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Psychology Matters
Resources for students and practitioners in the field of psychology. [ Also see: http://xeeme.com/Stewart_Marshall ]
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Comprehensive review shows no link between vaccinations and autism - About Health Degrees

Comprehensive review shows no link between vaccinations and autism - About Health Degrees | Psychology Matters | Scoop.it

The first systematic international review of childhood vaccinations led by researchers from the University of Sydney has found no evidence of a link to the development of autism or autism spectrum disorders (ASDs).

 

The comprehensive review, published in medical journal Vaccine, examined five cohort studies involving more than 1.25 million children, an additional five case-control studies involving more than 9,920 children obtained via systematic searches of international medical databases MEDLINE, PubMed, EBASE and Google Scholar up to April 2014.

 

Both the cohort and case-control studies revealed no statistical data to support a relationship between childhood vaccination for the commonly-used vaccines for measles, mumps, rubella, diphtheria, tetanus and whooping cough and the development of autism or ASDs.

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Psychologists: Parenthood Is a Traumatic Event | IdeaFeed | Big Think

Psychologists: Parenthood Is a Traumatic Event | IdeaFeed | Big Think | Psychology Matters | Scoop.it

Three to six months after becoming parents, a quarter of fathers and nearly half of all mothers exhibit signs of clinical depression, according to a study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association. During the first five years of parenthood, both mothers and fathers report higher levels of dissatisfaction with their lives and a diminishment in the size of their network of family and friends. "A 2009 study in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology found that the transition to parenthood is linked to reduced happiness in the marriage and more negative behavior during spousal conflict."

 
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A Wonderful Graphic Featuring The Importance of Music in Education [Infographic]

A Wonderful Graphic Featuring The Importance of Music in Education [Infographic] | Psychology Matters | Scoop.it

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Dorian Love's curator insight, June 27, 2:17 AM

Sweet music!

J. Mark Schwanz's curator insight, July 1, 7:47 AM


A bit of a edu-tisement for U.F. but this graphic has a ton of info points on music and it's value in learning.

Terry Doherty's curator insight, July 1, 9:44 AM

The bottom line is that U of F wants you to think about being a music educator. I really focused on the research about how music helps with language skills.

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Happiest places to live

Happiest places to live | Psychology Matters | Scoop.it
Gallup just released its survey on happiness around the world. The polling company looked at 138 countries. Here are the nations that ranked high in residents experiencing “a lot of positive emotions,” plus a few not-as-happy countries. We asked Eric Weiner, author of the “The Geography of Bliss ,’’ to share insights on a few of them. And here’s more global “Happy,’’ if you want it.

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Sandeep Gautam's curator insight, June 18, 12:10 PM

In most happiness surveys its Denmark, Norway, Sweden that stand n top, but this time its countries from Latin America.....

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Sleep after learning strengthens connections between brain cells and enhances memory

Sleep after learning strengthens connections between brain cells and enhances memory | Psychology Matters | Scoop.it

In study published today in Science, researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center show for the first time that sleep after learning encourages the growth of dendritic spines, the tiny protrusions from brain cells that connect to other brain cells and facilitate the passage of  information across synapses, the junctions at which brain cells meet. Moreover, the activity of brain cells during deep sleep, or slow-wave sleep, after learning is critical for such growth.,


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MARY HELEN FERRIS's curator insight, June 5, 11:59 AM

Credit: Wen-Biao Gan

"Now we know that when we learn something new, a neuron will grow new connections on a specific branch," says Dr. Gan. "Imagine a tree that grows leaves (spines) on one branch but not another branch. When we learn something new, it's like we're sprouting leaves on a specific branch."

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The Movement for Patient Access to Doctors’ Notes Is Growing

The Movement for Patient Access to Doctors’ Notes Is Growing | Psychology Matters | Scoop.it

To level the playing field, some believe patients should be able to see what their doctor is writing about them. But note-sharing with mental health patients has been slower to develop.

The OpenNotes initiative, which seeks to enable easier access for patients to doctor’s notes, might have helped. The idea is that if doctor’s notes were more transparent, then a patient would become more involved in their own treatment. And the “playing field” between doctor and patient also is leveled somewhat.

Delbanco said the use of OpenNotes—which he leads with Jan Walker, a registered nurse and researcher at Harvard Medical School—has grown from 13,500 patients to 3 million today.

But note-sharing with patients with mental health problems has been slower to develop. Concerns exist over whether a patient’s mental condition could worsen after reading what a psychologist has written about them, or whether a patient could feel objectified and pathologized.

“The instinct has been, ‘That’s different, mental health is different, don’t touch it’—I think that’s nonsense,” said Delbanco. “I think if you say you’re ill because your knee hurts, or I think you’re crazy because you think blue is green, you should be the first to know and my job would be to help you with that.”

 


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Autistic Boy Thrives After Using Customized Medical Marijuana Strain

Autistic Boy Thrives After Using Customized Medical Marijuana Strain | Psychology Matters | Scoop.it
An autistic boy has seen major health improvements after taking his own strain of medical marijuana for several years.

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How the brain pays attention

How the brain pays attention | Psychology Matters | Scoop.it

"Members of Desimone’s lab are now studying how the brain shifts its focus between different types of sensory input, such as vision and hearing. They are also investigating whether it might be possible to train people to better focus their attention by controlling the brain interactions  involved in this process.

“You have to identify the basic neural mechanisms and do basic research studies, which sometimes generate ideas for things that could be of practical benefit,” Desimone says. “It’s too early to say whether this training is even going to work at all, but it’s something that we’re actively pursuing.”


Read more at http://scienceblog.com/71642/how-the-brain-pays-attention/#6CSjmbufhdePSLK1.99


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Howard Rheingold's curator insight, April 15, 1:15 PM

Studies such as Nass et. al.'s "Cognitive Control in Media Multitaskers" have demonstrated on a general level that media multitaskers are actually rapidly task-switching and that the attentional costs of switching focus degrades efficiency in accomplishing individual tasks. But that research is just the beginning. Important to infotention is what is not yet known about how effective attentional training can be.

Peg Gillard's curator insight, May 4, 4:19 PM

The brain is a universe we know little about yet holds keys to knowledge as old as humankind. 

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Early Signs of Autism in Toddlers, Infants and Babies - free dowload of ebook

Early Signs of Autism in Toddlers, Infants and Babies - free dowload of ebook | Psychology Matters | Scoop.it

http://www.amazon.com/Early-Autism-Toddlers-Infants-Babies-ebook/dp/B00I5ETPWM

Since the brain and behaviors are forming at a rapid rate during the early years of life, early intervention can be helpful not only for the child but for parents that are in need of information about autism and sensory functioning.

This book is not intended to replace medical advice but instead is meant to help parents decide if they should seek a professional evaluation along with Leslie's personal story of how she came to get her two children's diagnosis.

April is Autism Awareness month and we wanted to give this book away FREE for 3 days between the 9th and the 11th of April.

It is available as a kindle download at http://www.amazon.com/Early-Autism-Toddlers-Infants-Babies-ebook/dp/B00I5ETPWM
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How we miss subtle visual changes, and why it keeps us sane | neuroscientistnews.com

How we miss subtle visual changes, and why it keeps us sane | neuroscientistnews.com | Psychology Matters | Scoop.it
Ever notice how Harry Potter's T-shirt changes from a crewneck to a henley shirt in the "Order of the Phoenix," or how in "Pretty Woman," Julia Roberts' croissant inexplicably morphs into a pancake? Don't worry if you missed those continuity bloopers. Vision scientists at UC Berkeley and MIT have discovered an upside to the brain mechanism that can blind us to subtle visual changes in the movies and in the real world.

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Developmental Psychology Masters - Online Masters and PhDs

Developmental Psychology Masters - Online Masters and PhDs | Psychology Matters | Scoop.it

There are many career options after taking a developmental psychology masters degree. This page will help you to find out more about studying online and on-campus, and to locate suitable programs for this exciting study of human development.

Graduates with a masters degree in developmental psychology are qualified to work in a specific branch of psychology that involves the study of how humans develop and change during the course of a lifetime. This is not restricted to physical growth and change, but also emotional, cognitive, and social development.

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Antisocial Teenagers Unable to Empathize

Antisocial Teenagers Unable to Empathize | Psychology Matters | Scoop.it

Antisocial behavior in teens is worsening as their usage of social media, TV and games increases.

 

They become immune to how others feel and cannot sympathize with them. A recent study set out to find a connection between antisocial teenagers and their inability to empathize. Researchers found a link to regions of the brain that are used to process information and control impulses. When these brain activity centers are underdeveloped, it creates an inability to show empathy.

 

====================

When these brain activity centers are
underdeveloped, it creates an inability
to show empathy.

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MaryFrankIMSD's curator insight, March 13, 6:03 AM

"When these brain activity centers are underdeveloped, it creates an inability to show empathy."

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Grumpy Cat: The psychology behind cat videos

Grumpy Cat: The psychology behind cat videos | Psychology Matters | Scoop.it

Grumpy Cat is an Internet sensation and this article explains the psychology behind this million-dollar feline success. Share:TwitterFacebookLinkedInGoogleEmailMoreDiggRedditTumblrStumbleUpon http://www.grahamjones.co.uk/2014/blog/internet-psychology/grumpy-cat-psychology-cat-videos.html


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The Science and Psychology of Twitter: Why We Follow and Share - Masters and PhDs

The Science and Psychology of Twitter: Why We Follow and Share - Masters and PhDs | Psychology Matters | Scoop.it

Researchers have discovered trends in the way that we perform every major action on Twitter—favoriting, updating, sharing, and following. And there’s even an interesting bit of psychology behind what makes Twitter so attractive in the first place. Here’s a look at the psychology of Twitter: what makes us follow, favorite, share and keep coming back for more.

A study published by the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence sought to put our myriad favoriting methods into categories. 

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Facebook tinkered with users' emotions in experiment

Facebook tinkered with users' emotions in experiment | Psychology Matters | Scoop.it

Facebook has been playing with its users' emotions, and now a lot of people are upset.

For one week in 2012, hundreds of thousands of Facebook users were unknowingly subjected to an experiment in which their news feed was altered to see whether certain kinds of content made users happy or sad.

The research that resulted from that experiment, which was published in an academic journal this month, said emotions appeared to be contagious: If users saw happier posts from friends in their Facebook news feed, they were more likely to post their own happy updates. Sad updates appeared to have a comparable effect.

In other words, the study seems to show you are what you eat, as the saying goes -- except in that metaphor, you usually get to choose what you put in your mouth.

We were concerned that exposure to friends' negativity might lead people to avoid visiting Facebook.- Adam D.I. Kramer, Facebook data scientist 

Now, Facebook, which uses a secret algorithm to control what it shows users on its popular news feed, faces another round of allegations that the world's largest social-media network is being a little too creepy and manipulative.

After the study started to receive widespread scrutiny on the Web, Adam D.I. Kramer, a data scientist at Facebook and one of the study's authors, wrote in a post Sunday: "In hindsight, the research benefits of the paper may not have justified all of this anxiety."

Kramer added that he and the paper's coauthors were "very sorry for the way the paper described the research and any anxiety it caused."

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Research Shows Secret to Beating Depression in Adolescents - Tim Elmore

Research Shows Secret to Beating Depression in Adolescents - Tim Elmore | Psychology Matters | Scoop.it
You probably heard the phrase growing up: “It’s better to give than to receive.” Well, the University of Illinois just proved this to be true — at least, if you’re an adolescent.

Their study discovered that 15-16 year-old students who invest energy in pro-social activities such as giving their money to family members or serving a charity are less likely to suffer any level of depression than those who get a bigger thrill from taking risks or keeping the money for themselves. 

The university researchers detailed their findings in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. The study focused on the ventral striatum, a region of the brain that regulates feelings of pleasure in response to rewards. Previous studies revealed that ventral striatum activity tends to be more vivid in adolescence, suggesting that teens experience the pleasure of rewards more intensely than younger kids or adults. In short, during the teen years, everything’s exaggerated. Adolescence is a time of expanded risk-taking — and this can be both good and bad, depending on the young person, suggests Illinois psychology professor Eva Telzer, who led the study. Why is this? Depressive symptoms tend to increase during teen years, Dr. Telzer reports. So, kids may respond by taking foolish risks…or they can risk involvement in an altruistic cause they believe in, and gain great satisfaction, hence warding off natural depression.

 


Via Mark E. Deschaine, PhD
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Lon Woodbury's curator insight, June 18, 10:10 PM

simple idea, and an old-fashioned one.  Taking risks in giving for others has more benefit than taking risks for self-centered reasons.  This might be the reason most of the schools I work with have active community service elements in their curriculum. -Lon

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Study Reports: Pollution May Be Causing Autism - USFinancePost

Study Reports: Pollution May Be Causing Autism - USFinancePost | Psychology Matters | Scoop.it

A study recently posted in the United States National Library of Medicine has linked air pollution with the development of neurological and behavioral health problems. Specific conditions that the study links pollution to include: cognitive decline, autism, schizophrenia, and depression.

Although the study involved mice, researchers concluded that, “Our findings suggest alteration of developmentally important neurochemicals and lateral ventricle dilation may be mechanistically related to observations linking ambient air pollutant exposure and adverse neurological/neurodevelopmental outcome in humans.” In other words, the biological effect of pollution in mice is likely to be similar to what occurs in humans.

The mice in the study were exposed to air samples similar to what is found in Los Angeles, Atlanta, New York City, and Boston. Following the exposure, the mice developed permanent inflammation and a specific neurotransmitter that is typically found in patients with schizophrenia or autism.

 


Read more at http://usfinancepost.com/study-reports-pollution-may-be-causing-autism-19702.html#zF13jujfV7G62RD8.99


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Richard Dolinski's curator insight, June 10, 12:39 AM

Leaves me with more questions than answers. 

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The Psychology of Sports Injury StressSelectScience

The Psychology of Sports Injury StressSelectScience | Psychology Matters | Scoop.it

Sports injury prediction has previously relied upon physiological parameters but this research into Swedish premier league and international footballers focuses on the psychological factors involved in injury prevention and recovery.

In an interesting paper published in 2013 (Journal of Sport Rehabilitation(Ivarsson, Johnson & Podlog, 2013 and discussed here), Andreas Ivarsson and Urban Johnson from Halmstad University discuss the relevance of psychological factors on a footballers’ level of injury susceptibility and recovery. 


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Developmental Psychology PhD - Online Masters and PhDs

Developmental Psychology PhD - Online Masters and PhDs | Psychology Matters | Scoop.it

A PhD in developmental psychology program will prepare you for a range of interesting careers as a developmental psychologist. This page will help you to locate and find out more about studying suitable programs.

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The Science of Peak Human Performance - TIME

The Science of Peak Human Performance - TIME | Psychology Matters | Scoop.it

“The Science of Peak Human Performance TIME The science of ultimate human performance has a bad name–literally.”


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Drug Reverses Schizophrenia in Mice by Curbing Synaptic Pruning — PsyBlog

Drug Reverses Schizophrenia in Mice by Curbing Synaptic Pruning — PsyBlog | Psychology Matters | Scoop.it

Experimental chemical restores some lost brain cell function in schizophrenia.

An anticancer compound has reversed the behaviours associated with schizophrenia in mice.

On top of reversing these behaviours, the chemical also restores some lost brain cell function, the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine research finds (Hayashi-Takagi et al., 2014).

The compound is a type of PAK inhibitor which has been tested in the treatment of cancer, Fragile X syndrome (a type of mental retardation) and Alzheimer’s disease.

The drug works by targeting a natural process called ‘synaptic pruning’. Synaptic pruning is one of the underlying biological processes thought to be important in the development of schizophrenia.
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Sandeep Gautam's curator insight, April 14, 9:54 PM

Validates one key neural model of schizophrenia.

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Reading is different online than off, experts say

Reading is different online than off, experts say | Psychology Matters | Scoop.it
Our brains, neuroscientists warn, are developing new circuits with a big impact on non-digital reading

Claire Handscombe has a commitment problem online. Like a lot of Web surfers, she clicks on links posted on social networks, reads a few sentences, looks for exciting words, and then grows restless, scampering off to the next page she probably won’t commit to.

To cognitive neuroscientists, Handscombe’s experience is the subject of great fascination and growing alarm. Humans, they warn, seem to be developing digital brains with new circuits for skimming through the torrent of information online. This alternative way of reading is competing with traditional deep reading circuitry developed over several millennia.

 
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Violaine Blondin's curator insight, April 9, 5:45 PM

L'impact de l'utilisation d'Internet sur le lecteur.  Hum...  À creuser davantage ...

Anne-Maree Johnson's curator insight, April 9, 6:07 PM

In our moves to have students read all their content from a screen are we doing them any favours? This article introduces the concept of the bi literal brain and argues that students need to develop both linear and non-linear reading strategies.

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Clinical Psychology Masters - Online Masters and PhDs

Clinical Psychology Masters - Online Masters and PhDs | Psychology Matters | Scoop.it

As a graduate of a clinical psychology masters, you will be well prepared to diagnose behavioral and mental disorders, make assessments, and administer therapy – but a doctorate is really required to progress in this field. This page has details of the programs, where they can be studied, career prospects, and more …

 
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BRAIN Initiative Gets a Boost from Obama's Budget Proposal - About Health Degrees

BRAIN Initiative Gets a Boost from Obama's Budget Proposal - About Health Degrees | Psychology Matters | Scoop.it

President Obama’s 2015 Budget proposes to double federal funding for the BRAIN Initiative from $100 million to $200 million.

The BRAIN Initiative (Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies), launched in April 2013, is a collaborative effort between government agencies and industry to revolutionize the understanding of the human brain.

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Six things you need to know about neuroscience to help develop learning

Six things you need to know about neuroscience to help develop learning | Psychology Matters | Scoop.it
How do we make learning stick? The CIPD's Ruth Stuart tackles the grey matter to give us an insight into how we might make that happen.

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