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Program impact pathway analysis of a social franchise model shows potential to improve infant and young child feeding practices in Vietnam | Journal of Nutrition

Program impact pathway analysis of a social franchise model shows potential to improve infant and young child feeding practices in Vietnam | Journal of Nutrition | Research Capacity-Building in Africa | Scoop.it

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IFPRIKM's curator insight, September 2, 12:33 PM

By mapping the mechanisms through which interventions are expected to achieve impact, program impact pathway (PIP) analysis lays out the theoretical causal links between program activities, outcomes, and impacts. This study examines the pathways through which the Alive & Thrive (A&T) social franchise model is intended to improve infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices in Vietnam. Mixed methods were used, including qualitative interviews with franchise management board members (n = 12), surveys with health providers (n = 120), counseling observations (n = 160), and household surveys (n = 2,045). Six PIP components were assessed: 1) franchise management, 2) training and IYCF knowledge of health providers, 3) service delivery, 4) program exposure and utilization, 5) maternal behavioral determinants (knowledge, beliefs, and intentions) toward optimal IYCF practices, and 6) IYCF practices. Data were collected from A&T-intensive areas (A&T-I; mass media + social franchise) and A&T-nonintensive areas (A&T-NI; mass media only) by using a cluster-randomized controlled trial design. Data from 2013 were compared with baseline where similar measures were available. Results indicate that mechanisms are in place for effective management of the franchise system, despite challenges to routine monitoring. A&T training was associated with increased capacity of providers, resulting in higher-quality IYCF counseling (greater technical knowledge and communication skills during counseling) in A&T-I areas. Franchise utilization increased from 10% in 2012 to 45% in 2013 but fell below the expected frequency of 9–15 contacts per mother-child dyad. Improvements in breastfeeding knowledge, beliefs, intentions, and practices were greater among mothers in A&T-I areas than among those in A&T-NI areas. In conclusion, there are many positive changes along the impact pathway of the franchise services, but challenges in utilization and demand creation should be addressed to achieve the full intended impact.

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How to be a science journalist with James Randerson: Modernizing smallholder agriculture through value chain development in China | IFPRI Publication


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How to be a science journalist with James Randerson

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IFPRIKM's curator insight, February 26, 4:15 PM

The larger objective of this report is to shed light on the context and evolution of agri-food value chains in China’s rural sphere, from the perspective of small farmers and the rural poor. Relevant strategies and policy recommendations are made for development projects supported by governments and donors. Specifically, four objectives are: (i) To examine the changes taking place in the functioning and organization of China’s food systems and to identify challenges for the inclusion of smallholders. (ii) To identify good practices for linking smallholders with markets in China. (iii) To identify how the government and international organizations can facilitate the development of more efficient agri-food value chains in China, with due attention paid to smallholders. (iv) To identify lessons from experience to date in China for development project design and management.

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Women’s individual and joint property ownership: Effects on household decision-making | IFPRI Publication


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IFPRIKM's curator insight, May 19, 4:25 PM

In this paper, the relationship of women’s individual and joint property ownership and the level of women’s input into household decision-making is explored with data from India, Mali, Malawi, and Tanzania. In the three African countries, women with individual landownership have greater input into household decision-making than women whose landownership is joint; both have more input than women who are not landowners.

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Changing sources of growth in Indian agriculture: Implications for regional priorities for accelerating agricultural growth | IFPRI Publication


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IFPRIKM's curator insight, February 26, 3:14 PM

Indian agriculture was transforming from a cereal-based production system toward high-value crops (HVC) during the 1990s. However, food security concerns resurfaced during the first decade of the 21st century, and the policy environment tilted in favor of cereal-based production systems, especially rice and wheat. This paper revisits an earlier study to evaluate how the policy shift influences the patterns and the sources of agricultural growth in India and assesses their implications for regional priorities for higher, more sustainable, and more inclusive agricultural growth.