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Topiramate reduces heavy drinking among patients seeking to cut down on alcohol consumption

Topiramate reduces heavy drinking among patients seeking to cut down on alcohol consumption | Recovery | Scoop.it
Heavy alcohol consumption is common in the United States and takes a personal and societal toll, with an annual estimated cost of $223.5 billion.
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Online gambling can exacerbate addiction - Dailyrecord.com

Online gambling can exacerbate addiction - Dailyrecord.com | Recovery | Scoop.it
Online gambling can exacerbate addiction
Dailyrecord.com
Terry Elman, 72, of Morris Plains, the education coordinator for the Council on Compulsive Gambling of New Jersey.
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What Is Recovery? An interesting infographic from Addiction Blog...

What Is Recovery? An interesting infographic from Addiction Blog... | Recovery | Scoop.it
Who better can explain what recovery actually means (and how they got there) than someone who is actually in recovery? Based on data collected by The Alcohol Research Group, we visualize the results of the What is Recovery? survey here.

Via Barbara Wood, Ph.D. www.alcoholismandthefamily.com / Author of Children of Alcoholism and Raising Healthy Children in an Alcoholic Home
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Barbara Wood, Ph.D. www.alcoholismandthefamily.com / Author of Children of Alcoholism and Raising Healthy Children in an Alcoholic Home's curator insight, February 4, 2014 1:41 PM


From addictionblog.org this is a compelling infographic that "represents over 9,300 case studies, making visual the data collected  by a recent study funded by the National Institutes of Health about types of recovery, definitions, as well as the how people get into recovery." Click on parts of the infographic to discover:


  • How people in recovery feel about their quality of life
  • How long have most people been in recovery
  • The paths to addiction recovery
  • What types of recovery are possible
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High Wired: Does Addictive Internet Use Restructure the Brain?: Scientific American

High Wired: Does Addictive Internet Use Restructure the Brain?: Scientific American | Recovery | Scoop.it
Brain scans hint excessive time online is tied to stark physical changes in the brain

Via Barbara Wood, Ph.D. www.alcoholismandthefamily.com / Author of Children of Alcoholism and Raising Healthy Children in an Alcoholic Home
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Barbara Wood, Ph.D. www.alcoholismandthefamily.com / Author of Children of Alcoholism and Raising Healthy Children in an Alcoholic Home's curator insight, January 8, 2014 10:02 AM


More and more brain imaging techniques are showing that substance abuse and dependence change brain structure and function, and that other compulsive activities may well have this same impact. Scientific American reports, in this article by Dave Mosher, that internet addiction may "  impair decision-making abilities—including those to trump the desire to stay online and return to the real world." 


The article explains that a  group of Chinese researchers compared  18 college-age students who reported spending  about 10 hours a day, six days a week playing online games with a group of  healthy controls who spent less than two hours a day online. All subjects underwent two types of brain scans. 


Mosher  notes that, "One set of images focused on gray matter at the brain's wrinkled surface, or cortex, where processing of speech, memory, motor control, emotion, sensory and other information occurs... (and)  discovered several small regions in online addicts' brains shrunk, in some cases as much as a 10 to 20 percent. The affected regions included the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, rostral anterior cingulate cortex, supplementary motor area and parts of the cerebellum." An imaging neuroscientist interviewed for the article observed that these changes "may just be relevant to being a good online gamer, and were optimized for that."


Another set of images focused on  tissue deep in the brain called white matter, which links together the various regions of the brain.. These scans "showed increased white matter density in the right parahippocampal gyrus, a spot also tied to memory formation and retrieval. In another spot called the left posterior limb of the internal capsule, which is linked to cognitive and executive functions, white matter density dropped relative to the rest of the brain."


Researchers speculated that white matter abnormalities in the right parahippocampal gyrus  may make if more difficult for  Internet addicts to temporarily store and retrieve information, This article also notes that, " white matter reduction in the left posterior limb could impair decision-making abilities—including those to trump the desire to stay online and return to the real world."


The study had a small n, but the imaging neuroscientist interviewed for this article, Karl Friston of  University College London, challenged the need for a large study, saying, "That the results show anything significant at all is very telling." 

 


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The Chemistry of Addiction

Hank describes how our brains respond biochemically to various addictive substances and behaviors and where those responses have come from, evolutionarily sp...
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