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Establishing energy grasses in sprayfields

Establishing energy grasses in sprayfields | Research from the NC Agricultural Research Service | Scoop.it
The Biofuels Center of North Carolina - creating North Carolina's large-scale, advanced biofuels, biorefining and bioproducts industry sector.

 

The Biofuels Center is working with NCSU scientists on this project.

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NC State News & Information » New Fish Species Offers Literal Take on ‘Hooking Up’

NC State News & Information » New Fish Species Offers Literal Take on ‘Hooking Up’ | Research from the NC Agricultural Research Service | Scoop.it

Dr. Brian Langerhans discovers a new Gambusia (mosquitofish) with unusual morphology in Mexico.

 

Full paper may require subscription:

"Gambusia quadruncus (Cyprinodontiformes: Poeciliidae): A new species of mosquitofish from east-central Mexico published online ahead of print in September 2012 issue of Journal of Fish Biology

http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8649.2012.03397.x

 

 

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North Carolina tests show vertical tillage increases wheat yields | Equipment content from Southeast Farm Press

North Carolina tests show vertical tillage increases wheat yields | Equipment content from Southeast Farm Press | Research from the NC Agricultural Research Service | Scoop.it
Growers in North Carolina have begun to notice that wheat tends to be taller and to produce larger heads in response to sub-soil slits from previous crops, but whether the practice is really improving yields has been up for debate.

 

 

The research of Extension Crop Science Associate, Georgia Love's, tested vertical tillage --  systems which confine soil disturbance to soil movement chiefly upward and/or confined to the region for planting the next rows.

 

In Love's tests on $6/bushel wheat, the method added $15 per acre profit.

 

Other results and equipment types are discussed.

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New blog from the JC Raulston Arboretum, CALS, NCSU

New blog from the JC Raulston Arboretum, CALS, NCSU | Research from the NC Agricultural Research Service | Scoop.it
(by Christopher Todd Glenn)...

 

Check out the new blog from the award-winning JC Raulston Arboretum, part of the College of Agriculture & Life Sciences at NC State University. Assistant Director & Curator of Collections, Mark Weathington, is writing about his collecting trip in China.

 

Follow his progress as he experiences hard beds, rain, wonderful hospitality, marvelous botany, and adventure in search of fabulous plants!

 

Don't forget to visit the Arb's web site here!

http://www.ncsu.edu/jcraulstonarboretum/index.php

 

Photo of osmanthus, which Mark writes about this week, courtesy JC Raulston Arboretum.

 

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Ponnusamy wins ESA award | http://www.cals.ncsu.edu/entomology/

Ponnusamy wins ESA award | http://www.cals.ncsu.edu/entomology/ | Research from the NC Agricultural Research Service | Scoop.it


Senior Researcher in Entomology, Longanathan (Logu) Ponnasamy, wins the prestigious Entomological Society of America Early Career Innovation Award for his research.

 

"Logu was recognized for his recent research on molecular microbial ecology of bacterial populations in mosquito habitats, microbe-insect interactions, and oviposition site attractants of mosquitoes, in collaboration with the Apperson and Schal labs. He helped develop a novel attract-and-kill management strategy for Aedes aegypti, using attractive bacteria in a sustained release formulation that attracts gravid females to lethal trap. He is also the principal investigator on an NIH R21 (exploratory) grant to identify bacterial factors that stimulate Aedes aegypti eggs to hatch."

 

More about Logu's work can be found here:

http://www.cals.ncsu.edu/entomology/ponnusamy

 

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Southeast soybean growers have ‘once in a blue moon’ opportunity this season | Soybeans content from Southeast Farm Press

Southeast soybean growers have ‘once in a blue moon’ opportunity this season | Soybeans content from Southeast Farm Press | Research from the NC Agricultural Research Service | Scoop.it
Soybean growers in the Carolina’s and Virginia have more than two million acres of beans planted this year, much of the acreage in a late-planted, double-crop combination with wheat, barley, oats and a few other winter season crops.

 

“We do not recommend spraying soybeans with a fungicide to control Asian Soybean Rust if they are not yet blooming, if they are blooming, but rust has not been confirmed within 100 miles, or if full sized seeds are present in the top of the plant (stage R6),” says North Carolina State University Soybean Specialist Jim Dunphy.

 

Visit the Soybean Rust Forecast Homepage at our North American Plant Disease Forecast Center

http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/pp/soybeanrust/

 

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Is Norovirus, a food borne pathogen? Conversation with Lee-Ann Jaykus, Ph.D.

"Is Norovirus, a food borne pathogen? with Lee-Ann Jaykus, Ph.D., Professor, Food Science, College of Agriculture & Life Sciences, NCState University, Raleigh, NC"

 

In this YouTube audio interview on the AME Food Testing Show (about 38 minutes long), Dr. Jaykus explains the research goals of her team, funded by a $25 million USDA grant --  USDA's largest ever for food safety.

 

Dr. Jaykus leads the USDA-National Institute of Food and Agriculture Food Virology Collaborative, which consists of more than 30 collaborators from academia, industry and government who will focus on enhanced understanding, surveillance and control of food-borne human noroviruses, with the ultimate goal of reducing the burden of food-borne disease and the human suffering it causes.

 

Dr. Jaykus explains that Norovirus biology differs from that of bacteria, presenting unique challenges in detection, deactivation, and infection prevention.

 

Find more here:

http://www.ncsu.edu/faculty-and-staff/bulletin/2011/08/nullifying-norovirus/

 

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NC State News and Information » Importance of Gene-Gene Interactions Shown in Study

NC State News and Information » Importance of Gene-Gene Interactions Shown in Study | Research from the NC Agricultural Research Service | Scoop.it

A new paper in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences shows that the epistatic network in fruit flies can be used to predict variation in quantitative genetic traits -- those controlled by multiple genes.

 

A team of researchers at NC State University published the paper, for  which Dr. Trudy Mackay, Wm. Neal Reynolds and Distinguished University Professor of Genetics, is the corresponding author.

 

The paper bolsters the effort to predict how genes affect physical or behavioral traits through the genotype-phenotype map. Understanding how genes interact in the process known as epistasis would move the effort closer to the goal.

 

The effects of these gene-gene interactions ... are difficult to gauge in human populations because some variations are unknown, says Dr. Trudy Mackay.

 

The pnas paper can be found here:
http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2012/08/29/1213423109

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NC State News :: NC State News and Information » Study Finds How BPA Affects Gene Expression, Anxiety; Soy Mitigates Effects

NC State News :: NC State News and Information » Study Finds How BPA Affects Gene Expression, Anxiety; Soy Mitigates Effects | Research from the NC Agricultural Research Service | Scoop.it

"New research led by researchers at North Carolina State University shows that exposure to the chemical bisphenol A (BPA) early in life results in high levels of anxiety by causing significant gene expression changes in a specific region of the brain called the amygdala. The researchers also found that a soy-rich diet can mitigate these effects.

 

“We knew that BPA could cause anxiety in a variety of species, and wanted to begin to understand why and how that happens,” says Dr. Heather Patisaul, Associate Professor of Biology at NC State and lead author of a paper describing the work. BPA is a chemical used in a wide variety of polycarbonate plastics and epoxy resins, and is used in consumer products such as some food containers."

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Wheat weed control topic of North Carolina meeting | Grains content from Southeast Farm Press

Wheat weed control topic of North Carolina meeting | Grains content from Southeast Farm Press | Research from the NC Agricultural Research Service | Scoop.it
Based on last year’s success and the ongoing high prices for soybeans for double-cropping, North Carolina growers are expected to plant another record crop of wheat this fall.

 

On Sept. 17, CALS weed scientist & researcher, Dr. Wes Everman, will discuss the most recent research-based wheat weed control methods, chemicals & recommendations.

 

Image: USDA

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Report: Animal production can grow sustainably | CALS News Center | News from the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, NCSU

Report: Animal production can grow sustainably | CALS News Center | News from the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, NCSU | Research from the NC Agricultural Research Service | Scoop.it

Economist, Dr. Kelly Zering chairs committee issuing new Cast report titled:

 

Water and Land Issues Associated with Animal Agriculture: A U.S. Perspective

 

Free full text download here:

 

http://www.cast-science.org/publications/?water_and_land_issues_associated_with_animal_agriculture_a_us_perspective&show=product&productID=261302

 

 

 

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NC State News :: Unexpected Finding Shows Climate Change Complexities in Soil

NC State News :: Unexpected Finding Shows Climate Change Complexities in Soil | Research from the NC Agricultural Research Service | Scoop.it

Scientists have assumed that elevated CO2 would stimulate the beneficial plant root fungi, arbuscular mycorrhizae (AMF), to sequester carbon in the soil.

 

This study challenges that assumption, and predictions based upon it, of carbon balance in future climate change. USDA funded the study.

 

Drs. H. David Shew (Plant Pathology) & Thomas Rufty (Crop Science) co-authored with Drs. Fitz Booker & Kent Burkey, of CALS & the USDA Agriculture Research Service. The first author is former NC State graduate student, Lei Cheng; and postdoctoral researchers Cong Tu & Lishi Zhou also co-authored.

 

The article appears in Science for 31 August 2012: Vol. 337 no. 6098 pp. 1084-1087
http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1224304

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Second West Nile death & 3 new cases reported across the state of North Carolina

Second West Nile death & 3 new cases reported across the state of North Carolina | Research from the NC Agricultural Research Service | Scoop.it
The new cases are part of a national epidemic that’s on pace to be the worst in the 13-year history of the disease in the United States.

 

CALS Public Health Entomologist, Dr. Michael Reiskind, comments on the ecology of the disease and the difficulty of predicting outbreaks.

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Breeders break loose with new blackberry, table grape varieties | Orchard Crops content from Western Farm Press

Breeders break loose with new blackberry, table grape varieties | Orchard Crops content from Western Farm Press | Research from the NC Agricultural Research Service | Scoop.it

NCSU plant breeders, Dr. Gina Fernandez & Dr. Jim Ballington have released a new blackberry, called Von. And Nantahalla, a NCSU raspberry released in 2009 (photo above) is also coming to market now.

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Ecologist, Dr. Susan White is New Director of NC Sea Grant & Water Resources Research Institute

Ecologist, Dr. Susan White is New Director of NC Sea Grant & Water Resources Research Institute | Research from the NC Agricultural Research Service | Scoop.it

Through dynamic research, education and outreach programs, North Carolina Sea Grant links university researchers to the people, businesses and governments that manage, use and enjoy coastal and marine resources.

 

"Ecologist Susan N. White, currently director of the Hollings Marine Laboratory in Charleston, S.C., will be the new executive director for North Carolina Sea Grant and the Water Resources Research Institute of the University of North Carolina upon the retirement of Michael P. Voiland in December.

 

"Susan brings a strong science background, as well as leadership working with a mix of partners and stakeholders," notes Vice Chancellor Terri L. Lomax of North Carolina State University, where the two state/federal partnership programs are headquartered.

 

"She will be a great leader for Sea Grant and WRRI programs here that have strong traditions of assisting and guiding communities, businesses, organizations and the public," Lomax adds. Sea Grant focuses on the ecosystems and economies of the coastal region, while WRRI supports research and training related to freshwater topics statewide."

 

NC Sea Grant web site

http://www.ncseagrant.org/

 

Water Resources Research Institute (WRRI), of the University of North Carolina System, at NC State web site

http://www.ncsu.edu/wrri/

 

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Croatia: Wine, Wheat & More: Seminar October 1, 2012

Croatia: Wine, Wheat & More: Seminar October 1, 2012 | Research from the NC Agricultural Research Service | Scoop.it

Croatia: Wine, Wheat & More | Oct. 1

Join CALS PhD candidates Aaron Fox & Suzanne O'Connell for a Seminar

 

They'll discuss their experiences working with the University of Zagreb & collaboration opportunities for research there.

 

flyer here:

http://tinyurl.com/brq2g7c

 

 

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The Abstract :: North Carolina State University :: Experts: Food Safety Audits Need an Overhaul

The Abstract :: North Carolina State University :: Experts: Food Safety Audits Need an Overhaul | Research from the NC Agricultural Research Service | Scoop.it

Dr. Ben Chapman, food safety specialist, is part of a team which recently published research suggesting how to make food safety audits more useful and understandable for food buyers, food service providers, and others in the food supply chain. The researchers also discuss third-party food safety auditors and their role in keeping the food supply safe.

 

Read the paper in Food Control here:

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0956713512004409?v=s5

 

 

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Entomological Society of America Names 2012 Fellows | Entomological Society of America (ESA)

Entomological Society of America Names 2012 Fellows | Entomological Society of America (ESA) | Research from the NC Agricultural Research Service | Scoop.it

William Neal Reynolds Professor of Entomology, Dr. R. Michael Roe, has been named a 2012 Fellow of the Entomological Society of America.

 

A Professor in the Department of Entomology and the Department of Environmental and Molecular Toxicology at North Carolina State University in Raleigh, NC, Dr. Roe "is internationally recognized for his research in insect and acarine physiology, biochemistry, genomics and toxicology, and the use of fundamental research in chemistry, nuclear science, and biology to solve practical problems and develop new commercial technologies."

 

"The election as a Fellow acknowledges outstanding contributions to entomology in one or more of the following: research, teaching, extension, or administration. The following Fellows will be recognized during Entomology 2012 -- ESA's 60th Annual Meeting -- which will be held November 11-14, 2012 in Knoxville, Tennessee."

 

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Fund Helps Innovation Reach the Marketplace

Fund Helps Innovation Reach the Marketplace | Research from the NC Agricultural Research Service | Scoop.it
The Chancellor’s Innovation Fund is used for the development and advancement of ideas and discoveries at NC State.

 

Food scientists & food safety specialist, Dr. Lee-Ann Jaykus, is among the winners of the Channelor's Innovation Fund competition for 2012.

 

Her multidisciplinary team is currently researching foodborne noroviruses, funded by the largest food safety grant USDA has ever awarded -- $25 million.

 

They hope to improve understanding of the pathogen, develop better diagnostic tools, and improve prevention of norovirus infection and the human health risk it poses, among other goals.

 

You can read more here:

http://www.ncsu.edu/faculty-and-staff/bulletin/2011/08/nullifying-norovirus/

 

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N.C. State Snags New Plant Scientist, Continues Growth at N.C. Research Campus | Plants For Human Health Institute, CALS, NCSU

N.C. State Snags New Plant Scientist, Continues Growth at N.C. Research Campus | Plants For Human Health Institute, CALS, NCSU | Research from the NC Agricultural Research Service | Scoop.it

"Dr. Tzung-Fu Hsieh specializes in systems biology, a relatively new research field which studies  interactions between the components of biological systems, and how those relationships affect system functions and behaviors. His area of focus is known as epigenetics, which seeks to understand changes in gene behaviors which are caused by factors other than mutations in DNA.

 

Epigenetics plays an important role in plant development.

 

For example, Hsieh studies the development of endosperms, the placenta-like tissue inside the seeds of most flowering plants, that nourish the embryo. Endosperm plays a critical role in human nutrition and health, accounting for more than 75 percent of the world’s food supply, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). That’s because cereal crops like corn, rice and wheat – some of the most widely produced crops in the world – are harvested for their grains, which are mostly endosperm."

 

See full press release on the PHHI web site for more details on their newest researcher.

http://plantsforhumanhealth.ncsu.edu/

 

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SFNToday.com: Two Ag Research Centers in NC Turn 100 This Tear

SFNToday.com: Two Ag Research Centers in NC Turn 100 This Tear | Research from the NC Agricultural Research Service | Scoop.it

NC Commissioner of Agriculture, Steve Troxler, explains in an interview with the Southern Farm Network that the Oxford Tobacco Research Station and the Tidewater Research Station in Plymouth, NC celebrate 100 years of agricultural research this year.

 

He also explains the unusual partnership of the NC Department of Agriculture and the College of Agriculture & Life Sciences (CALS) at NCSU in the organization and operation of the stations and their research programs. Both of the birthday stations are owned by NCSU.

 

You can see web sites for all of our experiment stations here:

http://harvest.cals.ncsu.edu/ncars/index.cfm?pageID=2276

 

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Cut Down Rain Forests, Lose Your Rain | 80beats | Discover Magazine

Cut Down Rain Forests, Lose Your Rain | 80beats | Discover Magazine | Research from the NC Agricultural Research Service | Scoop.it

Ulva Island rain forest in New Zealand.

 

It's clear that cutting down rain forests to plant crops, however fulfilling in the short-term for a farmer, is a disaster..."

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Selecting optimum wheat seeding rate no easy task | Grains | Content from Southeast Farm Press

Selecting optimum wheat seeding rate no easy task | Grains | Content from Southeast Farm Press | Research from the NC Agricultural Research Service | Scoop.it
North Carolina State University Small Grains Specialist Randy Weisz recently showed a group of grain growers a series of large wheat plots planted at seeding rates ranging from 1.1 million seed per acre all the way up to 2 million seed per acre.

 

He explains how growers can optimize yield by using an efficient planting density, which reduces unnecessary seed cost. He suggests using a simple new tool from The North Carolina Grain Growers Association. The recently developed tool is a simple calculator/slide rule that will make that conversion for the grower. “It’s a neat little tool that is easy to use to convert seed per acre to pounds of seed per acre,” Weisz says.

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Kudzu bugs continue to spread | Soybeans | Content from Southeast Farm Press

Kudzu bugs continue to spread | Soybeans | Content from Southeast Farm Press | Research from the NC Agricultural Research Service | Scoop.it

"Kudzu bugs, those tenacious little imports from Asia, continue to spread across the Southeast and continue to plague soybean growers, especially in the Carolinas." Entomology researcher, Dr. Dominic Reisig, says some growers sprayed prematurely; but damage is also difficult to predict.

 

Monitoring is more economical. Farmers can use the Southeast Early Detection Nertwork (SEEDN), here:

http://www.kudzubug.org/

 

There, farmers will find videos on how to sample for monitoring using sweep nets, information on control, and other resources.

 

The invasive insect has spread rapidly throughout the southeast in just a few growing seasons and is expected to have an economic impact in some areas.

 

photos: Richard Evans, USDA

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Initiative to support modernization of field research launched to honor Dr. David Smith | CALS News Center, NCSU

Initiative to support modernization of field research launched to honor Dr. David Smith | CALS News Center, NCSU | Research from the NC Agricultural Research Service | Scoop.it

"The Smith Initiative will fund needed equipment and services to help ensure that the state’s field research facilities have the 21st-century infrastructure required for emerging agricultural challenges, help farmers utilize technology to meet good agricultural practice standards and deliver new solutions to feed the world. Inviting ongoing support, Dr. Sylvia Blankenship, CALS dean in the interim, announced at the reception that, thanks to more than 40 lead contributors, the initiative had already accrued more than $35,000. Smith himself is among the lead donors to the initiative."

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