The decision to spray for Hessian fly in a fall wheat crop is not an easy one."
CALS Entomologist, Dr. Dominic Reisig, explains.
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CALS Biological & Agricultural Engineers and Agricultural Economists have received a grant of $203,775 from the NC Department of Environment & Natural Resources (DNER) for Phase II of a project in Cary, NC. Phase I created rain gardens and other rainwater harvesting systems at schools. The next phase of the project will focus on stormwater controls along greenways and in community parks.
Project researchers are economists, Dr. Christy Perrin, Dr. Patrick Beggs & Dr. Layra Taylor, and engineers, Dr. Kristopher Bass & Dr. William Hunt, III.
Here's how the researchers describe their project:
"The Black Creek Watershed Association (BCWA), coordinated by NC State University with technical assistance from the Town of Cary since 2006, has achieved several milestones in its pursuit of delisting Black Creek from the 303(d) list of impaired waters.
"An initial watershed assessment and restoration plan was completed in 2009, followed by acceptance of the plan by EPA in lieu of a TMDL. The assessment showed that the creek is impaired by high volume and velocity stormwater runoff flows that have altered the natural flow regime and negatively impacted biotic communities. The partnership created a residential outreach and engagement program that resulted in many residential practices that are reducing stormwater runoff through backyard raingardens, and wetlands.
"Public stormwater retrofits have been installed at schools, a neighborhood clubhouse, and a private greenway. In-stream flow monitoring and modeling produced 3 years of data and a hydrologic model for assessing target runoff reductions. This proposal will leverage successes achieved to reach a new significant landowner audience- commercial and institutional landowners.
"BCWA is known through public outreach events and networking with members' organizations (Rotary clubs, homeowners' associations). The network will help to convene a commercial/institutional steering committee to develop and implement an outreach, sponsorship, and recognition program. A retrofit project will be identified and implemented on a commercial property, and retrofits that were previously identified within the project BMP Site Atlas will be constructed on Town of Cary and Wake County schools properties. Simple changes to existing bioretention will be installed and monitored to increase infiltration.
"Additional stream flow monitoring and modeling will further hone a retrofit target by testing pre-post BMP flows, and will test a new milestone of disconnecting 200 acres of imperviousness to reach effective 10% impervious cover in the watershed. Ultimately, this project will lead to a greater capacity of the community to fund and implement stormwater retrofit projects, and to better understand the type and cost of retrofits needed to move towards a more natural stream flow regime."
President Rafael Correa of the Republic of Ecuador and a delegation of ministers spent Tuesday touring each of the 16 university and corporate research programs at the NC Research Campus (NCRC) in Kannapolis. President Correa and his delegation of over 60 Ecuadorian government officials met with David H. Murdock, founder of the NCRC and toured on campus, and the campus’ lead scientists.
President Correa is looking at the research, scientific instrumentation and collaborative environment of the NCRC as a model to implement in the development of Yachay, a planned city of science and technology being built in Ecuador’s northern province of Imbabura.
“Amazing! Outstanding!” said President Correa. “A learning experience for us. We are building in our country a planned city of knowledge, (and) we want to learn from your experience. This (Yachay) is the biggest project in Ecuadorian history. We are (changing) from a traditional to a knowledge-based economy.”
NCRC web site:
web site for the Plants for Human Health Institute at the NCRC
The PHHI focuses on nutrition, agriculture and health.
CALS Dean, Richard Linton, toured the Eastern 4-H Environmental Education Conference Center.
"The 250-acre facility, opened in 2001, is North Carolina’s newest 4-H camp and conference center. Lee Scripture, center director, explained to the dean that it “fulfilled a promise that was made to the people of North Carolina when they closed one on Roanoke Island in the 1960s. The promise was to open a new center to serve this part of the state.”
"And fulfill that promise, the center has: Extensive boardwalks and nature trails give visitors the chance to get close to nature as they explore woodlands, meadows, pocosin forests, wetlands, creeks and rivers. The center operates year-round, serving both children and adults, Scripture added."
To learn more:
This event is free & open to the public. Join us!
NC State celebrates the Morrill Act on Wednesday, Nov. 7 from 3:45 to 5:45 p.m. at the McKimmon Center. The event includes an address by Chancellor Randy Woodson, Provost Warwick Arden, a reception, celebration cake and farm-to-fork food.
President Abraham Lincoln signed the Morrill Act 150 years ago to ensure that regardless of economic status, a college education be available to anyone with the ability and motivation to earn a degree.
Read more and find flyer here:
North Carolina State University and North Carolina Cooperative Extension are partnering with the Carolina Farm Stewardship Association to deliver workshops across the state that help N.C. farmers meet with U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) fresh produce safety standards. Workshops will be held at four Cooperative Extension centers across the state in November and December.
Via NCSU CALS
This is from a U.K. Institute of Food Research press release: To find out more, the IFR team took the first comprehensive look at the differences between the populations of E. coli growing on crop plants and populations in the mammalian gut.
Strains found to vary genetically throughout a given field
The findings could be valuable in food safety/protection.
For more food safety information, check out our Food Safety Information sheets at:
from our food safety specialist, Dr. Ben Chapman
And check out the food safety blog, barflog
"By now, you have probably seen, or at least heard about, the Kudzu bug, Megacopta cribaria. This newly introduced invasive pest feeds on kudzu, soybeans, and many other plants in the bean family. With kudzu and soybeans drying up as the weather turns cold, Cooperative Extension is fielding a number of calls from growers and homeowners with kudzu bugs on and in their homes. ..."
NC Choices' 2nd Annual Carolina Meat Conference
from The Center for Environmental Farming Systems CEFS
more about CEFS: http://www.cefs.ncsu.edu/index.htm
More about the 10 Percent Campaign
"Biologists are starting to explore the woolly ecosystems in our homes and hospitals, and figuring out how they can make us sick or keep us healthy. ...
"Most studies of microbes in the home have focused on a particular location, such as the shower curtain or the hot-water heater. Now North Carolina State ecologist Rob Dunn aims to survey what’s living on everything—from pillowcases to refrigerators—in thousands of U.S. residences.
"Last fall Dunn began his “Wildlife of Our Homes” project with a pilot study in which 40 volunteers swabbed eight locations in their houses and mailed back the samples....
Research from Toxicologist, Dr. Heather Patisaul, of the College of Agriculture & Life Sciences at NC State University, & Duke University colleagues:
"The flame-retardant mixture known as “Firemaster 550” is an endocrine disruptor that causes extreme weight gain, early onset of puberty and cardiovascular health effects in lab animals, according to a new study spearheaded by researchers from North Carolina State University and Duke University.
"Firemaster 550 is made up of four principal component chemicals and is used in polyurethane foam in a wide variety of products, ranging from mattresses to infant nursing pillows. The flame-retardant mixture was developed by Chemtura Corp., and was first identified by the research community in 2008. It was developed to replace a class of fire retardants being phased out of use because of concerns regarding their safety. This new study represents the first public data on whether Firemaster 550 has potential health effects."
Students from around the world are getting a feel for what rural North Carolina has to offer. About 50 Fulbright students toured farm land in Goldsboro Thursday as part of the U.S Department of States Global Food Security Seminar.
Students learned about the research challenges of providing food security for a growing population.
Check out these great photos from our 2012 Fall Agroecology Education Farm: Farm to Fork Reception!
The Agroecology Farm is part of the Center for Environmental Farming Systems (CEFS), part of the College of Agriculture & Life Sciences at NC State University
CALS Biological & Agricultural Engineers at NC State University have received $267,173 from the NC Department of Environment & Natural Resources to implement stormwater Best Management Practices (BMPs) for the Roberson Creek Watershed near Pittsboro, NC.
Engineers for this project are Drs. Karen Hall; William Hunt, III; Daniel Line; Kristopher Bass; Jean Spooner; James Blackwell; and Ryan Winston.
Here's how the authors describe their project:
"The Robeson Creek Watershed is impaired for Total Phosphorus and Habitat Degradation. This project will implement stormwater BMPs recommended by both the 2003 TMDL implementation plan and the 2010 Robeson Creek Watershed Restoration Plan to help meet goals of reducing peak stormwater flows,
"Total Phosphorus (TP), Total Nitrogen (TN), total suspended solids (TSS), and improve and maintain aquatic habitat. Focus will be primarily on the Little Creek subwatershed. A stormwater wetland, a bioretention area, buffer plantings, and cisterns will be installed along a critical continuous segment of Little Creek tributary 1A that captures stormwater from urban development and a large parking lot in Pittsboro.
"Water quality sampling will be placed upstream and downstream of BMPs to determine effectiveness. An innovative upflow filter that targets Phosphorus removal will be installed on a farm pond that drains to Robeson Creek. Water quality monitoring will also occur upstream and downstream of this BMP to determine nutrient removal effectiveness. As recommended in the restoration plan, the ongoing educational campaign of the Robeson Creek Watershed council will be continued with quarterly stakeholder meetings, tours, workshops, newsletters, and informational signs at BMP locations."
"Peanuts taste good and are good for you. But a new NC State study shows that putting a bit of skin in the game can make peanut products even healthier while keeping them flavorful.
"Food scientist Dr. Tim Sanders and doctoral student Chellani Hathorn show that adding small amounts of peanut skin to products like peanut butter and peanut paste increase the nutritional value and antioxidant capacity of the products while only subtly changing the taste."
The new research appears in Journal of Food Science published online October 11, 2012 -- Here's a link to the paper:
Flavor and Antioxidant Capacity of Peanut Paste and Peanut Butter Supplemented with Peanut Skins
The Dean visited the Marine Aquaculture Research Center, Smyrna, and the Center for Marine Aquatic Science and Technology, Morehead City, NC, visiting with more than 30 alumni, supporters, and CALS faculty.
The Dean asked supporters “to help validate what we need to do as a college,” as CALS moves through its strategic planning process.
He learned about MARC, where researchers are exploring aquaculture with salt water species, such as blue crabs; environmentally friendly water handling in aquaculture; sturgeon aquaculture; hybrid striped bass feed research; wind energy self-sufficiency research; local seafood marketing efforts, and more.
Visit the CMAST web site:
Bacteria in the guts of honeybees are highly resistant to the antibiotic tetracycline, probably as a result of decades of preventive antibiotic use in...
Yale University researchers find that routine oxytetracycline use to prevent foulbrood appears to have caused genetic adaptation in bacteria in the honeybee.
The resistant bacteria were not found in honey, however.
Check out our Apiculture site, also:
"The third day of Dean Richard Linton’s cross-state trek took him to eastern North Carolina for a tour of the Center for Environmental Farming Systems [CEFS] in Goldsboro, bookended by stops in Clinton and Wallace."
"The CEFS is a partnership of N.C. State, N.C. A&T and the NCDA&CS. The 2,000-acre research farm in Goldsboro is one of the nation’s largest centers for the study of sustainable food and farming systems. Its mission is to develop and promote food and farming systems that protect the environment, strengthen local communities and provide economic opportunities in this state and beyond."
CEFS staff lead an information-rich tour of facilities for organic farming research which includes soil chemistry and emissions, relevant to climate change; pastured livestock; local food, including the 10% Campaign; forages; the dairy; the Good Agricultural Practices (GAP)-certified postharvest handling area; and more.
He also toured Prestage Farms, recent NCSU donor for whom the Department of Poultry Science was named, and visited with another NCSU supporter, Wendell Murphy.
"New CALS Dean Richard Linton is on the road, getting to know North Carolina and how the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences is making a difference every day in the lives of the state’s people.
Day One: Mills River and the Mountain Horticultural Crops Research and Extension Center. The center, near Asheville, serves as a hub for the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences in the western part of North Carolina.
More than 40 faculty and staff members conduct applied research and empower western North Carolina’s people through extension education programs related to agriculture, the environment, family and community.
The center is known for its innovative work related to tomato breeding, fish farming, herbs and organics, Christmas trees — and much more.
ITINERARY: A hops yard, sturgeon four to five feet long, energy crops considerably higher than an elephant’s eye – these were just a few of the things new College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Dean Rich Linton encountered during a day at the Mountain Horticultural Crops Research and Extension Center in Mills River. ..."
The Mountain Horticul;tural Crops Research & Extension Center, iMills River, web site
"From drinks to desserts, chocolate is a favorite that is loved by cultures worldwide. Can a food as delicious as chocolate also be good for your health? Join us to learn about the history of chocolate from ancient times to modern day manufacturing, and find out what current research is telling us about the science of this special food."
Free program at the NC Museum of Natural Sciences, Nov. 29, 6:30pm.
CALS food scientist, Dr. Gabriel Keith Harris will speak
Oct. 25, 2012 | Thursday, 6:30pm
Among the 15-minute talks are these, from CALS researchers:
Please join us for the:
Register no later than November 1.