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Schizophrenia - Antipsychotic Drugs Significantly Reduce Relapse Risk

Schizophrenia - Antipsychotic Drugs Significantly Reduce Relapse Risk | Psychology and Brain News | Scoop.it

Five decades worth of evidence demonstrates that antipsychotic drugs can decrease the risk of relapse in patients with schizophrenia by 60%

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Chronic cocaine use may speed up aging of brain

Chronic cocaine use may speed up aging of brain | Psychology and Brain News | Scoop.it
New research by scientists at the University of Cambridge suggests that chronic cocaine abuse accelerates the process of brain ageing.
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Speed and ecstasy associated with depression in teenagers

Speed and ecstasy associated with depression in teenagers | Psychology and Brain News | Scoop.it

A five year study conducted with thousands of teenagers reveals that those who used speed  or ecstasy at fifteen or sixteen years of age were significantly more likely to suffer elevated depressive symptoms the following year.

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OCD Is Most Often Treated with Antidepressants

OCD Is Most Often Treated with Antidepressants | Psychology and Brain News | Scoop.it
If you were ever wondering what was the most popular treatment for obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), wonder no longer. It's not psychotherapy.
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Kandis Y's curator insight, February 26, 2014 5:22 PM

Treating OCD with medication (e.g. antidepressants) makes total sense if those suffering have a chemical imbalance.  The literature seems to support treating these clients with both medication and behavioral therapy to get the best outcome (e.g. symptom reduction), contrary to the finding of this article (which totally discounts psychotherapy as a treatment for OCD).  I also found that anti-anxiety medicine was a common medication treatment for this population, but that different clients react differently to each type (and combination) of treatment.  Like anything else, this is not a one size fits all treatment plan and individual considerations need to be considered.  However, this article makes treatment sound like it is lacking and that not enough has been done to develop a medication that is specific to OCD.  Depressing! 

Erika Collins's curator insight, December 9, 2014 9:52 PM

This was an interesting article to read given that I just read two other sources with contradictory information. In this source, "OCD Is Most Often Treated with Antidepressants," Grohol mentions that the most popular treatment for OCD isn't psychotherapy, but rather antidepressants (Grohol, 2012). In the Journal of Pharmacy Practice, Gyula Bokor and Peter Anderson published an an article, "Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder," which mentions that cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is the most common treatment for OCD that doesn't use medications and that SSRIs (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors) are the main treatment that uses medication (Bokor & Anderson, 2014). This seems to contradict the article here. I attempted to look for a mention of antidepressant medication use for OCD in the article by Bokor and Anderson, but couldn't find anything. 

 

In a different source, an article titled, "What Are The Common Myths About OCD?" a doctor named Jonathan Abramowitz also has differing information. He suggests that although medications work for some people with OCD, the "best treatment" is actually cognitive and behavioral therapy (CBT) (Orenstein, 2011). This source seems to agree with the statement in Bokor and Anderson's article, that CBT is a common and successful way to treat OCD (Orenstein, 2011; Bokor & Anderson, 2014). However, I didn't see this mentioned in this article by Grohol. This could be because he is only referring to treatments that use medications. 

 

I think this article was high in quality, the author seems to be very educated not just about the disorder itself, but the economy of the disorder. The writing was easy to understand and he used reputable sites to back up his claims but I still think there were some problems with the facts he presented. As for the overall diversity of this article, I would say that there are some minor issues, including the fact that this didn't mention the statistics or information about OCD medication in other countries, not only that but it only gave one medication, whereas there are many different possible medications for people who suffer with OCD. 

 

References:

 

Bokor, G., & Anderson, P. D. (2014). Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. Journal of Pharmacy Practice, 27(2), 116-130. doi:10.1177/0897190014521996

 

Orenstein, B. W. (2011, October 13). 8 Common Myths About OCD. Retrieved from http://www.everydayhealth.com/anxiety/8-common-myths-about-ocd.aspx

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Antipsychotic drug may be helpful treatment for anorexia nervosa

Antipsychotic drug may be helpful treatment for anorexia nervosa | Psychology and Brain News | Scoop.it
Low doses of a commonly used atypical antipsychotic drug improved survival in a mouse model of anorexia nervosa, University of Chicago researchers report this month.
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Mikayla Price's curator insight, February 27, 2014 3:12 PM

Students at the University of Chicago have studied anorexia by experimenting with mice and the drug olanzapine. Researchers gave the mice little food and forced a lot of exercise, and the mice taking the medicine were more likely to maintain body weight. The challenges with medicating anorexic patients isn't finding the medicine, but getting the patients to take the prescription regularly. 

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Does the brain 'remember' antidepressants?

Does the brain 'remember' antidepressants? | Psychology and Brain News | Scoop.it

Study offers more proof for the power of placebo, say UCLA researchers

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Uncommon Pathways to Recovery

Uncommon Pathways to Recovery | Psychology and Brain News | Scoop.it

Despite a common neural pathway to addiction, people recover in diverse ways

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Treating Violence: New Antidotes

Treating Violence: New Antidotes | Psychology and Brain News | Scoop.it

New brain research may offer better solutions to destructive behavior

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Magic mushrooms' effects illuminated in brain imaging studies

Magic mushrooms' effects illuminated in brain imaging studies | Psychology and Brain News | Scoop.it

The findings of two studies being published in scientific journals this week identify areas of the brain where activity is suppressed by psilocybin and suggest that it helps people to experience memories more vividly.

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A more ethical way to compare epilepsy treatments

A more ethical way to compare epilepsy treatments | Psychology and Brain News | Scoop.it

For the first time, a new research methodology recently approved by the Food and Drug Administration has been used to demonstrate that converting patients from one anti-epileptic drug to another – in this case, lamotrigine extended-release (LTG XR) – is well-tolerated, effective and safe.

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Janys Venne's curator insight, October 26, 2013 2:02 AM

I'll appreciate your time & help to visit my website on #seizures #epilepsy at http://seizures.dolyan.com/. Thank you :)

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Drug-Free Prevention Of Dementia Decline

Drug-Free Prevention Of Dementia Decline | Psychology and Brain News | Scoop.it
There are many different causes of dementia and, although its progression can be fast or slow, it is always degenerative.

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High childhood IQ linked to subsequent illicit drug use, research suggests

High childhood IQ linked to subsequent illicit drug use, research suggests | Psychology and Brain News | Scoop.it
A high childhood IQ may be linked to subsequent illegal drug use, particularly among women, new research suggests.
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Zowied's curator insight, October 13, 2014 7:33 PM

Good statistics and interesting in regards to intelligence "trends" among society.

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Teen Drug Users Suffer High Depression Rates

Teen Drug Users Suffer High Depression Rates | Psychology and Brain News | Scoop.it

Clinicians treating adolescents who acknowledge recreational use of methamphetamines or ecstasy (MDMA) have new reason to be concerned about sequelae of this drug use.

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Cholesterol drug shows benefit in animal study of Alzheimer’s disease

Cholesterol drug shows benefit in animal study of Alzheimer’s disease | Psychology and Brain News | Scoop.it
A cholesterol drug commonly prescribed to reduce cardiovascular disease risk restores blood vessel function in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease, according to a study in the April 4 issue of The Journal of Neuroscience.
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iPhones, Games and the Addictive Experience

iPhones, Games and the Addictive Experience | Psychology and Brain News | Scoop.it

Addiction—the thematic malady for our society—entails every type of psychological and societal problem.

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Study of employee substance use shows the need for supervisor training

Study of employee substance use shows the need for supervisor training | Psychology and Brain News | Scoop.it
To curb employees' on-the-job substance use and intoxication, bosses need to do more than just be around their employees all day, according to a new study from the University at Buffalo Research Institute on Addictions (RIA).
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Blood pressure drug effective for treating PTSD-related nightmares

Blood pressure drug effective for treating PTSD-related nightmares | Psychology and Brain News | Scoop.it
Mayo Clinic researchers this week will announce the use of the blood pressure drug prazosin as an effective treatment to curb post- traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)-related nightmares.
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Sydni Werksman's comment, February 19, 2014 9:49 AM
5. Prazosin was used to help patients with PTSD. It showed that the drug worked well and took affect immediately. Within days to weeks some patients had reoccuring nightmares when the medicine wore off says Simon King M.D.(Mayo Clinic 2012). Prazosin is a hypertension medication that's been used,following research that began a decade ago by some Veterans Administration hospitals to treat PTSD related nightmares(Mayo Clinic 2012)
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Why Are Teenagers so Vulnerable to Drug Abuse?

Why Are Teenagers so Vulnerable to Drug Abuse? | Psychology and Brain News | Scoop.it

People who initiate drug use at younger age are more likely to get addicted than those who use drugs later in their life. We need to recognize this health problem and respond to it. But first, we need to know the reasons for teens getting into drug abuse. Understanding the reasons for their susceptibility may help us.

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Addicts' Brains May Be Wired At Birth For Less Self-Control

Addicts' Brains May Be Wired At Birth For Less Self-Control | Psychology and Brain News | Scoop.it

A study of cocaine addicts finds that they have abnormalities in areas of the brain involved in self-control. And these abnormalities appear to predate any drug abuse.


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Internet addiction causes brain changes similar to alcohol and drugs, study finds

Internet addiction causes brain changes similar to alcohol and drugs, study finds | Psychology and Brain News | Scoop.it

Internet addiction causes changes in the brain similar to that normally seen in people addicted to alcohol and drugs such as cocaine and cannabis, a study has found

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Ecstasy drug produces lasting serotonin neurotoxicity in the brain

Ecstasy drug produces lasting serotonin neurotoxicity in the brain | Psychology and Brain News | Scoop.it
Recreational use of Ecstasy – the illegal rave drug that produces feelings of euphoria and emotional warmth – is associated with chronic changes in the human brain, Vanderbilt University investigators have discovered.
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Researchers discover clues to developing more effective antipsychotic drugs

Researchers discover clues to developing more effective antipsychotic drugs | Psychology and Brain News | Scoop.it
Researchers have identified the pattern of cell signaling induced by antipsychotic drugs in a complex composed of two brain receptors linked to schizophrenia.
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