Experimental chemical restores some lost brain cell function in schizophrenia.
An anticancer compound has reversed the behaviours associated with schizophrenia in mice.
On top of reversing these behaviours, the chemical also restores some lost brain cell function, the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine research finds (Hayashi-Takagi et al., 2014).
The compound is a type of PAK inhibitor which has been tested in the treatment of cancer, Fragile X syndrome (a type of mental retardation) and Alzheimer’s disease.
The drug works by targeting a natural process called ‘synaptic pruning’. Synaptic pruning is one of the underlying biological processes thought to be important in the development of schizophrenia.
Via Sandeep Gautam
Our brains, neuroscientists warn, are developing new circuits with a big impact on non-digital reading
Claire Handscombe has a commitment problem online. Like a lot of Web surfers, she clicks on links posted on social networks, reads a few sentences, looks for exciting words, and then grows restless, scampering off to the next page she probably won’t commit to.
To cognitive neuroscientists, Handscombe’s experience is the subject of great fascination and growing alarm. Humans, they warn, seem to be developing digital brains with new circuits for skimming through the torrent of information online. This alternative way of reading is competing with traditional deep reading circuitry developed over several millennia.
There are many career options after taking a developmental psychology masters degree. This page will help you to find out more about studying online and on-campus, and to locate suitable programs for this exciting study of human development.
Graduates with a masters degree in developmental psychology are qualified to work in a specific branch of psychology that involves the study of how humans develop and change during the course of a lifetime. This is not restricted to physical growth and change, but also emotional, cognitive, and social development.
Antisocial behavior in teens is worsening as their usage of social media, TV and games increases.
They become immune to how others feel and cannot sympathize with them. A recent study set out to find a connection between antisocial teenagers and their inability to empathize. Researchers found a link to regions of the brain that are used to process information and control impulses. When these brain activity centers are underdeveloped, it creates an inability to show empathy.
When these brain activity centers are underdeveloped, it creates an inability to show empathy.
theguardian.com – Children born to fathers over the age of 45 are at greater risk of developing psychiatric problems and more likely to struggle at school, according to the findings of a large-scale study. The research found that children with older fathers were more often diagnosed with disorders such as autism, psychosis, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), schizophrenia and bipolar disorder . They also reported more drug abuse and suicide attempts, researchers said.
slate.com – In the past few years, the science of Internet trollology has made some strides. Last year, for instance, we learned that by hurling insults and inciting discord in online comment sections, so-called Internet trolls (who are frequently anonymous) have a polarizing effect on audiences, leading to politicization, rather than deeper understanding of scientific topics. That’s bad, but it’s nothing compared with what a new psychology paper has to say about the personalities of trolls themselves.
medicalxpress.com – Declines in the underlying brain skills needed to think, remember and learn are normal in aging. In fact, this cognitive decline is a fact of life for most older Americans. Therapies to improve the cognitive health of older adults are critically important for lessening declines in mental performance as people age. While physical activity and cognitive training are among the efforts aimed at preventing or delaying cognitive decline, dietary modifications and supplements have recently generated considerable interest.
Now a University of South Florida (USF) study reports that a formula of nutrients high in antioxidants and other natural components helped boost the speed at which the brains of older adults processed information.
medicalnewstoday.com – Men are frequently accused of forgetting birthdays, wedding anniversaries, and even something as simple as taking the trash out. But they have developed this stigma for a reason, a new study suggest – it found that men are more forgetful than women, regardless of their age. The research team, led by Prof. Jostein Holmen of the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, published the study findings in the journal BMC Psychology .
"Members of Desimone’s lab are now studying how the brain shifts its focus between different types of sensory input, such as vision and hearing. They are also investigating whether it might be possible to train people to better focus their attention by controlling the brain interactions involved in this process.
“You have to identify the basic neural mechanisms and do basic research studies, which sometimes generate ideas for things that could be of practical benefit,” Desimone says. “It’s too early to say whether this training is even going to work at all, but it’s something that we’re actively pursuing.”
Since the brain and behaviors are forming at a rapid rate during the early years of life, early intervention can be helpful not only for the child but for parents that are in need of information about autism and sensory functioning.
This book is not intended to replace medical advice but instead is meant to help parents decide if they should seek a professional evaluation along with Leslie's personal story of how she came to get her two children's diagnosis.
April is Autism Awareness month and we wanted to give this book away FREE for 3 days between the 9th and the 11th of April.
Ever notice how Harry Potter's T-shirt changes from a crewneck to a henley shirt in the "Order of the Phoenix," or how in "Pretty Woman," Julia Roberts' croissant inexplicably morphs into a pancake? Don't worry if you missed those continuity bloopers. Vision scientists at UC Berkeley and MIT have discovered an upside to the brain mechanism that can blind us to subtle visual changes in the movies and in the real world.
President Obama’s 2015 Budget proposes to double federal funding for the BRAIN Initiative from $100 million to $200 million.
The BRAIN Initiative (Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies), launched in April 2013, is a collaborative effort between government agencies and industry to revolutionize the understanding of the human brain.
() This guest post is from Jeremy Sicile-Kira, an adult on the autism spectrum. His blog is part of an ongoing series on our site called "In Our Own Words: Living on the Spectrum," which highlights the experiences of individuals with autism.
Nearly four out of five people who recently started using heroin used prescription painkillers first, according to a 2013 study from the Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality.
“A lot of people who got in trouble with the prescription opiates are switching over to heroin, and they get more for their buck, so to speak,” Bunt said. In his experience, he added, much of the heroin available today is laced with other additives, like additional painkillers -- making it more dangerous.
“Once you inject the heroin that’s available today, you’re at very high risk for fatal overdose,” he said.
Pascal Wallisch received his PhD in Psychology from the University of Chicago. He now works as a research scientist and adjunct professor at New York University where he is doing research on autism and the neuroscience of film. He is interested in subjective representations of objective reality and passionate about teaching. His work was recognized several prizes, including the University of Chicago Booth Prize.
Over 13.5 million adults in the United States suffer from serious mental illnesses, such as schizophrenia, major depression and bi-polar disorder. Approximately 20% of American youth between 13 and 18 years of age experience severe mental illness in a given year, 2.6 million people live with schizophrenia and 6.1 million with bi-polar disorder. The problem is worldwide. Then there are the families who often suffer in silence under a heavy cloud of stigma and fear.
Recent research indicates the rate of medication noncompliance for serious mental illness is upwards of 74 percent soon after initiation, especially among patients withschizophrenia. University of Pennsylvania research indicates that if schizophrenia patients prematurely discontinue the first prescription of antipsychotic medication, then the chances are reduced of them sticking to a medication regimen later.
It would be immoral to allow someone in insulin shock to go untreated. Why is it that we insist on letting people who are so sick that they don't know they're sick go untreated? Yet that is what we do in civilized countries around the world. We tell ourselves that if a mentally ill person thinks he is well and doesn't at the moment appear to present a danger to himself or others, no matter how delusional or fractured his or her grasp on reality, it's okay to let conditions get worse. If drugs are involved, especially accompanying symptoms like delusions and medicine noncompliance, research indicates that the chances of violence are significantly increased.
medicalxpress.com - (Medical Xpress). A chemical that’s found in fruits and vegetables from strawberries to cucumbers appears to stop memory loss that accompanies Alzheimer’s disease in mice, scientists at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies have discovered. In experiments on mice that normally develop Alzheimer’s symptoms less than a year after birth, a daily dose of the compound—a flavonol called fisetin—prevented the progressive memory and learning impairments. The drug, however, did not alter the formation of amyloid plaques in the brain, accumulations of proteins which are commonly blamed for Alzheimer’s disease. The new finding suggests a way to treat Alzheimer’s symptoms independently of targeting amyloid plaques.
The development of physical aggression in toddlers is strongly associated with genetic factors and to a lesser degree with the environment, according to a new study led by Eric Lacourse of the University of Montreal and its affiliated CHU Sainte-Justine Hospital. Lacourse’s worked with the parents of identical and non-identical twins to evaluate and compare their behavior, environment and genetics.
ibtimes.co.uk - The discovery of quantum vibrations inside the brain has opened a “Pandora’s Box” in terms of theories about levels of consciousness. A 20-year-old theory of consciousness published in the Physics of Life Reviews suggested that consciousness came from a deeper level, seemingly supporting spiritual approaches to how the brain works. It was proposed by scientists Sir Roger Penrose and Stuart Hameroff in the mid-1990s and suggested that quantum vibrational computations in the brain microtubules were “orchestrated” (“Orch”) by synaptic inputs and memories stored in microtubules. This was called “objective reduction” (‘OR’).