoop.it
Humanities Studies Under Strain Around the Globe New York Times Financing for humanities research in the United States has fallen steadily since 2009, and in 2011 was less than half of one percent of the amount dedicated to science and engineering...
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Science needs fund formula - Chinadaily USA

Science needs fund formula - Chinadaily USA | research policy | Scoop.it
Science needs fund formula
Chinadaily USA
Fury is the word the minister of science and technology used on the weekend to describe his feelings about the rampant misappropriation of scientific research funds.
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Why Are There Still So Few Women in Science?

Why Are There Still So Few Women in Science? | research policy | Scoop.it
Hint: The answer has more to do with “The Big Bang Theory” than with longstanding theories about men’s so-called natural aptitude.
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Today's Nobel Prize Winner Had His Research Funding Cut By The NIH

Today's Nobel Prize Winner Had His Research Funding Cut By The NIH | research policy | Scoop.it
Today's Nobel Prize winner Rothman has been unable to get funding for his latest NIH grant application, a terrible sign that we aren't funding basic science.
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Funding Brazil's science: Sao Paulo's success story - SciDev.Net

Funding Brazil's science: Sao Paulo's success story - SciDev.Net | research policy | Scoop.it
Funding Brazil's science: Sao Paulo's success story
SciDev.Net
The success of Sao Paulo's way of funding science has made it a model throughout Brazil, Luís Amorim reports.
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Golden Goose Awards promote basic biology, math research

Golden Goose Awards promote basic biology, math research | research policy | Scoop.it
With the NSF budget under attack, some Congressmen are promoting basic science.
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Why You Should Care about Pentagon Funding of Obama’s BRAIN Initiative | Cross-Check, Scientific American Blog Network

Why You Should Care about Pentagon Funding of Obama’s BRAIN Initiative | Cross-Check, Scientific American Blog Network | research policy | Scoop.it
In two recent posts (here and here), I complained that the big new BRAIN (Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies) Initiative, to which Barack Obama has ...
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How many scholarly papers are on the Web? At least 114 million, professor finds | Penn State University

How many scholarly papers are on the Web? At least 114 million, professor finds | Penn State University | research policy | Scoop.it
How many scholarly papers are on the Web? At least 114 million, professor finds
Stephanie Koons
October 9, 2014
UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa. -- Lee Giles, a professor at Penn State’s College of Information Sciences and Technology (IST), has devoted a large portion of his career to developing search engines and digital libraries that make it easier for researchers to access scholarly articles. While numerous databases and search engines track scholarly documents and thus facilitate research, many researchers and academics are concerned about the extent to which academic and scientific documents are available on the Web as well as their ability to access them. As part of an effort to make the process of accessing documents more efficient, Giles recently conducted a study of two major academic search engines to estimate the number of scholarly documents available on the Web.

“How many scholarly papers are out there?” said Giles, who is also a professor of computer science and engineering (CSE), a professor of supply chain and information systems, and director of the Intelligent Systems Research Laboratory. “How many are freely available?”

Giles and his advisee, Madian Khabsa, a doctoral candidate in CSE, presented their findings in “The Number of Scholarly Documents on the Public Web,” which was published in the May 2014 edition of PLOS ONE, a peer-reviewed scientific journal published by the Public Library of Science. The paper was also mentioned twice in Nature, a prominent interdisciplinary scientific journal, as well as various blogs and websites.

In their paper, Giles and Khabsa report that they estimated the number of scholarly documents available on the Web by studying the overlap in coverage of two major academic search engines: Google Scholar and Microsoft Academic Search. By scholarly documents, they refer to journal and conference papers, dissertations and master’s degree theses, books, technical reports and working papers. Google Scholar is a freely accessible Web search engine that indexes the full text of scholarly literature across an array of publishing formats and disciplines. Microsoft Academic Search is a free public search engine for academic papers and literature, developed by Microsoft Research for the purpose of algorithms research in object-level vertical search, data mining, entity linking and data visualization. Using statistical methods, Giles and Khabsa estimated that at least 114 million English-language scholarly documents are accessible on the Web, of which Google Scholar has nearly 100 million. They estimate that at least 27 million (24 percent) are freely available since they do not require a subscription or payment of any kind. The estimates are limited to English documents only.

Giles’ and Khabsa’s study, Giles said, is the “first to use statistical, rigorous techniques in doing these estimations.” The researchers conducted their study using capture-recapture methods, which were pioneered in ecology and derive their name from censuses of wildlife in which several animals are captured, marked, released and subject to recapture. The technique examines the degree of overlap between two or more methods of ascertainment and uses a simple formula to estimate the total size of the population. Since their study was not longitudinal, Giles said, he and Khabsa plan to do another capture in the future to verify their results.

Giles’ interest in determining the number of scholarly documents on the Web was inspired by more than just curiosity — as a developer of various novel search engines and digital libraries, there are practical implications for his research. CiteSeer, a public search engine and digital library for scientific and academic papers, primarily in the fields of computer and information science, was created by Giles, Kurt Bollacker and Steve Lawrence in 1997 while they were at the NEC Research Institute (now NEC Labs), in Princeton, New Jersey, CiteSeer's goal was to actively crawl and harvest academic and scientific documents on the Web and use autonomous citation indexing to permit querying by citation or by document, ranking them by citation impact. CiteSeer, which is often considered to be the first automated citation indexing system, was considered a predecessor of academic search tools such as Google Scholar and Microsoft Academic Search. Released in 2008, CiteSeerX was loosely based on the previous CiteSeer search engine and digital library and is built with a new open source infrastructure, SeerSuite, and new algorithms and their implementations. While CiteSeerX has retained CiteSeer’s focus on computer and information science, it has recently been expanding into other scholarly domains such as economics, medicine and physics. One of the motivations for determining the number of scholarly documents on the Web, Giles said, is to increase the number of papers in CiteSeerX.

A significant finding in their study, Giles and Khabsa wrote in their paper, is that almost one in four of Web accessible scholarly documents are freely and publicly available. The researchers used Google Scholar to estimate this percentage because Scholar provides a direct link to the publicly available document next to each search result where a link is available. The findings are important, Giles said, because publicly available documents carry more weight in the research community. Governments, especially those in Europe, fund a lot of scientific research and don’t want papers not to be freely available. In addition, he said, it's been shown that freely available papers are much more likely to be cited than those that are not.

By having an idea of how many scholarly documents are on the Web as well as how many are freely available, Giles said, researchers can be better equipped to manage scholarly document research and related projects.

"It was surprising to see how many scholarly documents were digitized and how many were freely available,” Giles said. “But keep in mind, these estimates were only for those written in English. How many are there in other languages, more or less than English?"

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A stick to get NIH to fund more young biomedical scientists? - Science AAAS

A stick to get NIH to fund more young biomedical scientists? - Science  AAAS | research policy | Scoop.it
Representative Andy Harris (R–MD) wants to require agency to find ways to lower age of first grant
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Ben Cubby sur Twitter : "'Science funding reaches a 30-year-low' - important story today by @ingating and @NickySMH http://t.co/dyt7vJBFre"

Ben Cubby sur Twitter : "'Science funding reaches a 30-year-low' - important story today by @ingating and @NickySMH http://t.co/dyt7vJBFre" | research policy | Scoop.it
'Science funding reaches a 30-year-low' - important story today by @ingating and @NickySMH http://t.co/dyt7vJBFre
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Is funding the most serious threat facing science today? - The Guardian

Is funding the most serious threat facing science today? - The Guardian | research policy | Scoop.it
The Guardian
Is funding the most serious threat facing science today?
The Guardian
In every profession, good management practices and appropriate administration are essential for success, and science is no exception.
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Swiss Government to Offset ERC Funding Block - Science News

Swiss Government to Offset ERC Funding Block - Science News | research policy | Scoop.it
Swiss Government to Offset ERC Funding Block
Science News
As of 26 February and until further notice, Switzerland is now considered a so-called third country in Horizon 2020. This means that its researchers can still apply for E.U.
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Why is qualitative interdisciplinary research so difficult to take seriously?

Why is qualitative interdisciplinary research so difficult to take seriously? | research policy | Scoop.it
I was recently corresponding with a professor discussing one of the “Big Five” medical journals. My research is primarily qualitative and he remarked that the particular editor he was talking to, “...
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Science, 'whores' and dissent - Aljazeera.com

Science, 'whores' and dissent - Aljazeera.com | research policy | Scoop.it
Science, 'whores' and dissent Aljazeera.com Rayna Stamboliyska is a research fellow at the Centre for Interdisciplinary Research at Paris 5 Descartes University where she develops the synthetic biology part of the Citizen Cyberlab project and...
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PM's science advisor appointed as UN sec-gen's new scientific advisory board - New Straits Times

PM's science advisor appointed as UN sec-gen's new scientific advisory board New Straits Times CYBERJAYA: UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon has appointed Malaysia's Datuk Seri Zakri Abdul Hamid to a newly-created Board of leading scientists mandated...
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Comparative Benchmarking of European and US Research Collaboration and Researcher Mobility | SciVal

Comparative Benchmarking of European and US Research Collaboration and Researcher Mobility | SciVal | research policy | Scoop.it
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Shifting horizons for Europe's social sciences and humanities

Shifting horizons for Europe's social sciences and humanities | research policy | Scoop.it
Helga Nowotny: In the US, the social sciences and humanities are under attack. In Europe, they have a brighter future
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Why is Science Behind a Paywall?

Why is Science Behind a Paywall? | research policy | Scoop.it
Scientists’ work follows a consistent pattern. They apply for grants, perform their research, and publish the results in a journal. The process is so routine it almost seems inevitable. But what if...
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The hotness-IQ tradeoff in academia

The hotness-IQ tradeoff in academia | research policy | Scoop.it
The other day I came across a blog post ranking academic fields by hotness. Important data for sure. But something about it was gnawing on me for a while, some connection I wasn't quite making. And...
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