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Rescooped by Jose from livesoccer
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Blogs.Football - Qatar World Cup Won’t Clash With Winter Olympics

Blogs.Football - Qatar World Cup Won’t Clash With Winter Olympics | Reading and Writting | Scoop.it
World Cup 2022 News: Qatar World Cup 2022 Won’t Clash With Winter Olympics

Via livesoccer6
Jose's insight:

When reading this article it is amazing how Brazil decided to build new stadiums for the FIFA Wold cup. Instead of helping their economy prosper, they have decided ti spend millions of dollars building new infrastructures and making bigger stadiums in order to attract tourists and allow for more money to come into their nation. I do not know exactly how to feel but i do know that they did not have to take this approach. Gives me second thoughts of whether or not they will be making their money back from all the stadiums they have built. 

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livesoccer6's curator insight, November 13, 2013 7:21 AM
he Fifa World Cup 2014 in Brazil has its issues – there are concerns that the stadiums and infrastructure won’t be finished, and that certain sections of Brazil’s population will be negatively affected by all that hosting the World Cup involves.
Michael Eiseman's curator insight, April 3, 2014 12:28 PM

Brazil will be ready!  I just got back from the 6 largest cities and all are done and already hosting games leading up. Recife and Rio Look fantastic!  #Qatar I think 900 people dying while building it at this early stage would make Fifa's mind up already. Its pushed under the rug?  We still have lots of Tickets, Hotels and Guides for the #BrazilWorldCup at www.brazilworldcuppackage.com 

Rescooped by Jose from CLIMATE CHANGE WILL IMPACT US ALL
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Ocean Acidification, Climate Change and Rapidly Changing EcoSystems

Ocean Acidification, Climate Change and Rapidly Changing EcoSystems | Reading and Writting | Scoop.it

May 6, 2013 BBC News Science and Environment

-▶ Carbon dioxide is rapidly altering the chemistry of the Arctic, and the changes will last many thousands of years, a report says.,, http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-22408341

 

Grist, March 07, 2014
-▶ CURRENT EVENTS:  ANTARCTIC CLIMATE CHANGE IS MESSING WITH THE MOTION OF THE OCEAN http://grist.org/climate-energy/current-events-antarctic-climate-change-is-messing-with-the-motion-of-the-ocean/

 

 

-▶ Summit County, November 14, 2013
CLIMATE: OCEAN ACIDIFICATION WILL HAVE HUGE COSTS http://summitcountyvoice.com/2013/11/14/61627/

 

May 12, 3013 About My Planet

-▶ ACIDIFICATION OF OCEANS RISKING ECOSYSTEMS
http://www.aboutmyplanet.com/climate-change/acidification-risking-ecosystems-of-oceans/

 

May 7, 2013 World Environment News -
-▶ ACIDIFICATION: THE LATEST UNKNOWN FOR STRESSED ARCTIC ECOSYSTEM http://planetark.org/wen/68601

 

-▶ HEALTH OF OCEANS 'DECLINING FAST' - MASS EXTINCTION MAY BE INEVITABLE http://sco.lt/8ZyX6v

 

September 13, 2013 Summit County Citizens Voice
-▶ RESEARCHERS REPORT STARTLING RATE OF ACIDIFICATION IN PARTS OF THE ARCTIC OCEAN http://summitcountyvoice.com/2013/09/13/climate-researchers-report-startling-rate-of-acidification-in-parts-of-the-arctic-ocean/

 

August 26, 2013 Time Magazine
-▶ HOW OCEAN ACIDIFICATION WILL MAKE CLIMATE CHANGE WORSE http://science.time.com/2013/08/26/ocean-acidification-will-make-climate-change-worse/

 

Guardian Environment, October 2, 2013
-▶ OCEAN ACIDIFICATION DUE TO CARBON EMISSIONS UNPRECEDENTED IN EARTH'S KNOW HISTORY - THE NEXT MASS EXTINCTION MAY HAVE ALREADY BEGUN  http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2013/oct/03/ocean-acidification-carbon-dioxide-emissions-levels

 

The Vancouver Sun, October 25, 2013
-▶ ACIDIFICATION OF OCEANS THREATENS TO CHANGE ENTIRE MARINE ECOSYSTEM http://www.vancouversun.com/technology/Acidification+oceans+threatens+change+entire+marine+ecosystem/9085021/story.html

 

Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research (AWI)
-▶ OCEAN ACIDIFICATION - AN INTRODUCTION - THE TWIN SISTER TO CLIMATE CHANGE http://www.awi.de/en/news/focus/2013/ocean_acidification/

 

-▶ GREENLAND'S MELTING: CREATING A DIFFERENT CLIMATE THAN EARTH HAS EVER SEEN http://sco.lt/8bjv73

 


                                               SEA CHANGE

The Seattle Times

-▶ CAN SEA LIFE ADAPT TO SOURING, ACIDIFYING  OCEANS? http://apps.seattletimes.com/reports/sea-change/2013/nov/2/can-sea-life-adapt/?cmpid=newscred

 

 

-▶ CHANGING OUR WORLD FOREVER.  THE WAY TO A NEW, UNKNOWN ARCTIC ECOSYSTEM http://sco.lt/8eWiUz

 

 Guardian Environment, September 24, 2013

-▶ WHY GEOENGINEERING SUITS RUSSIA'S CARBON AGENDA, GIVEN THE COUNTRY'S FOSSIL FUEL STRATEGY IN THE ARCTIC
The Arctic, a large portion of which is controlled or claimed by Russia, is a new carbon El Dorado, holding up to a quarter of the globe’s undiscovered oil and gas reserves. According to one energy industry insider: "Climate change is opening up one of the last frontiers for hydrocarbons on our planet. The Arctic … could be set for rapid change and development as exploration, production and infrastructure will have an inevitable, irreversible impact." http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2013/sep/24/why-geoengineering-suits-russias-carbon-agenda

 

                                                   VIDEO:

-▶ ******CLIMATE GEOENGINEERING: CAN WE SAVE THE PLANET BY MESSING WITH NATURE? http://sco.lt/5WgE0v

 

 

 August 26, 2013 Salon
-▶ HOW OCEAN ACIDIFICATION HARMS SEALIFE AND WORSENS CLIMATE CHANGE http://www.salon.com/2013/08/26/how_ocean_acidification_harms_sealife_and_worsens_climate_change/

 

May 6, 2013
-▶ SCIENTISTS SOUND ALARM AT ARCTIC OCEAN'S RAPID ACIDIFICATION  Now at highest levels in at least 55 million years http://www.terradaily.com/reports/Scientists_sound_alarm_at_Arctic_Oceans_rapid_acidification_999.html

 

Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research (AWI)
-▶ OCEAN ACIDIFICATION - AN INTRODUCTION - THE TWIN SISTER TO CLIMATE CHANGE http://www.awi.de/en/news/focus/2013/ocean_acidification/

 

                  MORE ON OCEAN ACIDIFICATION BELOW

 

August 23, 2013 Grist
-▶ IS CLIMATE CHANGE HUMANITY'S GREATEST-EVER RISK MANAGEMENT FAILURE? http://grist.org/climate-energy/is-climate-change-humanitys-greatest-ever-risk-management-failure/

 

July 25, 2013 NASA Climate Change: News -
-▶ AN UNRECOGNIZABLE ARCTIC Arctic systems may be reaching “tipping points” [2]—critical moments in time where a small change has large, potentially irreversible impacts (see sidebar) http://climate.nasa.gov/news/958

 

                                            -- WORTHY WATCH --
UNMAPPED ROUTE MAY POSE DANGERS FOR SHIPPING BOOM IN ARCTIC WATERS (PROOF WITHOUT POLITICS)
http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/climate-change/july-dec13/arctic_09-17.html

 

                                                  VIDEO

 MELTING PERMAFROST - A CLIMATE CHANGE TIME BOMB

                                      http://sco.lt/4iMg1B

 

August 2, 2013 TerraDaily
-▶ REPORT: LOSS OF SEA ICE CAUSING DRASTIC IMPACT ON MARINE FOOD WEB AND LAND-BASED ECOLOGICAL CHANGES http://www.terradaily.com/reports/UM_Researcher_Finds_Loss_of_Sea_Ice_Causes_Ecological_Changes_999.html

 

August 5, 2013 Environment News Service

-▶ GLOBAL SCIENTIST SHOCKED BY TRUE SCALE OF OCEAN WARMING http://ens-newswire.com/2013/08/05/global-scientists-shocked-by-true-scale-of-ocean-warming/

 

April 13, 2013 Counter Currents
-▶ ARCTIC WILL BE ALMOST COMPLETELY ICE-FREE BY 2020 http://www.countercurrents.org/cc130413.htm

 

June 13, 2013 NASA -
-▶ WARM OCEAN CAUSING MOST ANTARCTIC ICE SHELF MASS LOSS http://www.nasa.gov/topics/earth/features/earth20130613.html

 

 May 10, 2013 Common Dreams

-▶ IN 'MARCH TOWARD DISASTER' WORLD HITS 400 PPM CO2 MILESTONE http://www.commondreams.org/headline/2013/05/10-5

 

-▶ THE MELTING OF CANADA'S GLACIERS IS IRREVERIBLE http://sco.lt/9CNtJp

 

 

-▶ CHANGING OUR WORLD FOREVER: THIN ICE: THE WAY TO A NEW ARCTIC ECOSYSTEM  http://sco.lt/5j55xh

 

August 4, 2013 Care2
-▶ HOW TO DESTROY ALASKA IN 4 EASY STEPS: A U.S. GOVERNMENT HANDBOOK  http://www.care2.com/causes/destroy-alaska-in-4-easy-steps-a-u-s-government-handbook.html

 

August 1, 2013 Summit County Citizens Voice
-▶ WHAT IF ARCTIC SEA ICE DOESN'T FORM IN WINTER? http://summitcountyvoice.com/2013/08/01/climate-what-if-arctic-sea-ice-doesnt-form-in-winter/

 

July 25, 2013 Treehugger
-▶ THE NORTH POLE IS NOW THE NORTH POOL http://www.treehugger.com/climate-change/there-lake-north-pole.html

 

July 27, 2013 New York Times Dot Earth
-▶ A CLOSER LOOK AT THAT "NORTH POLE LAKE" http://dotearth.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/07/27/a-closer-look-at-that-north-pole-lake/?_r=0

 

                                                 NASA VIDEO

 

May 2, 2013 Guardian Environment
-▶ AN ICE FREE ARCTIC IN TWO YEARS: WHITE HOUSE WARNED ON IMMINENT ARCTIC ICE DEATH SPIRAL http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/earth-insight/2013/may/02/white-house-arctic-ice-death-spiral

 

-▶ OBAMA'S ARCTIC STRATEGY SETS OFF A CLIMATE TIME BOMB.  THE SUICIDAL RACE FOR ARCTIC'S NATURAL RESOURCES Obama's Arctic strategy sets off a climate time bomb. The Suicidal Race for Arctic's Natural Resources http://sco.lt/5pPxWD

 

July 20, 2013 Think Progress
-▶ GREENLAND AND ANTARCTICA "MAY BE VULNERABLE TO RAPID ICE LOSS THROUGH CATASTROPHIC DISINTEGRATION" http://www.globalpossibilities.org/greenland-and-antarctica-may-be-vulnerable-to-rapid-ice-loss-through-catastrophic-disintegration/

 

                                         --- OCEAN ACIDIFICATION --

 

 

June 14, 2013 New Scientist
-▶ ACIDIFYING SEAWATER SEES OYSTERS IN RACE TO GROW SHELLS http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn23707-acidifying-seawater-sees-oysters-in-race-to-grow-shells.html

 

May 7, 2013 The Independent
-▶ THE ACID OCEAN: ARCTIC' SOARING CO2 LEAVES FISH AND HUNTERS GASPING FOR LIFE http://www.independent.co.uk/environment/climate-change/the-acid-ocean-arctics-soaring-co2-leaves-fish-and-hunters-gasping-for-life-8606805.html

 

May 7, 2013 Mother Jones
-▶ 10 KEY FINDINGS FROM A RAPIDLY ACIDIFYING ARCTIC OCEAN http://www.motherjones.com/blue-marble/2013/05/arctic-ocean-rapidly-getting-more-acidic

 

May 7, 2013 World Environment News -
-▶ ACIDIFICATION: THE LATEST UNKNOWN FOR STRESSED ARCTIC ECOSYSTEM http://planetark.org/wen/68601

 

May 12, 3013 About My Planet

-▶ ACIDIFICATION OF OCEANS RISKING ECOSYSTEMS
http://www.aboutmyplanet.com/climate-change/acidification-risking-ecosystems-of-oceans/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+Aboutmyplanetcom+%28aboutMyPlanet.com%29

 

May 2, 2013 Yale Environment 360

-▶ A KEY EXPERIMENT TO PROBE THE FUTURE OF OUR ACIDIFYING OCEANS http://e360.yale.edu/feature/a_key_experiment_to_probe_the_future_of_our_acidifying_oceans/2644/

 

 

5 May 2013 Guardian Environment
-▶ CLIMATE RESEARCH NEARLY UNANIMOUS ON HUMAN CAUSES, SURVEY FINDS  http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2013/may/16/climate-research-nearly-unanimous-humans-causes

 

July 18, 2013 The Washington Post

-▶ SNOW AND ARCTIC SEA ICE EXTENT PLUMMET SUDDENLY AS GLOBE BAKES http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/capital-weather-gang/wp/2013/07/18/snow-and-arctic-ice-extent-plummet-suddenly-as-globe-bakes/

 

 

-▶ NASA STUDY: GLOBAL WARMING WILL INCREASE THE RISK OF EXTREME RAINFALL AND DROUGHT http://sco.lt/7PjEfJ

 

-▶ WE HAVE KNOWN ABOUT CLIMATE CHANGE FOR 75 YEARS http://grist.org/news/we-have-known-about-climate-change-for-75-years/

 

                                               ----- WATCH -----

 

                                     VIDEO - Moyers and Company

 "ENDING THE SILENCE ON CLIMATE CHANGE - THE POLITICS"

                                            http://sco.lt/5St5Cj

 

 

                                                   ANIMATION

                                        April 24, 2013 Arctic News

                                ARCTIC SEA ICE MINIMUM VOLUME

http://arctic-news.blogspot.dk/2013/04/arctic-sea-ice-animation.html

 

 

 

October 11, 2012 Planet Change
-▶ PEOPLE AT RISK TO NATURAL DISASTER AND HOW NATURE CAN HELP  http://change.nature.org/2012/10/11/people-at-risk-to-natural-disasters-and-how-nature-can-help/

 

April 8, 2013
-▶ CARBON-DIOXIDE LEVELS ARE AT THEIR HIGHEST POINT IN AT LEAST 800, 000 YEARS http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/wonkblog/wp/2013/05/08/carbon-dioxide-levels-are-at-their-highest-point-in-at-least-800000-years/

 

-▶ ATMOSPHERIC C02 TO PASS MAJOR MILESTONE http://sco.lt/7D2iGH

 

April 3, 2013 - Scripps Institution of Oceanography
-▶ WHAT DOES 400 ppm LOOK LIKE?  THE KEELING CURVE  http://keelingcurve.ucsd.edu/what-does-this-number-mean/

 

 

                                        

-▶ WORLD CAN'T WAIT UNTIL 2020 ON CLIMATE CHANGE SAYS NEW, HIGHLY-DISTURBING INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY REPORT  http://sco.lt/82bCM5

 

 

-▶ LIVING IN THE ANTHROPOCENE: TOWARD A NEW GLOBAL ETHOS http://sco.lt/6FzKSX

 

 

 

April 2013 398.25ppm
-▶ EARTH'S CO2 HOME PAGE http://co2now.org/

 

-▶ FRACKING OURSELVES INTO OBLIVION http://sco.lt/8mKlIP

 

 

 


Via pdjmoo
Jose's insight:

When reading this article i find it amazing what is going on around the world. Places like Antarctica are changing dramatically in ways people are not in control of. What used to be an icy and colder places is now deteriorating and melting. I find it scary in a way because what else is going to change as the years go by. What are the next generation of people going to be apart of or get to witnesses now that many places and things are coming closer to be extinct. 

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Marian Locksley's curator insight, February 20, 2014 7:13 AM

It is well known that CO2 warms the planet, but less well-known that it also makes the alkaline seas more acidic when it is absorbed from the air

 

Acid trap

Earth’s oceans are beginning to warm and turn acidic, endangering plankton and the entire marine food chain >>  http://aeon.co/magazine/nature-and-cosmos/plankton-the-tiny-sentinels-of-the-deep/

 

♥ princess leia ♥'s curator insight, April 14, 2014 1:57 PM

our ocean needs LOVE 

pdjmoo's curator insight, February 28, 2015 8:01 PM

YOU ARE INVITED TO FOLLOW MY NEWS AGGREGATES [url=/u/179070 x-already-notified=1]pdjmoo[/url]

 

▶  CLIMATE CHANGE http://www.scoop.it/t/changingplanet

▶  BIODIVERSITY http://www.scoop.it/t/biodiversity-is-life

▶  OUR OCEANS http://www.scoop.it/t/our-oceans-need-us

▶  OUR FOOD http://www.scoop.it/t/agriculture-gmos-pesticides

▶  CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY http://www.scoop.it/t/environmental-and-human-health

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When Marijuana Looks Like Candy, Not Drugs

When Marijuana Looks Like Candy, Not Drugs | Reading and Writting | Scoop.it

"Drugs as cookies mean I have to talk to my older children about drugs without the natural barriers created by the need to shoot them into veins, roll them up and smoke them, or ingest them in other complicated ways. Drugs as gummy bears mean I need to teach my younger children about eating candy found in unexpected places. Drugs as chocolate mean we’re going to need to talk to our children and teenagers, particularly our daughters, about the dangers of treats from unexpected or unfamiliar sources."


Via Barbara Wood, Ph.D. www.alcoholismandthefamily.com / Author of Children of Alcoholism and Raising Healthy Children in an Alcoholic Home
Jose's insight:

This article, by far has been the best one iv read. It talks about the many forms and transformation marijuana takes. it is now shown that marijuana will take the part of ordinary looking candy bars and ordinary looking candy. this is a serious issue because it is now more appealing to younger children out in the world. whether the child thinks its regular candy or looks very good, they are now targeted by this substance. I believe this is wrong in many levels.Children should not be targeted by this crap. Yes we can educate the children but when have u personally seen a child listen to an adult about eating candy from an unknown source. People and companies all over the nation give out free candy all the time. This is definitely an eyebrow raising issue that has to be looked at very closely. 

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Barbara Wood, Ph.D. www.alcoholismandthefamily.com / Author of Children of Alcoholism and Raising Healthy Children in an Alcoholic Home's curator insight, February 20, 2014 9:09 AM


An opinion piece in the New York Times about the fact that legally obtained marijuana comes packaged in ways that appeal to children and adolescents and sometimes is barely recognizable as a psychoactive drug. (See also That Six Serving Bar of Marijuana Chocolate? My son ate it --another op ed piece by a mother whose college age son unwittingly devoured a 4/20 bar intended for six people thinking it was a candy bar he could consume while preparing dinner and ended up in the ER). KJ Dell'Antonia points out that  many of these products would look perfectly at home on the shelves of Whole Foods:


"Their labels are, at least, far from off-putting. They vary in how prominent their warnings about their content are, and it’s easy to imagine a child happily opening any of them to try them out — they look good, they’re intended to taste good, and they’re packaged like food, not medicine."


She rightly notes that it's incumbent upon parents to think about how they are going to talk to children about "marijuana as candy" and to think about what help to insist upon from its producers and how "broadly legalized pot fits into family life."



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Psych Central News: Traumas May Have Immediate Impact on Kids’ Health

Psych Central News: Traumas May Have Immediate Impact on Kids’ Health | Reading and Writting | Scoop.it

"Children who have experienced three or more stressful events are six times more likely to suffer from a mental, physical, or learning disorder than children who have never faced a traumatic experience, and these health problems may take hold immediately, according to a University of Florida study."


Via Barbara Wood, Ph.D. www.alcoholismandthefamily.com / Author of Children of Alcoholism and Raising Healthy Children in an Alcoholic Home
Jose's insight:

When reading this article i found a lot of things interesting. One of which was that a child can be easily dramatized or can develop disorders way before doctors ever expected. Findings have found that children's lives can be effected at very young rather than when they become adults. Such problems like "  parental divorce, economic hardship, exposure to domestic and neighborhood violence, poor caregiver mental health, exposure to drug abuse, and having a parent in jail." As many can see there are plenty or variables that can cause these kids to be traumatized. Because there is no obvious cure, we as the people should take in consideration and act in a way where a child can only prosper from our behaviors. 

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Barbara Wood, Ph.D. www.alcoholismandthefamily.com / Author of Children of Alcoholism and Raising Healthy Children in an Alcoholic Home's curator insight, March 14, 2014 1:04 PM


Investigators analyzed data from the National Survey for Child Health, which includes information on nearly 96,000 children across the United States. The survey queried parents about a number  of adverse experiences their children faced, including parental divorce, economic hardship, exposure to domestic and neighborhood violence, poor caregiver mental health, exposure to drug abuse, and having an incarcerated parent.  The parents also reported on any conditions their children had.


This report on Psychcentral.com says that, "Between 11 and 24 percent of parents reported their children had been diagnosed with at least one disorder. About four percent said their children had at least one disorder from all three categories — mental, learning, and physical."


The authors of the study speculated that the high incidence disorders among stressed children could be caused by changes in the neuroendocrine and immune systems of affected children, although the study could not prove that the negative experience caused the health problems to occur.

Barbara Wood, Ph.D. www.alcoholismandthefamily.com / Author of Children of Alcoholism and Raising Healthy Children in an Alcoholic Home's curator insight, March 14, 2014 1:05 PM


Investigators analyzed data from the National Survey for Child Health, which includes information on nearly 96,000 children across the United States. The survey queried parents about a number  of adverse experiences their children faced, including parental divorce, economic hardship, exposure to domestic and neighborhood violence, poor caregiver mental health, exposure to drug abuse, and having an incarcerated parent.  The parents also reported on any conditions their children had.


This report on Psychcentral.com says that, "Between 11 and 24 percent of parents reported their children had been diagnosed with at least one disorder. About four percent said their children had at least one disorder from all three categories — mental, learning, and physical."


The authors of the study speculated that the high incidence disorders among stressed children could be caused by changes in the neuroendocrine and immune systems of affected children, although the study could not prove that the negative experience caused the health problems to occur.

Anthony Mogg's curator insight, April 11, 2014 1:19 AM

This is why I'm studying Psychology.

Rescooped by Jose from Rights & Liberties
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Ahmed Errachidi: 'We shared one thing in Guantánamo Bay – pain'

Ahmed Errachidi: 'We shared one thing in Guantánamo Bay – pain' | Reading and Writting | Scoop.it
Chef turned author Ahmed Errachidi tells William Skidelsky about the five years he spent in Guantánamo Bay – and why his nickname is the General

Via dMaculate
Jose's insight:

After reading this article, i have mixed emotions of how america is being ran and how the government operates, not that i hadn't before or anything. Gets me to think that maybe that is the issue why so many countries hate us as Americans. Although i can not blame the U.S for its actions based on what went down during 9/11. We did loose a lot of people which makes us hard to trust others. Yes, this story makes the U.S look bad, but when has there been there been a perfect society and nation.

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How Annotation Reshapes Student Reading

How Annotation Reshapes Student Reading | Reading and Writting | Scoop.it
How Annotation Reshapes Student Reading

Via GoogleLitTrips Reading List
Jose's insight:

Is annotation really worth it? After reading this article, it re-enforces my belief that annotating when reading is very critical and helps you understand what is really going on. Although, i myself, only tend to underline and write on the side of the page, i found that using different symbols is also very helpful. As a reader, you have to develop a way of doing things. The ways that catch your interest and do not bore you 5 minutes into doing things.. So next time the teacher asks you to read, there should not be any doubts in your mind whether or not  you should annotate. 

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GoogleLitTrips Reading List's curator insight, September 2, 2013 12:26 PM

I wanted to like this article a bit more than I did like it. But, it does contain several elements of really good ideas and reasoning behind annotating as one reads to make the article well-worth consideration.

 

My only reservations being the tone implying that there is essentially only one way to annotate that is effective and that straying from that "way" is counterproductive. I don't doubt that for the author his or her (?) annotation method are sufficiently effective to justify which elements of annotation and marginalia work and don't work.

 

And, I have no doubt that for students yet to have discovered the value of annotation, that the suggestions are excellent starting points for incorporating the practice into their reading habit.

 

And in my own case, I certainly find the case for employing highlighting and marginalia as far more effective than attempting to accomplish similar goals via note taking on paper in a notebook "away" from the original text where one not only has to record thoughts but also has to scribble at least bits and pieces of the text being thought about in order to solidify the connection of thoughts to to text provoking those thoughts. 

 

And, if and when literally used for review purposes, which is a common practice, though in many cases, the act of writing notes and marginalia can be amazingly affective whether reviewed or not, it is for many quite a bit more off-putting to have to read and review ping pong style; shifting one's eyes back and forth between what is written in the book and what is written in a note book about what is written in a book.

 

Alternate thoughts based upon my classroom observations about annotation strategies...

 

Yes connecting highlighting with symbols is a great practice. Yet, by highlighting using a color-coding system can often accomplish the same sort of benefit in one-fewer steps. That is perhaps one might create a color code of highlights with a system such as using yellow to highlight one thematic thread, while using blue to highligh a separate thematic thread. Or using one color to represent vocabulary of interest or importantance while using another color to highlight what might be the essential articulation of a paragraph or page's focus. The possibilities are endless. It can be as simple as choosing one color to note topic sentences, another to note evidence, and a third to note commentary. A quick scan of highlights by color and THEN by any textual annotation associated with the highlights of the same color builds a strong bridge between those highlights throughout a reading. 

 

And to a certain extent, I'd agree that marginalia such as "Wow!" can be even richer when notation of the reason for the exclamatory remark is included, though I would not be so presume to suggest that without the additional notation "doesn't warrant taking up space." Wow!" is an indicator of having had a joyful Vygotskian moment so significant that the notation may amount to little more than a redundancy or, perhaps worse, an attempt to guess what a teacher might want one to say about the point.

 

However, on the other hand, I am much more in agreement when the personal reactions is "Boring!" On one hand "Wow!" is a very personalized connection to a mind opening moment, while "Boring!" is in many ways merely a pre-emptive articulation of one's closed mind moment. 

 

I prefer color coding with RED myself to indicate a passage that I have serious reservations about, YELLOW to indicate passages that I have mixed feelings about and GREEN to indicate passages where I might have written "Wow!" and then if needed, I'd jot just a very brief few words of reminder regarding why I color-coded as I had. In the case of the RED highlights, by defining them as passages I have serious reservations about, I focus more upon the reasoning behind the red highlight than upon a sort of automated no further thought required dismissal. 

 

Why do I use RED, YELLOW and GREEN? Personally the connection to traffic lights helps me remember the meaning I've assigned to the colors. When students asked what they should do if they didn't have a RED (pink) highlighter, I always replied that they could use any colors they wished, I just use these colors because they have a mnemonic impact on me.

 

The code is personal not prescribed. For example, when I'm working on a Google Lit Trip, I use GREEN to highlight any information of value regarding placemark locations. Why? Green = the color of place; at least often enough that it works for me. I use BLUE to highlight passages where I might be able to find an engaging interet site to explain or supplement references made in a passage. Why? Because traditionally BLUE is the most common color for text links on the internet. 

 

One related strategy I'd suggest for students who express a concern for their ability to concentrate on or remember important elements of a reading assignment, was the use of tiny post-its. Rather than suggest that they should pay closer attention or worse that they really "ought to be able to read at a level where this shouldn't be an issue, I'd suggest that they try the following for just 3-4 reading assignments.

 

As soon as you get to the end of a page, or possibly the end of a two page spread, STOP and jot on a post-it as few words as need to remind you of what plot element(s) occurred on that page or spread. 

 

Don't worry about spelling, complete sentences, or grammar. Just pause and note as you go. In fact, I tell them that I won't even check to see if they've done this. I'll only note whether they happen to be participating more often in class discussions.

 

Invariably, by intentionally interrupting the attention drift at consistent brief intervals and designing that interruption to be as short as possible by removing concern for spelling, grammar etc., attentiveness is enhanced signficantly. And, I was always amused by the students who after only a couple of days confess to me that they actually have "discovered a short cut." It usually sounded something like this....

 

"Hey Mr. Burg, Guess what! I figured out a way to do this even faster. Instead of reading a page and then stopping to think about what I would write on the post-it before reading the next page, I started thinking about what I would write on the post-it WHILE I was reading the page so that I didn't have to stop and think about what I would write before I wrote the post-it note."

 

Always proud of having figured out a short cut, I always grinned at their "discovery," patted them on the shoulder and congratulated them for discovering "the secret."

 

So, I guess my bottom line on this particular article is that it is well-worth reading as it does focus upon extremely valuable strategies and offers several quite logical rationales for the practice of annotation while reading. My only concern is the tone suggesting that one shoe can fit all feet. Or, perhaps that regardless of size, one shoe style is the right shoe style for everyone.

 

 ~ http://www.GoogleLitTrips.com ~

"Google Lit Trips" is the official fictitious business name of GLT Global ED, an educational nonprofit

 

 

 

 

 

Claire Williams's curator insight, September 3, 2013 7:27 PM

   This artical, shows not only what an annotation is but how to do so and how to teach it. It also shows reaons why it can be helpful and places you can use it. 

     There is also more to this artical than bears the eye, it involves other teaching techiques in the artical such as asking questions whaen reading.

    this artical might be helpful during the reading and writing log!!!

Michele Rosario's curator insight, February 13, 2014 3:40 PM

          Annotations are definitely a necessity when carefully reading while recording your thought process.  As a student myself, I never really thought annotating was beneficial, and relied on just small amounts of knowledge I gain from the reads, in which does not help at all.  I understand very well how this author explains that the younger generations think it is boring and time consuming, because it kind of is.  Nonetheless, it helps build visual character to a read or book, as if they are little “short cuts” to what you thought of in the beginning. 

            The source used to post this article was on a site entitled, “TeachHUB.com: K-12 News, Lessons, and Shared Resources”, in which I believe is a very reliable source site.