Society, Culture and Ethics
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Facebook and other tech giants are setting up a database for terrorist content

Facebook and other tech giants are setting up a database for terrorist content | Society, Culture and Ethics | Scoop.it

The database will contain the digital "fingerprints" of the images and videos, allowing the tech firms to identify potential terrorist content more efficiently, the companies said in a statement Monday. The internet giants have been battling the spread across the internet of content linked to terrorist organizations. Supporters of the Islamic militant group ISIS have proved particularly adept at using social media for propaganda and recruitment.

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Facebook, Twitter, Microsoft  and Google's YouTube say they will set up a shared database to help them track and remove "violent terrorist imagery or terrorist recruitment videos."

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Thousands of Indonesian Muslims protest against Christian governor

Hundreds of thousands of Indonesians have protested in the capital Jakarta to demand the arrest of the city’s governor.
Basuki Tjahaja Purnama, a Christian politician also known as Ahok, is facing trial in a blasphemy case over comments.

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There is no better way to ensure that a society will never progress in any way what-so-ever than by excluding people with a different political or religious conviction than those already in power. #disgusting

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Studies: Poor people don't spend cash transfers on booze, cigarettes

Studies: Poor people don't spend cash transfers on booze, cigarettes | Society, Culture and Ethics | Scoop.it
“There is a sideshow on this belief that people are poor because they are spending their money on alcohol and cigarettes,” David Evans, a senior economist at the World Bank and co-author of the study, told Humanosphere. “This study tries to close the door on the sideshow. ”
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

The longstanding criticism for giving poor people money is that they will waste it on alcohol and tobacco. A new review of 30 studies from Latin America, Africa and Asia disproves that notion. In fact, people spend less on “temptation goods” after receiving a cash transfer.

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Why palm oil in products is bad news

Human rights abuses in the Indonesian palm oil plantations. For the past year, Amnesty International has been investigating one of the largest producers of palm oil in the world – Wilmar, based in Singapore - and the working practices on some of its Indonesian plantations and those of its suppliers which are amongst the biggest on earth. "We knew there were concerns but the fact that these abuses are so prevalent in a sector that has come in such much scrutiny and there were so much fan fair with some of the largest companies promising consumers delivering sustainable palm oil that ensuring that no exploitations end up in the products that you and I use on an everyday basis I was actually shocked at that."

 

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Firms such as Kellogg's, Unilever and Nestlé 'use child-labour palm oil' https://www.theguardian.com/law/2016/nov/30/kelloggs-unilever-nestle-child-labour-palm-oil-wilmar-amnesty?CMP=share_btn_tw

 

https://www.amnesty.org.uk/indonesia-palm-oil-wilmar-human-rights-plantation

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Global firms behind popular brands such as Kit Kat, Colgate toothpaste and Dove cosmetics use palm oil produced by child labor and worker exploitation in dangerous conditions. Singapore-based palm oil producer Wilmar counts multinational companies including Kellogg’s, Unilever, Colgate-Palmolive, Reckitt Benckiser and Nestlé among its major clients. Palm oil is an ingredient in more than 50% of your supermarket products. In a 110-page report, Amnesty alleged products sold were “tainted by appalling human rights abuses ... with children as young as eight working in hazardous conditions”.

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Adidas Is Selling Shoes That Are Made Out Of Ocean Waste

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Parts of these shoes are made up of 95% ocean plastic found on coasts of the Maldives.

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Most Students Don’t Know When News Is Fake, Stanford Study Finds

Most Students Don’t Know When News Is Fake, Stanford Study Finds | Society, Culture and Ethics | Scoop.it
Teens absorb social media news without considering the source; parents can teach research skills and skepticism
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Preteens and teens may appear dazzlingly fluent, flitting among social-media sites, uploading selfies and texting friends. But they’re often clueless about evaluating the accuracy and trustworthiness of what they find.

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How a Canadian app is helping refugees find food, clean water and medical care

How a Canadian app is helping refugees find food, clean water and medical care | Society, Culture and Ethics | Scoop.it
A big issue for humanitarian organizations is finding a way to get up-to-date information to refugees and other aid groups. Now, a new web app aims to do just that.
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A new web app called Services Advisor by a Canadian startup can be accessed using a smartphone or computer, and is available in both English and Arabic.

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Over 1,800 migrant children have disappeared in Sweden

Over 1,800 migrant children have disappeared in Sweden | Society, Culture and Ethics | Scoop.it

More than 1,800 non-accompanied migrant children have gone missing in Sweden, a recent report shows. Fear and uncertainty regarding asylum claims are pointed to as reasons why children disappear. The 84-page report, unveiled on Thursday (17 November) by Stockholm's county council, said 1,829 children went missing after being assigned to a reception home.
That's 4 percent of the 45,651 unaccompanied children and young people who arrived and applied for asylum in Sweden from 2013 to May 2016.

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Roughly two school classes disappear every month in Sweden.

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Incredible! Domino's Completes First Pizza Delivery by Drone

Incredible! Domino's Completes First Pizza Delivery by Drone | Society, Culture and Ethics | Scoop.it
On Wednesday, Domino’s achieved a major milestone in automation when it successfully completed the first commercial delivery of a sad pizza you instantly regret ordering by drone.
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||| BREAKING NEWS |||

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Chronic Poverty Linked to Cognitive Dysfunction in Midlife

Chronic Poverty Linked to Cognitive Dysfunction in Midlife | Society, Culture and Ethics | Scoop.it
“Maintaining cognitive abilities is a key component of health,” said Zeki Al Hazzouri. “Findings among this relatively young cohort place economic hardship as being on the pathway to cognitive aging and as an important contributor to premature aging among economically disadvantaged populations. It is important to monitor how trends in income and other social and economic parameters influence health outcomes.”
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Sustained economic hardship among young people is strongly linked to poor cognitive function in midlife and may contribute to premature aging.

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Social Media Deepens The Political Divide. Unfriending Makes It Worse

Social media users are blocking out the friends and news sites that won't confirm their views.

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Social media is creating a new kind of political divide. And when you unfriend someone over a political argument, you're making that divide even deeper. This is very bad for democracy and perpetuates the polarization and segregation between social groups.

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War Goes Viral: How social media is being weaponized across the world

War Goes Viral: How social media is being weaponized across the world | Society, Culture and Ethics | Scoop.it
Social media has empowered isis recruiting, helping the group draw at least 30,000 foreign fighters, from some 100 countries, to the battlefields of Syria and Iraq. It has aided the seeding of new franchises in places ranging from Libya and Afghanistan to Nigeria and Bangladesh. It was the vehicle isis used to declare war on the United States: The execution of the American journalist James Foley was deliberately choreographed for viral distribution. And it is how the group has inspired acts of terror on five continents.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

How can a group use social media to involve people deeply in a distant conflict—and even persuade them to join it? Perplexing as it may be, the concepts behind ISIS’s viral success are the same ones used to push a new Taylor Swift album.

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2 Billion Children Breathe Toxic Air Worldwide, UNICEF Says

2 Billion Children Breathe Toxic Air Worldwide, UNICEF Says | Society, Culture and Ethics | Scoop.it
As Indians awoke Monday to smoke-filled skies from a weekend of festival fireworks, New Delhi's worst season for air pollution began — with dire consequences.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

A new report from UNICEF says about a third of the 2 billion children in the world who are breathing toxic air live in northern India and neighboring countries, risking serious health effects including damage to their lungs, brains and other organs. Of that global total, 300 million kids are exposed to pollution levels more than six times higher than standards set by the World Health Organization, including 220 million in South Asia.

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Robochops – on the road with a food-delivery droid

Robochops – on the road with a food-delivery droid | Society, Culture and Ethics | Scoop.it
It’s part of a trial by takeaway app Just Eat. They have signed up seven mechanoids from Starship Technologies – a tech company run by two of Skype’s co-founders – and will be using them across Greenwich in the coming weeks. Now, when customers in the area order from a nearby restaurant, there’s a chance that their chicken chow mein will be brought to them by a robot.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Not many futuristic technological advances involve lamb cutlets served with a choice of chips or salad. But this week, takeaway history was made when a Turkish restaurant in south London became the world’s first to use a robot delivery driver.

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What, how and why? The UK's new online porn restrictions explained

What, how and why? The UK's new online porn restrictions explained | Society, Culture and Ethics | Scoop.it
A government bill will give authorities the power to block websites that publish videos portraying a range of sexual acts that they believe are not appropriate for British eyes. How did we get here?
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

A new digital economy bill in the UK intends to block websites hosting ‘unconventional’ sexual content. So who decides what is conventional, and who will implement and police such a ban?

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Pooping in a Spacesuit Is As Complicated As It Sounds

Pooping in a Spacesuit Is As Complicated As It Sounds | Society, Culture and Ethics | Scoop.it
"Get me a napkin quick," said Apollo 10 commander Tom Stafford with some urgency. "There's a turd floating through the air."
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Innovation challenge: NASA offers a $30,000 award to the person who can work out a system that routes and collects human waste away from the body, hands-free, for fully suited astronauts.

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Study highlights traffic pollution link to asthma in children

Study highlights traffic pollution link to asthma in children | Society, Culture and Ethics | Scoop.it

Researchers focused on childhood exposure to traffic-associated nitrogen dioxide, black carbon, and particulate matter (PM2.5 and PM10), and the subsequent development of asthma. Results drew on findings from 41 pieces of research – published between 1999 and September 2016 – which included data from the Netherlands, the USA, Canada, Germany, Norway, Sweden, England, France, Italy, Japan, China, Taiwan and Korea. Data for over one million children was included in the meta-analyses.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Children and adolescents exposed to high levels of traffic-related air pollution have a greater risk of developing asthma.

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StreetLink app: Help homeless people into the warm this winter

StreetLink app: Help homeless people into the warm this winter | Society, Culture and Ethics | Scoop.it
Letting StreetLink know where to find those in need has never been easier - or more necessary.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

If you see a homeless person on the street, what’s the best way to help? Now you can do more than dig in your pockets for spare change, by alerting the charity StreetLink through its app.

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BBC's 100 Women Of 2016

BBC's 100 Women Of 2016 | Society, Culture and Ethics | Scoop.it
The BBC has chosen its list of inspirational and influential women for 2016. They will bring you groundbreaking moments of defiance, new takes on fairy tales, stories of octogenarian cheerleading, and take you inside the world of e-gaming.
Others will be exploring black feminism or taking part in our first ever live festival. You will hear from some of the world's biggest names but also from women you may never have heard of, but who all have astonishing stories to tell.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Does anyone have a contact for the BBC? Whoever made this list forgot to add my mother...

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Tesco cuts sugar in own-brand drinks to avoid sugar tax

Tesco cuts sugar in own-brand drinks to avoid sugar tax | Society, Culture and Ethics | Scoop.it

Tesco has escaped the government’s sugar tax by cutting the amount of sugar that its own-label soft drinks contain to below the 5 grams per 100ml at which the levy is supposed to come in. The supermarket giant’s move was applauded by the government, which has attempted to concentrate industry minds on reformulation. Tesco, which announced it was changing the formula for all 251 of its own-brand soft drinks, declined to say how it had reduced the sugar content below taxable levels. “This is just one part of our plans to make the food on our shelves healthier by reducing levels of sugar, salt and fat in our own brands,” said Matt Davies, Tesco’s chief executive for the UK and Republic of Ireland.

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Government hails supermarket’s move to reformulate all of its own-label soft drinks, saying it shows pressure is working.

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Introducing The SEX100: 100 things changing our collective sex lives

Introducing The SEX100: 100 things changing our collective sex lives | Society, Culture and Ethics | Scoop.it

Sex, you may have noticed, is a pretty integral part of the whole human experience. For one, none of us would be here without sex; for two, what would be the point of life without it?
But ever since humans started making erotic cave paintings, sex has been changing. New knowledge, new attitudes, new technologies. So where is sex at today? And where is it going? We decided to answer that for you. The AskMen SEX100 is a look at how sex is evolving: 100 things changing our collective sex lives. In it you'll find porn stars & activists, sex toys & hookup apps, podcasts & dating trends.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Apparently, there's a porn website called ijustcame.org that donates money to charity every time a user reaches orgasm to one of their streaming videos. An estimated 6000 people enter porn sites every single second of every day - 24/7. Imagine the amount of charitable donations given if all consumers used sites like this. Innovation at its finest! And many others here listed in the SEX100. Check it out.

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Unlocked Android smartphones secretly send your data to China

Unlocked Android smartphones secretly send your data to China | Society, Culture and Ethics | Scoop.it
More than 700m smartphones around the world may be compromised by a firmware vulnerability that sends personal data, including texts, to China.
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In case you were ever worried about being monitored. Every 72 hours, your smartphone may automatically be transmitting user and device information including the full body of text messages, contact lists, call history with full telephone numbers and unique device identifiers to an unknown server in Shanghai. So much for the right to privacy...

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Petition: Whistleblower Edward Snowden facing prison

Petition: Whistleblower Edward Snowden facing prison | Society, Culture and Ethics | Scoop.it

When Edward Snowden shared US intelligence documents with journalists in June 2013, he revealed the shocking extent of global mass surveillance. He revealed how governments were secretly hoovering up huge chunks of our personal communications, including private emails, phone locations, web histories and so much more. All without our consent. His courage changed the world. He sparked a global debate, changing laws and helping to protect our privacy. For the first time in 40 years, the US passed laws to control government surveillance. Globally, technology companies including Apple and WhatsApp are now doing more to protect our personal information. None of this would have happened without Edward. Yet he’s facing decades in prison, accused of selling secrets to enemies of the US. With no guarantee of a fair trial in his home country, he is living in limbo in Russia.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Urge President Obama to do something monumental before he leaves office. Urge him to pardon Edward Snowden, a whistleblower who acted solely in the public interest.

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As election nears, Pope Francis warns against fear, building walls

As election nears, Pope Francis warns against fear, building walls | Society, Culture and Ethics | Scoop.it
Pope Francis on Saturday condemned the political use of fear and the building of walls, describing the refugee crisis as “a problem of the world” and urging political leaders to do more, according to America magazine.
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Pope urges the defeat of “false prophets who exploit fear and desperation, who sell magic formulas of hatred and cruelty or selfish well-being and illusory security".

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Mimicking nature turns sewage into biocrude oil in minutes

Mimicking nature turns sewage into biocrude oil in minutes | Society, Culture and Ethics | Scoop.it
The US Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) has found a way to potentially change the 34 billion gal (128 billion liters) of raw sewage that Americans create every day into 30 million barrels of biocrude oil per year.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Wastewater treatment plants may one day turn ordinary sewage into biocrude oil, thanks to new research. The technology, hydrothermal liquefaction, mimics the geological conditions Earth uses to create crude oil, using high pressure and temperature to achieve in minutes something that takes Mother Nature millions of years.

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