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Workplace hazards - Workplace Health and Safety Queensland

Workplace hazards - Workplace Health and Safety Queensland | Quest 2 | Scoop.it
Every workplace has hazards. A workplace hazard is anything that has the potential to cause harm to a person.
Samim Ghanbari's insight:

The following is a list of hazards that contributes to the risk of staff in a workplace and the steps that can be taken to ensure prevent or minimise those risks.

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Welding Fumes and Other Hazards: Know Your Risks As a Welder

Welding Fumes and Other Hazards: Know Your Risks As a Welder | Quest 2 | Scoop.it
Welding fumes contain toxic metals, including manganese, that can damage your brain and nervous system.
Samim Ghanbari's insight:

Manganese is the biggest exposure to welders contained in fumes given off during welding. It can affect the brain and the nervous system and workers are often diagnosed with Parkinson's disease.  Iron oxide may be present during welding causing the irritation of nasal passages, throat or lungs if breathed in. 

 

Factories should provide employees with adequate and proper safety equipment such as masks to prevent workers breathing or inhaling toxic substances.

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Welding Injuries - Consumer Justice Group

Welding Injuries - Consumer Justice Group | Quest 2 | Scoop.it
Welding has long been considered one of the most hazardous occupations in construction. Traditionally, welders had to fear workplace injury from burns, electricity, and “welder’s flash” (blinding and diminished vision, see below). Recent studies have shown that toxic chemicals released from welding rods put welders at an additional workplace risk for less immediate but no less serious conditions of lung, brain, and nerve damage, such as manganism (Welders’ Parkinson’s disease).
Samim Ghanbari's insight:

Welders are constantly exposed to sparks, sharp and faulty equipment, therefore it is necessary for them to abide by the PPE standards. That is, wearing welding gloves, high quality welding helmets, long-sleeve shirts, pants and hard steel boots. The heat produced when welding two pieces of metal together is intense, which can cause second and third degree burns. Thus, it is important to ensure a C class fire extinguisher is nearby before commencing any welding work.

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Sahand - Aspiring barber

Sahand - Aspiring barber | Quest 2 | Scoop.it

This is my cousin, Sahand. He is an aspiring barber and wishes to pursue it further in the near future.

Samim Ghanbari's insight:

My cousin, Sahand, is an aspiring barber and has a passion for cutting and styling people’s hair. When he was in Turkey for 23 months, he had a part-time job as a barber. Following OHS protocols is important in this industry, ensuring the scissors are sterilised and hair clippers are cleaned prior to use. Working with scissors or hair clippers around the ears or close to the skin takes extra caution, because you don’t want to injure or stab the customer. The floors are mopped after each hair cut to get rid of the hair residue on the ground. Clean and warm towels are used to wash off remaining wax or gel on the skin that was applied to the hair.

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Sahba - Dental Assistant

Sahba - Dental Assistant | Quest 2 | Scoop.it

This is my sister, Sahba. She works as a dental assistant in Brighton, Brisbane. 

Samim Ghanbari's insight:

My sister works as a dental assistant. She is exposed to a number of occupational hazards such as; infections (HIV, hepatitis), dental materials, radiation, dermatitis, respiratory problems and eye insults.

The prevention of these infections is very important to ensure the safety of the workers and the patients. Personal protective equipment such as; gloves, masks, protective eye wear, high power suction and good ventilation reduce aerosols and vapour hazards. Sterilisation of dental equipment is vital to avoid spreading contamination and infections around the work area.

During her shifts, Sahba’s posture can be strained, leading to musculoskeletal stress. Lower back pain is the most common due to her standing for long periods of time, therefore, during her lunch breaks; she often relaxes on office chairs with good back support to help ease the stress.

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Welder : OSH Answers

Welder : OSH Answers | Quest 2 | Scoop.it
What should I know before reading about this occupation? What, briefly, does a welder do? What are some health and safety hazards associated with being a welder?
Samim Ghanbari's insight:

Generally, hazards are classified into six different categories.

 

Biological - It's very rare to face biological hazards in a factory, but it can happen.

 

Chemical - substances such as manganese, iron oxide, silicates or fluorides can damage the lungs, brain and nervous system.

 

Ergonomic - At some time, workers will be required to lift heavy objects such as wood and metal which can be repetitive, causing back pains.

 

Physical - Welders can be exposed to excessive noise levels, heat or cold, electromagnetic fields, laser light and radiation. Welding flames can emmit UV (ultraviolet radiation) and infrared radiation (IR), causing eye damage.

 

Safety - Welders are required to work at great heights, confined spaces and are vulnerable to electrical shocks when working on the big factory machines. 

 

Psychological - Excessive work loads or long shifts can result in bad health.

 

By looking at the different hazards present in the workplace of a welder, A lot of things could be improved by organising a meeting between the employer and the employees and discussing the dangers or hazards that each worker faces everyday and to share each other's ideas to improve the working conditions in the factory. For example, instead of workers lifting heavy objects, trolleys should be provided to avoid back injuries, goggles and masks should be provided to prevent workers inhaling poisonous substances, high quality gloves, pants and shirts should be provided also to prevent any cuts and infections as well as ear muffs to reduced the risk of hearing loss when working in a loud environment.

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Managing OHS risk in your workplace

Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) legislation requires that all forseeable hazards are identified and risks arising from them be eliminated or controlled.
Samim Ghanbari's insight:

Risk management is a four step process - Hazard identification, risk assessment, risk control and review. Organisations are required to identify the dangers or hazards by inspection, reporting the incidents, reporting the number of injuries, discuss the hazards with the employees. Risk assessment involves the likelihood of a hazard and its effect on staff. Risk control is deciding what needs to be done to prevent or minimize the hazard in the future. Last, but not least, reviews should be conducted by all parties to ensure optimum safety for anyone who is involved within the organisation

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Rejvan - Dish washer

Rejvan - Dish washer | Quest 2 | Scoop.it

My friend Rejvan works at a Thai Restaurant in Brisbane washing dishes. His job is fast-paced and requires a lot of concentration.

Samim Ghanbari's insight:

This is my mate, Rejvan. He works at at a Thai restaurant washing the dishes. Even though his job doesn’t require him to follow many OHS rules, he has to make sure the dishes and cutleries are spotless. He is aware of possible broken glass and plates; hence, wearing gloves protects his hands from cuts. On busy nights, stacks of plates arrive to the kitchen which usually takes longer to wash. For this reason, he asks to be alone and not be disturbed until all dishes are washed. It can be a demanding job due to waiters/waitresses bumping into you in the kitchen on busy nights, therefore he has to be careful of his surroundings.

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Amir - Part-time Nando's employee

Amir - Part-time Nando's employee | Quest 2 | Scoop.it

This is Amir, and employee of Nando's.

Samim Ghanbari's insight:

My friend Amir works at Nando’s restaurant in Brisbane. He has a number of responsibilities as an employee . Despite working at the counter for most of his shifts handling cash and taking customers’ orders, he is required to work in the kitchen at times due to short staff. There is not much personal protective equipment used, although, gloves must be worn when handling utensils and food to keep the surrounding environment sterilised and free from contamination. The hazards that can cause injuries would be slippery floors, tables and chairs. Slippery floors can cause broken bones, bruises and cuts, therefore, firstly, must be cleaned by a mop to ensure the safety of staff and customers, secondly, a sign is put in place of the mopped area to warn customers of wet floors. Tables and chairs and cause falls and trips if they are scattered around the dining area. 

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Iraj - Welder

My dad is a welder at AAFD factory. He starts work from 6 am and sometimes works until 4:30 in the afternoon. His job requires a lot of patience and concentration. 

Samim Ghanbari's insight:

My dad works at a factory  (AAFD) as a welder. There are many hazards and dangers in his workplace due to the machines used. He has to be very cautious when working with machines when cutting wood or metal as the residue of those materials can jump up into his eyes or the skin causing incisions. Thus, Personal Protective Equipment is essential around sharp and electrical machinery. The PPE protocol at his work is the following: goggles, long-sleeve shirt, gloves, ear muffs, steel boots, long thick pants and welding helmets.

He wears goggles to protect his eyes from the dust and sharps, as well as wearing long sleeved shirts and the pants to protect him from any cuts or rashes. A welding factory produces a lot of noise; hence, ear muffs are very important in his workplace as the loud noises from machines can cause hearing loss. It is a requirement for employees at the job site to wear steel boots at all times to protect their feet from hard surfaces. Gloves are worn at all times to avoid serious injury as well as providing grip. A welding helmet is probably the most important personal protective equipment a welder can have. These helmets protect the skin as well the eyes from sparks and potential vision-damaging ultraviolet rays emitted from the arc.

Dad starts work at 6 in the morning and sometimes doesn’t finish until 4:30 in the afternoon. This means, when he comes home, it is very important for him to relax and recuperate and get enough sleep that night in order to start work the next morning refreshed. 

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