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Psycholitics & Psychonomics
I have come to the conclusion that politics are too serious a matter to be left to the politicians. DeGaulle
Curated by Janet Devlin
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Putting psychological research to the test with the Reproducibility Project

Putting psychological research to the test with the Reproducibility Project | Psycholitics & Psychonomics | Scoop.it
An ambitious new project is attempting to replicate every single study published in 2008 in three leading academic psychology journals.

 

'Calculations of the average statistical power of published psychology experiments hovers at around 50%. This means that conducting an average psychology experiment is roughly equivalent to flipping a coin, in terms of whether you get a statistically significant result or not.

 

Many statistically non-significant results are therefore not good evidence of “no effect”, and many statistically significant results that get published are false positives.........'

 

'............................In 2005, John P. Ioannidis made headlines when he claimed that up to 90% of published medical findings may be false. Ioannidis described conditions of small sample sizes, small effect sizes, publication bias, pressure to publish and flexible stopping rules — all the problems we identify above. His quantitative conclusions about error rates and false positives were based on simulations, not “real” data.'

 

'Unfortunately, looking at real data is just as disheartening. Over the past decade, a group of researchers attempted to replicate 53 “landmark” cancer studies. They were interested in how many would again produce results deemed strong enough to drive a drug-development program (their definition of reproducibility). Of those 53 studies, the results of only six could be robustly reproduced.'

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'Would Britain react like Israel has to a few rockets?' Yes we would. And we have before – Telegraph Blogs

'Would Britain react like Israel has to a few rockets?' Yes we would. And we have before – Telegraph Blogs | Psycholitics & Psychonomics | Scoop.it
The furious debate surrounding Israel’s ongoing military operation in Gaza was given a surreal twist this morning when Chief Rabbi Jonathan Sacks ambushed himself on the Today programme.
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There Are Questions To Be Answered! | newmatilda.com

There Are Questions To Be Answered! | newmatilda.com | Psycholitics & Psychonomics | Scoop.it

There Are Questions To Be AnsweredCartoon By Fiona Katauskas 

New Matilda 29 November 2012

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239-sri-lanka-tamil-politics-and-the-quest-for-a-political-solution.pdf

'This report argues that the Sri Lankan government’s refusal to negotiate seriously with Tamil political leaders is heightening ethnic tensions and damaging prospects for sustainable peace.

 

The administration, led by the Sri Lanka Freedom Party of Mahinda Rajapaksa, has refused to honour agreements with the Tamil National Alliance (TNA), broken promises to world leaders and not implemented constitutional provisions for minimal devolution of power to Tamil-speaking areas of the north and east. Militarisation and discriminatory economic development in Tamil and Muslim areas are breeding anger and increasing pressure on moderate Tamil leaders. Tamil political parties need to remain patient and keep to their moderate course, while reaching out more directly to Muslims, Upcountry Tamils and Sinhalese. International actors should press the government more effectively for speedy establishment of an elected provincial council and full restoration of civilian government in the north, while insisting that it commence serious negotiations with elected Tamil representatives from the north and east.'

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The 'no advantage' myth in refugee processing

The 'no advantage' myth in refugee processing | Psycholitics & Psychonomics | Scoop.it
In August 2012, the Report of the Expert Panel on Asylum Seekers created a new myth in the language of asylum seekers and refugees. That was the idea of “the no advantage principle”.

 

'It is a variation on the “refugee queue” myth and is taking on a life of its own. This is because the Government is struggling to explain the fiction of “no advantage” as a fact.'

 

'............ The problem is there is no processing time for refugee cases anywhere on the planet. The case takes the time it takes. The reason why some wait years for resettlement is not due to any “queue” or “no advantage test” but simply about quotas. Australia has now increased the total program to 20,000 places, onshore and offshore together. So when the number of visas to be issued is reached in a certain year, other cases are left in an administrative storage until the next visa year begins.'

 

Kerry Murphy
Lecturer, Migration Law Program at Australian National University

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Retail's Hidden Potential: How Raising Wages Would Benefit Workers, the Industry and the Overall Economy | Demos

Retail's Hidden Potential: How Raising Wages Would Benefit Workers, the Industry and the Overall Economy | Demos | Psycholitics & Psychonomics | Scoop.it

<a href="http://www.demos.org" title="Demos | "><img src="http://www.demos.org/sites/default/files/imagecache/data-byte-medium/data_bytes/RetailsHiddenPotential_DB.png" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-data-byte-medium" width="74" height="263" /></a>

 

 

'America’s largest retailers play an important role in our nation’s economy and in the well-being of millions of their workers’ lives. It has become conventional wisdom that retail workers must be paid low wages.

 

Yet our study, adding to a growing body of research, demonstrates that retailers could provide the nation a needed economic boost by paying higher wages, while remaining profitable and continuing to offer low prices.

 

After years of slow economic growth and income stagnation or decline, retail can help put America back on track, creating meaningful gains for household budgets, GDP, employment, and their own outlook for growth.'

 

from Demos: A policy and advocacy center producing research, policy proposals, strategic litigation, and commentary at the intersection of government, the economy and democracy. Publishes PolicyShop.net and supports the next generation of progressive leaders.

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Politicians' version of Gaza: lazy, blind and dangerous - On Line Opinion - 22/11/2012

Politicians' version of Gaza: lazy, blind and dangerous - On Line Opinion - 22/11/2012 | Psycholitics & Psychonomics | Scoop.it
There are other principled, non-violent ways to address this conflict. The essential formula for non-violent solutions is that justice for the Palestinians equals security for Israelis.
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Mental health impacts of racial discrimination in Victorian Aboriginal communities

Mental health impacts of racial discrimination in Victorian Aboriginal communities | Psycholitics & Psychonomics | Scoop.it
This research summary highlights the key findings of the Aboriginal Experiences of Racism survey undertaken in 2010-2011...

 

'........... in 2007 VicHealth published findings from a survey of 4,000 Victorians, the majority of whom supported a society that included people from different cultures. These conclusions were published in the More than Tolerance: Embracing diversity for health report.

 

Yet approximately one in 10 of those surveyed held views that were blatantly racist (e.g. ‘some groups are inferior to others’; ‘people from different ‘races’ should not marry’) and approximately one in three suggested that they did not tolerate certain ethnic differences (e.g. the belief that some groups do not fit into Australian society).

 

The Localities Embracing and Accepting Diversity (LEAD) program was undertaken to ascertain the level of racism and its impacts on the mental health of Aboriginal Australians in selected local government areas and to trial new community interventions that addressed racism.

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The CIA in Africa and Somalia: A Strategic Analysis

The CIA in Africa and Somalia: A Strategic Analysis | Psycholitics & Psychonomics | Scoop.it

'As it stands, the CIA maintains comprehensive control over all surrogate regimes in Africa. Since the end of the Cold War and the break-up of the Soviet Union there is no possible rival power active in Africa that would risk offering alternative protection from CIA control to African countries. Chinese economic involvement is a growing influence but it does not have the flexibility or desire to confront American power everywhere. China is having a hard time protecting Omar Al-Bashir and Robert Mugabe, it would not allow itself to be over-stretched fighting American hegemony from South Africa to the Sahara Desert.

 

Moreover, the current state of affairs in Somalia, Kenya, Ethiopia, and Uganda serve as case studies of the CIA’s new focus on re-structuring African regimes in the long-term. The effective use of Hassan Sheikh’s government in Somalia in 2012 will be an interesting case study on whether the CIA is really an effective nation-builder.'

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Statistics Win in U.S. Election: Scientific American

Statistics Win in U.S. Election: Scientific American | Psycholitics & Psychonomics | Scoop.it
Neuroscientist Sam Wang says that predicting vote winners is easy if you understand median-based statistics, probabilities and some Bayesian statistics...
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Christian activist to head SNC

Christian activist to head SNC | Psycholitics & Psychonomics | Scoop.it
Syria's main opposition group, the Syrian National Council, chooses a Christian as its leader amid tense talks in Qatar over the group's future.
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Israel's Harsh Logic | newmatilda.com

Israel's Harsh Logic | newmatilda.com | Psycholitics & Psychonomics | Scoop.it
Our Harsh Logic, a new book of testimonies from Israeli Defense Force soldiers, exposes the brutal treatment of Palestinians and the system that allows the violence to continue.
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Ri Sol-ju: pass notes No 3,273

Ri Sol-ju: pass notes No 3,273 | Psycholitics & Psychonomics | Scoop.it
How come North Korean leader Kim Jong-un's wife is back on the scene? Is she really his wife at all?
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With Pakistan Vote Looming, Ballot Symbols Prove A Tricky Topic

With Pakistan Vote Looming, Ballot Symbols Prove A Tricky Topic | Psycholitics & Psychonomics | Scoop.it

It is perhaps unsurprising that Pakistani politicians, after daylong deliberations on November 28, reached a unanimous decision that cats should be thrown out of the country's marshy politics. 

 

'Same for radishes, carrots, okras, bananas, and the much-despised lotas, or ewers.

 

Implications did not extend to the proverbial "greater national interest," as is the case with so many decisions in Pakistan. Rather it was a matter of mutual personal and party interests. And so the decision came quickly.

 

The election commission says there are 216 registered political parties in Pakistan, while there are so far just 171 electoral symbols available. Many independent candidates will need their own symbols.

Symbols are used in elections in many countries to help illiterate voters distinguish among parties or even individual candidates. Such images, used for years in Pakistan, accompany campaign materials and must appear alongside the names of the respective individuals or groups on the ballots.

 

General elections are expected in April or May, and some parties have objected to the presence of certain symbols on the ballot.'

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Relentless Afghan conflict leaves traumatized generation - AlertNet

Relentless Afghan conflict leaves traumatized generation - AlertNet | Psycholitics & Psychonomics | Scoop.it

Accumulation of psychological problems could begin to undermine national reconstruction and development, say health workers.

 

'The fear of suicide bomb attacks, roadside bombs, and the overall level of violence in Afghanistan - of which civilians bear the brunt, with the number killed rising in 2011 for the fifth straight year to more than 3,000, according to the United Nations - can lead to anxiety, panic and obsession.

 

"The physical aspects of war (last) for a limited time, but the psychological aspects of the war extend for many years. Day by day the mental health problems caused by the war are increasing," said consultant psychiatrist Said Najib Jawed.

 

Just as socially damaging is the risk of a generation for whom violence has become the norm.'

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Social Impact Measurement Network | Pro Bono Australia

Social Impact Measurement Network | Pro Bono Australia | Psycholitics & Psychonomics | Scoop.it
A national network established to develop connections, collaboration and best practice learning in the field of social impact measurement in Australia will launch in December.
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3 Loose Shingles to Blow the Roof off Global Corporate Oligarchy « Just Wondering – Alternative News and Opinions

3 Loose Shingles to Blow the Roof off Global Corporate Oligarchy « Just Wondering – Alternative News and Opinions | Psycholitics & Psychonomics | Scoop.it

Organic food, file sharing, and alternative media dealing fatal blows to global corporate oligarchy.

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Israel's War on Truth, Politics of Pardoning, Sociology of Security

Abby Martin Breaks the Set on Israel Targeting Journalists, Presidential Pardons, and the Sociology of Security.

 

'On this episode of Breaking the Set, Abby Martin talks about the latest armed conflict between Israel and Gaza highlighting the Israeli Military's bombing of media buildings and targeting of journalists, including the RT office in Gaza. Abby then talks to RT Producer Manuel Rapalo about presidential pardons and whether or not injustice should be pardoned. BTS wraps up the show with an interview with NYU Sociology professor, Harvey Molotch about the sociology of security and the TSA.'

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Meet The Natives: England and USA

Meet The Natives: England and USA | Psycholitics & Psychonomics | Scoop.it

 

'Intriguing documentary that turns traditional anthropology on its head. Five tribesmen from a remote South Pacific island travel 10,000 miles to observe the natives of a strange and exotic land – Britain and USA.


Armed with video cameras and warm clothes, five South Pacific islanders travel around the UK recording their experiences of living with representatives of the three ‘tribes’ of Britain: the Working Class, the Middle Class, and the Upper Class.


From KFC bargain buckets to karaoke, housework to fox-hunting, and dog parlours to stately homes, the five ambassadors immerse themselves in modern British culture, making profound and moving observations along the way.

 

What natives say: “People from England and USA come here              and see about us. But what if we go to them and live in their tribes and learn their customs?”'

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Julian Assange: the freedom of free speech - On Line Opinion - 7/6/2012

Julian Assange: the freedom of free speech - On Line Opinion - 7/6/2012 | Psycholitics & Psychonomics | Scoop.it
A lesson from the Assange controversy is what we may learn about the nature of justice.
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NFP Report into Economic Impact of Perinatal Depression | Pro Bono Australia

NFP Report into Economic Impact of Perinatal Depression | Pro Bono Australia | Psycholitics & Psychonomics | Scoop.it
A new report claims perinatal depression and anxiety stemming from the births of children born in 2012 could cost Australia almost $500 million by the time the children turn two.

 

'Using projected birth numbers in 2012 and the current rates of perinatal depression in men and women, the report calculated the projected health-care and lost productivity costs to mothers, fathers, their children and the wider community of perinatal depression and anxiety not being treated.

 

It found that the total cost of not treating perinatal depression and anxiety stemming from approximately 290,000 births in 2012 would be $496 million by the time every one of those children had turned two.'

 

'............The report found the associated health cost relating to women who experience depression or anxiety during the perinatal period, including costs such as hospital bills as the mothers’ health worsens and leads to further illness, is $70 million for the year between the children’s first and second birthdays. The cost for fathers over the same period is $16 million.

 

The report also found that because women experiencing perinatal depression or anxiety are forced to take more time off work, there is an additional cost to the Australian economy of $142 million in lost productivity over the period between the children’s first and second birthdays.'

 

'..............The same cost to the economy of fathers’ lost productivity stemming from untreated perinatal depression or anxiety is $62 million.

 

The report predicts that because maternal depression and anxiety can also lead to poorer birth outcomes, such as higher risk of premature birth and low birth weight, there is an estimated associated health cost of $200 million as a result of treating these babies.'

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Paula Broadwell 'filled with guilt and shame' for affair with ex-CIA chief Petraeus

Paula Broadwell 'filled with guilt and shame' for affair with ex-CIA chief Petraeus | Psycholitics & Psychonomics | Scoop.it
David Petraeus’s ex-mistress, Paula Broadwell, left a female news photographer with a bloodied forehead Monday in a confrontation outside the biographer’s North Carolina home.
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Israel-Gaza violence in maps

Israel-Gaza violence in maps | Psycholitics & Psychonomics | Scoop.it
Israel and Palestinian militants in Gaza are trading fire with air strikes and rocket attacks amid the latest eruption of violence.

 

'Negotiations to find a peaceful settlement in the region broke down in 2010. Indirect talks between Israel and the Palestinian Authority ended in January without agreement. There have been no direct talks between Israel and Hamas.

 

Israel is mobilising up to 75,000 army reservists - but Egyptian President Mohammed Mursi has said an Israeli ground invasion would have "serious repercussions".

 

Rockets from Gaza have landed as far north in Israel as Tel Aviv, the first time in decades that the city - a major population centre - has come under rocket fire.

 

It is the first time Gaza militants have deployed the Iranian-built Fajr-5 missiles.'

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Red Tape Cut For Packer | newmatilda.com

Red Tape Cut For Packer | newmatilda.com | Psycholitics & Psychonomics | Scoop.it
Tough laws regulate gambling in NSW - and they’re about to be bypassed to help James Packer build his casino. The independence of casino regulation is being challenged.
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Scientists Dissect the Psychology of 'Truthiness": Scientific American

Scientists Dissect the Psychology of 'Truthiness": Scientific American | Psycholitics & Psychonomics | Scoop.it
Researchers find a simple way to make statements seem more true...

 

'

The research finds that a statement in the presence of images or other additional information enhances people’s feelings of truthiness, even when they don’t provide any evidence the statement is true. This is especially important in the context of political campaigns, as it suggests that that the mere presence of a picture next to a candidate’s written claims could lead people to be more likely to believe them. And the work is another demonstration of the ease with which our thoughts, beliefs, and behaviors can be manipulated through relatively innocuous means.'

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