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Latest news on psychology, mental health, neural and behavioral sciences
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Distinct brain cells recognize novel sights

Distinct brain cells recognize novel sights | Psychology and Brain News | Scoop.it
The brain's ability to learn to recognize objects plays out in the inferior temporal cortex. A new study offers a possible explanation of how two classes of neurons play distinct roles to help that happen.
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Cognitive Biases Manifest in Trayvon Martin Case

Cognitive Biases Manifest in Trayvon Martin Case | Psychology and Brain News | Scoop.it

Opinions are divided over the killing of Trayvon Martin; but they are not just divided over the central questions of guilt.

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Mild cognitive impairment is associated with disability and neuropsychiatric symptoms

Mild cognitive impairment is associated with disability and neuropsychiatric symptoms | Psychology and Brain News | Scoop.it
In low- and middle-income countries, mild cognitive impairment -- an intermediate state between normal signs of cognitive aging, such as becoming increasingly forgetful, and dementia, which may or may not progress -- is consistently associated with...
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Strategy shift with age can lead to navigational difficulties

Strategy shift with age can lead to navigational difficulties | Psychology and Brain News | Scoop.it
A researcher believes studying people's ability to find their way around may help explain why loss of mental capacity occurs with age.
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Mayo Clinic finds mild cognitive impairment is common, affects men most

Mayo Clinic finds mild cognitive impairment is common, affects men most | Psychology and Brain News | Scoop.it
Researchers involved in the Mayo Clinic Study of Aging reported today that more than 6 percent of Americans age 70 to 89 develop mild cognitive impairment (MCI) every year.
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What determines the capacity of short-term memory?

What determines the capacity of short-term memory? | Psychology and Brain News | Scoop.it
Short-term memory plays a crucial role in how our consciousness operates. Several years ago a hypothesis has been formulated, according to which capacity of short-term memory depends in a special way on two cycles of brain electric activity.
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Why aren't we smarter already? Evolutionary limits on cognition

Why aren't we smarter already? Evolutionary limits on cognition | Psychology and Brain News | Scoop.it
We put a lot of energy into improving our memory, intelligence, and attention. There are even drugs that make us sharper, such as Ritalin and caffeine. But maybe smarter isn't really all that better.
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At Ten Months Old Infants Are Able To Understand Thought Process Of Others

At Ten Months Old Infants Are Able To Understand Thought Process Of Others | Psychology and Brain News | Scoop.it
New research from the University of Missouri indicates that at 10 months, babies start to understand another person's thought process, providing new insights on how humans acquire knowledge and ho...
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Elderly long-term care residents suffer cognitively during disasters

Investigators followed 17 long-term care residents, with a mean age of 86, who were evacuated for five days due to a severe summer storm and were relocated to different facilities with different care providers and physical surroundings. The displaced participants experienced delirium, cognitive changes, hospitalizations, and death.

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Musical aptitude relates to reading ability

Musical aptitude relates to reading ability | Psychology and Brain News | Scoop.it
Auditory working memory and attention, for example the ability to hear and then remember instructions while completing a task, are a necessary part of musical ability. But musical ability is also related to verbal memory and literacy in childhood.
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Bilingual children switch tasks faster than speakers of a single language

Bilingual children switch tasks faster than speakers of a single language | Psychology and Brain News | Scoop.it
Children who grow up learning to speak two languages are better at switching between tasks than are children who learn to speak only one language, according to a study funded in part by the National Institutes of Health.
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Good aerobic capacity promotes learning

Good aerobic capacity promotes learning | Psychology and Brain News | Scoop.it
Aerobic fitness has a favorable effect on cognitive functions. For example, physically active elderly people are less prone to aging-related cognitive decline than those who lead a sedentary lifestyle.
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Complicatedly Colourful: Vision Science

Complicatedly Colourful: Vision Science | Psychology and Brain News | Scoop.it

The picture I've put up is one of a mouse retina. The green dots are cells that have been stained with a fluorescent dye.

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Smoking May Take Brain Toll on Men

Smoking May Take Brain Toll on Men | Psychology and Brain News | Scoop.it
A new study has linked smoking with faster cognitive decline in middle-aged men.
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Patterns of connections reveal brain functions

Patterns of connections reveal brain functions | Psychology and Brain News | Scoop.it
For more than a decade, neuroscientists have known that many of the cells in a brain region called the fusiform gyrus specialize in recognizing faces. However, those cells don't act alone: They need to communicate with several other parts of the brain. By tracing those connections, MIT neuroscientists have now shown that they can accurately predict which parts of the fusiform gyrus are face-selective.
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Rich children 'five months ahead'

Rich children 'five months ahead' | Psychology and Brain News | Scoop.it
Children from high-income families start school with skills that are already five months ahead of their middle and low-income classmates, say researchers.
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Daniel Kahneman: How cognitive illusions blind us to reason

Daniel Kahneman: How cognitive illusions blind us to reason | Psychology and Brain News | Scoop.it
Why do Wall Street traders have such faith in their powers of prediction, when their successes are largely down to chance?
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Deric Bownds' MindBlog: The evolution of cognition

Deric Bownds' MindBlog: The evolution of cognition | Psychology and Brain News | Scoop.it

It is now commonly recognized that high-level cognitive function is not limited to primate lineages and like many other traits, is shaped by selection imposed by ecological and environmental demands. MacClean et al. propose that a merger of the fields of comparative psychology and phylogenetics would greatly improve our ability to understand the forces that drive cognitive evolution

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Are we really blind to Internet banners?

Are we really blind to Internet banners? | Psychology and Brain News | Scoop.it

It's a line of research that Google doesn't want you to know about. Many studies suggest people have a habit of simply ignoring web banners on Internet sites - a phenomenon known as banner blindness.

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New testing program improves scores, knowledge retention for third-year internal medicine residents

An analysis by University of Cincinnati faculty members shows that a multiple-choice testing program coupled with a novel year-long clinical experience helps internal medicine residents improve their scores on the Internal Medicine In-Training Exam...
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