Triggered by horrendous events, formerly disempowered people around the world have found a loud collective voice.
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An ambitious new project is attempting to replicate every single study published in 2008 in three leading academic psychology journals.
'Calculations of the average statistical power of published psychology experiments hovers at around 50%. This means that conducting an average psychology experiment is roughly equivalent to flipping a coin, in terms of whether you get a statistically significant result or not.
Many statistically non-significant results are therefore not good evidence of “no effect”, and many statistically significant results that get published are false positives.........'
'............................In 2005, John P. Ioannidis made headlines when he claimed that up to 90% of published medical findings may be false. Ioannidis described conditions of small sample sizes, small effect sizes, publication bias, pressure to publish and flexible stopping rules — all the problems we identify above. His quantitative conclusions about error rates and false positives were based on simulations, not “real” data.'
'Unfortunately, looking at real data is just as disheartening. Over the past decade, a group of researchers attempted to replicate 53 “landmark” cancer studies. They were interested in how many would again produce results deemed strong enough to drive a drug-development program (their definition of reproducibility). Of those 53 studies, the results of only six could be robustly reproduced.'
Michael Clyne is Professorial Fellow in the School of Languages at the University of Melbourne and Emeritus Professor of Linguistics at Monash University. His main fields of research and publication are bilingualism/language contact, sociolinguistics, inter-cultural communication and second lan- guage acquisition. Among his books are Australia’s Language Potential (UNSW Press, 2005), Dynam- ics of Language Contact (CUP, 2003), The German Language in a Changing Europe (CUP, 1995), and Inter-cultural Communication at Work (CUP, 1994).
'The ‘war against terror’ with its ill-defined enemy has unleashed a new kind of exclusionary discourse which allows people to imagine an enemy among the unknown and strange. This paper focuses on the discourse on asylum seekers employed by Australian politicians from main parties and sections of the media.'
Writing in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Dr. Felicia H. Stewart and Dr. James Trussell have estimated that there are twenty-five thousand rape-related pregnancies each year in the United States
'..................the relationship between rape and pregnancy has been a topic of highly politicized debate since long before Todd Akin’s comments on “legitimate rape,” Paul Ryan’s bill with its category of “forcible rape,” and Sharron Angle’s suggestion, two years ago, that women pregnant through rape make “a lemon situation into lemonade.”
There is a veritable war of statistics about rape and pregnancy, and the confusion is exacerbated by the competing agendas of the pro-choice and anti-abortion movements.
Historically, rape has been seen less as a violation of a woman than as a theft from a man to whom that woman belonged, either her husband or her father, who suffered an economic loss (a woman’s marriageability spoiled) and an insult to his honor. There was also the problem of bastard children, who were considered a social burden
One [also] sees the problem abroad, where the Helms Amendment is taken to mean that no agency receiving U.S. funding can mention abortion even to women who have been systematically raped as part of a genocidal campaign.
Do a greater number of women in leadership roles reduce corruption?
Are women leaders less corrupt than their male counterparts? That's a tricky one. The answer, it seems, is something like yes and no.
That seems like pretty straightforward evidence, but things may not be that simple. Countries with more women in positions of power do tend to be less corrupt than their less egalitarian neighbours. But that trend may have more to do with transparent and accountable systems of governance rather than gender.
The Trans-Pacific Partnership, which would grant enormous new powers to corporations, is a massive assault on democracy.
'Think of the TPP as a stealthy delivery mechanism for policies that could not survive public scrutiny. Indeed, only two of the twenty-six chapters of this corporate Trojan horse cover traditional trade matters. The rest embody the most florid dreams of the 1 percent—grandiose new rights and privileges for corporations and permanent constraints on government regulation. They include new investor safeguards to ease job offshoring and assert control over natural resources, and severely limit the regulation of financial services, land use, food safety, natural resources, energy, tobacco, healthcare and more.'
'..........if Language Intelligence explains why progressives lose, it also tells us why conservatives are doing so well.
The practice of rhetoric is simple, but not easy. This is only a partial recipe, but here are the main ingredients:
Use short words;
Repeat, repeat, repeat – “if you don’t repeat, you can’t compete;”
Use key figures of speech, especially metaphors.
Republicans have mastered these, and have been using them for years.'
'A big part of the reason progressives fail is that they lack language intelligence. Yes the media, is owned by plutocrats. Yes, the money machine owns politics. All the more reason to learn how to communicate. To go around the middle men (and yes, most are men) who censure the news and construct a powerful message that appeals directly to the people. A message capable of blasting through the corridors of power, smashing down the walls of the wealthy, and penetrating into the homes and hallways of everyday people.'
Sheryl Sandberg - Image via CrunchBase Most large corporations only holding a seat for one female board member (at the most) is no surprise.
'If you are a company seeking to find the best ways to please the largest consumer group of all, it would be in your best interest to begin hearing the voices of the female population. Women are responsible for more than 75 percent of all buying decisions.'