Medicine and Psychiatry
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7 Questions People Who See A Shrink Are Tired Of Hearing

7 Questions People Who See A Shrink Are Tired Of Hearing | Medicine and Psychiatry | Scoop.it

My best friend and I are constantly playing phone tag. But there's one person who promises to have my undivided attention once a week, no matter what: Dr. R, my therapist. For the past 2.5 years, we have spent 55 minutes every Tuesday evening together, and for that, I'm grateful. My adventures in therapy began during my sophomore year in college, when I walked into my campus's mental health center after a close friend suffered a mental breakdown. We were so alike that I knew that if I didn't do something, my fate would be similar. Now, five years later, I consider that decision the best choice I've ever made. Just as many of us indulge in weekly nail salon trips to keep up our appearance, therapy sessions are essential to my emotional upkeep. But once I started being open with family, friends, and even acquaintances about going to therapy, I started to realize there are more than a few misconceptions out there about it. Here are some of the dumbest things I've heard people say to me about therapy and the actual truths about what really happens behind the white noise machine.


Via Dr. Amy Fuller
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Way too few people take advantage of psychotherapy, often because of various misconceptions and worries that they will appear "weak".

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Researchers are turning sperm into cancer-fighting 'robots'

Researchers are turning sperm into cancer-fighting 'robots' | Medicine and Psychiatry | Scoop.it
A team of researchers from the Institute for Integrative Nanosciences in Germany has created a unique drug delivery system designed specifically for diseases of the female reproductive tract such as gynaecological cancer, endometriosis, and pelvic inflammatory diseases.
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Sperm are evolutionarily programmed to travel through the reproductive system and now scientists are using this to their advantage. They’re testing bionic bovine sperm to deliver cancer-treating drugs directly to tumors.

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Burden of physical health conditions linked to increased risk of suicide

Burden of physical health conditions linked to increased risk of suicide | Medicine and Psychiatry | Scoop.it
Suicide continues to be a major driver of mortality in the United States. Each year, more than 45,000 people die by suicide and in the past 15 years, the suicide mortality rate has risen by an alarming 24%. A new study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine examines how illness plays a role in suicide risk. Researchers found that 17 physical health conditions, ailments such as back pain, diabetes, and heart disease, were associated with an increased risk of suicide. Two of the conditions — sleep disorders and HIV/AIDS — represented a greater than twofold increase, while traumatic brain injury made individuals nine times more likely to die by suicide.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Many people who die by suicide do not have a prior mental health diagnosis, which means that patients at an increased risk for self-harm are somehow being missed by the mainstream healthcare system. In an attempt to gain some insight into the disturbing rise in suicide rates and possible novel interventions, researchers examined whether there is a link between physical illness and suicide risk.

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Scientists identify 100 memory genes, open new avenues of brain study

Scientists identify 100 memory genes, open new avenues of brain study | Medicine and Psychiatry | Scoop.it
A study at the Peter O'Donnell Jr. Brain Institute includes the results of a new strategy to identify genes that underlie specific brain processes. This strategy may eventually help scientists develop treatments for patients with memory impairments.
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Scientists have identified more than 100 genes linked to memory, opening new avenues of research to better understand memory processing in the human brain.

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How the HPV vaccine works

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This video explains how the HPV vaccine works, possible benefits and risks for adverse effects.

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Mind-controlled device helps stroke patients retrain brains to move paralyzed hands

Mind-controlled device helps stroke patients retrain brains to move paralyzed hands | Medicine and Psychiatry | Scoop.it

Medical resident Jarod Roland, MD, tries out a device that detects electrical activity in his brain and causes his hand to open and close in response to brain signals. A new study shows that this device can help chronic stroke patients recover some control over their paralyzed limbs. Stroke patients who learned to use their minds to open and close a device fitted over their paralyzed hands gained some control over their hands, according to a new study from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

By mentally controlling a device with the help of a brain-computer interface, participants trained uninjured parts of their brains to take over functions previously performed by injured areas of the brain.

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‘I knew they were sugar pills but I felt fantastic’ – the rise of open-label placebos

‘I knew they were sugar pills but I felt fantastic’ – the rise of open-label placebos | Medicine and Psychiatry | Scoop.it
IBS patient Linda Buonanno knew the pills she was given contained no active drugs, yet they had an immediate effect on her condition. So can placebos play a useful medical role?
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Open-label placebos – those the patient knows they are taking – can improve symptoms in a range of conditions.

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Can Psychedelic Drugs Treat Mental Illness? Scientists Need Your Help To Find Out

Can Psychedelic Drugs Treat Mental Illness? Scientists Need Your Help To Find Out | Medicine and Psychiatry | Scoop.it
A new crowdfunding campaign seeks to raise $2 million to advance promising research that the government has largely neglected.
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Help support the future of psychedelic research. Donate via link here.

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Cotton tip applicators are sending 34 kids to the emergency department each day

Cotton tip applicators are sending 34 kids to the emergency department each day | Medicine and Psychiatry | Scoop.it
Experts say inserting cotton tip applicators into the ear can tear the eardrum or push wax too deep into the ear where it can cause infection. A new study found that about 34 children are treated in US emergency departments every day for ear injuries related to cotton tip applicators.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Study finds that over a 21-year period, 263,000 children were treated in U.S. hospital emergency departments for Q-tip related ear injuries - that's about 12,500 annually, or about 34 injuries every day.

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Scientists Think They've Finally Found The Mechanism Behind Grey Hair And Baldness

Scientists Think They've Finally Found The Mechanism Behind Grey Hair And Baldness | Medicine and Psychiatry | Scoop.it

As we get older, many of us struggle with the harsh reality of our hair turning grey or falling out. But despite how common these problems are, scientists have struggled to identify their underlying biological cause, which means that we've been stuck using quick fixes such as hair dye and toupees to mask the problem. Now, scientists have finally identified the specific cells that cause hair to grow and develop pigment in mice - a big step towards developing a treatment for grey hair and baldness.

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Tumor researchers accidentally discover mechanism behind baldness and grey hair.

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Scientists have unveiled revolutionary new bionic hand

Scientists have unveiled revolutionary new bionic hand | Medicine and Psychiatry | Scoop.it
The device could lead to a new generation of prosthetic limbs giving the wearer the ability to reach for objects without thinking, researchers say.
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A revolutionary bionic hand that “sees” objects and instantly decides what kind of grip to adopt has been developed by scientists.

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New research suggests MDMA is a promising potential treatment for PTSD

New research suggests MDMA is a promising potential treatment for PTSD | Medicine and Psychiatry | Scoop.it
Researchers from the California-based nonprofit Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies (MAPS) presented exciting findings last week at the Psychedelic Science 2017 conference in Oakland.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Results have shown promising evidence that MDMA-assisted psychotherapy can have a significant effect on reducing conditions of PTSD.

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Fountain of Youth? Young Blood Infusions "Rejuvenate" Old Mice

Fountain of Youth? Young Blood Infusions "Rejuvenate" Old Mice | Medicine and Psychiatry | Scoop.it
An injection of “new blood” is a phrase long used as a metaphor for the revitalizing effect of fresh minds on a stagnant organization. But research now suggests it also applies in a literal sense. In a development that calls to mind both vampire lore and stories of bathing in blood, young blood appears to in fact rejuvenate old brains.
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Elderly rodents that received human umbilical cord blood improved significantly in memory tests.

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'Exciting' blood test spots cancer a year early

'Exciting' blood test spots cancer a year early | Medicine and Psychiatry | Scoop.it

The UK team was able to scour the blood for signs of cancer while it was just a tiny cluster of cells invisible to X-ray or CT scans.It should allow doctors to hit the tumour earlier and increase the chances of a cure. They also have new ideas for drugs after finding how unstable DNA fuels rampant cancer development.The research project was on lung cancer, but the processes studied are so fundamental that they should apply across all cancer types. Lung cancer kills more people than any other type of tumour and the point of the study is to track how it can "evolve" into a killer that spreads through the body.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Doctors have spotted cancer coming back up to a year before normal scans.

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Drug costs vary by more than 600% in study of 10 high-income countries

Drug costs vary by more than 600% in study of 10 high-income countries | Medicine and Psychiatry | Scoop.it
The study looked at data on the volume and daily cost of primary care prescriptions in 10 high-income countries with universal health care: Australia, Canada, France, Germany, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. Because of the high cost of pharmaceutical drugs and the lack of universal health care, the United States was not included.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

In a study of 10 high-income countries with universal health care, costs for prescription drugs in 6 of the largest categories of primary care medicines varied by more than 600%.

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Pig brain cells implanted into brains of people with Parkinson’s

Pig brain cells implanted into brains of people with Parkinson’s | Medicine and Psychiatry | Scoop.it
Living Cell Technologies, based in Auckland, New Zealand, has been developing a treatment that uses cells from the choroid plexus in pigs. This brain structure makes a cocktail of growth factors and signalling molecules known to help keep nerve cells healthy.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Would you have pig cells implanted in your brain? Some people with Parkinson’s disease have, in the hope it will stop their disease progressing. The approach is still in the early stages of testing, but initial results from four people look promising, with all showing some improvement 18 months after surgery.

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Common painkillers linked to increased risk of heart attack

Common painkillers linked to increased risk of heart attack | Medicine and Psychiatry | Scoop.it
This group of drugs includes ibuprofen, diclofenac, celecoxib and naproxen, which are available over the counter or by prescription for higher doses, to relieve pain or fever resulting from a range of causes, including flu, headaches, back pain and menstrual cramps. Their range of uses also means they are often taken as needed, for short periods of time.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Taking even over-the-counter doses of common painkillers known as NSAIDs -- nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs -- has been linked to an increased risk of heart attack in a new study.

The likelihood of experiencing a heart attack was calculated to increase by an average of 20% to 50%, compared with someone not taking the drugs, regardless of the dosage and amount of time the medications are taken.
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The Lazarus phenomenon: When the 'dead' come back to life

The Lazarus phenomenon: When the 'dead' come back to life | Medicine and Psychiatry | Scoop.it
Her heart had stopped beating and she was no longer breathing. Janina Kolkiewicz was declared dead. At 91 years old, she had lived a long life. But she was not about to stop living it. Eleven hours later, she awoke in the hospital mortuary with a craving for tea and pancakes. As inconceivable as it sounds, Kolkiewicz is just one of many people said to have "risen from the dead."
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

In 2014, a 78-year-old man from Mississippi was declared dead after a hospice nurse found him with no pulse. The next day, he woke up in a body bag at the morgue.

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Vicente Franco's comment, May 28, 12:31 PM
In Newborns have also been described
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Brain stent to let five paralysed people control exoskeleton

Brain stent to let five paralysed people control exoskeleton | Medicine and Psychiatry | Scoop.it
Several groups are developing brain-machine interfaces that allow people who are paralysed to operate a bionic exoskeleton just by thinking about it. These devices decode electrical brain signals and translate them into movement of robotic limbs.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

MIND CONTROL without the side effects. That’s the aim of a device that could help people control robotic limbs using thought alone – without the need for brain surgery.

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London University finds link between mental illness and heart disease

London University finds link between mental illness and heart disease | Medicine and Psychiatry | Scoop.it
Researchers who analysed data on more than three-million patients found significant links between cardiovascular disease and conditions such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and major depression.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

A large study conducted at King's College London has found that having a serious mental illness (SMI) significantly increases the risk of premature death from heart disease.

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Mª del Mar Miralles Pascual's curator insight, May 15, 5:16 PM
A large study conducted at King's College London has found that having a serious mental illness (SMI) significantly increases the risk of premature death from heart disease.
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After suicide attempt, a phone call could save a life

After suicide attempt, a phone call could save a life | Medicine and Psychiatry | Scoop.it
A simple phone call can make a big difference to someone who's attempted suicide and may be contemplating another try.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

New study finds that follow-up phone calls after a suicidal patient is discharged from a hospital emergency department reduces future suicide attempts by 30 percent.

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Benefits of antipsychotics outweigh risks, find experts

Benefits of antipsychotics outweigh risks, find experts | Medicine and Psychiatry | Scoop.it

Nearly seven million Americans take antipsychotic medications for the treatment of schizophrenia and related conditions. The medications are prescribed to alleviate the symptoms of psychosis and longer-term, to prevent relapse. In recent years, however, concerns have been raised that these medications could have toxic effects and negatively impact long-term outcomes. This view, if not justified by data, has the potential mislead some patients (and their families) to refuse or discontinue antipsychotic treatment. For this reason, the researchers undertook a comprehensive examination of clinical and basic research studies that examined the effects of antipsychotic drug treatment on the clinical outcomes of patients and changes in brain structure.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

New review has concluded that, for patients with schizophrenia and related psychotic disorders, antipsychotic medications do not have negative long-term effects on patients' outcomes or the brain. In addition, the benefits of these medications are much greater than their potential side effects.

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Mª del Mar Miralles Pascual's curator insight, May 8, 5:32 PM
"While more research is needed to address these questions, the strong evidence supporting the benefits of antipsychotic medications should be made clear to patients and their families, while at the same time they should be used judiciously". 

Dr. Lieberman
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Study Reinforces Ketamine's Reputation as Antidepressant

Study Reinforces Ketamine's Reputation as Antidepressant | Medicine and Psychiatry | Scoop.it
A new study backs up previous research regarding the effectiveness of ketamine in treating depression.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Largest study of its kind finds that depression is reported half as often among more than 41,000 patients who takes ketamine, as compared to patients who take any other drug or drug combination for pain.

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A New Gene-Editing Technique Has Eliminated Acute HIV Infection in Living Animals

A New Gene-Editing Technique Has Eliminated Acute HIV Infection in Living Animals | Medicine and Psychiatry | Scoop.it
The technique has been demonstrated in animals with both acute and latent HIV, and was successful in human immune cells transplanted into mice. The team calls it a "significant step" towards human clinical trials.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

For the first time, researchers have used gene-editing to eliminate HIV DNA from the genomes of three different animal models to ensure that replication of the virus was completely shut down. 

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Gene-Editing Technology Has Successfully Targeted Cancer's "Command Centre"

Gene-Editing Technology Has Successfully Targeted Cancer's "Command Centre" | Medicine and Psychiatry | Scoop.it
In this new study, CRISPR was aimed directly at fusion genes - formed when two genes combine to form a hybrid, resulting in abnormal proteins which often cause cancer or help it to grow.
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Scientists have used CRISPR gene editing technology to target the "command centre" of cancerous tumours, stopping their growth and boosting survival rates in mice.

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Artificial womb created to keep premature babies alive

Artificial womb created to keep premature babies alive | Medicine and Psychiatry | Scoop.it
The sealed bag, made of polythene, contains amniotic fluid to provide all the nutrients and protection needed for growth and an interface delivering oxygen just as an umbilical cord would, and exchanging gases just like a placenta.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

An artificial womb resembling a plastic bag has been used to keep premature lambs alive for four weeks outside of their own mothers' wombs and could one day be applied to premature babies.

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