REDD+
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Reducing greenhouse gas Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation, and enhancing forest carbon stocks
Curated by Nicholas Berry
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Drawing, Role-Playing, and 3D Maps

Drawing, Role-Playing, and 3D Maps | REDD+ | Scoop.it
The Landscapes Blog often explores research and technical experience on integrated landscapes, but sometimes accounting for different components and interactions within a landscapes really requires...
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A step by step guide to making maps of vegetation carbon stocks

A step by step guide to making maps of vegetation carbon stocks | REDD+ | Scoop.it
A follow on from the 5th Building Carbon Bridges across Africa workshop  I've just come back from leading a training workshop in Accra, Ghana, as part of the Building Carbon Bridges across Africa p...
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PLOS ONE: Towards Regional, Error-Bounded Landscape Carbon Storage Estimates for Data-Deficient Areas of the World

PLOS ONE: Towards Regional, Error-Bounded Landscape Carbon Storage Estimates for Data-Deficient Areas of the World | REDD+ | Scoop.it

Monitoring landscape carbon storage is critical for supporting and validating climate change mitigation policies. These may be aimed at reducing deforestation and degradation, or increasing terrestrial carbon storage at local, regional and global levels. However, due to data-deficiencies, default global carbon storage values for given land cover types such as ‘lowland tropical forest’ are often used, termed ‘Tier 1 type’ analyses by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Such estimates may be erroneous when used at regional scales. Furthermore uncertainty assessments are rarely provided leading to estimates of land cover change carbon fluxes of unknown precision which may undermine efforts to properly evaluate land cover policies aimed at altering land cover dynamics. Here, we present a repeatable method to estimate carbon storage values and associated 95% confidence intervals (CI) for all five IPCC carbon pools (aboveground live carbon, litter, coarse woody debris, belowground live carbon and soil carbon) for data-deficient regions, using a combination of existing inventory data and systematic literature searches, weighted to ensure the final values are regionally specific. The method meets the IPCC ‘Tier 2’ reporting standard. We use this method to estimate carbon storage over an area of33.9 million hectares of eastern Tanzania, reporting values for 30 land cover types. We estimate that this area stored 6.33 (5.92–6.74) Pg C in the year 2000. Carbon storage estimates for the same study area extracted from five published Africa-wide or global studies show a mean carbon storage value of ~50% of that reported using our regional values, with four of the five studies reporting lower carbon storage values. This suggests that carbon storage may have been underestimated for this region of Africa. Our study demonstrates the importance of obtaining regionally appropriate carbon storage estimates, and shows how such values can be produced for a relatively low investment.

http://www.plosone.org/article/fetchObjectAttachment.action;jsessionid=F53FC369286F70F5B0FBC4AF3FC1EF02?uri=info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0044795&representation=PDF

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Sustainable Development - Lessons Learned from Community Forestry & REDD+ in Brazil

Sustainable Development - Lessons Learned from Community Forestry & REDD+ in Brazil | REDD+ | Scoop.it

Designing a successful REDD+ strategy is complex, in part because it deals with the intricacies of changing economic incentives and human behaviors toward forests – and toward land in general. That’s where community forestry can play an important role.

Various tropical countries have demonstrated that the effective decentralization of forest management rights and responsibilities, when combined with long-term support of local communities, can lead to better management of forest resources. REDD+ can foster decentralization of forest management rights and responsibilities. (REDD+ refers to all activities covered by the mechanism for Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation, plus the conservation of forest carbon stocks, the sustainable management of forests, and the increased enhancement of forest carbon stocks in developing countries.)

http://siteresources.worldbank.org/EXTSDNET/Resources/REDD+_and_Community_Forestry.pdf

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A step-wise framework for setting REDD+ forest reference emission levels and forest reference levels

A step-wise framework for setting REDD+ forest reference emission levels and forest reference levels | REDD+ | Scoop.it

http://www.cifor.org/nc/online-library/browse/view-publication/publication/3788.html

Developing countries wishing to participate in the REDD+ mechanism can start developing forest reference (emission) levels, based on the guidance provided by COP 17 of UNFCCC and by considering the following points: - The quality and availability of data will determine the methods used to develop forest reference (emission) levels. - The step-wise approach proposed in this policy brief can reflect different national circumstances and facilitate broad participation by enabling countries to develop relatively simple forest reference (emission) levels that can be improved over time. These levels can be set alongside efforts to improve measurement and monitoring capacities and reduce uncertainties conducted as part of the three REDD+ implementation phases (which countries are required to follow).- Considering the drivers and activities that cause deforestation and forest degradation will be particularly important in relation to ‘adjusting’ reference (emission) levels according to ‘national circumstances’. - A sub-national approach to developing forest reference (emission) levels should be restricted to Phases 1 and 2 of REDD+ and national forest RELs/ RLs should be developed for Phase 3 of REDD+ when any financial incentive scheme will be based on fully measured, reported and verified results-based actions. This will ensure the cost-efficiency and will safeguard the environmental integrity of the REDD+ mitigation mechanism.

http://www.cifor.org/publications/pdf_files/Infobrief/3788-infobrief.pdf

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Including Mangrove Forests in REDD+

Including Mangrove Forests in REDD+ | REDD+ | Scoop.it
LTS International was commissioned by CDKN to write a briefing paper on Including Mangrove Forests in REDD+.

 

Key messages from the paper:

- REDD+ preparations have focused on terrestrial forests but recent studies show the carbon sequestration potential of mangrove forests in coastal swamps
- Mangroves benefit coastal communities, particularly the fishing trade. Yet few carbon certification schemes under REDD+ are open to mangrove forests due to lack of carbon models for their deep sediment meaning communities are prevented from securing further financial benefit.
- This policy brief, based on findings from a project in Kenya, suggests that existing social carbon standards are suitable for mangrove forest REDD+ projects

http://ltsi.co.uk/images/documents/including%20mangroves%20in%20redd%2B%20lesley%20king%20lts%20international.pdf

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NASA updates global forest height map

NASA updates global forest height map | REDD+ | Scoop.it
NASA researchers have released a Google Earth version of a map showing the height of the world's forests. .
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From Land Cover to Land Use: A Methodology to Assess Land Use from Remote Sensing Data

From Land Cover to Land Use: A Methodology to Assess Land Use from Remote Sensing Data | REDD+ | Scoop.it

The “land use” concept has evolved during recent decades and it is now considered as the socioeconomic function of land. Land use representation and land use change assessment through remote sensing still remains one of the major challenges for the remote sensing scientific community. In this paper we present a methodological approach based on remote sensing techniques to assess land use in accordance with the requirements of the United Nations Framework Climate Change Convention, UNFCCC (1995). The methodology is based mainly on the recognition of the land key elements and their function and on the adoption of the “predominant land use” criteria in the classification scheme settled by rules. The concept that underpins these rules is that the land use function of land can be expressed through hierarchical relationships among key land elements, and that these functional relationships are based on thresholds reflecting the relevance and predominance of key land elements in the observed area. When analyses are supported by high (10–30 m) or very high ( < 10 m) spatial resolution remote sensing data, the methodology provides a systematic approach for the representation of land use that is consistent with the concepts and methodologies developed by the International Panel on Climate Change(IPCC) to fulfill UNFCCC commitments. In particular, data with high and very high spatial resolution provide good results, with overall accuracies above 87% in the identification of key land elements that characterize land use classes. The methodology could be used to assess land use in any context (e.g., for any land use category or in any country and region) as it is based on the definition of user/project rules that should be tailored on the land use function of any territory.

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Himalyan Community Carbon Project

Communities in Nepal working to restore the Great Himalayan Forests. Shows how organisations can use the new generation of community carbon offset projects t...
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IUCN - Empowering local communities defends against climate change

IUCN - Empowering local communities defends against climate change | REDD+ | Scoop.it
Durban, South Africa, 5 December 2011 (IUCN) — The world’s poorest people are on the frontlines of climate change, with everything to lose and little to cushion the blow of its far-reaching impacts.

http://www.careclimatechange.org/files/adaptation/ELAN_IntegratedApproach_150412.pdf

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CIFOR Forests Blog » Well-managed logging concession areas could boost REDD+ carbon stocks in Congo Basin

CIFOR Forests Blog » Well-managed logging concession areas could boost REDD+ carbon stocks in Congo Basin | REDD+ | Scoop.it
DOUALA, Cameroon (15 March, 2012)_A new CIFOR project in the Congo Basin is hoping to bolster scientific evidence that proves sustainable timber production in forests logged by private companies and local communities could increase carbon stocks...
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UN-REDD Programme 2011 YIR Launch

UN-REDD Programme 2011 YIR Launch | REDD+ | Scoop.it

The UN-REDD Programme’s 2011 “Year in Review” report was launched this week at the Programme's Policy Board meeting in Asunción, Paraguay. The 2011 “Year in Review” report provides a comprehensive snapshot of the significant progress and achievements made by the Programme's 14 National Programmes and other partner countries, as well as the international support and outreach provided by the Programme throughout 2011. The report also features high-level testimonials from donors, partner countries and other organizations involved in REDD+, including the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the Global Environment Facility (GEF), Brazil’s National Institute for Space Research (INPE) and the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF).

http://www.unredd.net/index.php?option=com_docman&amp;amp;task=doc_download&amp;amp;gid=6835&amp;amp;Itemid=53

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ICT for climate-smart agriculture and "green growth": Online forum 5-16 March 2012 | e-Agriculture

ICT for climate-smart agriculture and "green growth": Online forum 5-16 March 2012 | e-Agriculture | REDD+ | Scoop.it

Climate-smart agriculture seeks to increase productivity while reducing contributions to climate change. Success is essential in order to provide enough food for the world’s population and to mitigate environmental damage. The World Bank, FAO and the e-Agriculture community invite you to explore how information and communication technologies (ICT) can support "green growth" and climate-smart agriculture.

ICT holds real promise in two particular areas: as tools for land use planning and management; and, as risk management tools for climate change adaptation. This will be the focus of the two week online discussion.

Share your experiences, ask questions to the subject matter experts, and explore new areas for ICT to have a positive impact on agriculture and climate change. Join us at http://www.e-agriculture.org/forums/current-forum

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World Bank aids Laos' forests with $31 million-grant

World Bank aids Laos' forests with $31 million-grant | REDD+ | Scoop.it
The World Bank has signed a grant agreement of $31.83 million to aid the Government of Lao People's Democratic Republic's sustainable forest management project.
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Standard Operating Procedures for Terrestrial Carbon Measurement

http://www.winrock.org/ecosystems/files/Winrock_Terrestrial_Carbon_Field_SOP_Manual_2012_Version.pdf

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Forest Management and Climate Change: stakeholder perceptions | FAO

Forest Management and Climate Change: stakeholder perceptions | FAO | REDD+ | Scoop.it

Forest and Climate Change Working Paper 11. Forest Management and Climate Change: stakeholder perceptions

 

This publication presents a summary of the results of a survey on forest stakeholders and their views and perceptions on factors that influence the ability of forest managers to respond to climate change. 

http://www.fao.org/docrep/015/md510e/md510e00.pdf

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iREDD hedges against avoided deforestation's unholy trinity of leakage, permanence and additionality

iREDD hedges against avoided deforestation's unholy trinity of leakage, permanence and additionality | REDD+ | Scoop.it

Workable financial mechanisms are essential to abate greenhouse gas emissions. Deforestation, which contributes a large proportion of total global emissions, must be avoided as an effective emissions-reduction tactic, and to alleviate biodiversity loss and poverty. However, incentives to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD) have had mixed and suboptimal success because of opportunity costs and administrative and technical issues, in particular, leakage, permanence, and additionality. We show that these latter concepts can be ambiguous, potentially contrived and in some cases, generate perverse outcomes. Encumbering avoided-deforestation projects with these administrative shackles risks massive increases in global deforestation and a concomitant loss of biodiversity, ecosystem services and emissions-reduction opportunities. We offer a solution built on a proven insurance-based hedging principle, a concept we call iREDD, that could indirectly address specific technical and administrative challenges, whether real or contrived. Project-specific iREDD insurance policies and premiums would be negotiated upfront using a simple assessment of risk based on governance quality, the integrity of management plans, liquidity, monitoring and evaluation frameworks, and political acceptability. iREDD acts as both an incentive for prudent forest management given the seller's potential financial windfall if forests are diligently managed, and guarantees not to disenfranchise the buyer.

 

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1755-263X.2012.00237.x/pdf

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"The Story of REDD: A real solution to deforestation?"

"The Story of REDD: A real solution to deforestation?" Film produced by FERN For more information visit: www.fern.org/thestoryofREDD www.redd-monitor.org/red...
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A toolkit to assess proposed benefit sharing and revenue distribution schemes of community REDD+ projects | REDD-net: Networking for equity in forest climate policy

This Toolkit to assess proposed Benefit Sharing and Revenue Distribution Schemes of Community REDD+ Projects has been developed as part of REDD-net’s aim of strengthening the ability of community-based institutions to address REDD+ issues, with benefit sharing being a key issue in the design of equitable REDD+ policies and projects at the national and community levels. This Toolkit to assess proposed benefit sharing and revenue distribution schemes under community REDD+ projects will assist practitioners, civil society and policy makers to assess benefit sharing and revenue schemes proposed as part of REDD+ Projects which involve forest-dependent communities in activities to reduce deforestation and forest degradation.

 

http://redd-net.org/files/Benefit%20Sharing%20Toolkit.pdf

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Trees sustain life

Through Vi-Agroforestry corporations can compensate for their climate impact. Vi-Agroforestry's project for carbon offsetting is certified by the Plan Vivo s...
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Review of current tools and methods for REDD+ and REALU value chains

Review of current tools and methods for REDD+ and REALU value chains | REDD+ | Scoop.it

While developing area-based REDD+ and REALU projects, some key questions emerge:
1. What are the main steps of the project cycle and what do we need to know at each step of the project cycle?
2. What information can be provided at relatively low cost and with sufficient reliability to facilitate project development?
3. What data is required for a comprehensive and rigorous analysis of variables and issues?
4. How can the efficiency and equity of the process be secured in an integrated way?
This report attempts to provide answers to these questions and aims at reviewing, revising and preparing a toolbox for landscape level assessment and planning for REDD+ and REALU.

In this document we present different set of tools and methods developed in recent years by the World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), The ASB Partnership for Tropical Forest Margins and other international organizations.

 

http://www.asb.cgiar.org/PDFwebdocs/Review%20of%20current%20tools%20and%20methods%20for%20REDD+%20and%20REALU%20value%20chains%20Draft.pdf

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A Toolkit to Assess Proposed Benefit Sharing and Revenue Distribution Schemes of Community REDD+ Projects | The REDD Desk

A Toolkit to Assess Proposed Benefit Sharing and Revenue Distribution Schemes of Community REDD+ Projects | The REDD Desk | REDD+ | Scoop.it

This Toolkit to assess proposed Benefit Sharing and Revenue Distribution Schemes of Community REDD+ Projects has been developed as part of REDD-net’s aim of strengthening the ability of community-based institutions to address REDD+ issues, with benefit sharing being a key issue in the design of equitable REDD+ policies and projects at the national and community levels. This Toolkit to assess proposed benefit sharing and revenue distribution schemes under community REDD+ projects will assist practitioners, civil society and policy makers to assess benefit sharing and revenue schemes proposed as part of REDD+ Projects which involve forest-dependent communities in activities to reduce deforestation and forest degradation.

http://www.theredddesk.org/sites/default/files/resources/pdf/2012/benefit_sharing_toolkit.pdf

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Putting multifunctional landscapes into climate negotiations | Agroforestry World Blog

Putting multifunctional landscapes into climate negotiations | Agroforestry World Blog | REDD+ | Scoop.it

Climate Change will have an impact on every person in the world. It is well documented that it will impact smallholder farmers the most because of the effect on their crops. On the other hand, the effects of climatic change on trees within landscapes are often not considered. However, a recently released book by World Agroforestry Centre scientists warn that climate change will have a much greater impact on the rural poor if climate debates remain focused on forests rather than on the role of trees within multifunctional landscapes. By paying smallholder farmers for ecosystem services that keep climate resilient trees on landscapes, the writers argue those trees will contribute to adaptation and mitigation simultaneously.

 

How trees and people can co-adapt to climate change Reducing vulnerability in multifunctional landscapes http://worldagroforestry.org/sea/Publications/files/book/BK0149-11.PDF

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Rights to forests and carbon under REDD+ initiatives in Latin America

Rights to forests and carbon under REDD+ initiatives in Latin America | REDD+ | Scoop.it

Rights to large areas of forest have been granted to communities and indigenous peoples in Latin America, offering these groups an opportunity to participate in REDD+ initiatives. However, tenure is not always secure, and security of tenure alone is insufficient to guarantee positive outcomes for both forests and livelihoods. The question of carbon tenure rights has only just begun to be addressed, and even less attention has been given to liabilities. REDD+ initiatives provide an opportunity to consolidate indigenous territories but present a risk to those without secure land rights. REDD+ initiatives should be informed by a clear understanding of the successes and failures of community forest management. REDD+ initiatives should recognise local diversity and not impose blueprints.

http://www.cifor.org/publications/pdf_files/infobrief/3277-infobrief.pdf

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