Public Health - Santé Publique
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Final report of the Commission on Ending Childhood Obesity: Asia most affected by global epidemic

Final report of the Commission on Ending Childhood Obesity: Asia most affected by global epidemic | Public Health - Santé Publique | Scoop.it

On January 25 the Commission on Ending Childhood Obesity (ECHO) presented its final report to the World Health Organization (WHO) Director-General, culminating a two-year process to address the alarming levels of childhood obesity and overweight globally. The Commission consulted with over 100 WHO member states during the course of writing this report.

The study which was commissioned by WHO, found that the number of children who are overweight or obese has risen to 41 million, from 31 million in 1990. As of 2014, 48% of the overweight and obese children lived in Asia. These children are more likely to remain obese once they reach adulthood, which predisposes them to heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and asthma among other NCDs.



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INSERM - "Inégalités sociales de santé en lien avec l’alimentation et l’activité physique"

Partageons nos connaissances

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Médecins: 50.000 euros pour s'installer dans un désert médical

Médecins: 50.000 euros pour s'installer dans un désert médical | Public Health - Santé Publique | Scoop.it
L'Assurance maladie propose aux syndicats de médecins d'augmenter les aides à l'installation dans les zones qui manquent de praticiens. En contrepartie, ils devront s'engager à rester au moins trois ans.
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La résistance aux antibiotiques plus meurtrière que le cancer d’ici 2050

La résistance aux antibiotiques plus meurtrière que le cancer d’ici 2050 | Public Health - Santé Publique | Scoop.it
La résistance aux antibiotiques pourrait faire 10 millions de morts supplémentaires par an d’ici 2050, selo

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Rendez-vous les 7 et 8 juin 2016 aux premières Rencontres de Santé publique France au Centre universitaire des Saints-Pères (Paris, 6e)

Rendez-vous les 7 et 8 juin 2016 aux premières Rencontres de Santé publique France au Centre universitaire des Saints-Pères (Paris, 6e) | Public Health - Santé Publique | Scoop.it
En 2016, les « Journées de la prévention et de la santé publique » deviennent les « Rencontres de Santé publique France ». Les inscriptions sont ouvertes dès maintenant sur un tout nouveau site.
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Évaluation du plan psychiatrie et santé mentale 2011-2015

Évaluation du plan psychiatrie et santé mentale 2011-2015 | Public Health - Santé Publique | Scoop.it
Le HCSP recommande d’inscrire la politique de santé mentale et de psychiatrie de façon pérenne et pilotée à long terme, avec une dimension interministérielle, plutôt que de mettre en place des plans successifs.

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NHS technology: saving the health service one byte at a time

NHS technology: saving the health service one byte at a time | Public Health - Santé Publique | Scoop.it
The NHS has to make £22bn of efficiency savings by 2020 and intelligent use of IT is key in making that happen

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Assessing chronic disease management in European health systems: country reports

Assessing chronic disease management in European health systems: country reports | Public Health - Santé Publique | Scoop.it
Many countries are exploring innovative approaches to redesign delivery systems to provide appropriate support to people with long-standing health problems. Central to these efforts to enhance chronic care are approaches that seek to better bridge the boundaries between professions, providers and institutions, but, as this study clearly demonstrates, countries have adopted differing strategies to design and implement such approaches.
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E-santé en Europe : le bilan de l’OMS

E-santé en Europe : le bilan de l’OMS | Public Health - Santé Publique | Scoop.it
L’Europe n’a pas manqué le virage de la e-santé. Le rapport 2016 de l’OMS sur la e-santé dans la région Europe montre que de gros progrès ont été réalisés dans la diffusion de solutions technologiques pour améliorer le suivi des patients, l’observance des traitements et la prévention.
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Inquiétudes sur les comptes 2016 de la santé

Inquiétudes sur les comptes 2016 de la santé | Public Health - Santé Publique | Scoop.it
Les dépenses de soins de ville ont connu une forte croissance, la lutte contre la surprescription d'arrêts maladie n'a rapporté que la moitié des économies attendues... Les experts du comité d'alerte appellent à la vigilance.

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Comment le monde pourrait mieux lutter contre l'obésité | McKinsey & Company

Comment le monde pourrait mieux lutter contre l'obésité | McKinsey & Company | Public Health - Santé Publique | Scoop.it
If the prevalence of obesity continues on its rising trend, almost half of the world’s adult population could be overweight or obese by 2030, imposing even greater personal, social, and economic costs. Effectively combating obesity around the world may require a comprehensive strategy of 44 interventions as part of a potential Obesity Abatement Program.
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L'OMS s'alarme de "l'implacable propagation" du diabète

L'OMS s'alarme de "l'implacable propagation" du diabète | Public Health - Santé Publique | Scoop.it
Un rapport de l’OMS sur le diabète publié mercredi révèle que le nombre d’adulte souffrant de diabète est passé en 35 ans de 108 à 422 millions. Au total, 8,5 % de la population adulte dans le monde souffre de cette maladie.
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Le nombre de médecins libéraux en repli dans l'ensemble des spécialités

Le nombre de médecins libéraux en repli dans l'ensemble des spécialités | Public Health - Santé Publique | Scoop.it
Le nombre de praticiens a régressé entre 2011 et 2015, à 114.425.Leur rémunération totale a, en revanche
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Fat people now outnumber thin people

Fat people now outnumber thin people | Public Health - Santé Publique | Scoop.it
More adults are obese than underweight worldwide – and one in five could be obese by 2025, a new study found.

Obesity in men has tripled and more than doubled in women, according to the research by scientists from Imperial College London who compared the body mass index (BMI) among almost 20 million men and women from 1975 to 2014.

More than one-quarter of severely obese men and nearly one-fifth of severely obese women live in the US, the researchers said. The US has 41.7 million obese men and 46.1 million obese women.

Professor Majid Ezzati, lead author of the study published in The Lancet medical journal, called it an "epidemic of severe obesity."

The study pooled data from adults in 186 countries and found that the number of obese people had shot up from 105 million in 1975 to 641 million in 2014

Meanwhile, the number of those underweight had climbed from 330 million to 462 million in the same period.

The proportion of underweight people fell from 14 percent to 9 percent of men and from 15 percent to 10 percent of women, according to the study.

Global obesity rates among men went up from 3.2 percent in 1975 to 10.8 percent, while among women they rose from 6.4 percent in 1975 to 14.9 percent.

This equates to 266 million obese men and 375 million obese women in the world in 2014.

People are divided into healthy or unhealthy weight categories based on their BMI -- a ratio of weight-to-height squared. A healthy BMI ranges from 18.5 to 24.9.

"Our research has shown that over 40 years we have transitioned from a world in which underweight prevalence was more than double that of obesity, to one in which more people are obese than underweight,” Ezzati said, the BBC reported.

"Although it is reassuring that the number of underweight individuals has decreased over the last four decades, global obesity has reached crisis point."

He said he hoped the findings will spur governments to develop and implement policies to address obesity.

"For instance, unless we make healthy food options like fresh fruits and vegetables affordable for everyone and increase the price of unhealthy processed foods, the situation is unlikely to change,” he said.

The probability of reaching the World Health Organization's global obesity target - which aims for no rise in obesity above 2010 levels by 2025 - would be "close to zero,” the BBC reported, citing the study.

The research also found that almost a fifth of the world's obese adults -- 118 million -- live in only six high-income English-speaking countries: the US, Australia, Canada, Republic of Ireland, New Zealand and the UK.

"There will be health consequences of magnitudes that we do not know," Ezzati told AFP.

"Obesity and especially severe and morbid obesity, affect many organs and physiological processes,” he said. "We can deal with some of these, like higher cholesterol or blood pressure, through medicines. But for many others, including diabetes, we don't have effective treatment."

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Researchers: Medical errors now third leading cause of death in United States

Researchers: Medical errors now third leading cause of death in United States | Public Health - Santé Publique | Scoop.it
A new analysis shows that more than 250,000 deaths each year are due to these mistakes.
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Antibiotics will soon 'stop working'

Antibiotics will soon 'stop working' | Public Health - Santé Publique | Scoop.it
Urgent action is needed to control the use of antibiotics before they cease to work, leaving a number of major conditions untreatable and causing “terrible human and economic cost”, a major study has warned.
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Face au cancer, les inégalités sociales persistent

Face au cancer, les inégalités sociales persistent | Public Health - Santé Publique | Scoop.it
Le Monde.fr version mobile - Donner à chaque patient les mêmes chances de combattre la maladie constitue un enjeu des derniers plans de lutte. Un objectif pourtant loin d’être atteint.
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Medical errors may be 3rd leading cause of death in U.S.

Medical errors may be 3rd leading cause of death in U.S. | Public Health - Santé Publique | Scoop.it
Medical errors are underestimated and could be the third leading cause of death in the U.S., say doctors calling for more transparency internationally.

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Les erreurs médicales à l’hôpital, cause majeure de mortalité

Les erreurs médicales à l’hôpital, cause majeure de mortalité | Public Health - Santé Publique | Scoop.it
Une étude américaine estime que 250 000 décès chez des malades hospitalisés aux Etats-Unis pourraient être évités chaque année. Des résultats qui prêtent à discussion
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A. Michael Spence on how governance improves countries' well-being

A. Michael Spence on how governance improves countries' well-being | Public Health - Santé Publique | Scoop.it
Nobel Laureate A. Michael Spence on governance and well-being.

 

For decades, GDP was the measure of all things. Government leaders relied heavily on GDP growth—or the lack thereof—as a barometer of their policies' success. But over the past several years, measures such as well-being (essentially, the quality of life in a given country) have taken on increasing importance. Among the most vocal supporters of that broader view is A. Michael Spence, Nobel laureate and professor of economics at the Stern School of Business at New York University.

As chairman of the Commission on Growth and Development from 2006 to 2010, Spence helped lead an effort to understand which policies and strategies drive rapid and sustained economic growth and poverty reduction. This effort was based on the view that rising prosperity and expanding economic opportunity create the opportunity to address difficult challenges such as environmental degradation, poverty, and the wide disparity in living standards within and across countries.


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IBM Launches Health Corps to Tackle Health Disparities Via IBM Watson

IBM Launches Health Corps to Tackle Health Disparities Via IBM Watson | Public Health - Santé Publique | Scoop.it
IBM unveiled IBM Health Corps, a global first -of-its-kind pro-bono program focused on tackling health disparities via IBM Watson cognitive tools.
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Public Health Genomics Knowledge Base (v1.0)

The mission of the Public Health Genomics is to integrate advances in human genetics into public health research, policy, and programs
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L'obésité dans le monde coûte plus de 2000 milliards de dollars

L'obésité dans le monde coûte plus de 2000 milliards de dollars | Public Health - Santé Publique | Scoop.it
étude du cabinet de conseil McKinsey
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En 2025, près de 20% de la population mondiale sera obèse

En 2025, près de 20% de la population mondiale sera obèse | Public Health - Santé Publique | Scoop.it
Le surpoids comme la sous-alimentation continuent à progresser partout dans le monde. Mais pour la première fois de son histoire, l'humanité compte plus
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OMS | Recommandations mondiales en matière d'activité physique pour la santé

OMS | Recommandations mondiales en matière d'activité physique pour la santé | Public Health - Santé Publique | Scoop.it
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