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How Smartphone Apps Can Treat Bipolar Disorder and Schizophrenia

How Smartphone Apps Can Treat Bipolar Disorder and Schizophrenia | UX-UI-Wearable-Tech for Enhanced Human | Scoop.it
A slew of mental health apps are coming out of academic institutions, research clinics and a number of start-ups. They all seek to facilitate the management of serious mental illnesses—such as severe depression, bipolar disorder and schizophrenia.
Olivier Janin's insight:

The App "Priori" is developed by researchers at the University of Michigan. 


One of the challenge is to calibrate  and certify the scientific accuracy of the voice recording  system. It depends on numerous parameters, the Smartphone itself, its OS, the artefact removal ...


Nowadays, the deployment of Digital-health App is iterative, their model of development is based on open-innovation and lean start-up.


So it needs data to be measured to set up models. To code the machine-learning metrology system able to interpret the variations of the core-measure among a full set of contextual data.


Want to get in ? Are you bipolar or not, you can enroll to the research program on https://umclinicalstudies.org/HUM00000606

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Richard Platt's curator insight, September 5, 2015 1:24 AM

Priori is one of many efforts to address mental health through smartphone apps. Tools gestating within startups, academic institutions, and research clinics aim to help people manage everything from severe depression to bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. Through the discreet and continuous recording of social and physical behavior, these apps can detect changes in mental well-being, deliver micro-interventions when and where needed, and give patients a new awareness of their own illnesses. In the long run, they may even diminish the stigma attached to mental health disorders.  “The question isn’t whether or not this technology is going to be used in healthcare and monitoring individuals with psychiatric illnesses,” says University of Michigan psychiatrist Melvin McInnis, who developed Priori alongside computer scientists at the university’s College of Engineering. “The question is really: How?”   Most of these apps—which include CrossCheck, from Dartmouth Psychiatric Research Center, and Companion, from a Boston-based startup called Cogito—aren’t yet publicly available. But some projects have completed trials with small groups of patients, larger trials are underway, and preliminary results are encouraging. These apps are based on objective, contextual data, and they require little work on the part of patients.  But, certainly, there are many hurdles to overcome—most notably the potential for these tools to mislead patients and compromise their privacy. Finding ways of regulating such apps is as important as refining their technology.

“I think this will have a liberating effect, and will extend the boundaries of healthcare in a really enormous way,” says Dr. Jeffrey Lieberman, psychiatrist in chief at the New York-Presbyterian Hospital/Columbia University Medical Center. “But there are also ethical and legal principles that will need to be established.”

Marissajt's curator insight, September 14, 2015 8:01 PM

I found this article extremely interesting and thought provoking. Whether we like it or not, technology is growing more and more each day; it is getting to the  point where it is nearly impossible to function in society without some form of technology such as a cell phone. If we can create something using this technological growth to help those who suffer from bipolar or other mental illness, that would be amazing. As the article mentioned, these apps and future apps can give doctors and patients indicators, signs, and symptoms of when an episode may be nearing. This could greatly help patients gain some understanding and peace of mind. Something which seems so difficult to cope with when dealing with mental illness is the uncertainty and confusion of the disorder or diagnosis. Another is the stigma attached to the mental health disorder. This app can help with both of these problems. The app can also help create awareness for client's because it helps them notice and acknowledge their actions and behaviors.

 

I think apps such as this could also greatly help clinicians such as mental health therapists. A persons therapist could look at a client's behaviors and help the client work through what was going on for the client at a particular time. From my experience, sometimes client's have a difficult time remembering events or situations accurately and their perception of an event or situation might be different than a bystanders or a friend or loved one. This is especially true if someone is in a manic episode of their bipolar disorder; they may not remember everything accurately. An app such as this may be able to help with this and help the clinician and client have a more accurate, realistic view of a particular event or period in time.

 

Although,  I still feel sessions and/or appointments with clinicians and doctors are important. I don't think an app or any type of technology can replace personal interaction and discussions on a mental health disorder.

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How Does the FDA Regulate Mobile Medical Apps?

How Does the FDA Regulate Mobile Medical Apps? | UX-UI-Wearable-Tech for Enhanced Human | Scoop.it
Last month, the FDA released new guidance regarding the regulation of mobile medical apps, to replace its earlier version from 2011. Since that time, the amount of health and medical apps on the market has exploded, with the release of Apple's Health app with iOS 8 cementing mobile health as 'a thing'. Needless to say, it is about time for a regulatory update.
Olivier Janin's insight:

I have been following the FDA regulation for 4 years, and it is dynamically adapting to the Technology run. It is a great example on how Legalists can regulate such disruptive technological innovation. Much faster than in Europe. Please France, accelerate !

Read also the Medical Device and Diagnostic Industry article  "Getting Your Way with FDA—Or Not".

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FDA issues final guidance on mobile medical apps

FDA issues final guidance on mobile medical apps | UX-UI-Wearable-Tech for Enhanced Human | Scoop.it

Here is the result of the FDA regulation evolution on mobile medical Apps. 

The FDA is focusing its oversight on mobile medical apps that: 

 

-are intended to be used as an accessory to a regulated medical device – for example, an application that allows a health care professional to make a specific diagnosis by viewing a medical image from a picture archiving and communication system (PACS) on a smartphone or a mobile tablet; 

 

-or transform a mobile platform into a regulated medical device – for example, an application that turns a smartphone into an electrocardiography (ECG) machine to detect abnormal heart rhythms or determine if a patient is experiencing a heart attack. 

 

Mobile medical apps that undergo FDA review will be assessed using the same regulatory standards and risk-based approach that the agency applies to other medical devices. 

The agency does not regulate the sale or general consumer use of smartphones or tablets nor does it regulate mobile app distributors such as the ‘iTunes App store” or the “Google Play store.” 

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[FR] Santé connectée: la protection des données personnelles entrave le développement du marché

[FR] Santé connectée: la protection des données personnelles entrave le développement du marché | UX-UI-Wearable-Tech for Enhanced Human | Scoop.it

La France est connue pour être un des pays les plus protecteurs de la vie privée et des données personnelles. 


Via Antoine POIGNANT, MD
Olivier Janin's insight:

La CNIL saura-t-elle ménager ouverture à l'innovation et garde-fou de protection du citoyen contre des perspectives orwelliennes ?  Saura-t-elle avancer aussi vite que la FDA américaine et les orientations volontaires du président Obama (en javier 2015, il ouvre l'autorisation pour l'exploitation massive des données collectées à des fins de recherche). 

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23andMe and FDA are playing nice under Congress's watchful eye

23andMe and FDA are playing nice under Congress's watchful eye | UX-UI-Wearable-Tech for Enhanced Human | Scoop.it

Warming relations between the company and the regulator may be driven by Congressional threats to limit the FDA's oversight power.

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