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The Abstract :: North Carolina State University :: Navel-Gazing Researchers ID Which Species Live In Our Belly Buttons (But Don’t Know Why)

The Abstract :: North Carolina State University :: Navel-Gazing Researchers ID Which Species Live In Our Belly Buttons (But Don’t Know Why) | Research from the NC Agricultural Research Service | Scoop.it

"Researchers have discovered which bacteria species are most commonly found in our bellybuttons, but have still not discovered what governs which species will be found on which people. These are the first published findings of the Belly Button Biodiversity project led by NC State’s Dr. Rob Dunn."

 

You can read the free, open acess paper here:

 

"A Jungle in There: Bacteria in Belly Buttons are Highly Diverse, but Predictable" by:

Hulcr J, Latimer AM, Henley JB, Rountree NR, Fierer N, et al. (2012) PLoS ONE 7(11): e47712.

http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0047712

 

The Belly Button Diversity Project is part of the larger Dunn initiative called Your Wildlife.org.

See:

http://www.yourwildlife.org

 

and on Twitter:

@YourWild_Life

 

 

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A Visit to an "Emerald City" of Science - Science Careers Blog

A Visit to an "Emerald City" of Science - Science Careers Blog | Research from the NC Agricultural Research Service | Scoop.it

Science Careers visited with researchers at the collaborative North Carolina Research Campus (NCRC) in Kannapolis, NC, a joint venture of several North Carolina universities. The innovative campus, designed to foster interdisciplinary research, includes the Plants for Human Health Institute (PHHI), part of the College of Agriculture & Life Sciences at NC State University.

 

Among other researchers interviewed were PHHI researchers, food scientist Mary Ann Lila, molecular geneticist Allan Brown, metabolic engineer Xu "Sirius" Li, and pharmacogeneticist Slavko Komarnytsky, The group studies health-promoting properties of foods and food-derived products. Among the crops studied are berries and broccoli.

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Pender Gardener-The kudzu bugs are coming

Pender Gardener-The kudzu bugs are coming | Research from the NC Agricultural Research Service | Scoop.it
Kudzu bugs are a new pest in the south, making their debut in our area this past spring most notably on wisteria vines.

 

They are a pest of soybean and other crops and sometimes make a nuisance of themselves in homes.

 

Urban pest specialist, Dr. Mike Waldvogel, explans.

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2012 Fall Agroecology Education Farm: Farm to Fork Reception! | Facebook

Check out these great photos from our 2012 Fall Agroecology Education Farm: Farm to Fork Reception!

 

The Agroecology Farm is part of the Center for Environmental Farming Systems (CEFS), part of the College of Agriculture & Life Sciences at NC State University

http://www.cefs.ncsu.edu/whatwedo/academic.html

 

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N.C. Department of Environment and Natural Resources Grant to CALS Engineers

N.C. Department of Environment and Natural Resources Grant to CALS Engineers | Research from the NC Agricultural Research Service | Scoop.it

CALS Biological & Agricultural Engineers at NC State University have received $267,173 from the NC Department of Environment & Natural Resources to implement stormwater Best Management Practices (BMPs) for the Roberson Creek Watershed near Pittsboro, NC.

 

Engineers for this project are Drs. Karen Hall; William Hunt, III; Daniel Line; Kristopher Bass; Jean Spooner; James Blackwell; and Ryan Winston.

 

Here's how the authors describe their project:

 

"The Robeson Creek Watershed is impaired for Total Phosphorus and Habitat Degradation. This project will implement stormwater BMPs recommended by both the 2003 TMDL implementation plan and the 2010 Robeson Creek Watershed Restoration Plan to help meet goals of reducing peak stormwater flows,

 

"Total Phosphorus (TP), Total Nitrogen (TN), total suspended solids (TSS), and improve and maintain aquatic habitat. Focus will be primarily on the Little Creek subwatershed. A stormwater wetland, a bioretention area, buffer plantings, and cisterns will be installed along a critical continuous segment of Little Creek tributary 1A that captures stormwater from urban development and a large parking lot in Pittsboro.

 

"Water quality sampling will be placed upstream and downstream of BMPs to determine effectiveness. An innovative upflow filter that targets Phosphorus removal will be installed on a farm pond that drains to Robeson Creek. Water quality monitoring will also occur upstream and downstream of this BMP to determine nutrient removal effectiveness. As recommended in the restoration plan, the ongoing educational campaign of the Robeson Creek Watershed council will be continued with quarterly stakeholder meetings, tours, workshops, newsletters, and informational signs at BMP locations."

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The Abstract :: North Carolina State University :: Choosy Mothers Choose Skin? One Way to Make Peanut Products Healthier

The Abstract :: North Carolina State University :: Choosy Mothers Choose Skin? One Way to Make Peanut Products Healthier | Research from the NC Agricultural Research Service | Scoop.it

"Peanuts taste good and are good for you. But a new NC State study shows that putting a bit of skin in the game can make peanut products even healthier while keeping them flavorful.

 

"Food scientist Dr. Tim Sanders and doctoral student Chellani Hathorn show that adding small amounts of peanut skin to products like peanut butter and peanut paste increase the nutritional value and antioxidant capacity of the products while only subtly changing the taste."

 

The new research appears in Journal of Food Science published online October 11,  2012 -- Here's a link to the paper:

 

Flavor and Antioxidant Capacity of Peanut Paste and Peanut Butter Supplemented with Peanut Skins

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2012.02953.x/abstract

 

 

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Chinese horticulture trade team visits Western N.C. :: NCDA&CS News Release

Chinese horticulture trade team visits Western N.C. :: NCDA&CS News Release | Research from the NC Agricultural Research Service | Scoop.it

CALS plant breeder and horticulturist, Dr. Tom Ranney, was "invaluable" in helping the trade delegation select plants for suitable purchase.

 

photo: 'Venus' sweetshrub, developed by Dr. Raney. (c) Copyright Dr. Tom Ranney.

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Honeybees harbor antibiotic-resistance genes | ScienceBlog.com

Honeybees harbor antibiotic-resistance genes | ScienceBlog.com | Research from the NC Agricultural Research Service | Scoop.it
Bacteria in the guts of honeybees are highly resistant to the antibiotic tetracycline, probably as a result of decades of preventive antibiotic use in...

 

Yale University researchers find that routine oxytetracycline use to prevent foulbrood appears to have caused genetic adaptation in bacteria in the honeybee.

 

The resistant bacteria were not found in honey, however.

 

Check out our Apiculture site, also:

http://www.cals.ncsu.edu/entomology/apiculture/

 

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Day three on the dean’s tour: Goldsboro, Clinton | CALS News Center | News from the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, NCSU

Day three on the dean’s tour: Goldsboro, Clinton | CALS News Center | News from the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, NCSU | Research from the NC Agricultural Research Service | Scoop.it

"The third day of Dean Richard Linton’s cross-state trek took him to eastern North Carolina for a tour of the Center for Environmental Farming Systems [CEFS] in Goldsboro, bookended by stops in Clinton and Wallace."

 

"The CEFS is a partnership of N.C. State, N.C. A&T and the NCDA&CS. The 2,000-acre research farm in Goldsboro is one of the nation’s largest centers for the study of sustainable food and farming systems. Its mission is to develop and promote food and farming systems that protect the environment, strengthen local communities and provide economic opportunities in this state and beyond."

 

CEFS staff lead an information-rich tour of facilities for organic farming research which includes soil chemistry and emissions, relevant to climate change; pastured livestock; local food, including the 10% Campaign; forages; the dairy; the Good Agricultural Practices (GAP)-certified postharvest handling area; and more.

 

He also toured Prestage Farms, recent NCSU donor for whom the Department of Poultry Science was named, and visited with another NCSU supporter, Wendell Murphy.

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Day one on the dean’s tour: Mills River | CALS News Center | News from the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, NCSU

Day one on the dean’s tour: Mills River | CALS News Center | News from the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, NCSU | Research from the NC Agricultural Research Service | Scoop.it

"New CALS Dean Richard Linton is on the road, getting to know North Carolina and how the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences is making a difference every day in the lives of the state’s people.

 

Day One: Mills River and the Mountain Horticultural Crops Research and Extension Center. The center, near Asheville, serves as a hub for the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences in the western part of North Carolina.

 

More than 40 faculty and staff members conduct applied research and empower western North Carolina’s people through extension education programs related to agriculture, the environment, family and community.

 

The center is known for its innovative work related to tomato breeding, fish farming, herbs and organics, Christmas trees — and much more.


ITINERARY: A hops yard, sturgeon four to five feet long, energy crops considerably higher than an elephant’s eye – these were just a few of the things new College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Dean Rich Linton encountered during a day at the Mountain Horticultural Crops Research and Extension Center in Mills River. ..."

 

The Mountain Horticul;tural Crops Research & Extension Center, iMills River, web site

http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/fletcher/

 

 

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Earth's Last Unexplored Wilderness: Your Very Own Home | Ecosystems | DISCOVER Magazine

Earth's Last Unexplored Wilderness: Your Very Own Home | Ecosystems | DISCOVER Magazine | Research from the NC Agricultural Research Service | Scoop.it

"Biologists are starting to explore the woolly ecosystems in our homes and hospitals, and figuring out how they can make us sick or keep us healthy. ...

 

"Most studies of microbes in the home have focused on a particular location, such as the shower curtain or the hot-water heater. Now North Carolina State ecologist Rob Dunn aims to survey what’s living on everything—from pillowcases to refrigerators—in thousands of U.S. residences.

 

"Last fall Dunn began his “Wildlife of Our Homes” project with a pilot study in which 40 volunteers swabbed eight locations in their houses and mailed back the samples....

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NC State News and Information » Study: Flame Retardant ‘Firemaster 550’ Is an Endocrine Disruptor

NC State News and Information » Study: Flame Retardant ‘Firemaster 550’ Is an Endocrine Disruptor | Research from the NC Agricultural Research Service | Scoop.it

Research from Toxicologist, Dr. Heather Patisaul, of the College of Agriculture & Life Sciences at NC State University, & Duke University colleagues:

 

"The flame-retardant mixture known as “Firemaster 550” is an endocrine disruptor that causes extreme weight gain, early onset of puberty and cardiovascular health effects in lab animals, according to a new study spearheaded by researchers from North Carolina State University and Duke University.

 

"Firemaster 550 is made up of four principal component chemicals and is used in polyurethane foam in a wide variety of products, ranging from mattresses to infant nursing pillows. The flame-retardant mixture was developed by Chemtura Corp., and was first identified by the research community in 2008. It was developed to replace a class of fire retardants being phased out of use because of concerns regarding their safety.  This new study represents the first public data on whether Firemaster 550 has potential health effects."

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Additive Restores Antibiotic Effectiveness Against MRSA

Additive Restores Antibiotic Effectiveness Against MRSA | Research from the NC Agricultural Research Service | Scoop.it
Researchers from North Carolina State University have increased the potency of a compound that reactivates antibiotics against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA).

 

Biochemist, Christian Melander & his team have made the compound more effective against the potentially deadly infections.

 

Read the paper abstract in Angewandge Chemie (full paper may require subscription):

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ange.201206911/abstract

 

photo: R: Dr. Melander; L: Dr. John Cavanagh, who has collaborated with Melander in developing small molecule compounds against antibiotic resistant bacteria.

 

photo credit: Communication Services, NCSU

 

 

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CALS Office of Sustainability promotes green initiatives

CALS Office of Sustainability promotes green initiatives | Research from the NC Agricultural Research Service | Scoop.it
The College of Agriculture and Life Sciences created its Office of Sustainability last year to encourage sustainable efforts within the college, and the office has recently developed tools to connect students and faculty to important sustainability...

 

CALS Sustainability Officer, Dr. Danesha Seth Carley, explains her program's new initiatives.

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Statistician links medicine, genetics in lecture at Elon | The Pendulum

Statistician links medicine, genetics in lecture at Elon | The Pendulum | Research from the NC Agricultural Research Service | Scoop.it
Marie Davidian, a statistics professor at North Carolina State University, connected the seemingly unrelated topics of statistics and the Human Genome Project by explaining their role in determining the best ...
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Hessian fly in wheat: Should I spray? | Grains content from Southeast Farm Press

Hessian fly in wheat: Should I spray? | Grains content from Southeast Farm Press | Research from the NC Agricultural Research Service | Scoop.it

The decision to spray for Hessian fly in a fall wheat crop is not an easy one."

 

CALS Entomologist, Dr. Dominic Reisig, explains.

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N.C. Department of Environment and Natural Resources Grant to CALS Engineers

N.C. Department of Environment and Natural Resources Grant to CALS Engineers | Research from the NC Agricultural Research Service | Scoop.it

CALS Biological & Agricultural Engineers and Agricultural Economists have received a grant of $203,775 from the NC Department of Environment & Natural Resources (DNER) for Phase II of a project in Cary, NC. Phase I created rain gardens and other rainwater harvesting systems at schools. The next phase of the project will focus on stormwater controls along greenways and in community parks.

 

Project researchers are economists, Dr. Christy Perrin, Dr. Patrick Beggs & Dr. Layra Taylor, and engineers, Dr. Kristopher Bass & Dr. William Hunt, III.

 

Here's how the researchers describe their project:

 

"The Black Creek Watershed Association (BCWA), coordinated by NC State University with technical assistance from the Town of Cary since 2006, has achieved several milestones in its pursuit of delisting Black Creek from the 303(d) list of impaired waters.

 

"An initial watershed assessment and restoration plan was completed in 2009, followed by acceptance of the plan by EPA in lieu of a TMDL. The assessment showed that the creek is impaired by high volume and velocity stormwater runoff flows that have altered the natural flow regime and negatively impacted biotic communities. The partnership created a residential outreach and engagement program that resulted in many residential practices that are reducing stormwater runoff through backyard raingardens, and wetlands.

 

"Public stormwater retrofits have been installed at schools, a neighborhood clubhouse, and a private greenway. In-stream flow monitoring and modeling produced 3 years of data and a hydrologic model for assessing target runoff reductions. This proposal will leverage successes achieved to reach a new significant landowner audience- commercial and institutional landowners.

 

"BCWA is known through public outreach events and networking with members' organizations (Rotary clubs, homeowners' associations). The network will help to convene a commercial/institutional steering committee to develop and implement an outreach, sponsorship, and recognition program. A retrofit project will be identified and implemented on a commercial property, and retrofits that were previously identified within the project BMP Site Atlas will be constructed on Town of Cary and Wake County schools properties. Simple changes to existing bioretention will be installed and monitored to increase infiltration.

 

"Additional stream flow monitoring and modeling will further hone a retrofit target by testing pre-post BMP flows, and will test a new milestone of disconnecting 200 acres of imperviousness to reach effective 10% impervious cover in the watershed. Ultimately, this project will lead to a greater capacity of the community to fund and implement stormwater retrofit projects, and to better understand the type and cost of retrofits needed to move towards a more natural stream flow regime."

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Ecuadorian President Visits, Pursues Knowledge and Collaboration with NC Research Campus

Ecuadorian President Visits, Pursues Knowledge and Collaboration with NC Research Campus | Research from the NC Agricultural Research Service | Scoop.it

President Rafael Correa of the Republic of Ecuador and a delegation of ministers spent Tuesday touring each of the 16 university and corporate research programs at the NC Research Campus (NCRC) in Kannapolis.   President Correa and his delegation of over 60 Ecuadorian government officials met with David H. Murdock, founder of the NCRC and toured on campus, and the campus’ lead scientists.

 

President Correa is looking at the research, scientific instrumentation and collaborative environment of the NCRC as a model to implement in the development of Yachay, a planned city of science and technology being built in Ecuador’s northern province of Imbabura.

 

“Amazing! Outstanding!” said President Correa. “A learning experience for us. We are building in our country a planned city of knowledge, (and) we want to learn from your experience. This (Yachay) is the biggest project in Ecuadorian history. We are (changing) from a traditional to a knowledge-based economy.”

 

NCRC web site:

http://www.ncresearchcampus.net/

 

web site for the Plants for Human Health Institute at the NCRC

http://plantsforhumanhealth.ncsu.edu/

 

The PHHI focuses on nutrition, agriculture and health.

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Day two, dean’s tour: MARC & CMAST | CALS News Center | News from the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, NCSU

Day two, dean’s tour: MARC & CMAST | CALS News Center | News from the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, NCSU | Research from the NC Agricultural Research Service | Scoop.it

The Dean visited the Marine Aquaculture Research Center, Smyrna, and the Center for Marine Aquatic Science and Technology, Morehead City, NC, visiting with more than 30 alumni, supporters, and CALS faculty.

 

The Dean asked supporters “to help validate what we need to do as a college,” as CALS moves through its strategic planning process.

 

He learned about MARC, where researchers are exploring aquaculture with salt water species, such as blue crabs; environmentally friendly water handling in aquaculture; sturgeon aquaculture; hybrid striped bass feed research; wind energy self-sufficiency research; local seafood marketing efforts, and more.

 

Visit the CMAST web site:

http://www.cmast.ncsu.edu/

 

 

 

 

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Corpses, Cadaver bugs and Climate Change | Minda Berbeco

Corpses, Cadaver bugs and Climate Change | Minda Berbeco | Research from the NC Agricultural Research Service | Scoop.it

Climate change credited with changing fauna found in cadavers ...

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E. coli adapts to colonize plants

E. coli adapts to colonize plants | Research from the NC Agricultural Research Service | Scoop.it
This is from a U.K. Institute of Food Research press release: To find out more, the IFR team took the first comprehensive look at the differences between the populations of E. coli growing on crop plants and populations in the mammalian gut.

 

Findings:

Strains found to vary genetically throughout a given field
Strains found on lleaf surfaces formed biofilms, presumed protective against desiccation, more readily
Leaf surface strains used sucrose & other plant-derived sugars more readily
Clear evidence of environmental selection

 

The findings could be valuable in food safety/protection.

 

For more food safety information, check out our Food Safety Information sheets at:

http://foodsafetyinfosheets.wordpress.com/

 

from our food safety specialist, Dr. Ben Chapman

http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/4hfcs/people/ben-chapman.html

 

And check out the food safety blog, barflog

http://barfblog.foodsafety.ksu.edu/barfblog

 

 

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Compound increases antibiotic effectiveness against MSRA | Vaccine News Daily

Compound increases antibiotic effectiveness against MSRA | Vaccine News Daily | Research from the NC Agricultural Research Service | Scoop.it

Christian Melander's team biosynthesis a new compound which defeats animicrobial resistance, restoring antibiotic efficacy.

 

Read morea about the Melander lab:

http://www4.ncsu.edu/~ccmeland/index.html

 

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Why your couch may be making you fat - Triangle Business Journal

Why your couch may be making you fat  - Triangle Business Journal | Research from the NC Agricultural Research Service | Scoop.it
Your couch may be making you fat. And not just because you sit on it too much and...

 

Dr. Heather Patisaul & research team find that flame retardant, Firemaster 550, is an endocrine disruptor.

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An Evening of Insects | North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences

An Evening of Insects | North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences | Research from the NC Agricultural Research Service | Scoop.it

Oct. 25, 2012 | Thursday, 6:30pm

 

Among the 15-minute talks are these, from CALS researchers:

Basement Bugs: The Camel Cricket Story
by Dr. Holly Menninger, Director of Public Science for Rob Dunn's Your Wildlife Program
(see http://www.YourWildlife.org)

The Fascinating Lives of Bees
by Dr. David Tarpy, our bee specialist

North Carolina’s Rarest Butterflies
by Dr. Nick Haddad, an ecologist who studies & tracks these endangered creatures

Everning Starts at 6:30 and is free.

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Register & Join Us for the New State-of-the-Art Milking Center Dedication, Nov. 9, 2012!

Register & Join Us for the New State-of-the-Art Milking Center Dedication, Nov. 9, 2012! | Research from the NC Agricultural Research Service | Scoop.it

Please join us for the:

NC State University
MILKING CENTER DEDICATION
Friday, November 9, 2012

On November 9th, NC State will dedicate its new milking center, a state-of-the-art facility designed to support dairy research, hands-on student training and continued education for members of the dairy industry.  The milking center and surrounding dairy will also be a destination where families, schoolchildren and the general public will get an insider’s view of where milk, ice cream and other favorite dairy products begin.
 
Join leaders from North Carolina’s dairy industry and the NC State community to celebrate the dedication of this new facility, and to learn about plans for the future Dairy History Museum and other upcoming components of the farm of the future.

To register and for more event details visit the following website:
go.ncsu.edu/milking_dedication
 
The event is open to everyone, but please register.

Register no later than November 1.
 
*Come as you are. Walking shoes recommended.

Questions? Please contact:
Jennifer Bernabi
Phone: 919.515.6212
Email: jennifer_bernabi@ncsu.edu

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