A new approach to brain imaging called CLARITY could revolutionize how scientists study the brain. Researchers replaced a mouse brain’s opaque fats with a clear gel that supports neural tissue, resulting in a transparent organ with all its internal structures still intact and visible for study. Unhindered observation of the entire brain’s neural circuitry will help “clarify” scientists’ understanding of how this still-mysterious organ functions.
Scientists have demonstrated that up to 20 minutes of shut-eye enhances short-term memory and mood.
Many people experience overwhelming sleepiness during the mid-afternoon while reading or working on the computer. Taking the time for a brief nap will almost immediately relieve this feeling and improve alertness for a few hours after waking.
Self-confidence is not solely in the hands of fate, you are the person responsible for determining how confident you feel in a sporting encounterteaser: (RT @sports_perform: We outline 6 key elements that contribute to self-confidence in sport.
A study of adult civilians with PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder) has shown that individuals with a history of childhood abuse have distinct, profound changes in gene activity patterns, compared to adults with PTSD but without a history of child abuse.
A team of researchers from Atlanta and Munich probed blood samples from 169 participants in the Grady Trauma Project, a study of more than 5000 Atlanta residents with high levels of exposure to violence, physical and sexual abuse and with high risk for civilian PTSD.
The results were published online May 1, 2013 inProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Early Edition.
The ability to short-circuit debilitating tremors in disease states with implantable stimulators is nothing short of remarkable. The same can be said for cochlear prosthetics which restore hearing, and more recently, retinal implants which give some rudimentary light-sensing capability to the blind. The logical extension of these sensorimotor restorative devices converges upon something a bit more extravagant—a purely cognitive implant—namely, the memory prosthetic.
When Joshua Prager was 19, a devastating bus accident left him a quadriplegic for several years. He returned to Israel twenty years later to find the driver who turned his world upside down. In this mesmerizing tale of their meeting, Prager probes deep questions of nature, nurture, self-deception and destiny.
Today, thanks to better early detection, there are 63% fewer deaths from heart disease than there were just a few decades ago. Thomas Insel, Director of the National Institute of Mental Health, wonders: Could we do the same for depression and schizophrenia? The first step in this new avenue of research, he says, is a crucial reframing: for us to stop thinking about "mental disorders" and start understanding them as "brain disorders." (Filmed at TEDxCaltech.)
The news last month of actress Catherine Zeta Jones' diagnosis of bipolar II disorder has given a very public face to a mental health issue with a history of stigma.
According to the National Institute of Mental Health, bipolar disorder - also called manic-depressive disorder - is a brain disorder characterized by dramatic shifts in mood, energy and activity levels that negatively impact a person's ability to carry out day-to-day tasks. These shifts in mood are severe, much more so than the regular ups and downs of life common to everyone.
Is it permissible to harm one to save many? Those who tend to say "yes" when faced with this classic dilemma are likely to be deficient in a specific kind of empathy, according to a report published in the scientific journal PLOS ONE.
Researchers report lower levels of compassion for other people leads to utilitarian over non-utilitarian responses in classic ethical dilemma.
Finding the point at which babies' reactions change from being purely reflexive to reflecting more intention is leading researches to focus on the first glimmers of conscious thought in infants as young as 5 months old.
Ms. Phillips, a Fox Chapel native and Michigan State University professor, has received international media coverage for her study mapping the relationship between reading, attention and distraction. She places volunteers inside an MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scanner, hooks them up to eye-tracking equipment and asks them to read -- on a mirror above them -- the second chapter of "Mansfield Park."
Living with someone with schizophrenia can have a positive impact on their family, according to a preliminary study by QUT, Australia.
As part of her doctorate in clinical psychology, Rachel Morton from QUT's School of Psychology and Counselling, has interviewed relatives of people with schizophrenia to better understand the impact schizophrenia has on the family.
"However, a unique finding of this study was the reporting of some unexpected positive personal growth experienced as a result of the challenges of living with someone with schizophrenia.
"Most relatives identified that having a relative with schizophrenia contributed to their own personal development, such as having greater compassion for those with mental health issues and having a greater appreciation for what is important in their life."
Megan Daalder‘s Project Eureka is a shape-shifting and multidimensional narrative about life, science, and technology after the end of the world. At her work-in-progress exhibition at the UCLA Art|Science gallery, which opened this week, she invites us to visit Eureka’s future, set in the year 2050. In this future “the ‘Naturals’ have won,” and society aggressively defends an idea of Nature and Natural Selection that is full of conflict, with room only for the naturally genetically fit. In this world, Daalder’s Eureka is an outcast on the run from a society that resists all technological interventions in Nature’s plan. She is the world’s first and last designer baby, engineered to be “futureproof” in a world wracked by climate change.
A business psychology masters degree is an excellent qualification for a rewarding career in business. Students study theses programs in order to understand the synergy of psychology and business, and to change behavior in a business setting.
Find out more and locate suitable university programs.
Are therapeutic boarding schools the same as mental health facilities for teens? Or are they the answer for teenagers with behavioral problems?
Therapeutic Boarding Schools are a special kind of institutions based on the concept of therapeutic milieu. These institutions offer to help parents “straighten” a child who, because of emotional difficulties, is not adjusting well to regular school, is having trouble at home, has substance abuse problems and/or is going through disturbing relationships.
Mental exercises may prevent mental decline in seniors (CBC News): “A review released by the Canadian Medical Association Journal on the prevention of cognitive decline said that medicinal and non-medicinal products, and physical exercise did nothing to prevent the decline in healthy seniors, but mental exercises have been shown to be beneficial…The report was written to help aging Canadians make more informed decisions when faced with deteriorating mental faculties and the preventative therapies available to them…In some cases there was evidence of harm with certain pharmacological therapies such as estrogen and anti-inflammatory drugs.”