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Reprogramming the City: New Opportunities for Urban Infrastructure

Reprogramming the City: New Opportunities for Urban Infrastructure | PROYECTO ESPACIOS | Scoop.it

Curated by urban strategist Scott Burham, the latest exhibition at theDAC explores the array of untapped potential in our urban environments. Through installations such as a light therapy bus stop and a billboard that converts humidity into drinking water, the show will consider how infrastructure can encourage human interaction, perform alternative functions or assume an entirely new role.


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Norm Miller's curator insight, December 30, 2014 3:38 PM

Design can make a huge difference in terms of livable cities.

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Infrastructure in U.S. Cities: New Urban Bikeway Design Guide

Infrastructure in U.S. Cities: New Urban Bikeway Design Guide | PROYECTO ESPACIOS | Scoop.it

In 2000, the District of Columbia had three miles of bike lanes. Today, the district has roughly 80 miles of bike infrastructure, and many other U.S. cities have made similar investments. Bicycling Magazine’s top 50 bike friendly cities includes some unsurprising places at the top – Minneapolis, Portland, Boulder, Seattle – but also shows how cities such as Cleveland, Miami, and Baltimore have made important strides in the last several years to improve their bike systems. Several are members of the National Association of City Transportation Officials (NACTO), which has put out its best-selling Urban Bikeway Design Guide, first released in 2011, now with an updated second edition this year.

NACTO’s updated second edition is part of their “sustained commitment to making city streets safer for everyone using them.” Reformatted with improved structure, it features photos, diagrams, and 3-D renderings of wide-ranging best practices in design for bike infrastructure...


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St. Louis Exhibition Explores Street Design in Grand Center Arts District

St. Louis Exhibition Explores Street Design in Grand Center Arts District | PROYECTO ESPACIOS | Scoop.it

St. Louis’ Grand Center neighborhood has gone through a lot of changes, and the midtown neighborhood aims “to become the premiere cultural and entertainment tourist destination in the Midwest.

Part of that plan involves sprucing up the urban fabric with a Great Streets Projects grant from the East-West Gateway Council of Governments.

The plan envisions corridors of development and pinpoints several intersections and cross-block connectors that could be activated by public programming to function as “outdoor rooms.”

Trees and green infrastructure are meant to alleviate some of St. Louis’ flooding issues by retaining and filtering stormwater and describes a new catchment area. Branding, wayfinding, lighting, and transportation analyses are also a focus of the plan.

More information at the link.


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Has the time come for floating cities?

Has the time come for floating cities? | PROYECTO ESPACIOS | Scoop.it
Could our cities be seaworthy – or are remarkable new proposals for floating urban communities merely utopian sci-fi?

 

A floating village at London's Royal Docks has the official nod, and Rotterdam has a Rijnhaven waterfront development experiment well under way. Eventually, whole neighbourhoods of water-threatened land could be given over to the seas. After decades of speculation and small-scale applications, the floating solution is finally enjoying political momentum – and serious investment...


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Norm Miller's curator insight, April 15, 2014 1:23 PM

One way to deal with rising seas. :-)

 

Lorraine Chaffer's curator insight, April 19, 2014 3:08 AM

Planning for when sea levels rise … 

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Arctic Harvester Proposes Large-Scale Hydroponic-Farming Near Greenland

Arctic Harvester Proposes Large-Scale Hydroponic-Farming Near Greenland | PROYECTO ESPACIOS | Scoop.it

Arctic Harvester was the first prize winning entry in the “Innovation and Architecture for the Sea” category of the Jacques Rougerie Foundation International Architecture Competition, 2013.  It proposes an itinerant soil-less agricultural infrastructure designed to drift the circulating ocean currents between Greenland and Canada, exploiting the nutrient-rich fresh water released by melting icebergs as the basis for a large-scale hydroponic-farming system. The floating facility is equipped to house a community of 800 people, inspired in its compact urban form by vertically oriented, bayside Greenlandic villages and their social, cultural and economic relationship to the sea.


More details at the link.


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How Living Infrastructure Will Save Our Cities

How Living Infrastructure Will Save Our Cities | PROYECTO ESPACIOS | Scoop.it
Super-typhoon Haiyan, the single most powerful storm ever recorded, is an unsettling harbinger of troubles to come.


Weather systems across the globe have gained intensity and force over the past few years due to our rapidly warming planet. New defenses are needed to protect our metropolitan centers, most of which are located within a stone's throw of the ocean. The solution: fight nature with nature.

Supplementing civil engineering projects with ecological defenses is only part of the overall solution to dealing with our rapidly changing environment. Early warning systems, effective evacuation strategies, education, and better building codes must be integrated into the larger scheme of of sustainable city development and planning if we plan on living anywhere near our growing oceans...


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Making Smarter Cities | The Atlantic

Making Smarter Cities | The Atlantic | PROYECTO ESPACIOS | Scoop.it
As population growth drives urbanization, the environmental impacts of cities are becoming increasingly important. By 2050, some 90% of the U.S. population and 70% of the world population will live in cities, according to the University of Michigan's Center for Sustainable Systems.

As a result, interest in "smart cities" that provide technologically advanced services and infrastructure is increasing: The global smart city market is projected to cross $1 trillion in 2016, with players such as IBM and Accenture leading the way.

"Successful cities will need to differentiate themselves to attract investment and productive residents," said Ruthbea Yesner Clarke, Research Director of IDC's Smart Cities Strategies, in a recent report. Constrained financial resources, fast-growing populations, and aging infrastructures are driving investment in smart cities, she said.
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Will Smart Technologies Shape Future Highways?

Will Smart Technologies Shape Future Highways? | PROYECTO ESPACIOS | Scoop.it

With the proliferation of mobile electronic technologies, interactive displays have begun to appear more frequently in fixed contexts such as smart rooms and media-driven building facades.


The latest focus of smart surface research is on the most connective element of the constructed environment: the road.


At the recent Dutch Design Week in Eindhoven, Studio Roosegaarde announced a joint effort with Heijmans Infrastructure to create the Smart Highway. This proposal for an electronically-enhanced road system fuses disparate elements of existing road infrastructure. Lighting, signage, and the roadbed are now a singular, integrated system.

The Digital Interactive Roadway designed by BIG for the Audi Urban Future exhibition in 2011 proposes a similar roadbed enhancement. The surface of the DIR incorporates strips of LED lights and a distributed network of sensors that respond directly to changing automotive and pedestrian traffic.


Visit the link to learn more about these forward-thinking projects and the potential for innovative digital technologies to shape roads and infrastructure...


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European cities promote cycling with everything from ‘superhighways’ to revolving bike racks

European cities promote cycling with everything from ‘superhighways’ to revolving bike racks | PROYECTO ESPACIOS | Scoop.it

Cycling through the heart of some European cities can be a terrifying experience as you jostle for space with cars, trucks and scooters that whizz by with only inches to spare. Thankfully for bicycle enthusiasts, a movement is afoot to create more room for cycling in the urban infrastructure.

From London’s “cycle superhighways” to popular bike-sharing programs in Paris and Barcelona, growing numbers of European cities are embracing cycling as a safe, clean, healthy, inexpensive and even trendy way to get around town.

Amsterdam and Copenhagen are pioneers of this movement and serve as role models for other cities considering cycling’s potential to reduce congestion and pollution, while contributing to public health.

The trend is catching on also outside Europe, says John Pucher, a professor of urban planning at Rutgers University in New Jersey and co-author of a new book titled “City Cycling.”

Pucher says urban cycling is on the rise across the industrialized world, though Europe is still ahead of the pack.


Read the complete article for further details on urban cycling, cycle 'superhighways', bike sharing programs, two-wheel parking, mixed-mode commuting and more...


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Sustainable Urbanism: a high-density, car-free vertical city in Chengdu, China

Sustainable Urbanism: a high-density, car-free vertical city in Chengdu, China | PROYECTO ESPACIOS | Scoop.it
Work is about to start on a high-density, car-free "satellite city" for 80,000 people close to Chengdu in China.


Designed by Chicago firm Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture, the 1.3 square km 'Great City' will feature a high-rise core surrounded by a buffer landscape of open space (60% of the total area). Residents will be able to walk from the city center to its edge in just 10 minutes.

“The design is attempting to address some of the most pressing urban issues of our time,” said architect Gordon Gill. “We’ve designed this project as a dense vertical city that acknowledges and in fact embraces the surrounding landscape.”

“The sustainability framework for Great City, custom-designed based on the principles of LEED-ND and BREEAM, follows an integrated approach toward meeting the overall objectives of environmental, economic and social sustainability,” notes Peter J. Kindel, AIA, ASLA, AS+GG’s Director of Urban Design. “Great City will incorporate innovative technologies and infrastructure systems to achieve 48% energy savings of a conventional urban development.”


The architects also note that the city will use 48% less energy and 58% less water than conventional developments of this size, producing 89% less landfill waste and generating 60% less carbon dioxide...


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Smart Cities and the Smart Grid

Smart Cities and the Smart Grid | PROYECTO ESPACIOS | Scoop.it

Smart Cities and the Smart Grid: There are natural parallels between the Smart Grid and smart cities in terms of concepts and deployments, though cities have much more experience at evolution than the traditional electrical grid. After all, they have been adopting new technologies that disrupt the status quo for centuries. The Romans created aqueducts and fundamentally changed how water could be controlled and distributed in cities. Discoveries in hygiene and disease transmission and control allowed people to healthily live in population densities with minimized odds of large scale epidemics. And then automobiles exerted their influences on cities. In each case, city systems, policies, and people changed to accommodate new technologies, new knowledge and new practices.


Now, ambitious goals such as zero net energy buildings will change the relationships that physical structures have within cities, and in turn change the relationships that occupants (full or part-time) have within buildings and within cities.


Read the complete article for more on the latest advances in the building industry, infrastructure and transportation, and how smart cities will interact with the Smart Grid...


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Seren's curator insight, August 26, 2013 5:09 PM

An article drawig parallels between ancient city grids and their evolution into the modern age.

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Multi Use Infrastructure at Its Most Innovative

Multi Use Infrastructure at Its Most Innovative | PROYECTO ESPACIOS | Scoop.it

New York City is certainly willing to pay top dollar for excellent design with a new $3 billion water treatment plant taking shape in Van Cortlandt park in the Bronx. The Croton water treatment by Grimshaw Architects and Ken Smith Landscape Architects includes some $250 million in new buildings, plazas, wetlands and meadows, and a public golf driving range, which, amazingly, sits right on top of the plant.

In a session at the 2012 ASLA Annual Meeting in Phoenix, Ken Smith, ASLA, Ken Smith Landscape Architects; David Burke, Grimshaw Architects; and Charles McKinney, Affiliate ASLA, City of New York, Department of Parks and Recreation, explained how the project is the result of NYC’s design, stormwater management, and parks policies. And while these numerous policies and design requirements were sometimes in conflict, said Smith, the design eventually succeeded because it cleverly integrated security and stormwater management features with public amenities...


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The New Architecture of Smart Cities

The New Architecture of Smart Cities | PROYECTO ESPACIOS | Scoop.it
What makes a city a “Smart City” as opposed to a city where some “smart things” happen?

 

Three obvious criteria for answering that question stand out:

1. Smart Cities are led from the top – they have a strong and visionary leader championing the Smart agenda across the city. 

2. Smart Cities have a stakeholder forum – they have drawn together a community of city stakeholders across the city. Those stakeholders have not only created a compelling vision for a Smart City; they have committed to taking an ongoing role coordinating a programme to deliver it. 

3. Smart Cities invest in technology infrastructure – they are deploying the required information and communication technology (ICT) platforms across the city; and doing so in such a way as to support the integration of information and activity across city systems.

 

It’s also important, though, to consider what is different about the structure and organisation of city systems in a Smart City. How does a city decide which technology infrastructures are required? Which organizations will make use of them, and how? How can they be designed and delivered so that they effectively serve individuals, communities and businesses in the city? What other structures and processes are required to achieve this progress in a Smart City?

 

Read on to learn about the design of the infrastructures and systems of Smart Cities and view  them visually represented in an accompanying diagram.


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Three Creative Reuses of Aging Infrastructure

Three Creative Reuses of Aging Infrastructure | PROYECTO ESPACIOS | Scoop.it

Just outside the Javits Center in New York City, attendees of the 2014 ULI Fall Meeting walked the recently opened final leg of the High Line, which wraps like a veranda around the massive Hudson Yards development site. Inside Javits, speakers at a concurrent session on the creative reuse of aging infrastructure added three case studies to the growing list of success stories proving that development opportunities can still be found in the spaces created by transportation infrastructure...


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7 Big Ways Cities Have Transformed Themselves For Bikes

7 Big Ways Cities Have Transformed Themselves For Bikes | PROYECTO ESPACIOS | Scoop.it

The number of bikes in our cities is increasing, and with that increase we’re also seeing some major changes in the way cities are designed. Engineers are giving bikes their own bridges, tunnels, overpasses, even escalators, making biking feel like it’s an essential, permanent part of the city.

Last week, Copenhagen announced an elevated cycleway for the Øresund Bridge, an existing bridge which connects the city to Malmö, Sweden. The second longest bridge in Europe, and at about eight miles long, will likely be the longest dedicated bike bridge in the world. That’s a serious commitment to the cyclists in the region, but also to the health and well-being for all residents. Customised bike infrastructure is more comfortable, convenient, and safe for those who choose to travel on two wheels, but it’s also safer for pedestrians as well. As the biking movement gains momentum, we’ll be seeing cities devoting more space and energy towards these awesome bike-only improvements that make streets safer for everyone...

 



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Catherine Devin's curator insight, August 4, 2014 2:48 AM

La nouvelle impulsion donnée à l'utilisation de la bicyclette à des fins de déplacement comme de loisir en lien avec l'essor des pistes cyclables dans les villes et à l'orée de celles-ci représente un exemple réussi et concret de notre capacité à évoluer vers un mode de vie plus durable dans certains lieux... Et nous n'en sommes qu'à l'amorce.

 

Ce mouvement repose sur beaucoup plus qu'une injonction à la moindre consommation de carburant/ émission de CO2 ou même la contrainte de coût ou à l'inverse une impulsion citoyenne. Il relève plutôt d'un travail de marketing fondamental par rapport à un objectif d'accroître l'utilisation de la bicyclette en ville.

Il a fallu comprendre les citadins :  identifier les leviers pour les engager à prendre un vélo (vitesse et liberté de déplacement,  activité physique, plaisir...) ainsi que lever les freins à l'utilisation (sécurité, accès à un vélo, parking vélo...) et au final,  mettre en place toutes les conditions de ce retour au vélo : parcs de bicyclettes à louer, voies cyclables...  associée à une stratégie et des outils de communication multiples et permanents.

Julie Wicks's curator insight, August 28, 2014 1:06 AM

Place and Liveability Geography Year 7. 'The strategies used to enhance the liveability of places, especially for young people, including examples from Australia and Europe(ACHGK047)'

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BUS:STOP Unveils 7 Unusual Bus Shelters by World Class Architects

BUS:STOP Unveils 7 Unusual Bus Shelters by World Class Architects | PROYECTO ESPACIOS | Scoop.it

A year in the making, Krumbach in Austria has unveiled seven eye-catching bus shelters which have turned the world’s gaze on the tiny village. Designed by internationally renowned architects such as Wang Shu, Sou Fujimoto and Smiljan Radic, who worked in collaboration with local architects and craftsmen, the whimsical structures will put the village of 1000 residents on the map.


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Sílvia Dias's curator insight, May 22, 2014 6:27 PM

adicionar a sua visão ...

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Present Architecture Proposes a 'Green Loop' Network to Cllean up Waste Processing

Present Architecture Proposes a 'Green Loop' Network to Cllean up Waste Processing | PROYECTO ESPACIOS | Scoop.it

Large cities produce large amounts of trash and create a lot more to transport it to landfills. Looking at New York City as the site, local practice Present Architecture posits the ‘Green Loop’ as a solution to large scale waste management. 

Intended to be used as a network along the city’s waterfront, the floating energy production oasis has a street-level composting facility, elevated park, and barges and railways to efficiently transport the compost to other locations. Trash is then transported only a short distance to the borough’s Green Loop which offers more public space as it responsibly processes waste, tackling two pertinent urban issues simultaneously.

The master plan proposes the construction of 10 hubs around the 520 miles of coast in the city effectively alleviating congestion issues and dramatically lowers unnecessary energy waste while contributing 125 acres of public park land.


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Maquete Eletrônica's curator insight, March 9, 2014 6:31 AM

..."laço verde" como uma solução para a gestão de resíduos em larga escala. destina a ser usado como uma rede ao longo da orla da cidade, o circuito verde é um oásis de produção de energia flutuante com uma facilidade ao nível da rua de compostagem, parque elevado, e barcaças e ferrovias para o transporte"......................

Lorraine Chaffer's curator insight, April 19, 2014 3:11 AM

Sustainable urban places

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Solar Ambitions: 6 Projects Powered By The Sun

Solar Ambitions: 6 Projects Powered By The Sun | PROYECTO ESPACIOS | Scoop.it

The city of London has covered the roof of its Blackfriar's Bridge (part of the Blackfriar's Railway Station) with 4,400 photovoltaic solar panels. The new solar array will have the capacity to convert enough solar energy to make 80,000 cups of tea a day. Since the energy created is entirely carbon free, the photovoltaic cells will reduce the station's carbon footprint by 511 tons, or an average of 89,000 car trips per year.

Solar arrays usually appear on the rooftops of buildings, or as part of large solar farms outside of cities–which makes the Blackfriar's Bridge all the more impressive. The project marks an ambitious effort to convert rail infrastructure—which itself consumes a sizable about of energy each year—to help solve the complex climate puzzle.


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Arianna Smith's curator insight, February 11, 2014 2:40 PM

Solar energy being used to dazzle the people. Not only does it look awesome but it's heading the world in the right direction. It's carbon free, which means it helps the environment. I'm  not entirely sure if it can generate a lot of energy, but it's defiantly a path I'm willing to follow. The buildings they created look like something out of a science fiction film! It's crazy. Not everyone nor every country has solar energy accessible to them(whether it's climate or price). But the people that can, should use it. I think this is a great way to showcase Solar Energy to the world.

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High-speed Rail Hubs Attracting Development to Urban Centers

High-speed Rail Hubs Attracting Development to Urban Centers | PROYECTO ESPACIOS | Scoop.it

High-speed rail (HSR) has long been touted as a tool of economic development in addition to its primary function of improving connectivity and ease of travel. Now, high-speed rail also has the potential to contribute to the nation’s urban revitalization trends.


Because HSR and other rail hubs are often located in urban centers, they are attracting an influx of tourism and activity to these cities. The mixed-use and transit-oriented nature of development around HSR hubs further supports the growth of city centers and downtowns.

Hotel development is particularly advantageous around these hubs because of their accessibility to those arriving by rail. These hotels also benefit from the mixed-use environment of urban centers, which provide visitors with walkable access to retail, restaurants, and attractions. In exchange, hotels and their guests energize the surrounding area with human activity...


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François Lanthier's curator insight, January 8, 2013 2:32 PM

Des statistiques qui pourraient intéresser la ville de Québec entre autres!

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Urban Regeneration in Sweden: H+ by Erik Giudice Architects

Urban Regeneration in Sweden: H+ by Erik Giudice Architects | PROYECTO ESPACIOS | Scoop.it

The H+ project is one of Sweden’s must ambitious planning and urban renewal projects.

The ongoing process aims to radically transform the southern parts of Helsingborg connecting them to the sea through the “Blue-green connection”, a landscaped water feature. The central core of the H+ project is located around the Bredgatan area, a former industrial sector.

Located between the old city and the harbor, this area will be one of the first to undergo transformation and currently lacks housing, public services and has a poor public spaces. The aim is to transform the area into a mixed urban fabric, keeping the spirit of entrepreneurship and enhancing the collaboration between university and companies.

The varying width and depth of the central promenade gives ever new perspectives. Variation in scale and building typologies, mixing old and new, creates a dynamic urban fabric with a combination of intimate and more spectacular public spaces. Along the canal ground floors are used for education, café, restaurants, and office.


See more images and read about this ambitious and innovative urban regeneration and redevelopment project at the full article on the project.


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Change Your City: Top 10 Urban Transformation Projects

Change Your City: Top 10 Urban Transformation Projects | PROYECTO ESPACIOS | Scoop.it

Given the environmental straits we find ourselves in at present, architects and policy makers have to rethink our strategy of how to shape the city, buildings and urban space alike. This entails that we refrain from the strategies of the past and make do with the standing infrastructure that we already have.


Preserving and rehabilitating the aging steel relics of our global cities has proven an ingenious way of saving energy, while enabling newer methods of architectural planning. Projects such as the High Line have kickstarted a new age of urban regeneration–for good or bad–with initiatives from Tel Aviv to Philadelphia attempting to replicate it success on their own turf.

When it comes to urban transformation, size does not matter, per se. The subtleties of thoughtful urban projects shine through at every level, and sometime outperform their more ostentatious contemporaries.


Visit the link for photos and descriptions of 10 projects from across the globe, including public parks, infrastructure projects, cultural buildings and more...


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Place Capital: Re-connecting Economy With Community

Place Capital: Re-connecting Economy With Community | PROYECTO ESPACIOS | Scoop.it

Reform—of transportation, food systems, and so many aspects of the way we live—is no longer about adding bike lanes or buying veggies from a local farmer; the time has come to re-focus on large-scale culture change.

Advocates from different movements are reaching across aisles to form broader coalitions. While we all fight for different causes that stir our individual passions, many change agents are recognizing that it is the common ground we share—both physically and philosophically—that brings us together, reinforces the basic truths of our human rights, and engenders the sense of belonging and community that leads to true solidarity.

Even when we disagree with our neighbors, we still share at least one thing with them: place. Our public spaces—from our parks to our markets to our streets—are where we learn about each other, and take part in the interactions, exchanges, and rituals that together comprise local culture.


Read the complete article for more on the ideas and strategies that positively contribute to our public spaces and enhance interpersonal connections, economic opportunity and placemaking.


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Smart Cities and the Smart Grid

Smart Cities and the Smart Grid | PROYECTO ESPACIOS | Scoop.it

Smart Cities and the Smart Grid: There are natural parallels between the Smart Grid and smart cities in terms of concepts and deployments, though cities have much more experience at evolution than the traditional electrical grid. After all, they have been adopting new technologies that disrupt the status quo for centuries. The Romans created aqueducts and fundamentally changed how water could be controlled and distributed in cities. Discoveries in hygiene and disease transmission and control allowed people to healthily live in population densities with minimized odds of large scale epidemics. And then automobiles exerted their influences on cities. In each case, city systems, policies, and people changed to accommodate new technologies, new knowledge and new practices.


Now, ambitious goals such as zero net energy buildings will change the relationships that physical structures have within cities, and in turn change the relationships that occupants (full or part-time) have within buildings and within cities.


Read the complete article for more on the latest advances in the building industry, infrastructure and transportation, and how smart cities will interact with the Smart Grid...


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Seren's curator insight, August 26, 2013 5:09 PM

An article drawig parallels between ancient city grids and their evolution into the modern age.

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Metropolitan Agriculture: One Size Doesn't Fit All

Metropolitan Agriculture: One Size Doesn't Fit All | PROYECTO ESPACIOS | Scoop.it
S, M, L, or XL-sized metropolitan agriculture? Mia Lehrer, FASLA, Mia Lehrer + Associates, said one size definitely doesn't fit all when it comes to cities, in a session at the ASLA 2012 Annual Meeting.

In an era where it seems like any school or community can start a garden, perhaps it’s time to step back and think about the bigger picture. What’s the goal? Lehrer thinks it’s comprehensive urban agricultural systems that are relevant to the unique cultural, social, and environmental conditions of a city. Metro-region agriculture, if planned, designed, and supported financially, can address issues related to social equity and health issues like diabetes and obesity, while building regional agricultural communities and economies.

The article discusses urban agriculture at varying scales, from the city to rural communities; this is because the footprint of any city really reaches far beyond the core — to the edges, to the suburban and rural communities and economies that make the whole metropolis work.


For more on this analysis of urban agriculture and how to best plan, develop and provide infrastructure for successful and sustainable revitaliztion projects that not only boost the local economy, but community health, read the complete article. Also included are links to resources, programs, and initiatives related to metropolitan agriculture.


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Multi Use Infrastructure at Its Most Innovative

Multi Use Infrastructure at Its Most Innovative | PROYECTO ESPACIOS | Scoop.it

New York City is certainly willing to pay top dollar for excellent design with a new $3 billion water treatment plant taking shape in Van Cortlandt park in the Bronx. The Croton water treatment by Grimshaw Architects and Ken Smith Landscape Architects includes some $250 million in new buildings, plazas, wetlands and meadows, and a public golf driving range, which, amazingly, sits right on top of the plant.

In a session at the 2012 ASLA Annual Meeting in Phoenix, Ken Smith, ASLA, Ken Smith Landscape Architects; David Burke, Grimshaw Architects; and Charles McKinney, Affiliate ASLA, City of New York, Department of Parks and Recreation, explained how the project is the result of NYC’s design, stormwater management, and parks policies. And while these numerous policies and design requirements were sometimes in conflict, said Smith, the design eventually succeeded because it cleverly integrated security and stormwater management features with public amenities...


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