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Psychology
everything related to brain and mind
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Dichotomies; or Psychology in a nutshell

Dichotomies; or Psychology in a nutshell | Psychology | Scoop.it
The field of psychology abounds with dichotomies- some of which are patently false/outdated, as per the grapevine.
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Here are the 10 careers with the most psychopaths

Here are the 10 careers with the most psychopaths | Psychology | Scoop.it
Sandeep Gautam's insight:

some not-so-obvious careers on the list!

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Consciousness Began When the Gods Stopped Speaking - Issue 24: Error - Nautilus

Consciousness Began When the Gods Stopped Speaking - Issue 24: Error - Nautilus | Psychology | Scoop.it
Julian Jaynes was living out of a couple of suitcases in a Princeton dorm in the early 1970s. He must have been an odd sight there…
Sandeep Gautam's insight:

an interesting idea!

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The Upside of Not Fitting In

The Upside of Not Fitting In | Psychology | Scoop.it
Social exclusion enhances our ability to manage the emotions of others.
Sandeep Gautam's insight:

social exclusion leading to becoming a better 'manipulator'?

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How Thinking About Death Shapes Your Life

How Thinking About Death Shapes Your Life | Psychology | Scoop.it
We're all going to die and we all know it. This can be both a burden and a blessing.
Sandeep Gautam's insight:

Terror management theory, meaning maintenance model and stoic philosophy!

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From “Economic Man” to Behavioral Economics

From “Economic Man” to Behavioral Economics | Psychology | Scoop.it
When we make decisions, we make mistakes. We all know this from personal experience, of course. But just in case we didn’t, a seemingly unending stream of experimental evidence in recent years has documented the human penchant for error. This line of research—dubbed heuristics and biases, although you may be more familiar with its offshoot, behavioral economics—has become the dominant academic approach to understanding decisions. Its practitioners have had a major influence on business, government, and financial markets. Their books—Predictably Irrational; Thinking, Fast and Slow; and Nudge, to name three of the most important—have suffused popular culture.

So far, so good. This research has been enormously informative and valuable. Our world, and our understanding of decision making, would be much poorer without it.

It is not, however, the only useful way to think about making decisions. Even if you restrict your view to the academic discussion, there are three distinct schools of thought. Although heuristics and biases is currently dominant, for the past half century it has interacted with and sometimes battled with the other two, one of which has a formal name—decision analysis—and the other of which can perhaps best be characterized as demonstrating that we humans aren’t as dumb as we look.

Via David Hain
Sandeep Gautam's insight:

decisions , decisions!

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David Hain's curator insight, April 29, 11:43 AM

A useful HBR brief history of decision making.

Elaine Cox's curator insight, April 30, 4:10 AM

In our new book 'Leadership Coaching', Mike McLaughlin and I look at how coaches can support leaders' decision making.  Some synergies here.

(The book is out beginning of October - http://www.amazon.co.uk/Leadership-Coaching-Developing-braver-leaders/dp/1138786020/ref=sr_1_fkmr0_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1430381387&sr=8-1-fkmr0&keywords=%22leadership+coaching%22+cox+mclaughin

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Deja Vu and Dummy Neurons

Deja Vu and Dummy Neurons | Psychology | Scoop.it
Surely, all of you has experienced intuitive experience which named as Deja vu before. I call it intuitive because space…
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When Stress Rises, Empathy Suffers

When Stress Rises, Empathy Suffers | Psychology | Scoop.it
Humans—and mice—are much more likely to feel empathy toward friends than strangers. New research finds that stress hormones are to blame, writes Robert M. Sapolsky.

Via Pål Dobrin, Sharrock
Sandeep Gautam's insight:

lack of empathy partly attributed to being stressed......if you really and truly want to be compassionate and loving, reduce stress from your life:-)

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Pål Dobrin's curator insight, January 28, 4:40 AM

Stress begränsar bokstavligt och bildligt talat vårt synfält; den gör oss mindre generösa och samarbetsvilliga i ekonomiska spel, mer främlingsfientliga, mer benägna att tolka tvetydiga uttryck som fientliga, och mer benägna att sprida frustration och aggression omkring oss. Denna studie visar att stressen även gör oss mindre benägna att känna med andra. Det är ju faktiskt en riskfaktor i samhällets utveckling.

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Aggression V. Altruism: Crash Course Psychology #40

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You can directly support Crash Course at http://www.subbable.com/crashcourse Subscribe for as little as $0 to keep up with everything we're doing. Also, if you can afford to pay a little every...
Sandeep Gautam's insight:

aggression or altruism as a response to environmental demands clearly explained with reference to Robber's cave experiment.

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Just Thinking You Slept Poorly Can Hurt Your Performance

Just Thinking You Slept Poorly Can Hurt Your Performance | Psychology | Scoop.it
The study: Colorado College professor Kristi Erdal and psychology student Christina Draganich tricked subjects into believing that the quality of their previous night’s sleep could be determined by measuring their brain waves. Those randomly selected to be told that they’d had a below-average percentage of REM sleep significantly underperformed on an auditory math test, regardless […]
Sandeep Gautam's insight:

the power of belief- believing that you had low or high quality sleeps affects your actual performance. 

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Morality is the key to personal identity – Nina Strohminger – Aeon

Morality is the key to personal identity – Nina Strohminger – Aeon | Psychology | Scoop.it

the iWe tend to think that our memories determine our identity, but it’s moral character that really makes us who we are

Sandeep Gautam's insight:

The intertwining of morality with identity!

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Magic May Lurk Inside Us All

Magic May Lurk Inside Us All | Psychology | Scoop.it

the Several streams of research in psychology, neuroscience and philosophy are converging on an uncomfortable truth: We’re more susceptible to magical thinking than we’d like to admit.

Sandeep Gautam's insight:

the everyday-ness of magical thinking:-)

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Let me ask you this: 'Why aren't there smells in dreams?'

Let me ask you this: 'Why aren't there smells in dreams?' | Psychology | Scoop.it
A research study published in 1896 looked at the prevalence of different sensory experiences in dreams. It found the following occurrence frequency (percent of dreams featuring each sense):
Sandeep Gautam's insight:

Seem compelling reasons....

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Why We Love, Lust, and Live with Helen Fisher

Why We Love, Lust, and Live with Helen Fisher | Psychology | Scoop.it
In this episode you will hear about:

Critical factors that influence love and attraction
The biological patterns of partner choice
Some of the major reasons behind the prevalence of infidelity
The neuroscience of love
How our brain’s architecture allows us to love more than one person at once
Why we refer to it as “falling” in love
How Bill Clinton was our first “female” president
Some psychological truths about our modern hookup culture
Four patterns of mate pairing
The role of fetishes
The genetic basis for stability in relationships
Sex differences in sexual/romantic rejection.
Helen’s experience as an identical twin and her opinions on nature vs. nurture
The role of culture in changing our biology
Sandeep Gautam's insight:

Scott and Helen Fisher discussing the science of love and lust!

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To Ease Pain, Reach For Your Playlist

To Ease Pain, Reach For Your Playlist | Psychology | Scoop.it
Music can energize, soothe or relax us. And it can also help reduce pain. Researchers found that listening to a favorite song or story helped children manage pain after major surgery.
Sandeep Gautam's insight:

Music soothes not only the soul, but also the body!!

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Can Reading Make You Happier?

Can Reading Make You Happier? | Psychology | Scoop.it
“Fiction and poetry are doses, medicines,” the author Jeanette Winterson has written. “What they heal is the rupture reality makes on the imagination.”
Sandeep Gautam's insight:

on bilbliotherapy!

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Miklos Szilagyi's curator insight, June 16, 5:51 AM

Yesssss...:-)))

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The Psychology of Simple

The Psychology of Simple | Psychology | Scoop.it
For a concept that we all understand, ‘simple’ is deceivingly difficult to pin down.
Sandeep Gautam's insight:

simple = beauty + function!

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Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Diabetes

Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Diabetes | Psychology | Scoop.it

Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) is usually short-term, goal-directed, and skills-based. Therapists help patients identify and solve problems and learn specific skills to change their thinking and behavior so they can make lasting changes in their behavior and general functioning. At each session, patients record responses to their unhelpful and inaccurate thinking, along with steps they have committed to take in the coming week.

A growing body of literature has demonstrated the effectiveness of CBT for people with diabetes. For example, a randomized controlled trial published last year inDiabetes Care showed that CBT enhanced treatment adherence and decreased depression in Type 2 diabetes patients. In this study, participants received either enhanced usual care or enhanced usual care plus a CBT intervention. Four months after treatment, the group receiving CBT intervention showed greater improvements in medication adherence, depressive symptoms, and diabetes control compared to the usual care group. At the eight-month follow up, the CBT intervention group maintained their gains in adherence and diabetes control.

 


Via Alessandro Cerboni
Sandeep Gautam's insight:

new uses for CBT!

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Sorting Out Emotions | Caltech

Sorting Out Emotions | Caltech | Psychology | Scoop.it
Building on previous studies targeting the amygdala, a team of researchers has found that some brain cells recognize emotions based on the viewer's preconceptions rather than the true emotion being expressed.

Via Sharrock
Sandeep Gautam's insight:

emotions are the products of our mind, as much as they are of objective reality out there!

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Sharrock's curator insight, March 1, 4:49 PM

"These are very exciting findings suggesting that the amygdala doesn't just respond to what we see out there in the world, but rather to what we imagine or believe about the world," says Ralph Adolphs, the Bren Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience at Caltech and coauthor of a paper that discusses the team's study.  "It's particularly interesting because the amygdala has been linked to so many psychiatric diseases, ranging from anxiety to depression to autism.  All of those diseases are about experiences happening in the minds of the patients, rather than objective facts about the world that everyone shares."


Miklos Szilagyi's curator insight, March 4, 3:29 AM

Another, deeper roots to our biases... on the brain-cell level... well, that might be a challenge...

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Researchers find social lifestyle also helps mole rats live a long time

Researchers find social lifestyle also helps mole rats live a long time | Psychology | Scoop.it
(Phys.org)—A pair of researchers based at New York University has found a second explanation for the long lifespan of naked mole rats—their social networks.

Via Jocelyn Stoller
Sandeep Gautam's insight:

Seems like having a large social network is good for the naked mole rats....for humans too, breadth and depth of social connection affects everything from happiness levels to health!

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Emotions – redefined!

Emotions – redefined! | Psychology | Scoop.it
Regular readers of this blog will know that I am a proponent of the eight basic emotions theory of emotions where the eight basic emotions are fear, courage/interest,  sadness, happiness, disgust, surprise/awe and anger and love.
Sandeep Gautam's insight:

wrote a blog post after quite some time- some thoughts on the nature of emotions:-)

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Improving Your Spatial IQ Can Lift Your Social IQ

Improving Your Spatial IQ Can Lift Your Social IQ | Psychology | Scoop.it
The finding: People with strong social skills are better at seeing other people’s perspectives—literally. The research: After taking tests to measure their social savvy, subjects sat before a model of three buildings that were surrounded by seven objects—all triangles, all cameras, or all dolls. The subjects were asked to look at pictures of the buildings […]
Sandeep Gautam's insight:

I guess the explanation is similar to wason selection task.....We have evolved to solve social problems of what perspectives other agents may be having but are poor when generalized o cameras/ triangles/ abstracted from its social context. 

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How Everyone Gets Pavlov Wrong

How Everyone Gets Pavlov Wrong | Psychology | Scoop.it
Michael Specter on a new biography of the Russian scientist. “Pavlov’s lab was essentially a physiology factory, and the dogs were his machines.”
Sandeep Gautam's insight:

some historical analysis of Pavlov's work!

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Miklos Szilagyi's curator insight, November 22, 2014 2:28 AM

Long story of Pavlov... just if you have a little bit more time than usual (i.e. (almost) never...)... but if you have it will worth your time...:-)))

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Who are the most eminent psychologists of the modern era?

Who are the most eminent psychologists of the modern era? | Psychology | Scoop.it

Glad to see a couple

Sandeep Gautam's insight:

Glad to see a couple of positive psychologists in the top 10:-)

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Does Everything Happen for a Reason?

Does Everything Happen for a Reason? | Psychology | Scoop.it
Of course not. But studies suggest we have a natural urge to think so.
Sandeep Gautam's insight:

people who are empathetic/paranoid i.e. those who attribute max. agency to others are also most likely to find meaning and purpose in life.

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The One Emotion That Really Hurts Your Brain

The One Emotion That Really Hurts Your Brain | Psychology | Scoop.it
New research reveals the fearsome impact of humiliation.
Sandeep Gautam's insight:

-ve emotions are toxic; it seems humiliation is the worst of them all.  There are other better methods to shape someone:-)

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