Psicología y Terapia. Psychology & Therapy
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Psicología y Terapia.     Psychology & Therapy
Investigaciones y ensayos sobre psicología y terapia

Research and essays about psychology and therapy
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The Secret Life of Pain

The Secret Life of Pain | Psicología y Terapia.     Psychology & Therapy | Scoop.it
Over a decade I had become adept at hiding the unexplained pain that racked my back and joints.
Margarita Tarragona's insight:

El dolor crónico es muy duro, y el método de la Clínica Mayo ofrece una manera de vivir mucho mejor con/a pesar de él.

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Let them eat fruit! The effect of fruit and vegetable consumption on psychological well-being in young adults: A randomized controlled trial

Let them eat fruit! The effect of fruit and vegetable consumption on psychological well-being in young adults: A randomized controlled trial | Psicología y Terapia.     Psychology & Therapy | Scoop.it
This study tested the psychological benefits of a 14-day preregistered clinical intervention to increase fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption in 171 low-FV-consuming young adults (67% female, aged 18–25). Participants were randomly assigned into a diet-as-usual control condition, an ecological momentary intervention (EMI) condition involving text message reminders to increase their FV consumption plus a voucher to purchase FV, or a fruit and vegetable intervention (FVI) condition in which participants were given two additional daily servings of fresh FV to consume on top of their normal diet. Self-report outcome measures were depressive symptoms and anxiety measured pre- and post-intervention, and daily negative and positive mood, vitality, flourishing, and flourishing behaviors (curiosity, creativity, motivation) assessed nightly using a smartphone survey. Vitamin C and carotenoids were measured from blood samples pre- and post-intervention, and psychological expectancies about the benefits of FV were measured post-intervention to test as mediators of psychological change. Only participants in the FVI condition showed improvements to their psychological well-being with increases in vitality, flourishing, and motivation across the 14-days relative to the other groups. No changes were found for depressive symptoms, anxiety, or mood. Intervention benefits were not mediated by vitamin C, carotenoids, or psychological expectancies. We conclude that providing young adults with high-quality FV, rather than reminding them to eat more FV (with a voucher to purchase FV), resulted in significant short-term improvements to their psychological well-being. These results provide initial proof-of-concept that giving young adults fresh fruit and vegetables to eat can have psychological benefits even over a brief period of time. Trial registration: Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry ACTRN12615000183583
Margarita Tarragona's insight:

Comer frutas y verduras aumenta el bienestar psicológico de los jóvenes.

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Margarita Tarragona's curator insight, February 9, 1:24 PM

Comer frutas y verduras aumenta el bienestar psicológico de los jóvenes.

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Four decades of outcome research on psychotherapies for adult depression: An overview of a series of meta-analyses.

Four decades of outcome research on psychotherapies for adult depression: An overview of a series of meta-analyses. | Psicología y Terapia.     Psychology & Therapy | Scoop.it
In the past 4 decades about 500 randomized trials have examined the effects of psychological treatments of adult depression. In this article the results of a series of meta-analyses of these trials are summarised. Several types of psychotherapy have been examined, including cognitive behaviour therapy, behavioural activation therapy, interpersonal psychotherapy, problem-solving therapy, nondirective supportive therapy, and short-term psychodynamic psychotherapy. All therapies are effective and there are no significant differences between treatments. Psychotherapies are about equally effective as pharmacotherapy, and combined treatments are more effective than either of these alone. Therapies are also effective in specific target groups, such as older adults, college students, patients with general medical disorders, but may be somewhat less effective in chronic depression, and in patients with comorbid substance use disorders. Treatments are effective when delivered in individual, group, and guided self-help format. The effects of psychotherapies have been overestimated because of the low quality of many trials and due to publication bias. Future research should not be aimed at the development of new psychotherapies for depression, on specific treatment formats or on therapies in specific populations, because the evidence indicates that all types and formats with human involvement are effective in all specific target groups. Future research should instead focus on a further reduction of the disease burden of depression. Specifically, it should focus on the possibilities of preventing the onset of depressive disorders, treatments of chronic and treatment-resistant depression, relapse prevention, and scaling up treatments, for example by using more guided self-help interventions. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
Margarita Tarragona's insight:

Resultados de un metanálisis de 500 estudios sobre la efectividad de la psicoterapia para la depresión;

La psicoterapia es efectiva para tratar la depresión, no hay diferencias significativas entre las diferentes terapias estudiadas,la terapia es aproximadamente igual de efectiva que los medicamentos y la combinación de terapia y psicofármacos es superior a la una o los otros por separado Sirve tanto la terapia grupal como la individual y la autoayuda guiada.La literatura científica ha sobreestimado la efectividad de la terapia, pues hay muchos estudios de mala calidad y se tienden a publicar más los reportes de resultados positivos.

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Jerome S. Bruner, influential psychologist of perception, dies at 100

Jerome S. Bruner, influential psychologist of perception, dies at 100 | Psicología y Terapia.     Psychology & Therapy | Scoop.it
Dr. Bruner helped launch the field of cognitive psychology and was a major educational theorist.
Margarita Tarragona's insight:

Ha muerto Jerome Bruner, un gigante, como bien dice este artículo.

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Breve storia della clinica sistemica (intermezzo metodologico) | www.psychiatryonline.it

Breve storia della clinica sistemica (intermezzo metodologico) | www.psychiatryonline.it | Psicología y Terapia.     Psychology & Therapy | Scoop.it
Margarita Tarragona's insight:

Breve historia de la Terapia Sistémica, con Luigi Boscolo

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Open Dialogue: Finland's alternative approach to mental illness

Open Dialogue: Finland's alternative approach to mental illness | Psicología y Terapia.     Psychology & Therapy | Scoop.it
Almost 30 years ago a group of clinicians in Finland decided to treat psychosis differently. Their approach, known as Open Dialogue, has impressive recovery rates—and now Australians are taking an interest, writes Lynne Malcolm and Olivia Willis.
Margarita Tarragona's insight:
Más sobre el método de diálogo abierto para trabajar con personas con psicosis
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Why People Are Confused About What Experts Really Think

Why People Are Confused About What Experts Really Think | Psicología y Terapia.     Psychology & Therapy | Scoop.it
False balance in journalism is harder to fix than it seems.
Margarita Tarragona's insight:

Por qué es difícil saber qué es lo que los expertos realmente piensan

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To Better Cope With Stress, Listen to Your Body

To Better Cope With Stress, Listen to Your Body | Psicología y Terapia.     Psychology & Therapy | Scoop.it
To handle stress and adversity more effectively, we should probably pay closer attention to what is happening inside our bodies, according to a fascinating new brain study.

Via Kasia Hein-Peters
Margarita Tarragona's insight:

Para manejar mejor el estrés, escucha a tu cuerpo

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PosiTips: Ideas de Psicología Positiva para tu Bienestar

PosiTips: Ideas de Psicología Positiva para tu Bienestar | Psicología y Terapia.     Psychology & Therapy | Scoop.it

Tips basados en la ciencia para aumentar tu bienestar  El gran psicólogo Christopher Peterson decía que la Psicología Positiva es el estudio “de lo que hace que la vida valga la pena”. Ayer me acordé mucho de [...]...

Margarita Tarragona's insight:

Aquí están los PosiTips de esta semana.¡Que los disfruten!

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7 stress resilience questions to ask yourself - Australasian Lawyer

7 stress resilience questions to ask yourself - Australasian Lawyer | Psicología y Terapia.     Psychology & Therapy | Scoop.it
Paula Davis-Laack outlines seven questions you should ask yourself in a stressful situation in order to build up your resistance.

Via jon inge
Margarita Tarragona's insight:

7 preguntas que te puedes hacer para ser más resistente ante el estrés #psicologiapositiva #estres #resiliencia #PosPsy

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jon inge's curator insight, November 27, 2015 3:30 PM

so many of us worry about things that will never happen

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The New Definition of Happiness

The New Definition of Happiness | Psicología y Terapia.     Psychology & Therapy | Scoop.it
Positive psychology experts Shawn Achor and Michelle Gielan explain that our preception of happiness may depend largely on how we define it.

Via Sandeep Gautam
Margarita Tarragona's insight:

Achor y Gielan dicen que la felicidad es "la alegría que sentimos al ir tratando de alcanzar nuestro potencial" ¿Tú como la defines? #psicologiapositiva #PosPsy #felicidad

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Sandeep Gautam's curator insight, November 28, 2015 7:52 AM

read to know the four qualities to sustain happiness.

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Communities of Character

Communities of Character | Psicología y Terapia.     Psychology & Therapy | Scoop.it
If we actually want to build real character, we should model on schools that build real community.
Margarita Tarragona's insight:

El éxito académico no es una cuestión individual, sino comunitaria #fortalezasdecaracter #psicologiapositiva #educacionpositiva

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Scientists locate the brain's happiness centre

Scientists locate the brain's happiness centre | Psicología y Terapia.     Psychology & Therapy | Scoop.it
Using Magnetic Resonance Imaging, a team of Japanese scientists have located the part of the brain linked to feeling happy.

Via Sandeep Gautam
Margarita Tarragona's insight:

Nuevos hallazgos sobre el cerebro y la felicidad #PsicologiaPositiva #neuropsicologia #PosPsy

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Sandeep Gautam's curator insight, November 25, 2015 11:04 AM

Its the percuneus, stupid!

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Personality stability from age 14 to age 77 years.

Personality stability from age 14 to age 77 years. | Psicología y Terapia.     Psychology & Therapy | Scoop.it
There is evidence for differential stability in personality trait differences, even over decades. The authors used data from a sample of the Scottish Mental Survey, 1947 to study personality stability from childhood to older age. The 6-Day Sample (N = 1,208) were rated on six personality characteristics by their teachers at around age 14. In 2012, the authors traced as many of these participants as possible and invited them to take part in a follow-up study. Those who agreed (N = 174) completed a questionnaire booklet at age 77 years, which included rating themselves and asking someone who knew them well to rate them on the same 6 characteristics on which they were rated in adolescence. Each set of 6 ratings was reduced to the same single underlying factor, denoted dependability, a trait comparable to conscientiousness. Participants’ and others’ older-age personality characteristic ratings were moderately correlated with each other, and with other measures of personality and wellbeing, but correlations suggested no significant stability of any of the 6 characteristics or their underlying factor, dependability, over the 63-year interval. However, a more complex model, controlling rater effects, indicated significant 63-year stability of 1 personality characteristic, Stability of Moods, and near-significant stability of another, Conscientiousness. Results suggest that lifelong differential stability of personality is generally quite low, but that some aspects of personality in older age may relate to personality in childhood. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)
Margarita Tarragona's insight:

¿Qué tan estable es la personalidad a lo largo de la vida? Los datos indican que no mucho.

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Societal Conditions and the Gender Difference in Well-Being - Jan 11, 2017

Societal Conditions and the Gender Difference in Well-Being - Jan 11, 2017 | Psicología y Terapia.     Psychology & Therapy | Scoop.it
Margarita Tarragona's insight:

La relación entre el bienestar subjetivo de las mujeres y las condiciones socio-culturales es más compleja de lo que nos imaginábamos

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In Men, Depression is Different

In Men, Depression is Different | Psicología y Terapia.     Psychology & Therapy | Scoop.it
The symptoms—and how they respond to help—are unlike what women experience. Men often withdraw and get angry.
Margarita Tarragona's insight:

Los hombres experimentan la depresión de un modo diferente que las mujeres

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A New Mental Health System? Interview with Jim van Os - Mad In America

A New Mental Health System? Interview with Jim van Os - Mad In America | Psicología y Terapia.     Psychology & Therapy | Scoop.it
Dr. Jim van Os presents a clear vision, and pathway, for dismantling the existing mental health system and replacing it with something that actually works.
Margarita Tarragona's insight:

Una nueva manera de pensar en la salud mental que propone que las "psicosis" son variantes de la experiencia de muchas personas

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Useful Questions in Interviewing Families and Children (2016)

Useful Questions in Interviewing Families and Children (2016) | Psicología y Terapia.     Psychology & Therapy | Scoop.it
By Harry Procter in Social Psychology and Developmental Psychology. These questions have been derived, over many years from a large variety of sources, including the work of the Palo Alto Brief Therapy Team, the Milan team, from Personal Construct
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A New Vision for Dreams of the Dying

A New Vision for Dreams of the Dying | Psicología y Terapia.     Psychology & Therapy | Scoop.it
A team of clinicians and researchers is trying to understand the importance of deathbed dreams to help the ill and the bereaved.
Margarita Tarragona's insight:

Los sueños previos a la muerte pueden ayudar a los enfermos y a sus familiares

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Mental health team 1st in Quebec to treat psychotic patients at home

Mental health team 1st in Quebec to treat psychotic patients at home | Psicología y Terapia.     Psychology & Therapy | Scoop.it
A psychiatric team in Quebec City that pays home visits to patients in acute psychotic crisis up to four times a day finds the program works for the patients - and saves the health care system a bundle, too.
Margarita Tarragona's insight:

Novedoso tratamiento para pacientes que sufren de crisis psicóticas: visitas de un equipo en su casa.

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A 69-year-old monk who scientists call the 'world's happiest man' says the secret to being happy takes just 15 minutes per day

A 69-year-old monk who scientists call the 'world's happiest man' says the secret to being happy takes just 15 minutes per day | Psicología y Terapia.     Psychology & Therapy | Scoop.it
Just think happy thoughts!

Via Kasia Hein-Peters
Margarita Tarragona's insight:

Matthieu Ricard comparte su secreto para la felicidad

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Meta-Analyses: Exercise's Psychological & Physical Effects on Health, Disorders, & Quality of Life

home  »  meta-analyses » exercise

Margarita Tarragona's insight:

Meta-análisis sobre los efectos del ejercicio en el bienestar y calidad de vida

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Gratitude Is Good For The Soul And Helps The Heart, Too

Gratitude Is Good For The Soul And Helps The Heart, Too | Psicología y Terapia.     Psychology & Therapy | Scoop.it
This Thursday, people all over the country will sit around the dinner table discussing what they're thankful for. And being grateful may also reduce the risk of heart disease.
Margarita Tarragona's insight:

La gratitud es buena para el corazón, literalmente. #PsicologiaPositiva #PosPsy #gratitud

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Buy Experiences, Not Things

Buy Experiences, Not Things | Psicología y Terapia.     Psychology & Therapy | Scoop.it
Live in anticipation, gathering stories and memories. New research builds on the vogue mantra of behavioral economics.
Margarita Tarragona's insight:

Compra experiencias, no cosas. Acumula recuerdos e historias, éstas contribuyen más a tu felicidad que los objetos #psicologiapositiva #saborear #historias

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Margarita Tarragona's curator insight, November 29, 2015 2:56 PM

Comprar experiencias nos hace más felices que comprar cosas. #PsicologiaPositiva #PosPsy #saborear

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TED-Ed - How Playing an Instrument Benefits Your Brain | Facebook

TED-Ed - How Playing an Instrument Benefits Your Brain | Facebook | Psicología y Terapia.     Psychology & Therapy | Scoop.it
A look at the neurological wonders behind playing a musical instrument: http://ow.ly/SDkts
Margarita Tarragona's insight:

Tocar un instrumento es bueno para el cerebro

#neuropsicologia #musica 

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